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Seeking intercession with the Prophet (s): Its ruling according to classical scholars

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  • #16
    Imam Kamal al-Din Ibn al-Zamlakani [al-Shafi'i] (d. 727 AH) seeks intercession with the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - in poetry

    The Adib Salah al-Din al-Safadi (d.764 AH) mentioned his poem in A'yan al-'Asr wa A'wan al-Nasr [4/636] , which contains the statement addressing the Messenger of Allah - sallallahu 'alayhi wa salalm - "so ask Allah's forgiveness for me and ask him his protection...":

    ูŠุง ุฃูุถู„ ุงู„ุฑุณู„ ูŠุง ู…ูˆู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฃู†ุงู… ูˆูŠุง ... ุฎูŠุฑ ุงู„ุฎู„ุงุฆู‚ ู…ู† ุฅู†ุณ ูˆุฃู…ู„ุงูƒ
    ู‡ุง ู‚ุฏ ู‚ุตุฏุชูƒ ุฃุดูƒูˆ ุจุนุถ ู…ุง ุตู†ุนุช ... ููŠ ุงู„ุฐู†ูˆุจ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ู…ู„ุฌุฃ ุงู„ุดุงูƒูŠ
    ู‚ุฏ ู‚ูŠุฏุชู†ูŠ ุฐู†ูˆุจูŠ ุนู† ุจู„ูˆุบ ู…ุฏู‰ ... ู‚ุตุฏูŠ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ููˆุฒ ู…ู†ู‡ุง ูู‡ูŠ ุฃุดุฑุงูƒูŠ
    ูุงุณุชุบูุฑ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู„ูŠ ูˆุงุณุฃู„ู‡ ุนุตู…ุชู‡ ... ููŠู…ุง ุจู‚ูŠ ูˆุบู†ู‰ ู…ู† ุบูŠุฑ ุฅู…ุณุงูƒ

    - end of quote -


    • #17
      Imam al-Qastallani [al-Shafi'i] (d. 923 AH) on Tawassul, Tashaffu' and Istighatha

      While speaking about the Mu'jizat (miracles) of our Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - in his al-Mawahib al-Ladunniyya bil Minah al-Muhammadiyya [2/252 -253] he mentions that also many of these miracles happen after his death and he also mentions Istighatha in this context and says that this will be discussed in the chapter regarding visiting the blessed grave of the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam:

      ูˆุฃู…ุง ุงู„ู‚ุณู… ุงู„ุซุงู†ู‰ ู…ุง ูˆู‚ุน ุจุนุฏ ูˆูุงุชู‡- ุต:
      ูˆู‡ูˆ ู…ุง ูˆู‚ุน ุจุนุฏ ูˆูุงุชู‡- ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…- ููƒุซูŠุฑ ุฌุฏู‘ุงุŒ ุฅุฐ ูู‰ ูƒู„ ุญูŠู† ูŠู‚ุน ู„ุฎูˆุงุต ุฃู…ุชู‡ ู…ู† ุฎูˆุงุฑู‚ ุงู„ุนุงุฏุงุช ุจุณุจุจู‡ ู…ู…ุง ูŠุฏู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุชุนุธูŠู… ู‚ุฏุฑู‡ ุงู„ูƒุฑูŠู… ู…ุง ู„ุง ูŠุญุตู‰ ูƒุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุจู‡ ูˆุบูŠุฑ ุฐู„ูƒ ู…ู…ุง ูŠุฃุชู‰ ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุตุฏ ุงู„ุฃุฎูŠุฑุŒ ูู‰ ุฃุซู†ุงุก ุงู„ูƒู„ุงู… ุนู„ู‰ ุฒูŠุงุฑุฉ ู‚ุจุฑู‡ ุงู„ุดุฑูŠู ุงู„ู…ู†ูŠุฑ

      - end of quote -

      And this is the relevant passage which he referred to above (see 3/604 - 605)):

      ูˆูŠู†ุจุบู‰ ู„ู„ุฒุงุฆุฑ ุฃู† ูŠูƒุซุฑ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฏุนุงุฏ ูˆุงู„ุชุถุฑุน ูˆุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ูˆุงู„ุชุดูุน ูˆุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ุจู‡- ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…-ุŒ ูุฌุฏูŠุฑ ุจู…ู† ุงุณุชุดูุน ุจู‡ ุฃู† ูŠุดูุนู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ููŠู‡.
      ูˆุงุนู„ู… ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ู‡ู‰ ุทู„ุจ ุงู„ุบูˆุซุŒ ูุงู„ู…ุณุชุบูŠุซ ูŠุทู„ุจ ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ุณุชุบุงุซ ุจู‡ ุฃู† ูŠุญุตู„ ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุบูˆุซ ู…ู†ู‡ุŒ ูู„ุง ูุฑู‚ ุจูŠู† ุฃู† ูŠุนุจุฑ ุจู„ูุธ: ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุฃูˆ ุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ุฃูˆ ุงู„ุชุดูุน ุฃูˆ ุงู„ุชุฌูˆู‘ู‡ ุฃูˆ ุงู„ุชูˆุฌู‡ุŒ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ู…ุง ู…ู† ุงู„ุฌุงู‡ ูˆุงู„ูˆุฌุงู‡ุฉ ูˆู…ุนู†ุงู‡: ุนู„ูˆ ุงู„ู‚ุฏุฑ ูˆุงู„ู…ู†ุฒู„ุฉ.
      ูˆู‚ุฏ ูŠุชูˆุณู„ ุจุตุงุญุจ ุงู„ุฌุงู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ู…ู† ู‡ูˆ ุฃุนู„ู‰ ู…ู†ู‡ุŒ ุซู… ุฅู† ูƒู„ุง ู…ู† ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ูˆุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ูˆุงู„ุชุดูุน ูˆุงู„ุชูˆุฌู‡ ุจุงู„ู†ุจู‰- ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…- ูƒู…ุง ุฐูƒุฑู‡ ูู‰ ยซุชุญู‚ูŠู‚ ุงู„ู†ุตุฑุฉยป ูˆ ยซู…ุตุจุงุญ ุงู„ุธู„ุงู…ยป - ูˆุงู‚ุน ูู‰ ูƒู„ ุญุงู„ุŒ ู‚ุจู„ ุฎู„ู‚ู‡ ูˆุจุนุฏ ุฎู„ู‚ู‡ุŒ ูู‰ ู…ุฏุฉ ุญูŠุงุชู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ุฏู†ูŠุง ูˆุจุนุฏ ู…ูˆุชู‡ ูู‰ ู…ุฏุฉ ุงู„ุจุฑุฒุฎุŒ ูˆุจุนุฏ ุงู„ุจุนุซ ูู‰ ุนุฑุตุงุช ุงู„ู‚ูŠุงู…ุฉ

      The visitor (Za`ir) should supplicate and beseech [Allah] much and [he should] perform Istighatha (seeking aid), Tashaffu' (seeking intercession) and Tawassul through him (the Prophet) - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam -, so that he becomes worthy of Allah ta'ala letting the one whose intercession he sought to intercede for him.
      Know that Istighatha is seeking aid, and the person who is seeking aid is asking from one by whom aid is sought in order to obtain aid from [other than] him (i.e. the person seeking aid with the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - is doing this in order to obtain aid from Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala). And that is why there is no difference whether one expresses this by using the wording of Istighatha, Tawassul, Tashaffu', Tajawwuh or Tawajjuh, because all of this goes back to [asking by the] Jah and Wajaha and its meaning is [to ask by the] high worth and status. Tawassul can be sought from a possessor of rank (Jah) unto one who possesses a higher rank than him.
      Add to this: Istighatha, Tawassul, Tashaffu' and Tawajjuh with the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - is something that takes place [in reality] - as it's mentioned in "Tahqiq al-Nusrah [bi Talkhis Ma'alim Dar al-Hijrah]" [by Abu Bakr bin al-Husayn bin 'Umar al-Maraghi (d. 816 AH)] and "Misbah al-Dhalam [fil Mustaghithin bi Khayr al-Anam]"* [by Abu 'Abdullah Muhammad bin Musa bin al-Nu'man al-Marakashi (d. 683 AH)] - IN EVERY SITUATION, before his creation and after it, in the time of his life in this world, as well as after his death in the period of the Barzakh, and after the resurrection on the day of reckoning.

      - end of quote -

      * Misbah al-Dhalam fil Mustaghithin bi Khayr al-Anam by Imam al-Marakashi [al-Maliki] (d. 683 AH) - which contains a lot of narrations and stories connected to Tawassul, Tashaffu' and Istighatha in every situation (many leading scholars have referred to this book and reported from it without any objection whatsoever!) - shall be mentioned in a later post insha`Allah.

      After the above quote he mentions proofs for the permissibility of performing Tawassul with the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - in the different situations.

      Additional information: Imam al-Qastallani used to be Maliki and became Shafi'i later on.

      Imam al-Qastallani seeks aid with the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - and gets healed by Allah ta'ala!

      In the same book (i.e. al-Mawahib al-Ladunniyya) he mentions a little bit later on (see 3/606) his own experience:

      ูˆุฃู…ุง ุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ุจู‡- ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…- ุจุนุฏ ู…ูˆุชู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ุจุฑุฒุฎ ูู‡ูˆ ุฃูƒุซุฑ ู…ู† ุฃู† ูŠุญุตู‰ ุฃูˆ ูŠุฏุฑูƒ ุจุงุณุชู‚ุตุงุก ูˆูู‰ ูƒุชุงุจ ยซู…ุตุจุงุญ ุงู„ุธู„ุงู… ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณุชุบูŠุซูŠู† ุจุฎูŠุฑ ุงู„ุฃู†ุงู…ยป ู„ู„ุดูŠุฎ ุฃุจู‰ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู† ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุงู† ุทุฑู ู…ู† ุฐู„ูƒ.
      ูˆู„ู‚ุฏ ูƒุงู† ุญุตู„ ู„ู‰ ุฏุงุก ุฃุนูŠุง ุฏูˆุงุคู‡ ุงู„ุฃุทุจุงุกุŒ ูˆุฃู‚ู…ุช ุจู‡ ุณู†ูŠู†ุŒ ูุงุณุชุบุซุช ุจู‡- ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…- ู„ูŠู„ุฉ ุงู„ุซุงู…ู† ูˆุงู„ุนุดุฑูŠู† ู…ู† ุฌู…ุงุฏู‰ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุณู†ุฉ ุซู„ุงุซ ูˆุชุณุนูŠู† ูˆุซู…ุงู†ู…ุงุฆุฉ ุจู…ูƒุฉ ุฒุงุฏู‡ุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุดุฑูุงุŒ ูˆู…ู†ู‘ ุนู„ู‰ู‘ ุจุงู„ุนูˆุฏ ูู‰ ุนุงููŠุฉ ุจู„ุง ู…ุญู†ุฉุŒ ูุจูŠู†ุง ุฃู†ุง ู†ุงุฆู… ุฅุฐ ุฌุงุก ุฑุฌู„ ู…ุนู‡ ู‚ุฑุทุงุณ ูŠูƒุชุจ ููŠู‡: ู‡ุฐุง ุฏูˆุงุก ู„ุฏุงุก ุฃุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุงู„ู‚ุณุทู„ุงู†ู‰ ู…ู† ุงู„ุญุถุฑุฉ ุงู„ุดุฑูŠูุฉ ุจุนุฏ ุงู„ุฅุฐู† ุงู„ุดุฑูŠู ุงู„ู†ุจูˆู‰ุŒ ุซู… ุงุณุชูŠู‚ุธุช ูู„ู… ุฃุฌุฏ ุจู‰- ูˆุงู„ู„ู‡- ุดูŠุฆุง ู…ู…ุง ูƒู†ุช ุฃุฌุฏู‡ุŒ ูˆุญุตู„ ุงู„ุดูุงุก ุจุจุฑูƒุฉ ุงู„ู†ุจู‰- ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…

      - end of quote -

      So he says that he had an illness that the doctors treated for years [but without success]. Then on a night of the year 893 AH (he mentions the exact date) he seeked aid with the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - while he was in Makka (i.e. Istighatha from afar) and he says that [Allah] healed him by the Baraka (blessing) of Rasulallah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam!

