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Praying and Fasting at High Latitudes

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    started a topic Praying and Fasting at High Latitudes

    Praying and Fasting at High Latitudes

    This is an interesting topic, and i would appreicate if people can post other opinions on this here

    Praying and Fasting at High Latitudes

    Date of Reply27/Jan/2005

    Topic Of FatwaPrayer: Merits & Rulings, Fasting: Rulings & Regulations Question of FatwaAs-salamu `alaykum.

    Could you please furnish me with a detailed fatwa regarding how to pray and fast in countries located at high latitudes? Thanks in advance for your efforts. Name of Mufti European Council for Fatwa and Research

    Content of Reply:
    Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

    In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

    All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

    Dear questioner, we would like to thank you for the great confidence you place in us, and we implore Allah Almighty to help us serve His cause and render our work for His Sake.

    First of all, we would like to stress that Muslims are required to perform daily prayers at their appointed times. However, Muslims living in high latitudes may face several problems regarding the timing of their fasting and prayer. Muslim scholars have discussed this problem and presented detailed solutions for it.

    Responding to the question, the European Council for Fatwa and Research states the following:

    The council discussed the topic of the times for Prayers and fasting (mawaqit) in the countries that are located at high latitudes and listened to the Shar`i and astronomical studies that were submitted by some of the members, and the illustrations of the relevant technical aspects recommended in the Eleventh Session of the Council, and decided the following:

    First:1. In order to remove the disorder resulting from multiple ways of calculation, there shall be determined for each Prayer time for the astronomical signs that agree with what the Shari`ah has indicated and with what the scholars of Shar`i miqat have shown regarding changing these signs to astronomical calculations related to the position of the sun above or below the horizon, as follows:
    • A.

    • B. Shuruq (sunrise): It correlates with the emergence of the upper edge of the solar disc from under the eastern horizon and it is estimated at an angle of 50 minutes under the horizon.

    • C. Zhuhr: It correlates with the passage of the sun across the meridian that represents the highest daily position of the sun corresponding to the shortest shadow cast by standing objects.

    • D.`Asr: It correlates with the position of the sun when the shadow of an object becomes equal to its length plus the minimum length of the shadow of midday. The angle of this position varies with the variation of time and place.

    • E. Maghrib: It correlates with the complete disappearance of the solar disc below the western horizon. Its angle is estimated at 50 minutes below the horizon.

    • F.

    3.The regions at high latitudes are divided into three zones:

    • A. The first zone: It is the region that lies between the latitudes of 45 degrees and 48 degrees north and south. It is characterized by the existence of the apparent signs of the time during twenty-four hours, no matter whether the times are long or short.

    • B.

    • C. The third zone: It lies at the latitude of 66 degrees north and south and extends to the two poles. In this zone the apparent signs indicating the time are nonexistent for a long period of the year both by day and at night.
    4. The ruling for the first zone is that its people observe the Prayers at their Shar`i times, and observe fasting for its Shar`i time, from true dawn till sunset, in compliance with the Shar`i texts indicating the times for Prayers and fasting; and if someone is unable to fast or complete his fast on a certain day because of its excessive length, he or she may break his or her fast on that day and compensate for it on some other suitable day.

    5.6. (Muslim and Abu Dawud in the Book of Malahim).

    Allah is the source of all success, and peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad and his family and Companions. (End of the Resolution of the Fiqh Academy.)

    Second: Since this issue is a matter of ijtihadThird:
    You can also read:

    Determining the Times of Prayer in the High Latitudes

    Concession Concerning Praying `Isha in the West

    Times of the Five Daily PrayersAllah Almighty knows best.

    All Fatwas published on this website ( represent the juristic views and opinions of eminent scholars and Muftis. They do not necessarily form a juristic approach upheld by this website. Click here to read Full Disclaimer.


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