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LESSON THREE: "Al" and "U case"

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    LESSON THREE: "Al" and "U case"

    BACKGROUND

    The Arabic language has 3 "cases". (This system may be familiar to you if you have ever studied Russian or German, but if not, don't worry :) ) They are shown by the choice of either damma, kasra or fatha (the three short vowel signs) on the last letter of the word.

    The "U case" (or nominative) can be seen to be the default case. It is for the subject of the sentence. (The phrase "U case" means that it takes damma on the last letter)

    (Cases are going to be covered properly in a full lesson or maybe more insha allah. You do not need to worry about it yet, just be aware of their existence.)

    LESSON

    الis the Arabic "definiate article", ie it means "The". Unlike in English, it is written attached to the following word with no space between them.
    There is no Arabic word for "a" or "an". When you see the word with no definate article, and it has "tanween" on the last letter, then "a" is implied.
    Tanween means that there are two of the vowel signs instead of one.

    eg
    بابٌ
    [baab(un)] A door
    البابُ
    [Al baab(u)] The door


    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

    #2
    new vocabulary

    كتابٌ
    (kitaab) book
    سريرٌ
    (sareer) bed
    كرسيٌّ
    (kursee) chair
    قميصٌ
    (qamees) shirt
    رجلٌ
    (rajul) man
    بنتٌ
    (bint) girl
    جميلٌ
    (jameel) beautiful
    فقيرٌ
    (faqeer) poor
    كبيرٌ
    (kabeer) big
    صغيرٌ
    (sagheer) small

    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

    Comment


      #3
      Exercises

      1.) Translate the following (make sure to include the words "a" or "the"!)
      المفتاحُ
      المسجدُ
      وردةٌ
      الملابسُ
      كتابٌ
      هذا كلبٌ
      ذلك سريرٌ
      قطّةٌ

      2.) read the following and write whether they are right or wrong, if wrong then correct the mistake.
      بابُ
      ولدٌ
      الكرسيٌّ
      الرجلُ
      القلبٌ
      3) Referring back to lesson one, look at the following and decide if the word starts with a sun letter or a moon letter. Read each one aloud with the appropriate pronounciation.
      الشمس
      البيت
      النكاح
      السيّارة
      القلم
      الجميل
      النور
      .: Rufaida :.
      .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
      http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
      “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
      but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
      ~ Ibn Atallah

      Ramadan Activities for Children
      <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

      Comment


        #4
        vocab audio here

        *new* check out the Madina Arabic lesson on this topic for extra practise and revision

        Madina Arabic lesson on "al"
        .: Rufaida :.
        .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
        http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
        “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
        but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
        ~ Ibn Atallah

        Ramadan Activities for Children
        <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

        Comment

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