      Comment: This is yet another one of the miracles that Allah ta'ala has honored our beloved Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - with!
      Last edited by Abu Sulayman; 21-07-20, 12:13 AM.


      • #18


        • #19
          Imam Ibn Hajar al-Haytami [al-Shafi'i] (d. 974 AH) regarding Tawassul, Tashaffu' and Istighatha with the Prophet ๏ทบ

          He said in his al-Jawhar al-Munazzam (p.109-112) (translation taken from here (some passages or sentences are not translated): "Seeking Aid with the Prophet by Imฤm Ibn Hajar al-Haytamฤซ")

          ู…ู† ุฎุฑุงูุงุช ุงุจู† ุชูŠู…ูŠุฉ ุงู„ุชูŠ ู„ู… ูŠู‚ู„ู‡ุง ุนุงู„ู… ู‚ุจู„ู‡ ูˆุตุงุฑ ุจู‡ุง ุจูŠู† ุฃู‡ู„ ุงู„ุฅุณู„ุงู… ู…ุซู„ุฉ ุฃู†ู‡ ุฃู†ูƒุฑ ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ูˆุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ุจู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…ุŒ ูˆู„ูŠุณ ุฐู„ูƒ ูƒู…ุง ุงูุชุฑู‰ุŒ ุจู„ ุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ุจู‡ ุญุณู† ููŠ ูƒู„ ุญุงู„ ู‚ุจู„ ุฎู„ู‚ู‡ ูˆุจุนุฏ ุฎู„ู‚ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุฏู†ูŠุง ูˆุงู„ุขุฎุฑุฉ
          ูู…ู…ุง ูŠุฏู„ ู„ุทู„ุจ ุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ุจู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู‚ุจู„ ุฎู„ู‚ู‡ ูˆุฃู† ุฐู„ูƒ ู‡ูˆ ุณููŠุฑูŽุฉู ุงู„ุณู„ู ุงู„ุตุงู„ุญู ุงู„ุฃู†ุจูŠุงุกู ูˆุงู„ุฃูˆู„ูŠุงุกู ูˆุบูŠุฑู‡ู… ุŒ โ€“ ูู‚ูˆู„ ุงุจู† ุชูŠู…ูŠุฉ โ€ ู„ูŠุณ ู„ู‡ ุฃุตู„ โ€ ู…ู† ุงูุชุฑุงุฆู‡ โ€“ : ู…ุง ุฃุฎุฑุฌู‡ ุงู„ุญุงูƒู… ูˆุตุญุญู‡ ุฃู†ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู‚ุงู„ : โ€ ู„ู…ุง ุงู‚ุชุฑู ุขุฏู… ุงู„ุฎุทูŠุฆุฉ ู‚ุงู„ ูŠุง ุฑุจ ุฃุณุฃู„ูƒ ุจุญู‚ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฅู„ุง ู…ุง ุบูุฑุช ู„ูŠุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡: ูŠุง ุขุฏู… ูƒูŠู ุนุฑูุช ู…ุญู…ุฏุงู‹ ูˆู„ู… ุฃุฎู„ู‚ู‡ ุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ูŠุง ุฑุจ ู„ู…ุง ุฎู„ู‚ุชู†ูŠ ุจูŠุฏูƒ โ€“ ุฃูŠ: ู‚ุฏุฑุชูƒ โ€“ ูˆู†ูุฎุช ููŠ ู…ู† ุฑูˆุญูƒ โ€“ ุฃูŠ :ุณุฑูƒ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฎู„ู‚ุชู‡ ูˆุดุฑูุชู‡ ุจุงู„ุฅุถุงูุฉ ุฅู„ูŠูƒ ุจู‚ูˆู„ูƒ: ูˆู†ูุฎุช ููŠู‡ ู…ู† ุฑูˆุญูŠ โ€“ ุฑูุนุช ุฑุฃุณูŠ ูุฑุฃูŠุช ุนู„ู‰ ู‚ูˆุงุฆู… ุงู„ุนุฑุด ู…ูƒุชูˆุจุงู‹: ู„ุง ุฅู„ู‡ ุฅู„ุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุŒ ูุนู„ู…ุช ุฃู†ูƒ ู„ู… ุชุถู ุฅู„ู‰ ุงุณู…ูƒ ุฅู„ุง ุฃุญุจ ุงู„ุฎู„ู‚ ุฅู„ูŠูƒุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡: ุตุฏู‚ุช ูŠุง ุขุฏู…ุŒ ุฅู†ู‡ ู„ุฃุญุจ ุงู„ุฎู„ู‚ ุฅู„ูŠุŒ ูˆุฅุฐ ุณุฃู„ุชู†ูŠ ุจุญู‚ู‡ ูู‚ุฏ ุบูุฑุช ู„ูƒุŒ ูˆู„ูˆู„ุง ู…ุญู…ุฏ ู…ุง ุฎู„ู‚ุชูƒ โ€ ุŒ ูˆุงู„ู…ุฑุงุฏ ุจู€ (ุญูŽู‚ู‘ูู‡ู) ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฑูุชู’ุจูŽุชูู‡ ูˆู…ู†ุฒู„ุชู‡ ู„ุฏูŠู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ุŒ ุฃูˆ ุงู„ุญู‚ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฌุนู„ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุณุจุญุงู†ู‡ ูˆุชุนุงู„ู‰ ู„ู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฎู„ู‚ุŒ ุฃูˆ ุงู„ุญู‚ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฌุนู„ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุจูุถู„ู‡ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูƒู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุญุฏูŠุซ ุงู„ุตุญูŠุญ โ€ ู‚ุงู„ ูู…ุง ุญู‚ ุงู„ุนุจุงุฏ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ โ€ ู„ุง ุงู„ูˆุงุฌุจ ุŒ ุฅุฐ ู„ุง ูŠุฌุจ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุดูŠุกุŒ ุซู… ุงู„ุณุคุงู„ ุจู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู„ูŠุณ ุณุคุงู„ุงู‹ ู„ู‡ ุญุชู‰ ูŠูˆุฌุจ ุฅุดุฑุงูƒุงุŒ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ุณุคุงู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุจู…ู† ู„ู‡ ุนู†ุฏู‡ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ุฑูŒ ุนูŽู„ููŠู‘ูŒ ูˆู…ูŽุฑู’ุชูŽุจูŽุฉูŒ ุฑููŠุนุฉูŒ ูˆุฌุงู‡ูŒ ุนุธูŠู…ูŒ.
          ูู…ู† ูƒุฑุงู…ุชู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุนู„ู‰ ุฑุจู‡ ุฃู† ู„ุง ูŠุฎูŠุจ ุงู„ุณุงุฆู„ ูˆุงู„ู…ุชูˆุณู„ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ุจุฌุงู‡ู‡ุŒ ูˆูŠูƒููŠ ููŠ ู‡ูˆุงู† ู…ู†ูƒุฑ ุฐู„ูƒ ุญุฑู…ุงู†ู‡ ุฅูŠุงู‡.
          ูˆููŠ ุญูŠุงุชู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู…ุง ุฃุฎุฑุฌู‡ ุงู„ู†ุณุงุฆูŠ ูˆุงู„ุชุฑู…ุฐูŠ ูˆุตุญุญู‡ โ€“ ูˆู‚ูˆู„ู‡: ุฅู†ู‡ ุบุฑูŠุจ ุฃูŠ: ุจุงุนุชุจุงุฑ ุฃูุฑุงุฏ ุทุฑู‚ู‡ โ€“ โ€ ุฃู† ุฑุฌู„ุงู‹ ุถุฑูŠุฑุงู‹ ุฃุชู‰ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูู‚ุงู„ ุงุฏุน ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู„ูŠ ุฃู† ูŠุนุงููŠู†ูŠ ุŒ ูู‚ุงู„: ุฅู†ู’ ุดูุฆู’ุชูŽ ุฏุนูˆุชู ูˆุฅู† ุดูุฆู’ุชูŽ ุตูŽุจูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุฎูŠุฑูŒ ู„ูƒุŒ ู‚ุงู„ ูุงุฏุนู‡ โ€“ ูˆููŠ ุฑูˆุงูŠุฉ โ€“ ู„ูŠุณ ู„ูŠ ู‚ุงุฆุฏ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุดู‚ ุนู„ูŠุŒ ูุฃู…ุฑู‡ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฃู† ูŠุชูˆุถุฃ ููŠุญุณู† ูˆุถูˆุกู‡ ูˆูŠุฏุนูˆ ุจู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฏุนุงุก: ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุณุฃู„ูƒ ูˆุฃุชูˆุฌู‡ ุฅู„ูŠูƒ ุจู†ุจูŠูƒ ู…ุญู…ุฏู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู†ุจูŠ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ุฉ ุŒ ูŠุง ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุชูˆุฌู‡ ุจูƒ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฑุจูŠ ููŠ ู‚ุถุงุก ุญุงุฌุชูŠ ู„ูุชูู‚ู’ุถูŽู‰ ู„ููŠู’ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุดูุนู‡ ููŠู‘ูŽโ€ ูˆุตุญุญู‡ ุฃูŠุถุง ุงู„ุจูŠู‡ู‚ูŠ ูˆุฒุงุฏ ุŒ โ€ ูู‚ุงู… ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฃุจุตุฑ โ€ ูˆููŠ ุฑูˆุงูŠุฉ โ€ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุดูุนู‡ ููŠ ูˆุดูุนู†ูŠ ููŠ ู†ูุณูŠ โ€ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ุนู„ู…ู‡ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฐู„ูƒ ูˆู„ู… ูŠุฏุน ู„ู‡ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุฃุฑุงุฏ ุฃู† ูŠุญุตู„ ู…ู†ู‡ ุงู„ุชูˆุฌู‡ ูˆุจุฐู„ ุงู„ุงูุชู‚ุงุฑ ูˆุงู„ุงู†ูƒุณุงุฑ ูˆุงู„ุงุถุทุฑุงุฑ ู…ุณุชุบูŠุซุงู‹ ุจู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู„ูŠุญุตู„ ู„ู‡ ูƒู…ุงู„ ู…ู‚ุตูˆุฏู‡ ุŒ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ู…ุนู†ู‰ ุญุงุตู„ ููŠ ุญูŠุงุชู‡ ูˆุจุนุฏ ูˆูุงุชู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุŒ ูˆู…ู† ุซู… ุงุณุชุนู…ู„ ุงู„ุณู„ู ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฏุนุงุก ููŠ ุญุงุฌุงุชู‡ู… ุจุนุฏ ู…ูˆุชู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุŒ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุนู„ู…ู‡ ุนุซู…ุงู† ุจู† ุญู†ูŠู ุงู„ุตุญุงุจูŠ ุฑุงูˆูŠู‡ ู„ู…ู† ูƒุงู† ู„ู‡ ุญุงุฌุฉ ุนู†ุฏ ุนุซู…ุงู† ุจู† ุนูุงู† ุฒู…ู† ุฅู…ุงุฑุชู‡ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ุŒ ูˆุนุณุฑ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ู‚ุถุงุคู‡ุง ู…ู†ู‡ุŒ ููุนู„ู‡ ูู‚ุถุงู‡ุง. ุฑูˆุงู‡ ุงู„ุทุจุฑุงู†ูŠ ูˆุงู„ุจูŠู‡ู‚ูŠ.
