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  • Scientific Linguistic Miracles of the Qur'an

    Asalaam alaikum waRahmatulah waBarakatuh


    We'll try to share some Linguistic Scientific Miracles here insha' Allah.
    Qur'an & the Arabic Language:

    Arabic is a descriptive language. So many description words may be used to describe one object (i.e. maSaaKiN are 'homes' coming from the word 'SuKooN' (Tranquility.) the 'ma' signifies Location. So a 'place of Tranquility = Home'. While the word Bayt may also be used to describe 'Home'.

    The Arabic language is amazing in detail, and many words which have been translated at a basic level, if translated at an even more specific/detailed level will amaze you at the precision of Allah's speech.



    The Aim of this Section:

    We will attempt to study the Linguistic definitions of words in the Qur'an to see their miraculousness in matters of -especially- Modern Science. All while sticking firmly to the Classical Arabic dictionaries of our Salaf (predecessors).
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  • #2
    Re: Scientific Linguistic Miracles of the Qur'an
    ثُمَّ جَعَلَ نَسْلَهُ مِن سُلَالَةٍ مِّن مَّاءٍ مَّهِينٍ

    Then He made his offspring from Sulaalah of worthless water..


    - surah Sajdah 32:8



    Scientific Miracle 1:

    سُلَالَةٍ
    Sulaalah:

    Surah as-Sajdah 32: 7-9:

    ا ۖ وَبَدَأَ خَلْقَ الْإِنسَانِ مِن طِينٍ

    Ayah 7
    :..and [Allah] originated creation of Man [Adam] from clay.



    ثُمَّ جَعَلَ نَسْلَهُ مِن سُلَالَةٍ مِّن مَّاءٍ مَّهِينٍ

    thumma ja'ala naslahu min
    SULAALATINmin maa'in maheen-


    Ayah 8
    :Then He made his [Adam's] Nasl (Offspring) from Sulaalatin from worthless water.




    Definitions:

    سُلَالَةٍ

    Sulaalah [
    سلاله] is the singular of he Plurals: Sulaal [سلال] and Sulaalaat. [سلالات]



    1st Meaning:

    Arabic Definition
    :
    انتزاع الشئ واخراجه من رفق


    Sulaalah
    - something drawn out/separated - from something else.





    2nd Meaning:

    The word
    Saleel and Salsabeel - because the drink was Sulla (
    سلّ) = Purified.


    Evidence:
    الخالص الصافي(al-khaalis al-saafi) the best and the pure.
    • In Prophet Muhammad, Peace be upon him's, Hadith (Saying):



      و في الحديث: "اللهم اسقنا من سليل الجنة",وهو صافي شرابها,قيل له سليل لأنه سلّ حتى خَلَصْ





      O Allah, give us drink from the Paradise's SALEEL
      سليل,(lisan al-Arab dictionary explains)and the saleel is a purely extracted drink. And it is called SALEEL because it was SULLA ( سلّpurified) until it became pure and at its best خَلَصْ.



    3
    rd Meaning:


    Sul / Sal =


    Something which is unique and different from its group.Why?Because it has been Purified (Sulla), so it has become Shaadh ((شاذdifferent, unique)) = Different/Unique, beyond any Measuring/comparison (Qiyas).




    4th Meaning:

    السلسل(al-salsal):the pure and clear.
    • السلسل هو الماء العذب الصافي إذا شُرِبَ تسلسل في الحلق



      The SALSAL
      سلسلis the pure and clear water that is when drank, it flows smoothly in the throat.

    So Salsal = pure and clear water.




    5th Meaning:

    Sulaalah is translated (or synonymous) to Jawhar =
    Quintessence[by al Mawrid Dictionary. section 4, page 751], or KhulaaSah (exclusive).


    Quintessence means: : An extract from anything, containing its rarest virtue, or most subtle and essential constituent in a small quantity; pure or concentrated essence. [Dictionary.com].

    Man is created and determined from a single flowing Sulaalah, with the above meanings.




    Combining the Definitions
    and Summarising them, we see that;

    1 - Sulaalah is a Pure (sul / sal) flowing liquid,
    drawn out/separated from a greater collection of flowing liquid.

    2 -
    Sulaalah/sulaalatin is in the Singular form [sulaal / sulaalaat are plural].

    3 - Salsal = it is
    Unique (Shaadh).




