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Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

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    Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

    This thread is dedicated to resources and information for reverts or those looking into Islam. If you need any help or resources then please do not hesitate to ask.

    How to become a Muslim and advice for new muslims

    The Search engine for the translation of the Qur'an in english by:

    -Yusuf Ali

    Also includes the Translation of the Qur'an in French Spanish,Indonesian,Melayu,German and Russian!

    You can also search through the most authentic Hadith of Sahih Muslim,Sahih Bukhari, Sunan Abudawud and Malik's Muwatta.

    Also Includes the Download of:

    -Quran Recitation for Mobile Phones
    -Download 99 Names of Allah for Mobile Phones
    -Download Sahih Al-Bukhari for Mobile Phones
    -Quran Auto Reciter (98/2000/XP/Vista)
    -Azan Times For Worldwide Prayers For Mobile Phones
    -99 Names of Allah
    -Learn Arabic Online
    -Supplications (Dua)

    This is the English Translation of the Holy Quran by Abdullah Yusuf Ali. The Holy Quran at Institute Al Islam is browsable by Surah or Chapters that are listed below.

    Sahih International Qur'an translation:

    MP3 Quran Online

    Listen to the Complete Recitation of the Quran

    Download the MP3 files for your computer, mobile phone, MP3 player or MP3 compatible CD Player.

    This is a brief guide to understanding Islam:

    What is Islam?

    Introduction to the Islamic Faith

    Did Prophet Muhammad Write the Qur'an?

    For More Information on Islam:

    Download the FULL English translation of the Qur'an

    Download Loads of FREE Islamic E books including the Qur'an

    The following is a brief explanation for the meaning of basic Islamic terms:

    I. Beliefs.

    Islam has seven main beliefs. They are contained in the formula known as the Iman ul Mufassal. It goes as follows, "Amantu bil lahi wa mala-ikatihi wa kutubihi wa rasulihi wal yowm ul akhiri wal qadri, khayrihi wa sharihi min Allahi ta'ala wal ba'ith ba'ed al mowt."

    In English it means, "I believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, Measurement, both the good and the bad are from Allah the exalted, and in life after death."

    A. Allah. This is the name for "God" in Arabic. Allah is not a human, not a male and not a female. We only say the term "He" when referring to Him because there is no "It" in Arabic. All nouns are automatically masculine or feminine. Allah created everything and was never created. He is never born, He never has children and the human mind cannot encompass His magnitude and greatness. He is loving but just, merciful but stern. Only by surrendering to His will can we come into accordance with His universal will.

    B. Angels: They are not human, nor male or female. They are the servants of Allah and never rebel against him. We believe in a devil-creature called Shaytan (Satan) but he is not a fallen angel. He is a creature called a Jinn who rebelled against Allah. Angels record our good deeds and bad and are behind the events of nature and enforce Allah's will in the universe, although He doesn't need their help.

    C. Books: Allah has sent revelation to thousands of humans throughout history. Some of those revelations were organized bodies of teachings meant to be recorded as "books" whether written or oral to be handed on to future generations. We know the names of five of these books. They are: the scrolls of Ibrahim, (Abraham), the Taurah of Musa, (Moses), the Zabur (Psalms) of Dawud, (David), the Injeel of 'Esa (Gospel of Jesus) and the Qur'an of Muhammad. Only the last book has survived until the present day. All others have been lost or altered so much so that they are all but worthless.

    D. Messengers: These are Allah's Prophets and Message-bringers to whom Allah gave revelation. Every nation and race on earth received at least one in the past. They all taught the same message: to surrender to Allah and do right. Thus we say they all taught Islam. The first was Adam and the last was Muhammad. The Qur'an mentions the name of 25 Prophets and Messengers.

    E. The Last Day: Human history will end one day. Allah will end the earth at some future date and all human beings that ever lived will be raised up for Judgment Day. After each person's good and bad deeds as well as their beliefs are examined, they will be sent to either Paradise (Jannah) or Hell (Jahannam).

    F. Measurement: Allah has measured the length of our life in this world, our economic status, where we will die, etc... The word "Qadr" is sometimes translated as destiny or pre-destination or even fate. But the word actually means "to measure."

    G. Life After Death: Eternal life in either Heaven or Hell for our souls based on what we believed and did while we lived in the world. Some people will be taken out of hell and admitted to heaven when the term of their punishment is over.

    II. Practices.

    Islam has seven main practices in the life of a Muslim. Five of those practices are grouped together and are known as the Arkan al Islami, or Pillars of Islam. The following Hadith lists them as follows: "Buniyal Islamu 'ala khamsin: Shahadati an la ilaha ill Allah wa anna Muhammadar Rasul Allah. Wa ooqimus Salati wa i-ta azakati wa hajjil bayti wa saumi Ramadan."

    In English it means: "Islam is built on five things: Declaring that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. Establishing Prayer, paying the Charity, making a pilgrimage to the House and fasting in Ramadan."

    A. Shahadah. Declaration of Faith. Saying,"Ash hadu an la ilaha ill Allah wa ash hadu anna Muhammadar Rasul Allah." "I declare there is no god but Allah and I declare that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah."

    B. Salah. Prayer. This is the ritual prayer that Muslims perform at five set times each day. To neglect any one of them counts as a sin. The names and times of each prayer are as follows:

    1. Fajr. Before sunrise.

    2. Zuhr. About a half an hour after noon.

    3. 'Asr. About two to three hours before sunset.