          ูˆุฑูˆู‰ ุงู„ุทุจุฑุงู†ูŠ ุจุณู†ุฏ ุฌูŠุฏ โ€ ุฃู†ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฐูƒุฑ ููŠ ุฏุนุงุฆู‡ ุจุญู‚ ู†ุจูŠูƒ ูˆุงู„ุฃู†ุจูŠุงุก ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ู…ู† ู‚ุจู„ูŠ โ€ ูˆู„ุง ูุฑู‚ ุจูŠู† ุฐูƒุฑ ุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ูˆุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ูˆุงู„ุชุดูุน ูˆุงู„ุชูˆุฌู‡ ุจู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฃูˆ ุจุบูŠุฑู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฃู†ุจูŠุงุก ูˆูƒุฐุง ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ูŠุงุก ูˆูุงู‚ุงู‹ ู„ู„ุณุจูƒูŠุŒ โ€“ ูˆุฅู† ู…ู†ุนู‡ ุงุจู† ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…ุŒ ุจู„ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ู†ู‚ู„ู‡ ุจุนุถู‡ู… ุนู†ู‡ ุฃู†ู‡ ู…ู†ุนู‡ ุจุบูŠุฑ ู†ุจูŠู†ุง ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… โ€“ ูˆุฐู„ูƒ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ูˆุฑุฏ ุฌูˆุงุฒ ุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ุจุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ูƒู…ุง ููŠ ุญุฏูŠุซ ุงู„ุบุงุฑ ุงู„ุตุญูŠุญ ู…ุน ูƒูˆู†ู‡ุง ุฃุนุฑุงุถุงู‹ุ› ูุงู„ุฐูˆุงุช ุงู„ูุงุถู„ุฉ ุฃูˆู„ู‰ุ› ูˆู„ุฃู† ุนู…ุฑ ุจู† ุงู„ุฎุทุงุจ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ุชูˆุณู„ ุจุงู„ุนุจุงุณ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุงุณุชุณู‚ุงุก ูˆู„ู… ูŠูู†ู’ูƒูŽุฑู’ ุนู„ูŠู‡ุŒ ูˆูƒุฃู† ุญูƒู…ุฉ ุชูˆุณู„ู‡ ุจู‡ ุฏูˆู† ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูˆู‚ุจุฑู‡ ุฅุธู‡ุงุฑู ุบุงูŠุฉู ุงู„ุชูˆุงุถุนู ู„ู†ูุณู‡ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุฑูุนุฉ ู„ู‚ุฑุงุจุชู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุŒ ูููŠ ุชูˆุณู„ู‡ ุจู‡ โ€“ ุฃูŠ: ุงู„ุนุจุงุณ โ€“ ุชูˆุณู„ ุจุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุŒ ูˆุฒูŠุงุฏุฉ.
          ู„ุง ูŠู‚ุงู„ ู„ูุธ ุงู„ุชูˆุฌู‡ ูˆุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ูŠููˆู’ู‡ูู…ู ุฃู† ุงู„ู…ุชูˆุฌู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ูˆุงู„ู…ูุณู’ุชูŽุบูŽุงุซูŽ ุจู‡ ุฃุนู„ู‰ ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ูุชูŽูˆูŽุฌู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆุงู„ู…ุณุชุบุงุซู ุฅู„ูŠู‡ุ› ู„ุฃู† ุงู„ุชูˆุฌู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฌุงู‡ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุนู„ูˆ ุงู„ู…ู†ุฒู„ุฉ ุŒ ูˆู‚ุฏ ูŠุชูˆุณู„ ุจุฐูŠ ุงู„ุฌุงู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ู…ู† ู‡ูˆ ุฃุนู„ู‰ ุฌุงู‡ุง ู…ู†ู‡ ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุทู„ุจ ุงู„ุบูˆุซ ูˆุงู„ู…ุณุชุบูŠุซ ูŠุทู„ุจ ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ุณุชุบุงุซ ุจู‡ ุฃู† ูŠุญุตู„ ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุบูˆุซ ู…ู† ุบูŠุฑู‡ุ› ูˆุฅู† ูƒุงู† ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุบูŠุฑ ุฃุนู„ู‰ ู…ู†ู‡.
          ูุงู„ุชูˆุฌู‡ ูˆุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุจู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูˆุจุบูŠุฑู‡ ู„ูŠุณ ู„ู‡ู…ุง ู…ุนู†ู‰ ููŠ ู‚ู„ูˆุจ ุงู„ู…ุณู„ู…ูŠู† ุบูŠุฑ ุฐู„ูƒุŒ ูˆู„ุง ูŠูŽู‚ู’ุตูุฏู ุจู‡ู…ุง ุฃุญุฏูŒ ู…ู†ู‡ู… ุณูˆุงู‡ุŒ ูู…ู† ู„ู… ูŠู†ุดุฑุญ ุตุฏุฑู‡ ู„ุฐู„ูƒ ูู„ูŠุจูƒ ุนู„ู‰ ู†ูุณู‡ุŒ ู†ุณุฃู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุนุงููŠุฉ.
          ูˆุงู„ู…ุณุชุบุงุซ ุจู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุŒ ูˆุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูˆุงุณุทุฉ ุจูŠู†ู‡ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ู…ุณุชุบูŠุซุŒ ูู‡ูˆ ุณุจุญุงู†ู‡ ู…ุณุชุบุงุซ ุจู‡ ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุบูˆุซ ู…ู†ู‡ ุฎู„ู‚ุง ูˆุฅูŠุฌุงุฏุง ุŒ ูˆุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ู…ุณุชุบุงุซ ูˆุงู„ุบูˆุซ ู…ู†ู‡ ุชุณุจุจุง ูˆูƒุณุจุงุŒ ูˆู…ุณุชุบุงุซ ุจู‡ โ€“ ูˆุงู„ุจุงุก ู„ู„ุงุณุชุนุงู†ุฉ โ€“ .
          ูˆู„ุง ูŠุนุงุฑุถ ุฐู„ูƒ ู‚ูˆู„ ุฃุจูŠ ุจูƒุฑ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ : ู‚ููˆู…ููˆุง ู†ูŽุณู’ุชูŽุบููŠุซู ุจูุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุงููู‚ู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฅู†ู‡ ู„ุง ูŠุณุชุบุงุซ ุจูŠ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ูŠุณุชุบุงุซ ุจุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ู„ุฃู† ููŠ ุณู†ุฏู‡ ุงุจู† ู„ู‡ูŠุนุฉ ุŒ ูˆุงู„ูƒู„ุงู… ููŠู‡ ู…ุดู‡ูˆุฑ ุŒ ูˆุจูุฑุถ ุตุญุชู‡ ูู‡ูˆ ุนู„ู‰ ุญุฏ {ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุฑูŽู…ูŽูŠู’ุชูŽ ุฅูุฐู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽูŠู’ุชูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูƒูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุฑูŽู…ูŽู‰}. ูˆ (ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุญูŽู…ูŽู„ู’ุชููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูƒูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุญูŽู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’)ุŒ ุฃูŠ : ุฃู†ุง ูˆุฅู† ุงุณุชุบูŠุซ ุจูŠุŒ ูุงู„ู…ุณุชุบุงุซ ุจู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุŒ ูˆูƒุซูŠุฑุงู‹ ู…ุง ุชุฌูŠุก ุงู„ุณู†ุฉ ุจู†ุญูˆ ู‡ุฐุง ู…ู† ุจูŠุงู† ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ ุงู„ุฃู…ุฑุŒ ูˆูŠุฌูŠุก ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ุจุฅุถุงูุฉ ุงู„ูุนู„ ู„ู…ูƒุชุณุจู‡ุŒ ูƒู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…: (ู„ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุฏู’ุฎูู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉูŽ ุจุนูŽู…ูŽู„ูู‡) ู…ุน ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰: {ุงุฏู’ุฎูู„ููˆุง ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉูŽ ุจูู…ูŽุง ูƒูู†ู’ุชูู…ู’ ุชูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽ} (ุงู„ู†ุญู„:32).
          ูˆุจุงู„ุฌู…ู„ุฉ ูุฅุทู„ุงู‚ ู„ูุธุฉ ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ู„ู…ู† ูŠุญุตู„ ู…ู†ู‡ ุบูˆุซูŒ ูˆู„ูˆ ุชุณุจุจุงู‹ ูˆูƒุณุจุงู‹ ุฃู…ุฑ ู…ุนู„ูˆู… ู„ุง ุดูƒ ููŠู‡ ู„ุบุฉ ูˆู„ุง ุดุฑุนุงู‹ุŒ ูู„ุง ูุฑู‚ ุจูŠู†ู‡ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ุณุคุงู„ุŒ ู„ุง ุณูŠู…ุง ู…ุน ู…ุง ู†ู‚ู„ ุฃู† ููŠ ุญุฏูŠุซ ุงู„ุจุฎุงุฑูŠ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ููŠ ุงู„ุดูุงุนุฉ ูŠูˆู… ุงู„ู‚ูŠุงู…ุฉ (ูุจูŠู†ู…ุง ู‡ู… ูƒุฐู„ูƒ ุงุณุชุบุงุซูˆุง ุจุขุฏู… ุซู… ุจู…ูˆุณู‰ ุซู… ุจู…ุญู…ุฏ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…) ุŒ ูˆู‚ุฏ ูŠูƒูˆู† ู…ุนู†ู‰ ุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ุจู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุทู„ุจ ุงู„ุฏุนุงุก ู…ู†ู‡ุŒ ุฅุฐ ู‡ูˆ ุญูŠ ูŠุนู„ู… ุณุคุงู„ ู…ู† ูŠุณุฃู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุตุญ ููŠ ุญุฏูŠุซ ุทูˆูŠู„ : ุฃู† ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุฃุตุงุจู‡ู… ู‚ุญุท ููŠ ุฒู…ู† ุนู…ุฑ ุจู† ุงู„ุฎุทุงุจ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ูุฌุงุก ุฑุฌู„ ุฅู„ู‰ ู‚ุจุฑ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูู‚ุงู„ ูŠุง ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงุณุชุณู‚ ู„ุฃู…ุชูƒ ูุฅู†ู‡ู… ู‚ุฏ ู‡ู„ูƒูˆุงุŒ ูุฃุชุงู‡ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ููŠ ุงู„ู†ูˆู… ูˆุฃุฎุจุฑู‡ ุฃู†ู‡ู… ูŠุณู‚ูˆู† ููƒุงู† ูƒุฐู„ูƒุŒ ูˆููŠู‡ ุงุฆุช ุนู…ุฑ ูุฃู‚ุฑุฆู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูˆุฃุฎุจุฑู‡ ุฃู†ู‡ู… ูŠุณู‚ูˆู†ุŒ ูˆู‚ู„ ู„ู‡ : ุนู„ูŠูƒ ุงู„ูƒูŠุณ ุงู„ูƒูŠุณ ุฃูŠ : ุงู„ุฑูู‚ โ€“ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ูƒุงู† ุดุฏูŠุฏุง ููŠ ุฏูŠู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูุฃุชุงู‡ ุฎุจุฑู‡ ูุจูƒู‰ ุŒ ุซู… ู‚ุงู„ ูŠุง ุฑุจ ู„ุง ุขู„ูˆ ุฅู„ุง ู…ุง ุนุฌุฒุช ุนู†ู‡. โ€“ ูˆููŠ ุฑูˆุงูŠุฉ โ€“ ุฃู†ู‘ูŽ ุฑุงุฆููŠูŽ ุงู„ู…ู†ุงู…ูŽ ุจู„ุงู„ู ุจู† ุงู„ุญุงุฑุซ ุงู„ู…ุฒู†ูŠ ุงู„ุตุญุงุจูŠ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡.