    = The Sperm:

    If we study this, what does it resemble? It resembles the liquid semen which the male ejaculates, which contains the Sperm.
    The liquid then gradually disperses [separating the sperm cells] and there are millions of different sperm cells travelling towards the female Egg - each sperm cell is only a Singular cell, this Singular sperm cell is genetically Unique with different characteristics in its genes.

    Doesn't this perfectly describe the Sperm cell?




    Purified?

    Someone may wonder; how does the word 'Purified' fit into all of this?

    We know that according to the Sunnah - Prophetic teachings,
    the 'maniy' (liquid semen which the male ejects at orgasm) is not Najis (impure), rather it is Pure [Tahir] [According to: IslamQA #2458].

    Rather, we see in the Ahadith that Aa'isha (may Allah be pleased with her) would simply scratch off the dry 'maniy' from the clothes of Allah's Messenger (sal Allah alayhi wasalam), and he would wear those clothes in prayer. [Sahih Muslim] This action of his proved that 'maniy' is Pure.


    All the above is implied just through one word alone; Sulaalah.

    ثُمَّ جَعَلَ نَسْلَهُ مِن سُلَالَةٍ مِّن مَّاءٍ مَّهِينٍ

    Then He made his offspring from Sperm [sulaalah] of worthless water. - Sajdah 32:8


    The praise is for Allah who explains so much through so little..


    Sources:
    See:
    1. Lisan Al-Arab dictionary [1] , Book 6, Page 430-436.

    2. Al-Muheet dictionary [2], Page .

    3. Al-Muajam Al-Waseet dictionary [3], Page 445.

    4. Al-Mawrid dictionary Arabic-English section [4], Page 639.

    5. Arabic-English dictionary the Hans Wehr dictionary [6], Page 419.

    http://answering-christianity.com/sulalah_means_long_fish.htm



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    • #3
      Re: Scientific Linguistic Miracles of the Qur'an

      أَلَمْ يَكُ نُطْفَةً مِّن مَّنِيٍّ يُمْنَىٰ

      Had he not been a sperm from Maniyin yuMNaa?

      [Qiyamah 75:37]



      <<Return to Scientific Miracles Index


      Maniy منِيand Yamnaaيمْنَىٰare derived from 'MaN' من.



      1st General Meaning
      :

      Maniy means '
      Semen.'
      yaMNaa means '
      to Eject'.

      [
      استمنى] istaMNaa = he Ejaculated the semen.




      2nd Meaning
      :

      Maniy - (darbu al shay'a) = Striking/hitting/Penetrating/Poking something.

      i.e. yuMtaNa - synonymous in useage to - yuDRaB - Stricken/Penetrated.
      Stricken with Penetration. يمتنى(yumtana)[Synonymous to]:يُضْرَبْ(yudrab)is stricken; is penetrated; is stricken with penetration.
      • و قوله:لم تُقْرَفْ لم تُدانْ لما يُمْتَنى له أي ينظر إذا ضُرِبَتْ ألاقح أم لا أي لم تحمل الحمل الذي يمتنى له

        And in his poem, don't be disgusted from what is yumtanaيُمْتَنىto it, meaning (أي) when you look at it when it isstricken and penetrated (by his hand inserted into the animal's vagina)ضُرِبَتْto determine if it were fertilized or not (ألاقح أم لا).



      As is well known,
      DaRaBa = to Strike / hit.

      So
      yuMtaNa has a synonymous meaning of 'toStrike and Penetrate'.




      3rd Meaning
      :

      MaNa [
      منى] = (he) Cut it.

      = (QaTa'ah [قطعه]) (due to the meaning of 'striking and penetration' and in effect - Cutting.)

      منىالشيءأيقطعه-[He]Manathe thingwhich means[He]Cut it.


      4th meaning
      :

      MuNiYa = to be Stricken / Afflicted with a hardship. (uSeeba i.e. muSeebah
      أُصيب).


      مُنِيَ(muniya):أُصيب(o'seeba) to be afflicted with, hit by, stricken by, attacked by, smitten by.
      مُنِيَ(muniya): to be afflicted with, hit by, stricken by, attacked by, smitten by, affected by, to suffer, sustain, undergo, experience.
      منى(mana): hit, stricken, smitten, emit, to be afflicted, semen, sperm.



