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Explanation of Surah Fatiha

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  • Explanation of Surah Fatiha

    Today ayah 1, bismillaah...

    Insha Allah I will include the whole thing eventually

    The explanation of:
    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    [bismillaahi-r-ra7maani-r-ra7eem]
    I begin in the name of Allaah the Most gracious, the Most merciful.
    1. His saying “bismillaah” necessitates what is known in Arabic as a prepositional phrase. It is connected to a missing action verb (and the doer of this action verb.) It is known that this missing element is an action verb (and it’s doer) that comes at the end of the sentence and is suitable. For example if you intend to say “bismilaah” and you intend to eat then you intend this action (verb - to eat) such that you say: “in the name of Allah I (being the doer) eat (action verb). The sheikh adds “we said that there is an action verb because the preposition and the object of the preposition are two objects in which case each object must have a subject (who does an action).
    We have assumed that (the action verb and its doer) come at the end of the sentence due to two benefits:
    1. Seeking the blessings (from Allah) by proceeding the name of Allah the most high.
    2 Limitation because delaying the doer to the end of the sentence necessitates that only Allah is sought for blessings. For example you may say “I will not eat with any other name seeking blessings and aid except with the name of Allah, the most high.”
    We have assumed that there is an action verb because the basis of actions stems from action verbs. Arabic language linguists know this. This is why nouns do not act except with certain conditions.
    We have assumed that it is suitable since it should give the meaning of what is intended. This is why the Messenger sal Allahu alayhi wa salam said “whoever intends to slaughter then he should slaughter in the name of Allah” - Saheeh Bukhari [985], Saheeh Muslim [1/1960]
    2. Allaah is the name of the Lord of the Worlds. None is given this name other than Him. It is the basis of all other names and this is why all other names follow from it.
    3. Ar-ra7maan means the possessor of extensive mercy, this is why it has come in the grammatical form of fa3laan which denotes vastness.
    4. Ar-Ra7eem refers to the deliverer of mercy to whomsoever He wills amongst His slaves. This is why it has come in the grammatical form fa3eel which denotes the application of an action.
    Mercy is His attribute. This is what Ar Ra7maan denotes and Mercy is His action which means delivering mercy to the recipient (mar7ooom - the one deserving mercy). This is what Ar Ra7eem denotes.
    Together Ar-Ra7maan Ar-ra7eem are names of Allah proving His essence, the attribute of mercy and the ruling that this attribute necessitates.
    The mercy that Allah ascertained for Himself is a mercy that is real which the Quran and Sunnah and (uncorrupt) intellect testify to. The Quran and the sunnah affirm the mercy of Allah and the proofs are many. As for the intellect then every blessing or punishment is from the signs of Allah’s mercy. Indeed the intellect proves that real mercy belongs to Allah, the most high. For what we witness from the mercy of creation between each other proves the existance of Allah’s mercy. Mercy is an attribute that is complete and Allah is deserving of this completeness. What we witness from the mercy that soley comes from Allah like rain, relief after droughts and the likes proves Allah’s mercy.


    [from Ibn Uthaimeen - The Cure]
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
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  • #2
    Re: Explanation of Surah Fatiha

    Assalamu 'alaikum

    Do you perhaps know why the writing of the alif is omitted in the phrase "Bismillah"? Because it is actually two words isn't it, bi and ism. And ism is written with an alif but in this phrase it is not included.
    "And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way."
    (al-Baqarah: 143)

    Allahumma innaa na'udhu bika min an nushrika bika shai-an na'lamuh; wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na'lam.

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: Explanation of Surah Fatiha

      wa alaykum salam

      sorry brother I don't really know why it is appart from that just being the conventional spelling. Even in some other words in Quran alif is omited like ar-Rahman.. but I don't know the reason for it. Insha Allah some one can explain us
      .: Rufaida :.
      .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
      http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
      “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
      but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
      ~ Ibn Atallah

      Ramadan Activities for Children
      <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

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      • #4
        Re: Explanation of Surah Fatiha