          From amongst the untruths of Ibn Taymiyya which no scholar before him had said, and whereby he created dissent between the people of Islฤm, is that he denounced tawassul and istighฤtha (seeking aid) through him ๏ทบ; and that is not as he had decreed (i.e. that it is impermissible). Rather, tawassul through him is hasan (good) in every state: before his creation and after his creation, in the dunya and in the ฤkhira.

          That which proves seeking tawassul through him ๏ทบ before his creation and that it is the path taken by the pious predecessors, the Prophets, the Awliyฤ and others (and thus the view of Ibn Taymiyya has no basis [and is] from his concoctions) is: that which al-Hฤkim transmitted and declared sahฤซh that he ๏ทบ said:

          โ€œWhen ฤ€dam committed his mistake he said: O my Lord, I am asking you to forgive me for the sake of Muhammad. Allฤh said: O ฤ€dam, and how do you know about Muhammad whom I have not yet created? ฤ€dam replied, O my Lord, after You created me with your hand and breathed into me of Your Spirit, I raised my head and saw written on the heights of the Throne: lฤ ilฤha illallฤh muhammadun rasลซlallฤh. I understood that You would not place next to Your Name but the Most Beloved One of Your creation. Allฤh said: O ฤ€dam, I have forgiven you, and were it not for Muhammad I would not have created you.โ€

          The meaning of โ€˜for his sakeโ€™ (bi-haqqihi) is his rank and station in His sight Most High, or the right (haqq) that Allฤh ๏ทป made for him over creation, or the right which Allฤh Most High made obligatory on Himself over him by His grace as in a sahฤซh Hadฤซth,

          โ€œHe said: what is the right (haqq) of the servants over Allฤh?โ€

          not [that it is] incumbent (wฤjib) [upon Allฤh] since nothing is incumbent upon Him.

          Furthermore, asking by him ๏ทบ is not actually asking him such that it may be considered associating [partners with Allฤh]. It is truly but asking Allฤh Most High through one who has a high estimation, an elevated rank and a great distinction with Him. From amongst his miracles from his Lord is that He does not fail one asking through him, and seeking intermediary to Him through his rank. It suffices as humiliation for one who denies this that he is deprived of this [blessing].

          [That which proves seeking tawassul through him] during his lifetime is that which was transmitted by al-Nasฤโ€™ฤซ and al-Tirmidhฤซ who declared it sahฤซh that:

          โ€œAn afflicted man approached the Prophet ๏ทบ and said, โ€˜supplicate to Allฤh on my behalf that He cures meโ€™. He said, โ€˜if you wish, I will supplicate (to Allฤh on your behalf) and if you wish you can remain patient and that is better for you.โ€™ He said, โ€˜supplicate to Him.โ€™โ€

          And in (another) narration (he said):

          โ€œโ€™I have no guide and it is difficult for meโ€™, so he (the Prophet) instructed him to perform wudลซ and perfect his wudลซ and supplicate with this supplication: โ€˜Oh Allฤh, I ask You and turn to You through my Prophet Muhammad, the Prophet of Mercy; O Muhammad, I seek your intercession with my for my need, that it may be fulfilled. O Allฤh! grant him intercession for me.โ€™โ€

          Al-Bayhaqฤซ also declared it sahฤซh and added,

          โ€œhe stood and was able to seeโ€.

          And, in [another] narration,

          โ€œO Allฤh! Grant him intercession for me and grant me intercession for myselfโ€

          The Prophet knew that but did not supplicate for him because he desired to achieve from him concentration and the toil of poverty, brokenness and desperation, seeking istighฤtha through him , so as to attain for him the perfection of his objective. And such an implication is attainable in his life and after his death; and therefore the Salaf have used this supplication in their needs after his death. `Uthmฤn ibn Hunayf taught it to a Sahฤbฤซ... al-Tabarฤnฤซ and al-Bayhaqฤซ narrated it and at-Tabarฤnฤซ narrated with a jayyid (good) chain that,

          โ€œHe mentioned in his supplication โ€˜for the sake of Your Prophet and the Prophets before me.โ€™โ€

          There is no difference between the mention of tawassul, istighฤtha, tashaffu` and tawajjuh (directing/turning) through him ๏ทบ or through others of the Prophets and likewise the Awliyฤ. This is because the permissibility of tawassul with actions as in the sahฤซh Hadฤซth of the cave has been mentioned despite them (the actions) being transitory; therefore pious souls are more preferable, and (also) because `Umar ibn al-Khattฤb ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ sought tawassul through al-`Abbฤs ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ for seeking rain and (al-`Abbฤs) did not repudiate this. It is as though the wisdom of his tawassul through him and not the Prophet ๏ทบ and his grave was to display humility on his behalf, and elevation of his relatives, and thus in his tawassul through al-`Abbฤs he is performing tawassul through the Prophet ๏ทบ and more.

          It is not to be said that the expressions tawajjuh and istighฤtha presuppose that the one by whom aid is sought (al-mustaghath bihi) is higher than the one whose aid is sought (mustaghฤth ilayhi). That is because tawajjuh comes from [the word] jฤh which is a high status. Tawassul could be sought from a possessor of rank unto one who possesses a higher rank than him.

          Istighฤtha is seeking aid, and the one seeking aid is seeking from the one from whom aid is sought in order to obtain aid from other than him, even if that other is greater than him. So tawajjuh and istighฤthah with him ๏ทบ and others than him does not have a meaning in the heart of the Muslims other than that and they do not intend by these two matters (i.e tawajjuh and istighฤtha) anyone besides Him ๏ทป. So, whoeverโ€™s breast is not opened with this, then let him cry over himself. We ask Allฤh ๏ทป for well-being. The one in whom aid is sought in reality is Allฤh the Exalted, and the Prophet ๏ทบ is an intermediary between Him and the one seeking aid. So aid is sought from Him, the Exalted, and the aid comes from Him both in creating and bringing fourth. The Prophet is the one whose aid is sought and aid is from him by way of intermediary means and kasb (acquisition) and aid is sought from him metaphorically.

          So in general, using the term istighฤtha in an unrestricted sense for the one from whom aid is obtained, even if only by way of intermediary means and kasb, is something well known and there is no doubt regarding it; not in the language, or in the Sacred Law. Therefore, there is no difference between it and asking, especially in light of the narration that has been mentioned in al-Bukhฤrฤซ concerning the intercession on the day of judgement:

          โ€œAs they were in that state, they sought aid (istaghฤthลซ) from ฤ€dam ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…, then Mลซsa ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…, then Muhammad ๏ทบโ€

          Tawassul could also mean seeking supplication from him for indeed he is living and knowing the question of the one who asks him. It has been authentically reported from a long Hadฤซth:

          The people suffered a drought during the successorship of `Umar ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡, whereupon a man came to the grave of the Prophet and said: โ€œO Messenger of Allฤh, ask for rain for your Community, for verily they have but perished," after which the Prophet appeared to him in a dream and told him that the rain shall come. And in it also it appears: "Go to `Umar and give him my greeting, then tell him that they will be watered. Tell him: You must be clever, you must be clever!โ€

          Meaning, gentleness, because he was severe in the religion of Allฤh.

          So he came to him and informed him, after which he cried and then said: โ€œO my Lord, I spare no effort except in what escapes my power!โ€

          In another narration it states that the one who saw the dream was Bilฤl ibn Hฤrith al-Muzanฤซ, the companion ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡.
          - end of quote -
          Last edited by Abu Sulayman; 29-07-20, 05:59 PM.


          • #20
            Thread should be 'Seeking intercession with rasoolullah according to rasoolullah '



            • #21
              Imam Shihab al-Din al-Ramli [al-Shafi'i] (d. 957 AH) and his son Imam Shams al-Din al-Ramli [al-Shafi'i] (d. 1004 AH) regarding the seeking of aid with the Prophet ๏ทบ by saying "Ya Rasulullah!"

              Imam Shams al-Din al-Ramli mentioned in his collection of the Fatawa of his father (see Fatawa al-Ramli 4/382 - 383) (translation taken from here: โ€œImam al-Ramlฤซโ€™s Fatwa on Istighฤthaโ€) the following:

              ุณูุฆูู„ูŽ) ุนูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ูŠูŽู‚ูŽุนู ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู…ู‘ูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุฏูŽุงุฆูุฏู ูŠูŽุง ุดูŽูŠู’ุฎู ููู„ูŽุงู†ูŒูŠูŽุง ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽู†ูŽุญู’ูˆู ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ูุงุณู’ุชูุบูŽุงุซูŽุฉู ุจูุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนูู„ูŽู…ูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุงู„ูุญููŠู†ูŽ ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฌูŽุงุฆูุฒูŒ ุฃูŽู…ู’ ู„ูŽุง ูˆูŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ู„ูู„ุฑู‘ูุณูู„ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุงู„ูุญููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุดูŽุงูŠูุฎู ุฅุบูŽุงุซูŽุฉูŒ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ู…ูŽูˆู’ุชูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุงุฐูŽุง ูŠูุฑูŽุฌู‘ูุญู ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽุŸ
              ุจูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ูุงุณู’ุชูุบูŽุงุซูŽุฉูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนูู„ูŽู…ูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุงู„ูุญููŠู†ูŽ ุฌูŽุงุฆูุฒูŽุฉูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูู„ุฑู‘ูุณูู„ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุงู„ูุญููŠู†ูŽ ุฅุบูŽุงุซูŽุฉูŒ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ู…ูŽูˆู’ุชูู‡ูู…ู’ุ› ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู…ูุนู’ุฌูุฒูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฑูŽุงู…ูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ู„ูŽุง ุชูŽู†ู’ู‚ูŽุทูุนู ุจูู…ูŽูˆู’ุชูู‡ูู…ู’. ุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุกู ููŽู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูŽุงุกูŒ ูููŠ ู‚ูุจููˆุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูุตูŽู„ู‘ููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุญูุฌู‘ููˆู†ูŽ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฑูŽุฏูŽุชู’ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุงุฑู ูˆูŽุชูŽูƒููˆู†ู ุงู„ู’ุฅูุบูŽุงุซูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูุนู’ุฌูุฒูŽุฉู‹ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’. ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูู‡ูŽุฏูŽุงุกู ุฃูŽูŠู’ุถู‹ุง ุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูŽุงุกูŒ ุดููˆู‡ูุฏููˆุง ู†ูŽู‡ูŽุงุฑู‹ุง ุฌูู‡ูŽุงุฑู‹ุง ูŠูู‚ูŽุงุชูู„ููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒููู‘ูŽุงุฑูŽ.
              ูˆูŽุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ููŽู‡ููŠูŽ ูƒูŽุฑูŽุงู…ูŽุฉูŒ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’
              ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ู‘ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูŽู‚ูŽุนู ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุกู ุจูู‚ูŽุตู’ุฏู ูˆูŽุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ู‚ูŽุตู’ุฏู ุฃูู…ููˆุฑูŒ ุฎูŽุงุฑูู‚ูŽุฉูŒ ู„ูู„ู’ุนูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู ูŠูุฌู’ุฑููŠู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุจูุณูŽุจูŽุจูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽู„ููŠู„ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฌูŽูˆูŽุงุฒูู‡ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุฃูู…ููˆุฑูŒ ู…ูู…ู’ูƒูู†ูŽุฉูŒ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู„ู’ุฒูŽู…ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฌูŽูˆูŽุงุฒู ูˆูู‚ููˆุนูู‡ูŽุง ู…ูุญูŽุงู„ูŒ ูˆูŽูƒูู„ู‘ู ู…ูŽุง ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุดูŽุฃู’ู†ูู‡ู ููŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุฌูŽุงุฆูุฒู ุงู„ู’ูˆูู‚ููˆุนู ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ูˆูู‚ููˆุนู ู‚ูุตู‘ูŽุฉู ู…ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุฑูุฒู’ู‚ูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุขุชููŠ ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูู†ู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ู†ูŽุทูŽู‚ูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽู†ู’ุฒููŠู„ู ูˆูŽู‚ูุตู‘ูŽุฉู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุจูŽูƒู’ุฑูุŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุถู’ูŠูŽุงููู‡ู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ูููŠ ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุญููŠุญู ูˆูŽุฌูŽุฑูŽูŠูŽุงู†ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ููŠู„ู ุจููƒูุชูŽุงุจู ุนูู…ูŽุฑูŽ ูˆูŽุฑูุคู’ูŠูŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ู’ุจูŽุฑู ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฏููŠู†ูŽุฉู ุฌูŽูŠู’ุดูŽู‡ู ุจูู†ูŽู‡ูŽุงูˆูŽู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูุฃูŽู…ููŠุฑู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽูŠู’ุดู ูŠูŽุง ุณูŽุงุฑููŠูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุจูŽู„ูŽ ู…ูุญูŽุฐู‘ูุฑู‹ุง ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุจูŽู„ู ู„ููƒูŽู…ููŠู†ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏููˆู‘ู ู‡ูู†ูŽุงูƒูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽู…ูŽุงุนู ุณูŽุงุฑููŠูŽุฉูŽ ูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ู…ูŽุณูŽุงููŽุฉู ุดูŽู‡ู’ุฑูŽูŠู’ู†ูุŒ ูˆูŽุดูุฑู’ุจู ุฎูŽุงู„ูุฏู ุงู„ุณู‘ูู…ู‘ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุชูŽุถูŽุฑู‘ูุฑู ุจูู‡ู. ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฌูŽุฑูŽุชู’ ุฎูŽูˆูŽุงุฑูู‚ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽูŠู’ุฏููŠ ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุญูŽุงุจูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุงุจูุนููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูู…ู’ูƒูู†ู ุฅู†ู’ูƒูŽุงุฑูู‡ูŽุง ู„ูุชูŽูˆูŽุงุชูุฑู ู…ูŽุฌู’ู…ููˆุนูู‡ูŽุงุŒ ูˆูŽุจูุงู„ู’ุฌูู…ู’ู„ูŽุฉู ู…ูŽุง ุฌูŽุงุฒูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูุนู’ุฌูุฒูŽุฉู‹ ู„ูู†ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ุฌูŽุงุฒูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ูƒูŽุฑูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู‹ ู„ููˆูŽู„ููŠู‘ู ู„ูŽุง ููŽุงุฑูู‚ูŽ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ุฅู„ู‘ูŽุง ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุญูŽุฏู‘ููŠ

              The Imฤm was asked: Regarding what occurs amongst the awwฤm who when in distress say โ€œya shaykh fulฤnโ€ and โ€œya Rasลซlullฤhโ€ and things like this from seeking aid (istighฤtha) with the Prophets and the Awliyฤ, the โ€˜Ulemฤ and the righteous, is this permitted or not? And do the Messengers, Prophets, Awliyฤ, the righteous, and the Mashayekh possess the ability to assist others after their deaths, and what strengthens that view?

              He replied: Istighฤtha (seeking aid) with the Prophets and Messengers, the Awliyฤ, the โ€˜Ulemฤ and the righteous is permitted. The messengers, Prophets and the Awliyฤ have [the ability to] assist after their death because the miracles of the Prophets and Awliyฤ are not severed following their death. As for the Prophets, then they are alive in their graves praying and doing hajj as it has come in the reports. So assistance from them will be a miracle on their behalf; and the martyrs are also alive, and have been seen, openly killing the kuffฤr.

              And as for the Awliyฤ, then it is a karama from them. The people of the truth believe that this occurs from the Awliyฤ both with intention, and without intention - things that sever the customary manner of phenomenal reality (khariqa lil ฤdah), that Allah the Exalted brings forth through them. The proof for these things is that they are matters that are (intellectually) possible and the permissibility of their occurrence does not necessitate anything that is impossible. So everything that is in this realm, then it is possible to occur. (An example) of its occurrence is the story of Maryam and how the provision came to her from Allah - as stated in the revelation, and the story of AbลซBakr and his guests as appears in the sahฤซh, and the gushing (flowing forth) of the Nile river due to the letter of โ€˜Umar, and him seeing, while on the minbar in Medina, the army (being approached for a sneak attack), till he said to the Amฤซr of the army: โ€œO Sariya, the mountain!โ€, warning him of the enemy behind the mountain. And Sariya heard his speech even though there was a great distance between them - the distance of two months journey. Khalฤซd Ibn Walฤซd drank poison without it harming him.

              Khawฤriq (matters that customarily go against the rules of phenomenal reality) have occurred by the hands of the companions, the followers, and those after them. It is not possible to deny this due to the fact that taken as a whole; they are at the level of tawฤtur. So, in general, what is possible to be a miracle (muโ€™jiza) for a Prophet, is possible to be a karama for a Walฤซ. There is no distinction between them except in the area of provocation.

              - end of quote -


              • #22
                Imam 'Abdullah bin al-Mubarak (d. 181 AH), Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 241 AH), Imam al-Nawawi (d. 676 AH) and other scholars from the Salaf and Khalaf ACTED UPON the Hadith "O slaves of Allah! Help me!"

                Imam al-Tabarani (d. 360 AH) has reported in his al-Mu'jam al-Kabir 10/276 the following Hadith on the authority of 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud - radhiallahu 'anhu - that the Messenger of Allah ๏ทบ said:

                ุฅุฐุง ุงู†ูู„ุชุช ุฏุงุจุฉ ุฃุญุฏูƒู… ุจุฃุฑุถ ูู„ุงุฉ ูู„ูŠู†ุงุฏ : ูŠุง ุนุจุงุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุŒ ุงุญุจุณูˆุง ุนู„ูŠ ุŒ ูŠุง ุนุจุงุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงุญุจุณูˆุง ุนู„ูŠ ุ› ูุฅู† ู„ู„ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ ุญุงุถุฑุง ุณูŠุญุจุณู‡ ุนู„ูŠูƒู…

                When one loses his means of transport in a (deserted) land, he should call: โ€œO slaves of Allฤh! Help me recover (my transport)โ€ for there are many of Allฤhโ€™s attendants on this earth. They will help you recover it.
                - end of quote -

                Note that this Hadith is weak (dha'if) at first glance. There are however supporting evidences, so this Hadith becomes fair (hasan) and it is strengthened due to the practice of the Umma.

                The Shaykh Mahmud Sa'id Mamduh mentioned the above narration in his Raf' al-Minara (p. 225) and also its weaknes and then stated (translation taken from here: "O slaves of Allah! Help me!"):

                ูˆู…ุน ุฐู„ูƒ ูู„ู„ุญุฏูŠุซ ุทุฑู‚ ุชู‚ูˆูŠู‡ ูˆุชุฑูุนู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุถุนู ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุญุณู† ุงู„ู…ู‚ุจูˆู„ ุงู„ู…ุนู…ูˆู„ ุจู‡

                Nonetheless, the Hadฤซth has supporting routes which transform it from a weak Hadฤซth to a hasan (fair) one which is acceptable and actable upon.
                - end of quote -

                He then mentions three supporting routes to strengthen the narration (see p. 226 - 228) (see the article linked above where his discussion is translated).

                Then he says at the end (on p. 229 - 230) (translation from the same link as above):

                ุฅุฐุง ูˆุฑุฏ ุญุฏูŠุซ ุจุณู†ุฏ ุถุนูŠู ูŠุตูŠุฑ ู…ู† ู‚ุณู… ุงู„ู…ู‚ุจูˆู„ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ู‡ูˆ ุฃุนู… ู…ู† ุงู„ุตุญูŠุญ ูˆุงู„ุญุณู† ุฅุฐุง ุชู„ู‚ุชู‡ ุงู„ุฃู…ุฉ ุจุงู„ู‚ุจูˆู„ุŒ ุฃู…ุง ุฅุฐุง ุนู…ู„ ุจู‡ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุฃุฆู…ุฉ - ูƒุญุฏูŠุซู†ุง ู‡ุฐุง - ูููŠ ุนู…ู„ู‡ู… ุชู‚ูˆูŠุฉ ู„ู‡.
                ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุญุงูุธ ุงู„ุจูŠู‡ู‚ูŠ ููŠ ุงู„ุณู†ู† ุงู„ูƒุจุฑู‰ (3 / 52) ุจุนุฏ ุฃู† ุฑูˆู‰ ุญุฏูŠุซ ุตู„ุงุฉ ุงู„ุชุณุจูŠุญ ู…ุง ู†ุตู‡: ูˆูƒุงู† ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู† ุงู„ู…ุจุงุฑูƒ ูŠูุนู„ู‡ุง ูˆุชุฏุงูˆู„ู‡ุง ุงู„ุตุงู„ุญูˆู† ุจุนุถู‡ู… ุนู† ุจุนุถ ูˆููŠู‡ ุชู‚ูˆูŠุฉ ู„ู„ุญุฏูŠุซ ุงู„ู…ุฑููˆุน.ุง ู‡โ€
                ูˆู†ุญูˆู‡ ู„ุดูŠุฎู‡ ุงู„ุญุงูƒู… ููŠ ุงู„ู…ุณุชุฏุฑูƒ (1 / 320).
                ูˆุงู„ุญุฏูŠุซ ุนู…ู„ ุจู‡ ุงู„ุฃุฆู…ุฉ ูˆุฌุฑุจูˆู‡:
                1 - ูููŠ ุงู„ู…ุณุงุฆู„ุŒ ูˆุดุนุจ ุงู„ุฅูŠู…ุงู† ู„ู„ุจูŠู‡ู‚ูŠ: ู‚ุงู„ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู† ุงู„ุฅู…ุงู… ุฃุญู…ุฏ: ุณู…ุนุช ุฃุจูŠ ูŠู‚ูˆู„: ุญุฌุฌุช ุฎู…ุณ ุญุฌุฌ ู…ู†ู‡ุง ุซู†ุชูŠู† ุฑุงูƒุจุงุŒ ูˆุซู„ุงุซุฉ ู…ุงุดูŠุงุŒ ุฃูˆ ุซู†ุชูŠู† ู…ุงุดูŠุง ูˆุซู„ุงุซุฉ ุฑุงูƒุจุงุŒ ูุถู„ู„ุช ุงู„ุทุฑูŠู‚ ููŠ ุญุฌุฉ ูˆูƒู†ุช ู…ุงุดูŠุง ูุฌุนู„ุช ุฃู‚ูˆู„: ูŠุง ุนุจุงุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฏู„ูˆู†ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุทุฑูŠู‚ุŒ ูู„ู… ุฃุฒู„ ุฃู‚ูˆู„ ุฐู„ูƒ ุญุชู‰ ูˆู‚ุนุช ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุทุฑูŠู‚ุŒ ุฃูˆ ูƒู…ุง ู‚ุงู„ ุฃุจูŠ. ุง ู‡โ€ 2 - ูˆุจุนุฏ ุฃู† ุฃุฎุฑุฌ ุฃุจูˆ ุงู„ู‚ุงุณู… ุงู„ุทุจุฑุงู†ูŠ ุงู„ุญุฏูŠุซ ููŠ ู…ุนุฌู…ู‡ ุงู„ูƒุจูŠุฑ (17 / 117) ู‚ุงู„: ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฌุฑุจ ุฐู„ูƒ.
                3 - ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุฅู…ุงู… ุงู„ู†ูˆูˆูŠ ููŠ ุงู„ุฃุฐูƒุงุฑ (ุต 331) ุจุนุฏ ุฃู† ุฐูƒุฑ ุงู„ุญุฏูŠุซ ู…ุง ู†ุตู‡: ุญูƒู‰ ู„ูŠ ุจุนุถ ุดูŠูˆุฎู†ุง ุงู„ูƒุจุงุฑ ููŠ ุงู„ุนู„ู… ุฃู†ู‡ ุงู†ูู„ุชุช ู„ู‡ ุฏุงุจุฉ ุฃุธู†ู‡ุง ุจุบู„ุฉ ูˆูƒุงู† ูŠุนุฑู ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุญุฏูŠุซ ูู‚ุงู„ู‡ุŒ ูุญุจุณู‡ุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ู… ููŠ ุงู„ุญุงู„ุŒ ูˆูƒู†ุช ุฃู†ุง ู…ุฑุฉ ู…ุน ุฌู…ุงุนุฉ ูุงู†ูู„ุชุช ู…ู†ุง ุจู‡ูŠู…ุฉ ูˆุนุฌุฒูˆุง ุนู†ู‡ุง ูู‚ู„ุชู‡ ููˆู‚ูุช ููŠ ุงู„ุญุงู„ ุจุบูŠุฑ ุณูˆู‰ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ูƒู„ุงู…. ุง ู‡


