Ads by Muslim Ad Network


No announcement yet.


No announcement yet.

Fatwa Wahran

  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • Fatwa Wahran


    In face of the persecution of the Muslims in Al-Andalus who were also prevented from making Hijrah, the Moroccan scholar Imam Ahmad ibn Abi Jum'ah al-Wahrani (al-Maliki) Rahimahullahu Alayh (d. 920 H), devised the following fatwa.

    Text of the Fatwa
    (Excerpts translated by L.P. Harvey)

    To be sent to those living abroad/afar (al-ghuraba') yet near to Allah, if that be His will. Those who hold fast to their religion just as somebody might clutch himself a burning ember.

    We pray to Allah to help us and you observe his rightful law (haqq), that you may adhere to the religion of Islam, and that you may instruct in it those of your children who reach maturity. If you fear that harm will result from the enemy coming to know your inner thoughts, blessed are those ghuraba who do what is right when others fall into corrupt ways, for indeed he who remembers to worship Allah when those around him forget to do so is like a man who is alive among the dead.

    Know that idols are carved wood and hard stone which can cause you no harm and can do you no good, it is to Allah that the kingdom belongs. Allah did not take to Himself a son, and alongside Him there is no other god, so He is the one you must worship, and must display perseverance in your adoration of Him.

    So [you must carry out] Salah, even though only by making slight movement (bi'l-ima'), and [you must contribute] zakat, even though as if apparently it is some hypocritical show of generosity to a beggar (for Allah does not look at your face, but into your heart), and [perform] ghusl after major pollution, even though by plunging into the sea.

    If you are prevented from praying, then you should make up at night-time what you had to omit during the day; and when ritually pure water is for practical purposes lacking, then you must wipe yourself clean (tayammum), even if it is just by rubbing your hands clean on a wall. If that is not possible, the generally held view is that the Salah and its execution are not required in the absence of water or clean stone, although you should make some slight pointing motion with your hands or face towards clean earth or stone or a tree such as would have been ritually acceptable for that purpose.

    If, at the hour of prayer, they force you to prostrate yourself before their idols, or make you attend their prayers, maintain it as your firm intention to consider what they do as forbidden, and have it as your desire to carry out the prayer specified in Islamic law, bow down to whatever idols they are bowing to, but turn your intention towards Allah. Even if the direction is not that of Makkah, that requirement may be disregarded, as it is in the case of prayer when in danger on the battlefield.

    If they oblige you to drink wine, you may do so, but let it not be your intention to make use of it.

    If they force pork on you, eat it, but in your heart reject it, and hold firm to the belief that it is Haram. In the same way, if they force you to do anything which is Haram.

    If they would have you marry their daughters, that is permissble, for they are Ahl al-Kitab, and if they oblige you to give your daughters in marriage to them, then you should cleave firmly to the belief that is forbidden, were you not under duress, and abhor it in your hearts, so that you would do otherwise, if you were able.

    In the same way, if they force upon you the taking of Riba, or some other unlawful thing, do it, but reject it in your heart, and only keep back for yourself the original capital sum invested, and if you repent, then give the rest away as charity.

    If they oblige you to pronounce words of blasphemy, do what they ask, but employ whatever stratagems of equivocation you can, and if you do pronounce the words they require cotinue to put your trust in the faith. If they say to you: "Curse Muhamma d," then, bearing in mind that they pronounce it as "Mamad", curse "Mamad," and signify thereby the Devil, or else the Jewish Mamad, since it is a common name among them.

    If they say, "Jesus is the son of God," say that if they forcce you to, but let it be your intention to say it without the words in the possessive case [i.e. "of God"], namely, that servant of Allah, the son of Mary, who is rightly revered. If they say, "Say the Messiah is the son of God," then say that, but intend it to be a genitive possessive phrase, in the way as one can say "the house of God," without meaning that Allah actually resides there.

    If they give you the order, "Say Mary is his wife," then say that, but intend the possessive pronoun to refer to her cousin, who married her in the time of the Israelites, and then seperated from her before the birth, or else that Allah out of his might and power brought about her marriage.

    If they say Jesus died on the cross, mean by that that he pefected thereby the mortification of his flesh, his suffering and the publishing of his praise among mankind, and that Allah brought this about when he raised him to heaven.

    Anything which presents difficulties to you should be sent to me, and, insha'Allah, we will set you aright in the light of what you write.

    I pray that Allah may so bring it about that Islam may be followed openly without ordeals, tribulations or fear, thanks to the success of the attack of the noble Turks. We reassure you before Allah that you have served him, and done his command. You must reply. Greeting to you all.

    Dated at the close of Rajab 910. To be sent to al-Ghuraba.

    Al-Ghuraba, 'The Strangers' refers to the Hadith of the Prophet Salallahu Alayhi Wa Salam.

    It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

    Islam initiated as something strange, and it would revert to its (old position) of being strange. so good tidings for the stranger.

    - Sahih Muslim Hadith 145
    We should reflect on the persecution the Andalusian Muslims faced and ponder how much we ourselves are doing. Sometimes we might think we are facing difficulties, but there are others in the world and in history that have faced much worse than we have. We should also ponder on the last part of the Fatwa - Allah Azza Wa Jal has made it that Islam can now be openly practiced even in Andalusia again. He does what he wills.

    And Insha'Allah we will conquer al-Andalus again.
    Amir ul-Muminin Sayyiduna Ali KarramAllahu Wajhah said,
    "Mahma tasawwarta bi-balik, fallahu bi-khilaf dhalik,"
    Whatever comes into your mind, Allah is other than that,

    Al-Aqeedah Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (Riwayah Abu Bakr al-Khallal),

  • #2
    Is it not what they call Oran fatwa?

    And they have hidden it in Vatican?

    So much thanks for this.



    Edit this module to specify a template to display.