        Explanation of verse al 7amdu lillaahi rabb il 3aalameen

        1. Al Hamd is an attribute of praise. This is due to its completeness which includes the condition of love (al-mu7abba) and exaltation (at-ta3theem)
        2. A person may have awe of someone out of fear and as such it is not a requirement for them to have love and exaltation.
        3. Poets praise kings and ministers without having in their hearts love and exaltation for them. Rather they praise them out of fear of them. This is why this praise should be called mere commendation.
        4. Al Hamd must be accompanied with love and exaltation. It is an attribute belonging soley to Allah in completeness. You will find no completeness above it. The definitive article “al” (the) in al-Hamd is used to encompass all kinds of praise.
        5. Regarding the saying lillaah, we see that the first letter meaning belonging to (li) shows that the praise is specific for Allah and that He alone deserves complete praise. This means that none but Allah is praised by those who praise.
        6. Allah alone deserves to be praised in a complete way. This is why the scholars said that this li means that the praise is specifically for Allah and he alone is deserving of it.
        7. Rabb or Lord means that He is the creator (khaaliq), king (malik) or master (maalik) and the disposer of all affairs (mudabbir). His Lordship falls into these three meanings. The first meaning is that He is the creator, there is no creator except Allah. Allah says regarding the idols:
        أَفَمَن يَخْلُقُ كَمَن لاَّ يَخْلُقُ أَفَلا تَذَكَّرُونَ
        Is the one who creates like the one who does not create? Will you not receive admonition [16:17]
        هَلْ مِنْ خَالِقٍ غَيْرُ اللَّهِ يَرْزُقُكُم مِّنَ السَّمَاء وَالْأَرْضِ
        Is there a creator besides Allah to give you sustenance from the heaven and the earth? [35:3]
        Al maalik (the master) means there is noone who has complete ownership other than Allah.
        Allah is the one whos ownership is complete, absolute and all-encompassing. Other ownerships are limited in their comprehensiveness. There is no one who owns all that is in the heavens and the earth except Allah. These other dominions (that belong to the creation) are limited in terms of their lack of (total) control over what they own.
        There is no one able to control his own specific dominion entirely except by what Allah has legislated. However the absolute complete and all encompassing ownership belongs to Allah.
        8. The third meaning of Rabb is that Allah is the disposer of all affairs (al mudabbir) so the complete disposition belongs to Allah, the most high, noone is able to dispose of all affairs like Him. Even the polytheists (mushrikoon) agree and accept that the one who disposes of all affairs is Allah the Most High. However know that Allah does not dispose of any affair in vain or without wisdom. Everything that Allah has predestined, decreed and disposed of is due to a great wisdom. There are those things in this wisdom which we know and understand and those which we do not. That is because our intellect is deficient and falls short of encompassing all of Allah’s wisdom.
        9. A person may come accross some things from the Islamic Legislation (shariah) and may question “why is this forbidden?” An example of this is that a person may say “How is it forbidden for a person to exchange one measure (saa’) in quantity of good wheat with two measures of bad wheat and yet the price is one?” This could confuse a person. It is forbidden to give one measure of good wheat in exchange for two measure (saa’ain) of bad wheat. A person may say “why?” We would say “You are not wiser than Allah!” And if there was not evil accompanied with the sale then Allah would not have forbidden it for His slaves. Allah wants ease for His servants not harship. You will not find Allah forbidding them any action except that there is harm in it.
        10. Some people are confused that Allah decrees wars, poverty, earthquakes, or they are confused with the withholding of rain from the sky ie droughts. The person says “what is this? what is the benefit? this is harmful to the servants of Allah.” We say to them “you are not wiser than Allah”
        Allah the most high does not decree things except due to great wisdom behind them. A wisdom which you may know or may not know. This is why we must submit to the legislated decree as we have submitted to the natural decree. Everything submits to the natural decree.
        Allah said:
        وَلَهُ أَسْلَمَ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ طَوْعًا
        To Him submit all creatures in the Heavens and the Earth, willingly or unwillingly [3:83]
        Even the disbelievers submit to the natural decree. However as for the Islamic legislated decree, then noone submits to it except the believers.
        It is obligatory upon us to submit to both decrees, the natural decree and the Islamic legislated decree. Or it can be said that we should submit to the Islamic legislated decree just as we have submitted to the natural decree. The one who is disposer of all affairs is Allah, the Most High. Therefore Rabb necessitates three meanings, the third being that Allah is the Disposer of all affairs.