    4. Maghrib. Immediately after sunset.

    5. 'Isha. After the last light of the departing sun is gone from the sky.

    C. Zakah. Purifying Charity. It is the annual payment of 2.5% of our yearly economic accumulations, after expenses, for the benefit of the poor, orphans, the needy, etc...

    D. Saum. Fasting. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims abstain from all food, drink, anger, sex, smoking and bad deeds from just before fist light until sunset. This is a training time for us to learn to control our gluttony, anger and bodily needs. We learn our mind is stronger than our urges, weaknesses and desires.

    E. Hajj. Pilgrimage. A once in a life-time trip to Mecca to purify your soul and reconnect with our ultimate purpose in life. The month of Hajj is when millions of Muslims all over the world arrive to serve Allah wearing only simple, white clothes and no status or titles. We remember the real poverty of this world and the severity of the Day of Judgment.

    The other two practices are known as Da'wah and Jihad. Da'wah means calling others to Islam and Jihad means to struggle in Allah's cause. That struggling can be physical, spiritual or mental. The word Jihad does not mean "Holy War."

    III. Holidays.

    There are only two official holidays in Islam. One comes at the end of Ramadan and is called the 'Eid ul Fitr. (Festival of the Fast Breaking). The other comes at the end of the Hajj and is called the 'Eid ul Adha. (Festival of the Sacrifice.)

    Some Muslims celebrate such things as the birthday of the Prophet, (Mawlud un Nabi), or the 'Eid ul Ghadir (which is a much later holiday centered on 'Ali, the Prophet's cousin, whom a group of Muslims called "Shi'a" revere), but standard Islam (Qur'an + Prophet's sayings and example) doesn't seem to give any overt or tacit support to these holidays. The Blessed Prophet said in authentic sayings that there were only two holidays in Islam, 'Eid ul Fitr and 'Eid ul Adha. The commemoration of the Prophet's birthday is debated among Muslim scholars.

    IV. Halal and Haram.

    Halal items are allowed by Allah. Most foods in the world are Halal. Haram means forbidden by Allah. Haram foods are alcohol and other intoxicants, pork, carrion, most carnivorous animals, meat dedicated to idols. For the meat of an animal, other than seafood, to be Halal for a Muslim, it must be slaughtered in a specific manner. The process is called Dhabiha. Basically it is a similar procedure to the Jewish method of kosher preparation. Kosher meat is also allowed for Muslims, as per the Qur'an. Some Muslims believe that "supermarket" meat and fast food meat is also halal, but Allah said in the Qur'an that the meat prepared by the Jews and Christians is allowed, whereas almost no one in America practices Christianity anymore, as it was practiced in ancient times. Modern slaughtering techniques, with their attendant cruelty and unsanitary nature, do not pass the halal test for us. It is a bit of a hardship but we believe in the prevention of cruelty to animals and modern slaughterhouses are places of tremendous cruelty. There are detailed books on the subject.

    There are also Halal and Haram ways to make money. Any business or activity that involves Interest-money is Haram as is any business involving gambling, alcohol, Haram foods or deceit.

    V. Male/Female Relations.

    Islam provides a code of manners for male/female interaction outside the home. It is impossible not to interact with the opposite sex in daily life such as in the workplace, school or shopping centers. Some very conservative Muslims have this silly and misguided notion that men and women are forbidden to have any interaction unless they're married. Reading the Qur'an and Hadith, however, we get a different picture. The early Muslims, until recent times, had a relatively egalitarian attitude towards male/female relations. Muslims have only freaked out in the last two hundred years with isolationism and ultra-conservatism becoming rampant. Today's arch conservatives would have you believe that a woman's place is in the kitchen and nothing more, but this is not what you will find when you read about Muslim society in former times. Men and women can interact in legitimate settings such as in a business, market, school or social gathering provided they follow certain points of etiquette.

    A. Women and men must be wearing clothes that fulfill Islamic requirements of decency. Men must be covered from the knees to the navel, and normal daily wear consists of some type of robe, or pant/shirt combo. A turban or some other form of a headgear is strongly recommended. Muslim men are required to have some sort of a beard (if they can grow one). Many secular minded Muslims do not wear a beard due to the influence of certain dominant cultures in the world which look down upon beards.

    Women must be covered from their ankles to their necks and down to their wrists in loose fitting clothes.A Jilbab may be worn which is a sheet over the whole body and this hides ones definitions. In addition, a head covering must be wrapped over the hair covering the neck aswell. This is called the Hijab, or scarf. It is upto the individual whether they want to wear face veil or not depending on how strong one's faith(imaan) is or whenever the sister is ready to wear it.

    B. An unmarried man and woman should never be alone together in a room. No person should ever be alone with someone of the opposite sex unless they are married to that person.Because it is said by the prophet that when a man and a woman are together then satan is the third party.

    C. Men and women are not to talk to each other in a soft or intimate-sounding voice unless they are married to each other. Women are to address men in a firm and even tone so that the men don't get any false ideas because most women have beautiful and soft voices.Allah states this in the Qur'an for women not to speak too softly to the man lest this would have an impact on his lusting for a women.

    D. When meeting and greeting: Men shake hands and hug only other men. Women shake hands and hug only other women. (Unless they are married to each other, of course.)

    E. Men and women who are not married to each other never touch.As this can always lead to other things and Islam the most beautiful way of life teaches us not to put ourselves in the position that we may sin.

