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LESSON FIVE : Feminine

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    LESSON FIVE : Feminine

    If you ever studied French, German or Spanish in school, you will probably be familiar with the idea that some words are masculine and some words are feminine. This is easy to understand when you are looking at words for people, such as

    أمّ
    (umm) mother
    بنت
    (bint) girl


    words masculine words for people can often be made feminine by adding a ta marbuta, such as...

    مسلمة
    (muslimah) female muslim
    مدرّسة
    (mudarrisa) female teacher
    ممرّضة
    (mumarriDa) female nurse

    مسلم
    (muslim) male muslim
    مدرّس
    (mudarris) male teacher
    ممرّض
    (mumarriD)male nurse




    As we have seen above, with many words for people we can make them masculine or feminine by adding or taking away the ta marbuta. However, there are also words for objects/things that are grammatically feminine as can be seen by their ta marbuta endings shown in red. We already came accross the following:

    إبرة
    (ibra) needle
    سيّارة
    (sayyaara) car
    وردة
    (warda) rose
    قطّة
    (qiTTa) cat

    With such words, the ta marbuta is permanant. You can not remove it to make a masculine version of the word. Similarly you may not add a ta marbuta to the end of masculine words to try and make them feminine. Some words are permanantly masculine, such as:
    كتاب
    (kitaab) book
    باب
    (baab) door
    ولد
    (walad) boy

    Adding or taking away a ta marbuta to these words (words that describe a thing rather than a person) will either change the whole meaning of the word, or may create something which is not a real word in the arabic language.

    Remember the following as a basic rule : Words that end in ta marbuta are feminine - [there are a handful of exceptions such as the word :
    خليفة
    (khaleefa) Caliph
    but this is very rare] and 99.9% of all words ending in ta marbuta are feminine.

    When you are describing a feminine word with an adjective, you also must add the ta marbuta ending to the adjective (describing word). Look at the following examples:

    بنت صغيرة
    (bint Sagheera) a small girl
    قطّة جميلة
    (qiTTa jameela) a beautiful cat
    مدرّسة ذكيّة
    (mudarrisa dhakiyya) a clever female teacher

    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

    #2
    New Vocabulary

    مدرّسة
    (mudarrisa) female teacher
    مدرّس
    (mudarris) male teacher
    ممرّضة
    (mumarriDa) female nurse
    ممرّض
    (mumarriD) male nurse
    سكرتيرة
    (sekritayra)female secretary
    سكرتير
    (sekritayr) male secretary
    طبيبة
    (Tabeeba)female doctor
    طبيب
    (Tabeeb) doctor
    غسالة
    (ghisaala) washing machine
    طاولة
    (Taawila) table
    غرفة
    (ghurfa) room
    صورة
    (Soura) picture
    كلمة
    (kalima) word
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

    Comment


      #3
      Exercises

      Exercises

      1.) choose all the feminine words from the following list


      بيت
      مسجد
      إبرة
      أمّ
      سيّارة
      غسّالة
      بنت
      مدرّس
      2.)Translate the following into Arabic
      a)This is a female nurse
      b) Who is that? that is the female teacher
      c) The female doctor is beautiful
      d) This washing machine is big
      e) The car is small
      f) That girl is poor

      3.)Write a sentence about each of the following girls
      ليلى
      Layla
      نورة
      Noura
      مريم
      Maryam
      عائشة
      Aisha
      سارة
      Saara
      جميلة
      Jameela
      .: Rufaida :.
      .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
      http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
      “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
      but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
      ~ Ibn Atallah

      Ramadan Activities for Children
      <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

      Comment


        #4
        vocab audio here
        .: Rufaida :.
        .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
        http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
        “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
        but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
        ~ Ibn Atallah

        Ramadan Activities for Children
        <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

        Comment

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