        11. Al 3aalameen means everything besides Allah. This word 3aalameen is derived from 3alaamah (sign) since all of the creation are signs from Allah, the Most High. Every species, type and kind is a sign from the signs of Allah. Everything that you contemplate proves the existance of the Lord, Most High. It also proves his wisdom and mercy.
        12. And what is more true than the statement of the poet who said:
        wa fee kulli shay2in lahu ayah
        tadillu 3ala annahu waa7id
        And in everything is a sign
        Which proves that He is One.
        13. Therefore what is 3aalameen? Everything other than Allah is called 3alam from 3alaamah - a sign, since the existance of this creation and what occurs is a sign proving Allah’s existence.
        14. You should note the difference between:
        Al 3aalameen (fatha lam)
        Al 3aalimeen (kasra lam)
        Al 3aalameen is everything other than Allah but al 3aalimeen are the possessors of knowledge, as Allah said:
        وَتِلْكَ الْأَمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ وَمَا يَعْقِلُهَا إِلَّا الْعَالِمُونَ
        Such are the examples which we portray to people and none understands them except those who possess knowledge.[29:43]
        [from: The Cure: An Explanation of the Opening Chapter - Soorah al Faatihah - by Sheikh Uthaimeen rahimahullah]
        .: Rufaida :.
        .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
        http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
        “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
        but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
        ~ Ibn Atallah

        Ramadan Activities for Children
        <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

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        • #5
          Re: Explanation of Surah Fatiha

          oh going back to the previous ayah (bismillaah...) i came across this link which i think is relevant/interesting :)
          http://theinsanityofthesane.wordpres...eed-3-basmala/
          .: Rufaida :.
          .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
          http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
          “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
          but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
          ~ Ibn Atallah

          Ramadan Activities for Children
          <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

          Comment


          • #6
            Re: Explanation of Surah Fatiha

            Salam

            It can be connected to phrase after it so it means:

            "With the Name of Allah all praise belongs to Allah"

            So it can be seen like that... and every Surah it can be seen like that...

            Why does an invisible verb have to be connected to it?

            wa salam

            Comment


            • #7
              Re: Explanation of Surah Fatiha

              The whole arabic text of this Sura is as follows:

              Search For: 1 - Asad - English / Muhammad Asad
              بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمـَنِ ال
              رَّحِيمِ
              (
              1:1)
              --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

              الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ (1:2)
              --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

              الرَّحْمـنِ الرَّحِيمِ (1:3)
              --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

              مَـالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ (1:4)
              --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

              إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ (1:5)
              --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

              اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ (1:6)
              --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

              صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ (1:7
              )
              --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              If we look at its configuration ,there are a few interesting points.
              It has 7 ayaats (verses) .Out of these 7 verses
              1. First four are for Almighty Allah
              2. Fifth is common i.e a Link/relation between Creator and Creation
              3. Last two are for the creation /human beings


              FIRST FOUR VERSES :
              If you look at them ,you will notice that all of them are in NOMINAL SENTENCES and none in verbal sentence.
              Verbal sentences are time bound or time limited.For example .
              -صلّى زيد = Zaid said his prayers .(Verbal sentence)
              It denotes just one time act in the past.
              But if we say :
              - زيد مصلّى = Zaid is a (regular) sayer of the Prayers (Nominal sentence)
              It does not denote one /two time action rather it shows that "Praying" is a part of habits of Zaid.He has been saying praying ,says his prayers in the present time and inshallha will go on praying.

              Saying this the first four NOMINAL VERSES in Sura Fatiha denote that all these enumirated attributes of Allah are eternal not time bound.

              In the fifth Verse we utter our Relationship with Allah i.e
              -We pray Only To you
              -We seek help Only From You
              The word "ayyaaka " is worth noting. It does not mean "you" .Rather it means ONLY YOU.Which is our clear declaration /covenant to Almighty Allah about these acts.It uproots all sorts of "Shirk".

              In the last two verses we ask for guidance for the STRAIGHT PATH.Again this word is not "Path " rather STRAIGHT PATH." We also point out the path of the People whome YOU bestowed with favor.

              IS THERE ANY ANSWER TO OUR REQUEST FOR GUIDANCE OF STRAIGHT PATH?

              It is worth noting that in first Sura we ask for GUIDANCE for Almight Allah .The answer is place right in the Second Sura (second verse)
              Search For: 2 - Asad - English / Muhammad Asad
              الم (2:1)
              --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

              ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ (2:2)
              Allah says :The answer to your request is :"this is the book without any doubt and GUIDANCE FOR MUTTAQIN.
              wasslaam

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              • #8
                Re: Explanation of Surah Fatiha

                :jkk: :)
                "And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way."
                (al-Baqarah: 143)

                Allahumma innaa na'udhu bika min an nushrika bika shai-an na'lamuh; wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na'lam.

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: Explanation of Surah Fatiha

                  J/k for that sister

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