    F. If two people are interested in getting married, the woman should arrange for a male relative to act on her behalf as her representative. That way she doesn't have to feel pressured or undignified. If a woman doesn't have any reliable male relatives to represent her interests, she may choose another Muslim male, usually an (muslim leader)Imam or other trusted person to act on her behalf.

    VI. Names.

    Islam does not require a person to change his or her name. The only case where a person should think about changing their name is if the meaning of their name is offensive. (Once a man came to the Prophet and introduced himself. The man's name meant "Downcast and somber." The Prophet suggested he change his name to a better once such as Abdur Rahman: "Servant of the Merciful.")

    Many Muslims like to take on Islamic or Arabic-style names as an expression of their affiliation, but this is not required. An Arab name is not always an Islamic name. Names identified with Islam exclusively usually have some relationship to being a servant of Allah or to the Prophet and the most famous Muslims around him.

    There are many books which give lists of names associated with both Islam and Muslim culture. Some examples of currently available books are:

    1. A Dictionary of Muslim Names.

    2. The Book of Muslim Names.

    3. A Digest of Muslim Names. Amana Publications.

    4. Names for Muslim Children.

    VII. Islamic Phrases.

    Islam has its own key phrases to use in daily life. Some of these are listed below along with the times to use them.

    1. When starting to do something: "Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem."
    (In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.)

    2. When mentioning something that will be done in the future. "Insha'llah." (If Allah wills.)

    3. When praising something say, "Subhanullah." (Glory to Allah.)

    4. When in pain or distress. "Ya Allah." (O Allah.)

    5. When appreciating something say, "Masha-Allah." (As Allah willed.)

    6. When thanking someone. "Jazakullah." (Allah reward you.)

    7. When you see something bad. "Nowthzubillah." (Allah protect us.)

    8. When saying you're sorry to Allah for a sin. "Astaghfirullah." (Allah forgive.)

    9. After sneezing or when you're happy about something. "Alhumdulillah." (Praise Allah.)

    10. When meeting someone. "Assalamu 'alaykum." (Peace be upon you.)

    11. Replying to the above greeting. "Wa 'alaykum assalam." (And upon you be peace.)

    12. When hearing about a death or tragedy. "Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi rajiun."

    (To Allah we belong and to Him we return.)

    13. When giving in charity. "Fee eemanullah." (In Allah's faith.)

    14. When taking an oath. "Wallah." (I Swear to Allah.)

    15. If someone sneezes and they say, "alhumdulillah," you reply with, "Yarhamakullah." (Allah have mercy upon you.) The sneezer will reply back, "Yehdikumullah" which means, "Allah guide you."

    Basic Islamic Terms

    Every way of life has its own vocabulary. This enables people to communicate about detailed topics using only a few key words. It is important that Muslims learn the vocabulary of Islam so that we all know what we're talking about. This unites us as Muslims and brings us closer to a sense of belonging to the same community.

    Abdul:This means "Servant of." Many Muslims like to change their names from non-Muslim names to Muslim names. A favorite choice is Abdul. But who is the person a servant of? You must always have something after "Abdul." The place to look is in the 99 Names of Allah. Allah has many names, such as Wadud (the Loving), Malik (the King), Rahman (The Merciful), Hakim (the Wise.) Just add one of those after Abdul and you become "The Servant of _______". (For example: Abdul Khaliq: The Servant of the Creator.) etc...

    Adab: Manners and ettiquette.

    Adhan: (Athzan) The call to prayer.

    Ahl al Kitab: This means the "People of the Book." Allah uses this term in the Qur'an to refer to the Jews, Christians and any other people who received revelation from an authentic Prophet in the past. Because the Ahl al Kitab lost their revelations and twisted the teachings they had, Allah sent one last Messenger to the world, the Prophet Muhammad. He brought the Qur'an from Allah. The Ahl al Kitab are called to believe in Allah's last message. To repeat: their own message has been lost or changed so much that there is very little of Allah's truth left in it. The Bible is not the word of Allah. It is a book made up of people's writings that was put together by Europeans in the year 325 at Nicea. That's 300 years after the time of Prophet Jesus ('Esa).

    Ahmadiyya: A deviant movement that began in India over one hundred years ago. They believe that one man named Ahmed Ghulam is a new prophet from God. Their worldwide headquarters are in Qadian, India, and they have missions worldwide.It is best to keep away from these unbelievers as they are not Muslims even though they call themselves Muslims.

    Akhee: My brother.

    Akhirah: The next life or the life after death.

    Akhlaq: Your character and behavior or the way you conduct yourself.

    Alhumdu lillah: All Praise is for Allah.

    'Alim: A scholar or a learned man. The plural is 'Ulema.

    Allah: The name for God in the Arabic language. (Literally: THE GOD). Muslims prefer to say "Allah" no matter what language they speak because in Arabic it is a stand-alone word. In other words, you can't make it masculine or feminine, plural or whatever. In English you can change "God" to Gods, Goddesses, Demi-God, etc... There is no way to do that in Arabic to the name, Allah.

    Islam teaches that Allah is not a male or a female, nor is He black or white. He is not even a human like us. We cannot percieve what god is because our brains are only limited to percieve matter and time and anything beyond this is not percievable at all.
    We only use the term "He" when we refer to Him because their is no "it" in Arabic and it seems disrespectful to call Allah an "it" in English. Allah sometimes refers to Himself as "We" or "Us" but don't be mislead because the reason he says this is because he is the most high and worthy of the highest respect. In many languages, (including English) a single being can call himself a "We" if he wants to so that it emphasizes his power. Allah is everywhere and nowhere. He is never tired and He never needs a "rest." He is Loving and the upholder of justice and He is the Source of Creation.