      Definitions of 'Maniy' and yuMNa' were according to:

      1. Lisan Al-Arab dictionary [1] , Book 8, Pages 719-721.
      2. Al-Muheet dictionary [2], Page 1226.
      3. Al-Muajam Al-Waseet dictionary [3], Page 888.
      4. Al-Mawrid dictionary Arabic-English section [4], Page 1131.
      5. Arabic-English dictionary the Hans Wehr dictionary [6], Page 927-928



      Now if we see surah;
      Najm 53.46

      مِننُّطْفَةٍ إِذَا تُمْنَىٰ

      Was he not a drop of sperm, Emitted forth (Ejected) and Penetrating?


      We see the following Implications can be found from the words MaNy/yuMNa:

      1 - Semen
      2 - Emitted / Ejected.
      3 - Striking / Hitting. (Darb)
      4 - Cutting (QaTa'ah)

      5 - Inflicting (i.e. a calamity Inflicts/strikes someone.)


      If we use the definitions from above, we see the following;


      The
      male Nutfah (sperm) is;

      1 - Emitted/Ejected
      2 -
      Strikes
      3 -
      andCuts.



      أَلَمْ يَكُ نُطْفَةً مِّن مَّنِيٍّ يُمْنَىٰ

      Had he not been a sperm from Maniyin yuMNaa[Ejected Semen- which Strikes, and Cuts."]
      [Qiyamah 75:37]

      Image: Sperm - Striking, Penetrating and Cutting into the Egg during Fertilisation.


      Relation to Modern Science:

      We know now through Modern Science that the male Sperm is Emitted from the male Semen, it swims towards the woman's egg in the Fallopian tube, and Strikes and Penetrates into the egg. This is when both the male and female genes combine in the stage of Fertilization, and form a Zygote, and divide into further cells, gradually forming into a male or female baby.

      All this has been described through just one word from the same root; "MaNiY" and "yuMNaa".




      Even More Amazing
      ! :



      Male's Sperm Determines Gender of Child! :


      Allah tells us that it is the Sperm that effects whether the child born will be a Male or Female;



      فَجَعَلَمِنْهُ الزَّوْجَيْنِ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَىٰ
      And made
      Min Hu [from him (the sperm)] two mates, the male and the female. [Qiyamah 75:39]


      Through this verse - because of the words 'minHU' [from HIM i.e. the sperm]) - Allah is telling us that it is the Male's Sperm which determines whether the person to be born will be Male or Female.

      This is not an exaggeration because only two verses before this [in ayah 37], the sperm is being spoken about. So the discussion from that ayah on towards this ayah is continuous and still referring to the Sperm.



      This is amazing, considering many cultures –over 1000years ago and some even today- blamed the woman if a female child was born, thinking it was the woman's fault. Whereas it was the male's sperm which caused the baby to be a female, by the permission of Allah.




      <<Return to Scientific Miracles Index



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      • #4
        Re: Scientific Linguistic Miracles of the Qur'an

        وَالْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ دَحَاهَا

        And the Earth after that He DAHA it.

        -Naziat 79:30


        <<Return to Scientific Miracles



        Dahaدَحَا


        1st General Meaning
        :

        Daha
        -
        دفعه و رمى به - (dafa'aahu wa ramaa bih) = Caused it toMove, pushed it, Rolled, or Threw it.

        i.e.
        دُحُورًاۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ وَاصِبٌ-
        [the Jinn who spy in the heavens are]Repulsed [Dahoowra], and for them is a constant/painful punishment. [Saffat 37:9]
        • دحا الصبي المِدحاةَََ أي دفع الصبي المِدحاةَََ- Daha [rolled]the boy the rolling toy- meansthe boypushedthe rolling toy.

          • دحرجَ (dahraja): to roll, roll along, to roll down.


        In Surah Inshiqaq - ayah 84:6 - the word kaDHan كَدح ('advancing towards' your Master) comes from the word Dahaa = to Move towards something.



        Qirasah
        (Round) - Synonymous to Dahaa:


        In the hadith of Abi Rafiaa':
        و في حديث أبي رافع:كنت أُلاعب الحسن و الحسين,رضوان الله عليهما,بالمداحي,هي احجار أمثال القِرصة
        "I used to play with Al-Hasan and Al-Hussein, may Allah Almighty be pleased with them, with AL-MADAAHI, which means STONES that look like AL-QIRASAH."

        So what does Al-Qirasah mean?
        According toLisan Al-Arab dictionary [1], Book 4, Page 516:
        • القِرصة(al-qirasah):قرِّصي العجين أي سوِّيهقِرصة- Cut the dough into small round pieces.
        • القِرصة(al-qirasah): قرص الشمس اي عينها- The qurs of the sun means the eye of the sun, which is round.