                When a Hadฤซth is mentioned with a
                da`ฤซf chain it becomes acceptable, either sahฤซh or hasan, when the Ummah has accepted it; as for when some of the scholars have practised it like the Hadฤซth at hand their action strengthens the report.

                Al-Hฤfidh al-Bayhaqฤซ said, after narrating the Hadฤซth on salฤt al-tasabฤซh:

                โ€œ`Abdullฤh Ibn al-Mubฤrak would do it and it has been passed down by the pious and this strengthens the marfลซ` Hadฤซth.โ€ [Al-Sunan al-Kubra 3/52]

                A similar statement was made by his Shaykh al-Hฤkim. [Al-Mustadrak 1/320]

                The Hadฤซth has been acted upon and practiced by the scholars:

                โ€ข `Abdullฤh Ibn Imฤm Ahmad said, โ€œI heard my father say:

                โ€˜I did five Hajjs: two on camel and three on foot, or two on foot and three on camel and when I lost my way when walking I would say โ€œO slaves of Allฤh! Guide us towards the (correct) route,โ€ and then I continued a little before I found myself back on the (correct) routeโ€™

                or as it was said by my fatherโ€. [Al-Masa`il and Shu'ab al-Iman by al-Bayhaqi]

                After Abลซl Qฤsim al-Tabarฤnฤซ transmitted it, he said:

                โ€œThis has been acted upon.โ€ [Al-Mu'jam al-Kabir 17/117]

                โ€ข Imฤm an-Nawawฤซ, after mentioning this Hadฤซth:

                โ€œOne of our kibฤr (major scholars) in knowledge related to me that he lost his means of transport, which I presume was a mule, and he was aware of this Hadฤซth and said (the dลซ`a) so Allฤh brought to him his animal immediately.โ€

                โ€œI was once with a group of people and my animal fled and the people failed (to find it) and I said (the duโ€™a) and I found the animal immediately without any means but this statement.โ€ [al-Adhkar p. 133]

                - end of quote -

                Comment: So where are all those claims that the Salaf al-salih never did Istighatha?!

                Remember also that it's established that the Salaf al-salih would perform Tawassul:

                Originally posted by Abu Sulayman View Post
                Imam Ibn Abi Dunya (d. 281 AH): The Salaf acted upon the Hadith of the blind man and performed Tawassul!

                He said in his book Mujabu al-Da'wa - which is a compilation of various supplications used by the Salaf al-salih - the following (translation taken from HERE):

                ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽุจููˆ ู‡ูุดูŽุงู…ูุŒ ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุนูŽู†ูŽ ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู ุจู’ู†ู ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู ุจู’ู†ู ุฑูููŽุงุนูŽุฉูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: " ยงุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ููƒู ุจู’ู†ู ุญูŽูŠู‘ูŽุงู†ูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ุณูŽุนููŠุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุณูŽู†ู ุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจู’ุฌูŽุฑูŽุŒ ููŽุฌูŽุณู‘ูŽ ุจูŽุทู’ู†ูŽู‡ูุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุจููƒูŽ ุฏูŽุงุกูŒ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุจู’ุฑูŽุฃูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู…ูŽุง ู‡ููˆูŽุŸ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ุฏู‘ูุจูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉูุŒ ููŽุชูŽุญูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุฌูู„ูุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูุŒ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููŠ ู„ูŽุง ุฃูุดู’ุฑููƒู ุจูู‡ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุงุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฅูู†ู‘ููŠ ุฃูŽุชูŽูˆูŽุฌู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ุจูู†ูŽุจููŠู‘ููƒูŽ ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุŒ ู†ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฉูุŒ ูŠูŽุง ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏูุŒ ุฅูู†ู‘ููŠ ุฃูŽุชูŽูˆูŽุฌู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจููƒูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุจู‘ููŠ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ูŽู†ููŠ ู…ูู…ู‘ูŽุง ุจููŠ ุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฉู‹ ูŠูุบู’ู†ููŠู†ููŠ ุจูู‡ูŽุง ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฉู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุณููˆูŽุงู‡ู - ุซูŽู„ูŽุงุซูŽ ู…ูŽุฑู‘ูŽุงุชู ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฏูŽุนูŽุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจู’ุฌูŽุฑูŽุŒ ููŽุฌูŽุณู‘ูŽ ุจูŽุทู’ู†ูŽู‡ูุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุจูŽุฑูŽุฃู’ุชูŽุŒ ู…ูŽุง ุจููƒูŽ ุนูู„ู‘ูŽุฉูŒ

                ... a person came over to see โ€˜Abd-ul-Malik bin Saโ€˜ฤซd bin Abjar (who is from the Tabiโ€™ Tabieen). โ€˜Abd-ul-Malik pressed his belly and told him that he was suffering from an incurable disease. The man asked him: โ€˜what is it?โ€™ โ€˜Abd-ul-Malik replied that it was a kind of ulcer that grows inside the belly and ultimately kills the man. It is said that the patient turned round and then he said: Allฤh! Allฤh! Allฤh is my Lord. I regard no one as His rival or partner. O Allฤh! I beseech You and submit myself to You through the mediation of Your Prophet Muhammad (ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…), the merciful Prophet. O Muhammad! Through your means I submit myself to your and my Lord that He should take mercy on me in my state of illness... It is said that โ€˜Abd-ul-Malik pressed his belly again and said: โ€˜you are cured, you are no longer suffering from any disease.โ€™
                - end of quote -

                Just look when the author lived and then you'll know that all these statements that "the Salaf never did it... it's an innovation" is nothing but a lie in order to confuse the people and lead them astray.

                Imam Ibn Taymiyya (d. 728 AH) ADMITTING that the Hadith of the blind man was acted upon by the Salaf al-salih and that Imam Ahmad (d. 241 AH) permitted Tawassul!

                He was the first to hold an abnormal position on this issue, yet he said in his Qa'ida Jalila fil Tawassul wal Wasila after mentioning the above report (translation same as above):

                ู‚ู„ุช: ูู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฏุนุงุก ูˆู†ุญูˆู‡ ู‚ุฏ ุฑูˆูŠ ุฃู†ู‡ ุฏุนุง ุจู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ูุŒ ูˆู†ู‚ู„ ุนู† ุฃุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุญู†ุจู„ ููŠ ู…ู†ุณูƒ ุงู„ู…ุฑูˆุฐูŠ ุงู„ุชูˆุณู„ ุจุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ๏ทบ ููŠ ุงู„ุฏุนุงุก

                I say this duaโ€™ and similar (duaโ€™) has been narrated that the Salaf used to ask (in supplication) with, and itโ€™s been reported in the Manasik of Al Marrudhi that Imam Ahmed (encouraged) tawassul through the Prophet in his duaโ€™.
                - end of quote -

                So even he could not deny that it was acted upon by the Salaf al-salih! He says then that "others have disallowed it" and wants to act as if the issue of al-Tawassul bil Dhat is differed upon, while not being able to name a single major scholar who supported his view and this should be enough for you to know the reality of this issue!

                Know that Imam Ahmad (d. 241 AH) permitting Tawassul with the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - is established with certainty, because his direct student - the Imam Abu Bakr al-Marrudhi (d. 275 AH) has mentioned it from him - and this is acknowledged by ALL Hanabila!
                Last edited by Abu Sulayman; 29-07-20, 10:40 PM.


                • #23
                  Imam Ibn 'Aqil [al-Hanbali] (d. 513 AH) recommends seeking intercession with the Prophet ๏ทบ

                  He said in his al-Tadhkira (p. 117) that one should say the following in the context of the visitation:

                  ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฅู†ูƒ ู‚ู„ุช ููŠ ูƒุชุงุจูƒ ู„ู†ุจูŠูƒ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…: {ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูุฐู’ ุธูŽู„ูŽู…ููˆุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ููุณูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฌูŽุงุกููˆูƒูŽ ููŽุงุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููŽุฑููˆุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽุงุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููŽุฑูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุณููˆู„ู ู„ูŽูˆูŽุฌูŽุฏููˆุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุชูŽูˆู‘ูŽุงุจู‹ุง ุฑูŽุญููŠู…ู‹ุง} [ุณูˆุฑุฉ ุงู„ู†ุณุงุก] ูˆุฅู†ูŠ ู‚ุฏ ุฃุชูŠุช ู†ุจูŠูƒ ุชุงุฆุจู‹ุง ู…ุณุชุบูุฑู‹ุง ูุฃุณุฃู„ูƒ ุฃู† ุชูˆุฌุจ ู„ูŠ ุงู„ู…ุบูุฑุฉ ูƒู…ุง ุฃูˆุฌุจุชู‡ุง ู„ู…ู† ุฃุชุงู‡ ููŠ ุญูŠุงุชู‡ุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุชูˆุฌู‡ ุฅู„ูŠูƒ ุจู†ุจูŠูƒ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู†ุจูŠ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ุฉุŒ ูŠุง ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุชูˆุฌู‡ ุจูƒ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฑุจูŠ ู„ูŠุบูุฑ ู„ูŠ ุฐู†ูˆุจูŠุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุณุฃู„ูƒ ุจุญู‚ู‡ ุฃู† ุชุบูุฑ ู„ูŠ ุฐู†ูˆุจูŠ

                  "O Allah, You have indeed stated in Your book to Your Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam: { If they had only, when they were unjust to themselves, come unto thee and asked Allahโ€™s forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah indeed Oft-returning, Most Merciful } [4:64] and I've come to your Prophet repenting [from my sins] and seeking forgiveness, so I ask you [my Lord] that you grant me forgiveness just like you granted it to the one who came to him (i.e. the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) during his life.
                  O Allah I approach you through your Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam -, the Prophet of Mercy. O Messenger of Allah I approach my Lord through you that He forgives my sins. O Allah, I'm asking you that you forgive my sins for his sake."

