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LESSON TWENTY FIVE: Hollow Verbs

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  • .: Anna :.
    started a topic LESSON TWENTY FIVE: Hollow Verbs

    LESSON TWENTY FIVE: Hollow Verbs

    Verbs in which the middle root letter is waw or ya و ي
    Are traditionally known as "hollow verbs" and are subject to certain phonetic changes.
    In the past tense, this "weak letter" is usually replaced by an Alif, so that we could describe this using the pattern:
    فالَ
    for example you will often come across these common verbs which fit the pattern:
    كان
    kaana
    he was

    جاء
    Jaa'a
    he came

    زار
    zaara
    he visited

    In the present tense the middle letter is the original root middle letter (this can be found out by checking a dictionary, or simply learned.)

    So that from the above verbs we get:

    يكونُ
    يجيءُ
    يزورُ

    These verbs are then conjugated as normal.

    nb: It is important to note that because these middle root letters are seen as "weak" sometimes they can be pushed out and there will be no long vowel in the word at all! This happens whenever the long vowel would have been followed by a letter with a sukoon. Eg:

    In the past tense first person of كان
    we get the conjugation :
    كُنْتُ
    kuntu
    This is because of the rule that you never should have a long vowel followed by a letter with a sukoon
    The long vowel has been retained in the small way of placing a damma on the kaf. So we can say that in a way the long vowel is squeezed into its equivilent small vowel.

  • .: Anna :.
    replied
    Re: Lesson Twenty Five: Hollow Verbs

    Excersizes.

    1.)Give the past tense masculine singular of the following:

    يكون
    يسير
    يقول
    يجيء
    يموت
    يكيد

    2.)give the weak middle root letter of the following verbs (given below in 1st person singular past tense) please deduce this from the short vowel:

    كُنْنُ
    بِعْتُ
    رُحْتُ
    صُمْتُ

    3.) Please translate the following (use the vocab from the scanned sheet)

    Aisha stood up
    Aisha is standing up
    We live in London
    My mum sold her car
    They (masculine) visited the house
    Will you visit us, Mohammad?
    Ali is driving
    All the muslims fast in Ramadan

    Leave a comment:


  • .: Anna :.
    replied
    Re: Lesson Twenty Five: Hollow Verbs

    Attached are some useful sheets. These are from the following book:
    Gateway to Arabic book 4

    Insha Allah it may be useful to buy cos it provides more exercises on the topic.
    Attached Files

    Leave a comment:

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