        2nd Meaning
        :Dahaa = Round and Spherical:

        The following statements are phrases which have been used in our Islamic history from many centuries ago:

        • إندحَّ بطنه إندحاحاّ اي إتّسعHis tummy became round and bigger.
        • In Prophet Muhammad's Hadith: كان لأسامة بطننٌ مُندحٌ اي متسعOsama had a round and big tummy.
        • و بطنٌ مُنداحُ أي خارخٌ مُدوّرHis tummy is mun-daahun means it is OUT THERE AND ROUND مُدوّر.
        • و رجلٌّ دحدحُ اي قصير غليظ البطنA man is dahda-hun which means he is short, stocky and has a big and fat tummy.
        • الدحداح هو المستدير الململمThe dahdaah is the person who is ROUND and STOCKY.
        • الدِردِحة من النساء التي طولها و عرضها سواءAl-dir-dihati from the women is the one whose height and width look the same! SHE LOOKS ROUND, and the by the way, the distance between the earth's north and south poles is approximately only 45 miles shorter than the earth's width.



        Ustadh
        (Teacher)Nouman Ali Khan says about this ayah in his Tafseer(35 minutes [Nazi'at part B]);


        The word;
        Daha - Dahwa - the egg of an Ostrich.

        Ud-hiyyah - the place where the ostrich lays its egg.

        So some have said that because there is an implication of Daha being something similar (like an ostrich's egg) and Allah has used this word - it is possible that it has this implication in it. And Allah knows best.

        [then he begins to explain the other meaning of Daha... (mentioned in point 3)]

        continue reading:
        http://linguisticmiracle.com/naziat.htm



        In his book, The Qur'‚n and the Orientalists, Dr. Muhammad Mohar Ali, former Professor of the History of Islam at the Islamic University of Madinah and Al-Im‚m University in Riyadh, provides an extensive and detailed discussion on the Qur'anic view of the earth. Here is a relevant excerpt:
        Now, the very first expression in the series, dah‚h‚, is noticeably distinctive and different in genre from the rest. Watt, following many other previous translators, renders it as "spread out". But the exact and correct meaning of the term, keeping in view its root, rather provides a very positive Qur'anic evidence in support of the spherical shape of the earth. For dah‚ means to "shape like an egg", its noun being dahiyah, which the Arabs still use to mean an egg. [2]
        __________________________

        [2] M. FATHő 'UTHMAN, "Al-'ard FÓ al-Qur'‚n al-Kar‚m", Proceedings of the First Islamic Geographical Conference", Riyadh, 1404/1984, Vol. IV, 127; A. M. SOLIMAN, Scientific Trends in teh Qur'‚n, London (Ta-Ha Publications), 1985, p. 16.
        (M. Mohar Ali, The Qur'‚n and the Orientalists, Jam'iyat 'Ihyaa' Minhaaj Al-Sunnah 2004, p.75)

        ^Image 1: Ostrich Egg [Arabic: دحو - Dahwa].


        ^Image 2: Earth similar in shape to Ostrich Egg.





        3rd meaning:

        Dahaa:

        - Expanse
        - Evened
        - Balanced
        - Equalled.
        - Levelled.


        دحا(daha): دحّفي الثّرى بيتاً إذا وسعه- He expandedthe house.
        • دحى(daha): الدُّحُحْ(al-duhuh), which is plural of دحى - daha, which means: الارضون الممتدّةexpandedearths.
        دحا(daha): مدحوحاّأي مُسوّى- maDhoohaa which is similar in meaning to; muSawwa = evened, balanced, equaled, leveled.




        4th meaning
        :

        Dihya = Best, extremely powerful, and exalted.

        دحا(daha): الدّواح أي العظيم الشديد العلوal-dawwah is something that is great, extremely powerful, and exalted.
        دحا(daha): الدِّحْية هو رئيس الجُند,و به سمِّي دِحية الكلبيAl-dihyais the leader of the soldiers, and from this was namedDihya Al-Kalbay, [who was one of Prophet Muhammad's close Companions.]
          • الدِّحْية هو رئيس القوم و سيدهم-Al-dihya is the chief of the tribe or the group and the BEST AMONG THEM و سيدهم.
            Planet earth is indeed the best planet in our Solar System. It is the only planet that has water, life and Paradise-like Scenic Views. The others are dead planets with no life like that of earth's exists on them




        Definitions of
        Daha - according to:
        1. Lisan Al-Arab dictionary [1] , Book 2, Pages 215-218.
        2. Lisan Al-Arab dictionary [1] , Book 8, Pages 236-238.
        3. Al-Muheet dictionary [2], Page 1179.
        4. Al-Muajam Al-Waseet dictionary [3], Pages 272-274.
        5. Al-Mawrid dictionary Arabic-English section [4], Page 537.
        6. Arabic-English dictionary the Hans Wehr dictionary [6], Page 273





        Conclusion:

        So based on all of these meanings, what do we find?