    Allahu Akbar: "Allah is the Greatest." This is the universal catch-all phrase of Muslims. When a Muslim shouts, "Takbeer" (Who's the Greatest!) everyone replies with "Allah Akbar!"

    Amir: This means a leader. The Prophet said every group of Muslims must make a leader among them, even if they were only three in number. An Amir is not a dictator and can't just order people around, however. He must also be elected by the consent of the majority. Because Allah said believers consult each other in their affairs (shura), the Amir must listen to the opinions of the Muslim group and take them seriously. If an Amir begins to clearly go against Islamic teachings, then the Muslims must elect a new one.

    Angels: In Arabic they are called the Mala-ika. They are created from light energy. Their only purpose is to serve Allah. They are behind the forces of nature. Some Angels are given the job of watching humans and noting their good and bad deeds for the day of judgment where we will be judged according to what we did in this life and our good and bad deeds will be weighed and whichever is heavier will mean either heaven or hell. Angels can take on physical form, sort of like a hologram, and can appear as humans or whatever.Again we can't percieve what they look like because our brains cannot think beyond what is on this earth and which is visible to the human eye.Angels are all good and never disobey Allah. They are not male or female. Christianity teaches that some angels went bad and that's where Satan and the devils came from. Islam teaches that this is not true. Angels are also not people running around in white robes with halos over their head.

    Ansar: The helpers. The basic reference is to the new Muslims of Medina who helped the Prophet and the Meccan Muslims after they fled Mecca.

    Arabic: A language which originated in the Middle East, specifically in the Arabian peninsula. It is the language Allah chose to reveal His last revelation to the world in.

    Arkan al Islami: This means the Pillars of Islam. There are five main practices or "pillars" in the life of a Muslim.

    Assalamu 'alaykum: "Peace be upon you." This is the universal Muslim greeting. The Prophet said that Muslims must use this greeting when they meet. There are also verses in the Qur'an about it. If a person approaches a group, the person should say it first. A younger person should greet an older person first. The reply is "Wa alaykum assalam." "And upon you be peace."

    Ayah: A verse of the Qur'an. The word literally means a "sign." The plural is Ayat.

    Bahais: A deviant movement that grew out of Shi'a Islam, but then it broke away to form its own path. Bahaiism is basically a hybrid of Islamic philosophy wedded to a universalist outlook. Their headquarters are in Haifa, Israel and they also should be kept away from.

    Barzakh: The time in between our death and the day we are raised up for judgment. Our souls will be in "storage" or Barzakh. The word literally means, "Partition" or "Dividing Line." The stage after our death leading on till the day of judgement.

    Bid'a: This means "Innovation" or "Unauthorized Changes." The Prophet forbade people from making any changes to the teachings or practices of Islam. He said such things and people would go to the Hell fire.So it is essential that we all keep away from deviant sects and the innovators of Islam who mask themselves as being on the straight path but are certainly not.Always stick the the Qur'an and Strong Hadith from the opinion of the majority of scholars.

    Da'wah: This means calling or inviting people (to Islam). If you're talking to someone about Islam you're doing Da'wah. A Da'i is the person who does Da'wah.

    Deen: Way of Life. Islam is not a religion, it's a complete way of life.

    Dhikr (Thzikr): This means to remember Allah. When you repeat words or sentences over and over so you can meditate on Allah and his greatness in the vast universe he has creaated and this earth which he has made just for us as a test ground but we will all return to him.Meditate about all these things whilest praising the lord and cleanse your mind, you are doing or making dhikr. Common dhikr phrases are: "La ilaha illa Allah" (There is no god but Allah.) "Subahanullah wa Bihumdeehee" (Glory to Allah and His is the Praise.) "Alhamdolillah" (all praise be to allah). "Allahu akbar" (allah is the greatest). Saying that last one 100 times gets all your sins forgiven according to the Blessed Prophet. There are many more. Many Muslims like to get those prayer beads to help them keep count but the Prophet said you get more reward if you do it on your fingers alone.

    Du'a: This means to call on Allah. Its supplication when one supplicates to the lord. Whenever you ask Allah for something, whether out loud or inside, you are calling on Him. You can make du'a in any words, in any language and Allah has promised to respond, although in a way we might not expect. Many Muslims like to learn some of the du'as that the Prophet said, but you can use your own words to talk to your Maker.

    Dunya: This world. "Hayatud Dunya": "The life of this world."

    'Eid: (Or: 'Id.) The Muslim holiday. There are two Eid's. One at the end of fasting in Ramadan is called Eid ul Fitr. The other after the Hajj is over is called Eid ul Adh ha.

    Fard: Something you must do in Islam.An act which is obligatory on us to complete or fulfill. Something that is required by Allah for us to do.

    Fatwa: A scholar's opinion or judgment on an issue related to Islam. It is not binding on a Muslim if there is doubt about it or it can be shown to be faulty. Only a recognized scholar, or 'Alim can issue Fatwas and other scholars must investigate the veracity of their basis.

