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LESSON NINE : Past tense verbs

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    LESSON NINE : Past tense verbs

    Verbs are doing words and in Arabic past tense, they have different endings depending on who has done the action.

    Look at the following examples :

    ذَهَبَ
    (dhahaba) he went
    ذَهَبَت

    (dhahabat) she went
    ذَهّبتَ

    (dhahabta) you went (to a boy)
    ذَهَبتِ

    (dhahabti) you went (to a girl)
    ذَهَبتُ

    (dhahabtu) I went

    كتب
    (kataba) he wrote
    كتبت
    (katabat) she wrote
    كتبت

    (katabta) you wrote (to a boy)
    كتبت

    (katabti) you wrote (to a girl)
    كتبت

    (katabtu) i wrote

    In vocab lists, verbs will usually be given in the "he" form eg كتب
    This is because it is the simplest form. However it is important to learn how to congugate (put the correct endings on) the verbs given in vocab lists, in order to make meaningful sentences. Use the ending patterns above whenever you are congugating Arabic verbs that happened in the past.
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

    #2
    Vocab (the following verbs are given in the "he" form as explained above!)

    لبس
    (labasa) he wore
    أكل

    (akala) he ate
    شرب

    (shariba) he drank
    فعل

    (fa3ala) he did
    لعب

    (la3aba) he played
    وعد

    (wa3ada) he promised
    وجد

    (wajida) he found

    **********

    Also make sure you know the pronouns (previously learned in lesson six):

    أنا
    (ana) I
    أنتَ
    (anta) you (boy)
    أنتِ
    (anti) you (girl)
    هُوَ
    (huwa) he
    هيَ
    (hiya) she
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

    Comment


      #3
      Exercises

      1.) congugate all the vocab given, following the ending patterns shown in the lesson.

      2.) translate the following into english

      شرب عليّ كوكاكولا
      shariba Ali kookaa koolaa*
      لبس محمد قميصاً جميلاً

      labasa Mohammed qamees(an) jameel(an)
      وجدَت نورة الكلب

      wajidat noura alkalb
      لعبتُ في الحديقةِ

      la3abtu fil hadeeqa


      * We haven't learned this word, but think about it... it sounds like the English word, with the vowels slightly elongated.
      (do not worry too much about the extra alif on the end of "qamees jameel" the explanation is coming next lesson insha allah!)

      3.) translate the following into Arabic
      a) you found the house. (to a girl)
      b) did* you wear my shirt? (to a boy)
      c) Noura drank and Yousef ate.
      d) I went.
      e) Did* she promise?

      * Think about the meaning in English. A common mistake is to use the verb "did" in this sentence, but this is not right. The English use of "did...?" just makes a question. Remember how we make similar questions in Arabic
      .: Rufaida :.
      .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
      http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
      “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
      but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
      ~ Ibn Atallah

      Ramadan Activities for Children
      <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

      Comment

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