                  - end of quote -

                  If you look into the footnotes on the same site (scanned page), you'll see that the atheist-minded "Salafi" editor could not hold himself back from claiming that this is "greater polytheism", which is not just an attack against Imam Ibn 'Aqil, but rather against the divine law itself, because this wording is established from it!

                  The scholars of the Shafi'iyya have already been quoted more than enough (one could easily bring even more quotes from them!), so insha`Allah more classical Hanbali scholars will be quoted to show that this issue is established from all 4 Madhahib.
                  Last edited by Abu Sulayman; 29-07-20, 11:22 PM.


                  • #24
                    Imam 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani [al-Hanbali] (d. 561 AH) recommends seeking intercession with the Prophet ๏ทบ

                    He's said in al-Ghunya li Talibi Tariq al-Haqq 1/35 - 36 the following (translation taken from here: "Visiting the Prophet's Grave"):

                    ูุฅุฐุง ู…ู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุจุงู„ุนุงููŠุฉุŒ ูˆู‚ุฏู… ุงู„ู…ุฏูŠู†ุฉุŒ ูุงู„ู…ุณุชุญุจ ู„ู‡ ุฃู† ูŠุฃุชูŠ ู…ุณุฌุฏ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ -ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…-ุŒ ูˆู„ูŠู‚ู„ ุนู†ุฏ ุฏุฎูˆู„ ุงู„ู…ุณุฌุฏ: ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุตู„ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ูˆุนู„ู‰ ุขู„ ู…ุญู…ุฏุŒ ูˆุงูุชุญ ู„ูŠ ุฃุจูˆุงุจ ุฑุญู…ุชูƒุŒ ูˆูƒู ุนู†ูŠ ุฃุจูˆุงุจ ุนุฐุงุจูƒุŒ ุงู„ุญู…ุฏ ู„ู„ู‡ ุฑุจ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…ูŠู†. ุซู… ูŠุฃุชูŠ ุงู„ู‚ุจุฑุŒ ูˆู„ูŠูƒู† ุจุญุฐุงุฆู‡ ุจูŠู†ู‡ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ู‚ุจู„ุฉุŒ ูˆูŠุฌุนู„ ุฌุฏุงุฑ ุงู„ู‚ุจู„ุฉ ุฎู„ู ุธู‡ุฑู‡ ูˆุงู„ู‚ุจุฑ ุฃู…ุงู…ู‡ ุชู„ู‚ุงุก ูˆุฌู‡ู‡ ูˆุงู„ู…ู†ุจุฑ ุนู† ูŠุณุงุฑู‡ุŒ ูˆู„ูŠู‚ู… ู…ู…ุง ูŠู„ูŠ ุงู„ู…ู†ุจุฑ ูˆู„ูŠู‚ู„:ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุนู„ูŠูƒ ุฃูŠู‡ุง ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ูˆุฑุญู…ุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุจุฑูƒุงุชู‡ุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุตู„ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ูˆุนู„ู‰ ุขู„ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ูƒู…ุง ุตู„ูŠุช ุนู„ู‰ ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุฅู†ูƒ ุญู…ูŠุฏ ู…ุฌูŠุฏุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุขุช ุณูŠุฏู†ุง ู…ุญู…ุฏู‹ุง ุงู„ูˆุณูŠู„ุฉ ูˆุงู„ูุถูŠู„ุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฏุฑุฌุฉ ุงู„ุฑููŠุนุฉ ูˆุงุจุนุซู‡ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู… ุงู„ู…ุญู…ูˆุฏ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูˆุนุฏุชู‡ุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุตู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุฑูˆุญ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ููŠ ุงู„ุฃุฑูˆุงุญุŒ ูˆุนู„ู‰ ุฌุณุฏู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุฃุฌุณุงุฏุŒ ูƒู…ุง ุจู„ุบ ุฑุณุงู„ุชูƒ ูˆุชู„ุง ุขูŠุงุชูƒ ูˆุตุฏุน ุจุฃู…ุฑูƒ ูˆุฌุงู‡ุฏ ููŠ ุณุจูŠู„ูƒ ูˆุฃู…ุฑ ุจุทุงุนุชูƒ ูˆู†ู‡ูŠ ุนู† ู…ุนุตูŠุชูƒุŒ ูˆุนุงุฏู‰ ุนุฏูˆูƒ ูˆูˆุงู„ู‰ ูˆู„ูŠูƒ ูˆุนุจุฏูƒ ุญุชู‰ ุฃุชุงู‡ ุงู„ูŠู‚ูŠู†. ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฅู†ูƒ ู‚ู„ุช ููŠ ูƒุชุงุจูƒ ู„ู†ุจูŠูƒ: {ูˆู„ูˆ ุฃู†ู‡ู… ุฅุฐ ุธู„ู…ูˆุง ุฃู†ูุณู‡ู… ุฌุงุกูˆูƒ ูุงุณุชุบูุฑูˆุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุงุณุชุบูุฑ ู„ู‡ู… ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ ู„ูˆุฌุฏูˆุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชูˆุงุจู‹ุง ุฑุญูŠู…ู‹ุง} [ุงู„ู†ุณุงุก: 64]. ูˆุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุชูŠุช ุจูŠุชูƒ ุชุงุฆุจู‹ุง ู…ู† ุฐู†ูˆุจูŠ ู…ุณุชุบูุฑู‹ุงุŒ ูุฃุณุฃู„ูƒ ุฃู† ุชูˆุฌุจ ู„ูŠ ุงู„ู…ุบูุฑุฉ ูƒู…ุง ุฃูˆุฌุจุชู‡ุง ู„ู…ู† ุฃุชุงู‡ ููŠ ุญูŠุงุชู‡ุŒ ูุฃู‚ุฑ ุนู†ุฏู‡ ุจุฐู†ุจู‡ ูุฏุนุง ู„ู‡ ู†ุจูŠู‡ ูุบูุฑุช ู„ู‡. ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุชูˆุฌู‡ ุฅู„ูŠูƒ ุจู†ุจูŠูƒ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุณู„ุงู…ูƒ ู†ุจูŠ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ุฉุŒ ูŠุง ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุชูˆุฌู‡ ุจูƒ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฑุจูŠ ู„ูŠุบูุฑ ู„ูŠ ุฐู†ูˆุจูŠุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุณุฃู„ูƒ ุจุญู‚ู‡ ุฃู† ุชุบูุฑ ู„ูŠ ูˆุชุฑุญู…ู†ูŠุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฃุฌุนู„ ู…ุญู…ุฏู‹ุง ุฃูˆู„ ุงู„ุดุงูุนูŠู† ูˆุฃู†ุฌุญ ุงู„ุณุงุฆู„ูŠู† ูˆุฃูƒุฑู… ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ูŠู† ูˆุงู„ุขุฎุฑูŠู†.ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ูƒู…ุง ุขู…ู†ุง ุจู‡ ูˆู„ู… ู†ุฑู‡ ูˆุตุฏู‚ู†ุงู‡ ูˆู„ู… ู†ู„ู‚ู‡ ูุฃุฏุฎู„ู†ุง ู…ุฏุฎู„ู‡ ูˆุงุญุดุฑู†ุง ููŠ ุฒู…ุฑุชู‡ุŒ ูˆุฃูˆุฑุฏู†ุง ุญูˆุถู‡ ูˆุงุณู‚ู†ุง ุจูƒุฃุณู‡ ู…ุดุฑุจู‹ุง ุฑูˆูŠู‹ุง ุตุงููŠู‹ุง ุณุงุฆุบู‹ุง ู‡ู†ูŠุฆู‹ุง ู„ุง ู†ุธู…ุฃ ุจุนุฏู‡ ุฃุจุฏู‹ุง ุบูŠุฑ ุฎุฒุงูŠู‹ุง ูˆู„ุง ู†ุงูƒุซูŠู† ูˆู„ุง ู…ุงุฑู‚ูŠู† ูˆู„ุง ุฌุงุญุฏูŠู† ูˆู„ุง ู…ุฑุชุงุจูŠู†ุŒ ูˆู„ุง ู…ุบุถูˆุจ ุนู„ูŠู†ุง ูˆู„ุง ุถุงู„ูŠู†ุŒ ูˆุงุฌุนู„ู†ุง ู…ู† ุฃู‡ู„ ุดูุงุนุชู‡

                    If Allah blesses the pilgrim with prosperity and he is able to come to Madina, then what is desirable for him is that he come to the mosque of the Prophet and say upon entering it:

                    allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa `ala ali muhammad, waftah li abwab rahmatik, wa kaffi `anni abwab `adhabik, al-hamdu lillah rabb al-`alamin.

                    O Allah, send blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, and stem for me the gates of your mercy, and close for me the gates of your punishment, all praise belongs to Allah.

                    Then let him come to the grave of the Prophet and stand in its proximity so that he will be between the grave and the Qibla, and let him stand so that the facade of the Qibla will be behind him and the grave in front of him exactly facing his face, and the minbar to his left... Let him then say:

                    Peace upon you, O Prophet, and Allah's mercy and His blessings!

                    O Allah, send blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad as you have sent blessings upon Ibrahim, praised and glorified are You!

                    O Allah, bestow upon our master Muhammad the Means (al-wasila) and the Priority (al-fadila) and the high rank (al-daraja al-rafi`a), and raise him to the exalted station (al-maqam al-mahmud) which You have promised him!

                    O Allah, send blessings upon the spirit of Muhammad among all spirits, and upon his body upon all bodies, just as he has conveyed Your Message and recited Your signs and fought according to Your command and striven in Your path and commanded that You be obeyed and forbade that You be disobeyed and opposed those who opposed You and befriended those who befriended You and served You until death came to him.

                    O Allah, You said to Your Prophet in Your Book: "If they had only, when they were unjust to themselves, come unto thee and asked Allah's forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah indeed Oft-returning, Most Merciful" (4:64), and I have come to Your House [sic; two other manuscripts have: "and I have come to You"] in repentance from my sins and seeking forgiveness, therefore I ask You that you make forgiveness guaranteed for me as you have made it guaranteed for those who came to him in his lifetime acknowledging their sins, so that their Prophet invoked You on their behalf and You forgave them.

                    O Allah! I am turning to You with Your Prophet, upon him Your peace, the Prophet of mercy. O Messenger of Allah! I am turning with you to my Lord so that He will forgive me my sins. O Allah, I am asking You for his sake (bi haqqihi) that You forgive me and grant me mercy.