    Fiqh: The science of understanding the Shari'ah. In the past small groups of people with similar opinions about the Shari'ah joined together and formed intellectual clubs called a Math-hab. Today there are five big groupings of these Madh-habs. Shaf', Hanbali, Maliki, Jafari and Hanafi. Not all Muslims accept the Jafari school as valid due to technical reasons. A Muslim can follow the ideas of any one of them or none of them at all. After all, we have the Qur'an, the sayings of the Prophet, the sayings of his companions and our brains. Don't be afraid to use them.

    Ghusl: A full shower. A Ghusl is required after any sexual discharge or activity before prayers can be offered again. A Ghusl is highly recommended on Fridays before going to Jum'ah prayers.

    Hadith: A saying or report by or about the Blessed Prophet. The most reliable collections of Hadith are named after the scholars who collected them in the early days of Islam and checked on them for accuracy. They are: Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, An Nisa'i, Ibn Majah. There are some good books that take Hadiths from the main six and group them by topic. Those good resource books are as follows: "Riyadh as Saliheen" "Mishkat ul Masabih" and "Al Muwatta."

    Hafiz: (Hafithz) A memorizer or guardian of the entire Qur'an.A person who's memorised the whole Qur'an by heart.

    Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca that one is required to do once in a life time if one can afford it.

    Halal: Allowed for a Muslim.

    Haram: Forbidden for a Muslim.

    Hijab: The scarf a woman wears over her head. Some Muslims who like to compromise their beliefs say it's not required in Islam and they are very wrong and have no knowledge of their Islam. It is obligatory on women to cover as is said to us by our lord for a women to protect her chastity and keep her respect because a women who shows off her beauty and bodily definitions is certainly not respected in the eyes of a man rather looked at in a sexual way. So Islam has the utmost honour and respect for women and given them such a high position in society compared with the west which is quite the opposite. The face-veil (niqab) is entirely upto the individual and it depends on the level of faith of the sister whether she wants to wear it or not although a lot of scholars do say it should be worn because Allah also told the women in the Prophet's family in the Qur'an to wear the veil and if he told them to wear it then it should also be worn by all Muslim women but other scholars say it is preferrable but not compulsory.

    Hijra: To migrate. This term refers firstly to the great migration of the Muslims in the year 622 from the hostile city of Mecca, which was controlled by idol-worshippers, to the safer city of Madinah (then called Yathrib) where Islam could exist freely. The Islamic calendar begins with the Hijra as the first year.

    'Ibadah: This term is often translated as "worship" but it is not a correct translation. The word worship in English just means praying and bowing, like worshipping in a church. But the term 'Ibadah literally means "service" and it comes from the root word, "to serve." When we say that Islam considers all life to be 'Ibadah, we mean that our whole life should be lived in the service of Allah. We are here to serve Allah. In Islam, any good deed, action or thought, even just holding a steady job or smiling at someone is considered doing 'Ibadah for Allah.

    Iftar: The meal you eat after sunset in Ramadan. Suhoor is the light breakfast before first light in the morning during Ramadan.

    Imam: Literally: leader. Although most Muslims take this term in the sense of a leader of the prayers, it does apply to the group leader outside of prayer as well. An Imam must be elected by the Muslims or at least accepted by them if he is appointed from outside. If the community rejects him, then he cannot be the Imam.

    Eman: (Eemaan) Belief or faith. The root word of Eman is Amuna. It implies three meanings: 1) to believe, 2) to confirm that belief in your heart, and 3) to feel safe. Eman is what makes a person a Muslim. Often spelled "Iman".

    Ihsaan: Usually translated as "goodness". The Prophet (p) defined it as knowing that Allah is watching you even though you don't see Him.

    Injeel: The Gospel of Prophet 'Esa (Jesus). The New Testament of the Bible is not the Gospel of Jesus. The New Testament was written by a lot of different authors well after Jesus went up to the heavens, and it contains stories about Prophet 'Esa, but it is not 'Esa's message. The present New Testament was assembled three hundred years after the time of Prophet 'Esa by a group of white men on a Greek Island who voted on what their "holy" book should contain. Most of the votes were hotly debated! The Roman emperor who ordered them to do it then told all Christians to accept this new compilation of writings. All other Christian writings were ordered to be destroyed. The New Testament contains four books called Gospels: (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John). Hundreds more "Gospels" from other authors were burned. A few such as the Gospel of Barnabas and Thomas have survived. The Gospel of Jesus was never written down and is lost.

    Insha'llah: If Allah wills something to happen only then will it happen.

    Iqamah: The second call to prayer just before the actual prayer begins.

    Islam: To surrender to Allah and find peace.To submit oneself TOTALLY to the lord.

    10 steps to increase our imaan(faith)
    Forty Good Deeds to do Everyday!

    Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims


    Jahannam: Hell.

    Jam'a: Together, in a group.

    Jannah: Paradise, Heaven. It literally means "the Garden."

    Jibra'il: The angel that brought Allah's revelation to the Prophet. Allah is so powerful and majestic that it is beneath him to reveal Himself to humans. We are like an ant next to a star in comparison to Allah. He sends the angels to do these small jobs, though He doesn't need them. In English his name is Gabriel.

