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LESSON TWENTY FOUR : Except

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  • .: Anna :.
    started a topic LESSON TWENTY FOUR : Except

    LESSON TWENTY FOUR : Except

    The main words which can be used to make exceptions are :

    سوى
    siwaa
    إلا
    ilaa
    Which are basically synomymous. The most famous example which every Muslim will no doubt be familiar with is our declaration:
    لا إلهَ إلا الله
    There is no god except Allah.

    Some other examples made up by me :
    ما جاء الأولادُ إلا أحمدُ
    maa jaa'a al awlaadu ilaa Ahmad
    The boys did not come, except Ahmad
    ie: From the boys, only Ahmad came.
    Here you must note that Ahmad has damma as he is the logical subject despite being after ilaa

    الساعة التاسعة إلا ربعٍ
    As-saa3at ut taasi3ah ila rub3in
    It is quarter to nine
    ie: it is nine o clock, except a quarter

    أحبّ كلّ الطلابِ إلا مصطفى
    uhebbu kull at tullaabi ilaa mustafa
    I love all the students, except Mustafa

    After Siwa if you are using a pronoun then it must act like it does when you add a pronoun to words like "inna". Eg not "huwa" but just the possesive ending "hu"
    لم أرَ سواه
    lam ara siwaahu
    i didnt see anyone except him
    لا يتكلّمُ الفرنسيّة سوايَ
    laa yatakallam ul faransiyya siwaaya
    noone speaks french except me
    لم أجدْ سوى الكتب
    lam ajid siwaa alkutub
    i didnt find anything except the books


  • .: Anna :.
    replied
    Exercises

    1. Change these sentences according to the following model:

    أحبّ القراء
    لا أحبّ إلا القراء a
    لا أحبّ سوى القراء b


    أدرس العربيّة
    ألعب كرة القدم
    وجد ولداًَ هناك
    عمل في سوريا
    عندي أخت واحدة
    2. Make 3 of your own sentences using siwa and three with ilaa

    3. translate

    a) Only Mujahid came
    b) I only saw Ali
    c) Quarter to 5
    d) I didn't find anyone except the girls

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