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LESSON TWENTY SIX: Initial waw verbs

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    LESSON TWENTY SIX: Initial waw verbs

    Verbs in which the first root letter is waw و are known as "initial waw verbs" and are subject to certain phonetic changes.
    In the past tense they are conjugated normally, the irregularity occurs in the present tense. In this tense, the waw is dropped in the conjugation of form 1. The most common vowel sound found after the 2nd root in these cases is a kasra so the general pattern for an initial waw verb in the present tense becomes:

    ya3ilu
    compared to the common pattern of a regular verb in present tense form 1 - yaf3alu - the difference is mainly that having the 1st root letter (waw) dropped there are only two remaining, and also the kasra.

    In other verb forms this does not occur, only with form 1. So an example in form two is the verb wajjaha (to send) which becomes yuwajjihu, the waw has been retained and it's conjugation is regular.

    Some examples of verbs beginning with a waw:

    وجد
    found
    وثق
    trusted
    واثق
    agreed
    وجّب
    made an obligation
    وجّه
    sent
    وقف
    stood
    وزن
    weighed
    وصف
    described
    وحّد
    unified
    وعد
    promised
    وضع
    put
    وصل
    arrived

    exercises:

    conjugate the verbs in the sentences either keeping or dropping the waw according to what is appropriate, after considering the tense and the form:

    1. She is arriving now
    2. Are you putting the book on the table?
    3. She promised me yesterday
    4. He said :" i promise"
    5. They are unifying the people
    6. Yusuf described the house that he saw
    7. Layla is describing the food
    8. The merchant is weighing the cotton
    9. All the girls are standing up
    10. Everyone stood up.
    11. He said: "I will not make it an obligation"
    12. do you agree with me?
    13. why do you trust that boy?
    14. have you found my cat?
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
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