    Jinn: These are another type of creature Allah created. They are invisible to us but they can see us. They were made from fire elements and thus are pure energy. They are not like ghosts or weird monsters. They can influence your thoughts, encourage you to do wrong, and whisper fears into your mind. They can be good or bad. The good jinn leave us alone. The bad ones, who are also called Shayateen, or Devils, want to destroy you. Astrologers and fortune tellers get their "predictions" and "readings" from them. Jinn spy on the Angels and learn secrets about the future, then they whisper it into the minds of the fortune tellers. Jinn live, die and have families like us but they exist on another plane altogether. The Prophets could control the Jinn but none of us ordinary people can. Although we believe Jinn can possess a human body, Islam teaches that it's not very common. Don't believe every "Jinn story" Muslim immigrants will tell you about their aunt or second cousin's brother. Most of it will be superstitious stories that are culturally based.

    Jumu'ah: The Friday Prayer in which all Muslims gather to hear a sermon called a Khutba. It's time is in place of the Zuhr Salah, usually somewhere between 12 pm and 2 pm. It is mandatory on all men to attend. It is optional for women. The Prophet said if you miss three Jumu'ahs in a row then hypocrisy will start to enter your heart.

    Kafir: This means a person who covers up the truth. Usually we say the easier English word "unbeliever." The plural is Kuffar. (Unbelievers.) The noun (unbelief) is Kufr.

    Khalifah: This word means Steward, Manager or Care-taker. Allah made humans to be the Khalifah of the earth. In other words, we were given the earth as a trust to take care of. We shouldn't ruin it or pollute it. The head of the Muslim Ummah is also called a Khalifah because he is to take care of the Muslim community. Muslims are supposed to elect a Khalifah, but there hasn't been a world-wide Khalifah for a long time.

    Khatib: The person who gives the Khutbah, or Friday sermon. The preacher during Friday services.

    Kitabullah: The Book of Allah. (The Qur'an.) The word Kitab means book.

    Mahr: The money (or whatever else) that the man has to give to a woman in order to marry her. It is called the marriage-gift and a woman can ask for whatever she wants. If it is money, it can be deferred and paid gradually over time. The husband can never take it away for any reason.

    Malik ul Mawt: The Angel of Death.

    Masjid: Literally means, "the place of bowing." This is the name for a Muslim prayer hall or commonly known as Mosque.

    Madh-hab: This means, "School of Thought." In Islam we have the Qur'an, the example of the Prophet and the sayings and guidance of the Prophet's companions. The school of thoughts were developed by some very learned men who knew the Qur'an and Sunnah very well and so developed a methodology whereby lay people can follow.

    Mecca: (Also spelled Makkah). A city in Arabia founded thousands of years ago by Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham). At that time it was called "Becca." Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, was born there in the year 570.

    Medina: (Also spelled Madinah). A city about 200 miles north of Mecca. The Prophet established the Islamic community there. He passed away there and is buried there.

    Mu'adhan: The person who does the call for prayer.

    Mujahid: A person who does Jihad or holy war.

    Mu'min: A person with Iman(faith). A true believer.

    Mus-haf: The Arabic text of the Qur'an. "Brother, hand me a Mus-haf." (Qur'an with the Arabic in it).

    Mushrik: A person who commits Shirk (making partners with Allah). Usually an idol-worshipper. A Hindu would be considered a Mushrik because they bow down to many idols and statues.

    Muslim: A person who surrendered to Allah and is working at finding peace.

    Nabi: This term means Prophet.

    Nafs: This is often translated as "soul" but it really means "the self," i.e. "You and only you."

    Naar: The fire (of Hell).

    Nikkah: The Islamic wedding ceremony.

    Qadr: This term is often translated as "Destiny" or "Pre-destination." This is not entirely accurate. It means literally "to measure." The religious idea behind it is that Allah measured everything in the universe. The length of your life is "measured," as is your fortune and your life's circumstances. Because of the knowledge of Allah, He knows if you will be a believer or a kafir but He doesn't make you be either one of those.

    Qadiani: Another name for the sectarian deviant Ahmadiyya movement and they are not Muslims but call themselves Muslims.

    Qiblah: The direction of Prayer. All Muslims make their prayers, or salat, facing Mecca. Allah commanded us to do this in the Qur'an as a show of unity and to remember Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) who built the first shrine there in that place so many thousands of years ago. Prophet Adam is said to have built an even older shrine many thousands of years before that in that very place.

    Qur'an: This is the name of the Book Allah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad from the years 610-632. Allah revealed it in stages, one section at a time, as the Muslims were ready to follow it. It has 114 chapters called surahs. It was revealed in the Arabic language and has never been lost, changed or edited, like the Bible or Buddhist books have.

    We have lots of translations of the Qur'an into English, but a translation can never be as good as the original words and their full meaning. All Muslims try to learn Arabic so they can read the Qur'an. Be advised, there are two different types of Arabic. The first is the language of the Qur'an, in other words, whatever vocabulary words are used in the Qur'an. The second type of Arabic is everyday Arabic, in other words, things that would help you talk about a sports game, a vacation or a day at the office. Many Muslims get bogged down by studying the second type of Arabic. You should work towards the first type if your main goal is to understand the Qur'an.

    Ramadan: The ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Muslims are required to fast from before sunrise to sunset every day of this month. There are many details concerning this so consult the section on beliefs and practices.

    Rasul: This term means Messenger.

    Ruh: Your spirit or soul. Allah gave it to you on loan and thus you had better not sin and dirty it up.

    Sadaqah: Charity.

    Sahaba: A companion of the Prophet.

    Sahabiyat: The female companions of the Prophet.

    Sajda: Bowing on the floor in prayer; prostration.