        We find that:
        1- The earth is a moving object that was pushed or thrown by Allah Almighty into space.
        2- The earth is a qurs and indahhat and is dihdaaha, which means it is a round and a spherical object.
        3- The earth is mad-hooha ( مدحوحا), which is balanced and evened.
        4- The earth is dihya, which means it is the best among its group. This is true since all of the planets in our solar system are pretty much similar to our moon. They are lifeless and have no life and no water in them. Earth, on the other hand, has (1)ample water, which is why it is called the BLUE PLANET, (2)ample life, and even (3) Paradise-like views and nature in places such as Hawaii, Alaska, the Carribeans, places in Europe, Asia, Africa etc...
        5- The earth is also dahdah and dahdaah, which means it is round and compressed.



        All these meanings are covered in one word; Daha.


        وَالْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ دَحَاهَا
        And the Earth after that He
        made round/balanced/made best/exalted it.

        -
        Naziat 79:30
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        • #5
          Re: Scientific Linguistic Miracles of the Qur'an

          اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ.خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ

          Read in the name of your Master who created. Created man from'Alaq.

          (surah 'Alaq 96: 1-2)



          <


          'Alaq - Clinged on something or Stuck to it.



          1st meaning:

          'Aliqat - to become Attached.


          وفي الحديث: فعلقت الاعراب به اي نشبوا وتعلقوا
          i.e. The Arabic saying: They became attached to it and adopted it to their culture.



          Meaning 2:

          علق الصيد في حبالته اي نشب
          'Aaliqa - the animal Fell into the trap. I.e. He became attached in it.



          Meaning 3:

          والعلوق ما يعلق بالانسان

          'Ulooq -
          that which Clings onto a person. I.e. Lice, or a Leech etc.


          والعلق في الثوب ما علق به

          'Aaliqa - what clinged on the dress.



          Meaning 4:

          'Alaqah - Leech.

          i.e. doodat* al 'Alaq


          دودة العلق

          = the Leech worm.




          Summarised
          :

          'ALaQ;

          - to Hang
          - to be Suspended
          - Dangle
          - to Stick on.
          - Cling On.
          - be Attached.
          - LEECH (animal)


          'Alaaqa = a Bond, Connection, Association.



          Conclusion:

          Allah created the human from an 'Alaq. This 'Alaq has the following attributes;

          1 - Clinging and Connected inside the mother's womb.
          2 - Sucking blood from the mother's womb - like a Leech.
          3 - a Blood clot.





          اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ.خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ

          Read in the name of your Master who created. Created man from a Clinging Clot - that Sucks blood (from the mother like a Leech).

          (surah 'Alaq 96: 1-2)



          That is the origin of you, and all humans that you see - an 'Alaq.



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          • #6
            Re: Scientific Linguistic Miracles of the Qur'an
            and We Sent down (aNzala) Iron...


            <<Return to Science Miracle Index


            وَأَنزَلْنَاالْحَدِيدَ فِيهِ بَأْسٌ شَدِيدٌ وَمَنَافِعُ لِلنَّاسِ

            wa a
            Nzalnaa al hadeed...

            and We Sent down Iron,wherein is great military might and benefits for the people...

            [surah al Hadeed 57:25]


            Question: Why did Allah use the word aNzal = Sent down, and not Khalaqa - Created [Iron]?



            The Science:

            Geologists of the 20th century agree that iron landed on Earth in the form of meteors;

            "Massive chunks of rock known as asteroids have broken apart throughout the history of our solar system, sometimes through collisions with other asteroids, showering down smaller chunks of rock.

            The meteorite fragments that came into Earth's atmosphere, and did not burn up in the intense heat, brought more iron to the planet's surface."


            http://www.ehow.com/about_5371252_origin-iron.html



            Conclusion
            :

            aNzala (meaning 'sending down' of Iron) was said by Allah in the Qur'an, over 1,400 years ago. A Scientific Phenomena only discovered in the 20th Century.


            <<Return to Science Miracle Index
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