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LESSON TWENTYONE : Verb forms 1 and 2

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    LESSON TWENTYONE : Verb forms 1 and 2

    There are ten forms of Arabic Verbs. This means that when you take the three root letters, you may be able to use them in some of the ten different patterns. (All ten patterns are unlikely to be available for one verb! :) )

    These patterns are useful, as they are quite regular so if you see a form three verb for example, you will straight away know how to form its verbal noun (once you learnt ur verb forms that is )

    Also it will help you to recognise words and be able to pick out their roots in order to look them up in the dictionary (many good arabic dictionaries are organised by root, such as Hans Weir) (I will give the pattern represented by the root fa 3ayn lam, then an example) (verbs are given in their 3rd person masc singular form)

    For beginners it will be a bit confusing to cover all ten patterns in one lesson, so we will start with forms 1 and 2

    FORM ONE

    The most basic form of the verb. It is the only form were certain variations may occur (ie in middle vowel of the imperfect, and in verbal noun pattern)
    EG (shariba) means to drink
    شَرِبَ

    Past tense (perfect) Fa3ala / Shariba
    فَعَلَ
    Present/future tense (imperfect) yaf3alu / yashrabu (form one is the only one were the middle vowel may vary, and must be learned for each verb)

    يَفْعَلُ
    يَشْرَبُ

    Active participle faa3ilun / shaaribun

    فاعِلٌ
    شارِبٌ


    Passive participle maf3oolun / mashroobun

    مَفْعولٌ
    مَشْروبٌ

    Verbal noun There are a few varying patterns of verbal noun for form one, the appropriate one can be found in the dictionary or learnt together with the verb

    FORM TWO

    Is formed by placing a shadda on the middle root letter.
    EG (darrasa) means to teach
    Past tense (perfect) fa33ala / darrasa

    فَعَّلَ
    دَرَّسَ

    Present/future tense (imperfect) yufa33ilu / yudarrisu

    يُفَعِّلُ
    يُدَرِّسُ

    Active participle mufa33ilun / mudarrisun

    مُفَعِّلٌ
    مُدَرِّسٌ

    Passive participle mufa33alun / mudarrasun

    مُفَعَّلٌ
    مُدَرَّسٌ

    Verbal noun taf3eelun / tadreesun

    تَفْعِيلٌ
    تِدْرِيسٌ
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

    #2
    If you did not understand what exactly an active particple is (for example) here are explanations :

    Other words derived from verbs
    Active Participle -
    The person who does the action of that verb. If the verb was "write" then the activer participle is "writer"

    Passive participle -
    The thing that has had the action done to it. If the verb was "choose" then the passive participle is "chosen"

    Verbal noun - this is a naming word that had its origin in a verb. Often it names a concept rather than a specific thing. An example of this is the word "smoking" in the sentence "Smoking is bad for you."
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

    Comment


      #3
      Exercises : (Please include the vowels, its VERY important in this kind of thing) If you cant type the vowels in Arabic. Type the word in arabic without, and write beneath in english letters how to pronounce with the vowels

      1) The verb عَلَّمَ
      is another verb for "teach" and it is a form two verb.
      Use the pattern as shown above to fill in the following :

      Present tense (for he)
      Active participle
      Passive participle
      Verbal noun

      2) The verb كَتَبَ
      is a form one verb. Use the patterns shown above to give the following :
      active participle:
      Passive participle:

      3) True or false :

      Form 2 verbs sometimes have the sense of making an intransitive verb transative.
      There are 8 Verb forms
      Vowelling is very important in the different verb forms
      Passive participle is the one who does the action

      4) Try to write a sentence with..
      a) a past tense form 2 verb
      b) a present tense form 1 verb
      c) an active participle
      d) a passive participle
      e) a verbal noun

      If anything is not clear, or you want more exercises to consolidate or anything, PLEASE ASK :) I want people to understand this lesson properly, and if we have to do more work to achieve that, then I will make more work for you :)

      .: Rufaida :.
      .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
      http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
      “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
      but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
      ~ Ibn Atallah

      Ramadan Activities for Children
      <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

      Comment

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