    Salat: (or Salah) This means prayer, the prayer in which you stand, bow and prostrate. The literal meaning of the word is: to make a connection with.

    Shahadah: The Declaration of Faith. By believing in and declaring the following phrase, a person becomes a Muslim: "Ash hadu an la ilaha illallah, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadar rasulullah." "I declare that there is no god but Allah, and I declare that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." There are other ways to say this formula but this is the most common one. When a person accepts Islam, all his or her past sins are forgiven and his or her record is wiped clean and they start again from that moment as if they were just born.

    Shaykh: Literally: Chief or Boss. It is the title that Muslims sometimes give to their scholars. It is not required in Islam but many people like to use this term.

    Shari'ah: It is usually translated as Islamic Law. It means the path of Islam.

    Shi'a: This is the name of a sect or division in the Muslim community. Shi'aism (Partisanship) began originally as a political protest against the first Khalifah, Abu Bakr which did turn quite hostile and it eventually grew into a separate sect of Muslims with its own version of Islamic teachings which scholars say are well out of the fold of Islam because of their belief in many unreliable sources and aspects of shirk(associating partners to allah) so its best to keep away from these people.

    The biggest group of Shi'as are known as the Twelvers, (they believe in a line of 12 leaders) then there are the Seveners, Isma'ilis, Alawiya and others. The Baha'is came out of the Shi'a community in Iran. (Baha'ism is a religion created in the 1800's in Iran.) The Druze of Syria and Lebanon also came from Shi'aism. All Shi'a groups share a belief that the Prophet's cousin, 'Ali, should have been the first Khalifah, not the fourth, and that only blood relatives of the Prophet Muhammad can be Khalifahs.

    Shirk: This is the greatest and most terrible sin. It is the one sin that can keep your soul out of Paradise and doom you to Hellfire. It means making partners with Allah. If a person says that there are many gods, or says that Allah is divided up into different people (such as the Trinity teaching of Christianity) then they are committing Shirk. Allah said it is the one sin He won't forgive if you die while doing it. The Blessed Prophet Muhammad once mentioned also that a person who likes to feel greatness in their heart was also committing a kind of Shirk. This is because all greatness is for Allah and we should always try to be humble. The Prophet also said, "La Yad khulu al Jannah min kana fee qal beehee mith qalu habbatin min kibr." "They won't enter Paradise, the one who has even a little bit of the love of greatness in their heart."

    Shaytan: (or Shaytan) It means Satan. (The literal meaning is to separate from.) Islam teaches that a Jinn named Iblis didn't want to bow when Allah commanded a bunch of angels to bow down to Adam in respect of his knowledge. Iblis thought he was better than both humans and angels. Allah banished him to earth and let him have extended life until the Day of Judgment. That is because Iblis challenged Allah and said if he had time he would corrupt all human beings. Iblis's name literally means "Frustrated." He is also known as the Shaytan, or Satan.

    Siyam (or Saum) Fasting.

    Subhanullah: "Glory to Allah." This phrase is said whenever we're happy or when we see something wonderful or hear about something wonderful.We as Muslims should say it as often as we can becasue of its GREAT rewards.

    Suhoof: "Scrolls." This is the name of the revelation given to Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) about 4,000 years ago. It was lost.

    Sunnah: The example or "way" of the Prophet. How he lived his life and what his practices were.

    Sunni: This is the name of the largest sect or group of Muslims. This group amounts to about 85-90% of all Muslims world-wide. Sunni's believe in the mission of the Prophet as he taught it and try very hard to adhere to the Prophet's example with no changes. This doesn't mean that Sunni's are somehow the only 'true' Muslims, however, because the Prophet never taught that we should even label ourselves Sunni's or Shi'as.

    Sunni Islam is just closer to real Islam because it is the way of the Prophet and his companions aswell as the righteous predecessors. The best thing for a Muslim to do is to drop all the labels and just say, "I'm a Muslim." But there are many Muslims in the world who get emotional about wanting to call themselves some kind of label besides the basic, "I'm a Muslim." Have patience with them and do what is right. The term Sunni comes from the title, "Ahl as-Sunnah wal Jam'a" which means, "People of the Example (of the Prophet) and the Main Group (of First Muslims)."

    Surah: It is a chapter of the Qur'an. The word literally means "a step up in progression" or a "fence."

    Tafseer: Commentary or explanation of the Qur'an. Many Qur'an translations will have footnotes on the bottom of the page to help you understand the meaning of an ayah. That would be called Tafseer.

    Taqwa: This term means many things at once. The first meaning is that you are always aware that Allah is watching you. This brings you to the second meaning and that is that you will try to be good always. Do you see how the two things wrapped together can be so beautiful? When a Muslim has Taqwa, we say they are "Aware of Allah" "Conscious of Allah" and striving to be righteous.The main meaning is the fear of allah, because if we fear him then we will not go astray.Allah loves those most who fear him the most.

    Tauhid: Sometimes it's spelled Tawhid. It means the Oneness of Allah. Allah has no partners, He is not divided up into parts and He is not in need of anyone to help Him in anything whatsoever.

    Taurah: The revelation given to Prophet Musa (Moses). The first five books of the old testament in the Bible are said to be the "Torah" of Moses, but no serious Bible scholar, whether Jewish or Christian believes that anymore. Musa's message was lost long ago. Just take a look, everything about Prophet Moses in the Bible is written in third person: "And Moses said this," and "Moses went there," Someone else wrote those things, certainly not Moses!

