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LESSON ELEVEN : Present tense verbs

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    LESSON ELEVEN : Present tense verbs

    LESSON ELEVEN : PRESENT TENSE VERBS
    Look back to lesson nine to see how we made verbs in the Past. In this lesson we are going to talk about Present tense verbs. These are actions that are not yet completed or finished. Past tense verbs were formed by adding endings to show who did the action, however with present tense verbs something is added to the beginning instead. Look at the following examples:



    ٍيَكْتُبُ
    (yaktubu) he writes
    تَكْتُبُ
    (taktubu) she writes
    تَكْتُبُ
    (taktubu) you write[to a male]
    تَكْتُبينَ
    (taktubeena) you write[to a female]
    أَكْتُبُ
    (aktubu) I write

    يَذْهَبُ
    (yadhhabu) he goes
    تَذْهَبُ
    (tadhhabu) she goes
    تَذْهَبُ
    (tadhhabu) you go[to a male]
    تَذْهَبينَ
    (tadhhabeena) you go[to a female]
    أَذْهَبُ


    (adhhabu) I go

    *Note : It is important to note that the verb form is the same for "she does" and "you do" [to a male], but you will usually be able to tell the meaning from context.

    It is also important to learn and remember the vowelling of present tense verbs. You may have noticed that yaktub took a damma in the middle while yadhhab took a fatha. This is not for any grammatical reason, it is just the way the verb is spelt.
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

    #2
    Here are the present tense "he" forms of the verbs given in lesson nine.

    لبس

    (labasa) he wore
    يَلْبِسُ
    (yalbisu) he wears
    أكل

    (akala) he ate
    يَأْكُلُ
    (ya'kulu) he eats

    شرب
    (shariba) he drank
    يَشْرَبُ
    (yashrabu) he drinks
    فعل

    (fa3ala) he did
    يَفْعَلُ
    (yaf3alu) he does

    لعب

    (la3aba) he played
    يَلْعَبُ
    (yal3abu) he plays
    وعد

    (wa3ada) he promised
    يَعِدُ
    (ya3idu*) he promises
    وجد

    (wajida) he found
    يَجِدُ
    (yajidu*)he finds

    *note: because these two verbs begin with letter waw in the past they behave irregularly in the present and drop the waw.

    VOCAB : There are no new verbs given today, but please learn the correct vocalisation of the verbs shown above
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

    Comment


      #3
      EXERCISES

      1.) congugate all the above verbs [ie form them for "he, she, you, I]

      2.) translate the following into English

      يشرب رشيد
      يذهب سامي إلى مدينة قريبة من بيته
      تلبس مريم حجاباً جميلاً
      هل تأكل طعامي؟
      أكتب في المدرسة
      يلعب الكلب

      3) Translate the following into Arabic
      a) what are you wearing Noura?
      b) Did you write the book?(to a male) No, Yousef is writing the book
      c) Mariam is eating Felafel
      d) I am going to the mosque
      e) Ali is playing in the garden

      4.) make 3 of your own sentences with present tense verbs

      .: Rufaida :.
      .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
      http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
      “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
      but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
      ~ Ibn Atallah

      Ramadan Activities for Children
      <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

      Comment

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