    Ukhtee: Means "My sister."

    Wahy: This word means revelation or inspiration. When Allah was revealing His messages to the Prophet, we would say the Prophet was receiving "Wahy." The Blessed Prophet once said that after him, all Wahy from Allah was finished except for one thing: dreams that can come true.

    Wudu: Washing for prayer.

    Yowm ul Qiyamah: The Day of Judgment. (Literally: Day of rising.)Because that is the day all creation from the begining till the end will rise on the plains of arafat and be judged on their life and actions.

    Zabur: The revelation given to Prophet Dawud (David). The Psalms in the Bible are not the pure Zabur. Christian scholars admit that at least half of the verses in Psalms were written by temple priests, government workers, etc, in ancient Israel. And no one knows which half are from Prophet Dawud and how many have been lost or altered.

    Zakah: This is often translated as "Charity" or "Poor-due" but the literal meaning of the word is actually, "Purifying." Zakah is the third pillar of Islam. It involves giving 2.5% of your yearly wealth, after expenses, for the benefit of the poor and the needy. The "purifying" part comes in by learning not to be greedy. If you give some of your money for the sake of Allah to the poor, you make your heart less prone to greed.


    Another useful website:

    How to become a Muslim and support for Converts

    I've attached this file for you to download

    Advice for converts by Converts


    Very Useful Information for New Muslims

    How to do Ghusl (Bath)

    How to do Wuzu (Ablution before prayer)

    Video clip of how to do wuzu (ablution)

    How to do Ghusl (Bath)

    How to do Wuzu (Ablution before prayer)

    Video clip of how to do wuzu (ablution)

    The translation of salat (namaz)

    I've attached this file for you to download

    How to pray salah

    Video Clip how to pray Salah

    How Muslims Pray and What They Say

    Learn to read and write Arabic free course

    Easy way to Learn short sura's(Chapters) from the Qur'an
    10 steps to increase our imaan(faith)
    Forty Good Deeds to do Everyday!


      Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

      Here are some more very useful weblinks for you and others to benefit from inshallah.

      New Muslims guide to Islam:

      Everything a Muslim Convert Sister needs to know-Very useful information

      General Advice For New Muslims From Other Converts

      How to do Ghusl (Bath)

      How to do Wuzu (Ablution before prayer)

      Video clip of how to do wuzu (ablution)

      How to pray salah for women

      Learn free basic Arabic reading course

      Easy way to Learn short sura's(Chapters) from the Qur'an
      Last edited by hamza81; 02-07-17, 08:14 AM.
      10 steps to increase our imaan(faith)
      Forty Good Deeds to do Everyday!


        Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

        Free Islamic E books and Resources for all:

        What is Islam?

        Introduction to Islam

        Download the full Qur'an - Abdullah Yusuf Ali

        The Benefits of Islam

        How I Embraced Islam

        How to Convert to Islam and Become a Muslim

        Islamic resources in different Foreign Languages

        The Holy Quran

        Quranic Science

        The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh)

        Companions of the Prophet (Sahabah)

        Men in Islam

        Women in Islam

        Islam: Beliefs and Teachings

        Ramadan (Fasting)

        Prayer (Salat)

        Hajj (Pilgrimage)

        Zakat (Poor Due)


        Islamic Resources and Hadith

        More wonderful Islamic resources:

        If there is any help you need or any questions you have then please do not hesitate to ask. Thank you
        10 steps to increase our imaan(faith)
        Forty Good Deeds to do Everyday!


          Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

          Guide for New Muslims:

          10 steps to increase our imaan(faith)

          Forty Good Deeds to do Everyday!


            Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

            6 Ramadan Tips for New Muslims/Reverts:

            10 steps to increase our imaan(faith)
            Forty Good Deeds to do Everyday!


              Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

              How to Fast - For New Muslims

              10 steps to increase our imaan(faith)
              Forty Good Deeds to do Everyday!


                Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

                Advice to New Muslims with Siraj Wahhaj

                10 steps to increase our imaan(faith)
                Forty Good Deeds to do Everyday!


                  Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims


                  A lot of the old threads similar to this, the links don't work so this is a really good idea.


                    Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

                    Advice for New Muslims by Nouman Ali Khan

                    10 steps to increase our imaan(faith)
                    Forty Good Deeds to do Everyday!


                      Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

                      New Muslims - How to learn the prayer easily!

                      Learn Salat's Arabic - Fatihah - Video 1


                      Learn Salat's Arabic - Fatihah - Video 2


                      Learn Salat's Arabic - Rukoo & Sajda - Video 3


                      Learn Salat's Arabic - Tashahhud - Video 4


                      Learn Salat's Arabic - Shahada - Video 5


                      Learn Salat's Arabic - 'Ibrahimiyah 1 - Video 6


                      Learn Salat's Arabic - 'Ibrahimiyah 2 - Video 7


                      Learn Salat's Arabic - Opening Dua - Video 8


                      Short Surah - Al-Ikhlas(الإخلاص) - Quran Word-by-Word


                      Short surah - Al-Falaq(الفلق) - Quran Word-by-Word


                      Short Surah - An-Nas(الناس) - Quran Word-by-Word

                      10 steps to increase our imaan(faith)
                      Forty Good Deeds to do Everyday!


                        Re: Very useful Islamic Information for New Muslims

                        "Closer and closer to mankind comes their Reckoning: yet they heed not and they turn away" (21:1)