                    O Allah, grant to Muhammad that he be the first of the intercessors, the most successful of those who ask, and the most honorable of the first and the last. O Allah, just as we believed in him without seeing him; and just as we confirmed him without meeting him: enter us where he entered and raise us in his group and bring us to his pond and quench us with his cup of a satisfying, pure, fresh, whole drink after which we shall never thirst , and keep us forever away from disappointment, betrayal, deviation, negation, and doubt, and make us not of those You are angered against, nor of the misguided, but place us among the people of his intercession.
                    - end of quote -


                    • #25
                      Imam Yahya bin Yusuf al-Sarsari [al-Hanbali] (d. 656 AH) seeks intercession with the Prophet ๏ทบ in his poetry

                      He was famous for his poems - especially regarding the Messenger of Allah ๏ทบ - and was praised for them by many scholars.
                      Imam Ibn Rajab [al-Hanbali] (d. 795 AH) mentioned him and his poems in his al-Dhayl 'ala Tabaqat al-Hanabila and stated that he was strong on the Sunna.
                      (English translation of his biography can be found here: "BIOGRAPHY: IMAM YAHYA AS-SARSARI")

                      He said in one of his poems while addressing the best of creation ๏ทบ:

                      ูŠุง ุญุจูŠุจ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ููŠ ุงู„ุฎู„ู‚ ูŠุง ู…ู†ู’ * ุชุนุฑู ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ ูุถู„ู‡ ูˆุงู„ุณู€ู€ู…ุงุกู
                      ูŠุง ูƒู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ุฑูŠู… ุงู„ุขุจู€ู€ู€ุงุก ุซู…ู‘ุช ุฒุงุฏุช * ุดุฑูุงู‹ ุณู€ู€ู€ู€ุงู…ูŠุงู‹ ุจู€ู€ู€ูƒ ุงู„ุขุจู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ุงุกู
                      ุฃู†ุช ุฐุฎุฑูŒ ู„ู†ุง ูˆุนู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ูˆู†ูŒ ุนู„ู‰ * ุฎุทุจู ุฒู…ู€ู€ู€ุงู†ู ุจู‡ ุงู„ู„ุจูŠุจู ูŠูุณู€ู€ู€ุงุกู
                      ูุฃุบุซู†ูŠ ูˆูƒูู†ู’ ู„ุถุนููŠ ู…ุฌูŠู€ู€ู€ู€ุฑุงู‹ * ููŠ ู…ู‚ุงู…ู ุชุฎู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ุงูู‡ู ุงู„ุฃุชู‚ูŠู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ู€ุงุกู

                      - end of quote -

                      The relevant part is: "So help me and be the refuge of my weakness".

                      And he said:

                      ู„ุฃู†ุช ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุฃู‚ูˆู‰ ูˆุณูŠู„ุฉ = ุฅู„ูŠู‡ุง ุจู‡ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุญุงุฏุซุงู† ุชูˆุณู‘ู„ูŠ
                      ูˆุณู„ู’ ู„ูŠ ุฑุจูŽู‘ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…ูŠู† ูŠูู…ูŠุชู†ูŠ = ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุณูู†ุฉ ุงู„ุจูŠุถุงุก ุบูŠุฑ ู…ุจุฏู‘ู„

                      - end of quote -

                      The relevant part is: "And ask the Lord of the worlds that He let's me die * upon the pure Sunna without having changed".

                      His poems are full with such kind of Tawassul with the best of creation, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam.
                      Last edited by Abu Sulayman; 22-08-20, 08:15 PM.


                      • #26
                        Imam Ibn Qudama al-Maqdisi [al-Hanbali] (d. 620 AH) recommends seeking intercession with the Prophet ๏ทบ

                        He said in his famous al-Mughni 3/478 - 488 (or see HERE) the following in the context of the visitation (he mentioned in the beginning of the section that the visitation of the Prophetic grave is desirable ("ูˆูŽูŠูุณู’ุชูŽุญูŽุจู‘ู ุฒููŠูŽุงุฑูŽุฉู ู‚ูŽุจู’ุฑู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู - ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ")):

                        ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฅู†ู‘ูŽูƒ ู‚ูู„ู’ุช ูˆูŽู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ููƒ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ู‘ู: {ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูุฐู’ ุธูŽู„ูŽู…ููˆุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ููุณูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฌูŽุงุกููˆูƒูŽ ููŽุงุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููŽุฑููˆุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽุงุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููŽุฑูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุณููˆู„ู ู„ูŽูˆูŽุฌูŽุฏููˆุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุชูŽูˆู‘ูŽุงุจู‹ุง ุฑูŽุญููŠู…ู‹ุง} [ุงู„ู†ุณุงุก: 64] . ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฃูŽุชูŽูŠู’ุชููƒ ู…ูุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููุฑู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุฐูู†ููˆุจููŠุŒ ู…ูุณู’ุชูŽุดู’ููุนู‹ุง ุจููƒ ุฅู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููŠุŒ ููŽุฃูŽุณู’ุฃูŽู„ููƒ ูŠูŽุง ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชููˆุฌูุจูŽ ู„ููŠ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุบู’ููุฑูŽุฉูŽุŒ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ุฌูŽุจู’ุชู‡ูŽุง ู„ูู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุชูŽุงู‡ู ูููŠ ุญูŽูŠูŽุงุชูู‡ูุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽ ุงุฌู’ุนูŽู„ู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุงููุนููŠู†ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุฌูŽุญูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุฆูู„ููŠู†ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุขุฎูŽุฑููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ููŠู†ูŽุŒ ุจูุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุชููƒ ูŠูŽุง ุฃูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงุญูู…ููŠู†ูŽ

                        O Allah, You spoke and your saying is the truth: { If they had only, when they were unjust to themselves, come unto thee and asked Allah's forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah indeed Oft-returning, Most Merciful } [4:64].
                        So I've come to you, asking [my Lord] for forgiveness for my sin and seeking intercession through you unto my Lord.

                        So I ask you, o Lord, that you grant me forgiveness just like you granted it to the one who came to him during his life.
                        O Allah, grant to him that he be the first of the intercessors, the most successful of those who ask, and the most honorable of the first and the last, through Your Mercy - o Most Merciful of the Merciful!.

                        - end of quote -

                        Imam Ibn Qudama recommends acting upon the Hadith of the blind man when in need!

                        He said in his Wasiyya (p. 46-48) under the chapter of asking for a need (translation taken from here: "The Blazing Star in Defence of a Narration from Malik al-Dar" (p. 391):

                        ูˆุฅุฐุง ูƒุงู†ุช ู„ูƒ ุญุงุฌุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุชุฑูŠุฏ ุทู„ุจู‡ุง ู…ู†ู‡ ูุชูˆุถุฃ ุŒ ูุฃุญุณู† ูˆุถูˆุกูƒ ุŒ ูˆุงุฑูƒุน ุฑูƒุนุชูŠู† ุŒ ูˆุฃุซู† ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ุŒ ูˆุตู„ูŽ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุŒ ุซู… ู‚ู„ : ู„ุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‡ูŽ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุญูŽู„ููŠู…ู ุงู„ูƒูŽุฑูŠู…ูุŒ ุณูุจุญูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ุนูŽุฑุดู ุงู„ุนูŽุธูŠู…ู ุงู„ุญูŽู…ู’ุฏู ู„ู„ู‡ู ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ุนูŽุงู„ู…ููŠู†ูุŒ ุฃูŽุณุฃูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู…ููˆุฌูุจูŽุงุชู ุฑูŽุญู…ูŽุชููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽุฒูŽุงุฆู…ูŽ ู…ูŽุบููุฑูŽุชููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุบูŽู†ูŠู…ูŽุฉูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูู„ู‘ู ุจูุฑู‘ูุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู„ุงู…ูŽุฉูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูู„ู‘ู ุฅูุซู’ู…ูุŒ ู„ุง ุชูŽุฏูŽุนู’ ู„ูŠ ุฐูŽู†ุจุงู‹ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุบูŽููŽุฑู’ุชูŽู‡ู’ ูˆูŽู„ุง ู‡ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุงู‹ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ููŽุฑู‘ูŽุฌู’ุชูŽู‡ู’ุŒ ูˆูŽู„ุง ุญูŽุงุฌุฉู‹ ู‡ููŠูŽ ู„ูŽูƒูŽ ุฑูุถุงู‹ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู‚ูŽุถูŽูŠุชูŽู‡ูŽุง ูŠูŽุง ุฃูŽุฑุญูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงุญู…ูŠู†

                        ูˆุฅู† ู‚ู„ุช :
                        ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุณุฃู„ูƒ ูˆุฃุชูˆุฌู‡ ุฅู„ูŠูƒ ุจู†ุจูŠูƒ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู†ุจูŠ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ุฉ ูŠุง ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุชูˆุฌู‡ ุจูƒ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฑุจูŠ ููŠู‚ุถูŠ ู„ูŠ ุญุงุฌุชูŠุŒ ูˆุชุฐูƒุฑ ุญุงุฌุชูƒ

                        ูˆุฑูˆูŠ ุนู† ุงู„ุณู„ู ุฃู†ู‡ู… ูƒุงู†ูˆุง ูŠุณุชู†ุฌุญูˆู† ุญูˆุงุฆุฌู‡ู… ุจุฑูƒุนุชูŠู† ูŠุตู„ูŠู‡ู…ุง ุซู… ูŠู‚ูˆู„ : ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุจูƒ ุฃุณุชูุชุญ ูˆุจูƒ ุฃุณุชู†ุฌุญ ุŒ ูˆุฅู„ูŠูƒ ุจู†ุจูŠูƒ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฃุชูˆุฌู‡ ุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฐู„ู„ ู„ูŠ ุตุนูˆุจุฉ ุฃู…ุฑูŠ ุŒ ูˆุณู‡ู„ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑ ุฃูƒุซุฑ ู…ู…ุง ุฃุฑุฌูˆ ุŒ ูˆุงุตุฑู ุนู†ูŠ ู…ู† ุงู„ุดุฑ ุฃูƒุซุฑ ู…ู…ุง ุฃุฎุงู

                        If you need something from Allah, exalted is He, and want to seek it from Him, do wudu and do it well, perform two rakโ€™ahs, and praise Allah, mighty and majestic is He, bless the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and then say: โ€˜There is no god but Allah, the Ever-Forbearing, the Generous. Glory is to Allah, the Lord of the immense Throne. Praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. O Allah, I ask You for what obliges Your mercy and the firm resolution (to obtain) Your forgiveness, the obtainment of every act of piety and safety from every wrongdoing. O Allah, do not leave me any wrong action but that You forgive it nor any care but that You relieve it nor any need that is pleasing to You but that You settle it, O Most Merciful of the merciful.

                        O Allah, I ask You and turn to You by Your Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), the Prophet of mercy. O Muhammad, I turn by you to My Lord and your Lord, mighty and majestic is He, for Him to settle my need for me.โ€™ Then he should mention what he needs.

                        It is related that the early Muslims (Salaf) used to seek to have their needs fulfilled by praying two rakโ€™ahs and then saying: โ€˜O Allah, I seek opening by You and success by You. I turn to You by Your Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam). O Allah, make the difficulty in my business easy for me, ease my hardship for me, make smooth for me good than I hope for and avert from me more evil than I fear.โ€™

                        - end of quote -

                        Comment: The above is supported by the very words of the Messenger of Allah ๏ทบ himself as found in the Hadith of the blind man (which is not just authentic by agreement, but also GENERAL in wording such that it applies to ALL times), so attacking the above recommendation - as done by some innovators and heretics in our time - is attacking the divine law in itself. As for declaring a Muslim - who acts upon the above recommendation - a polytheist, then this is disbelief in itself, because it means that one regards Islam as disbelief.


                        • #27
                          Abu Sulayman

                          It's definitely a much needed insight into the actual views that were held by the classical scholars regarding this issue.


                          • #28
                            Imam al-Jazari [al-Shafi'i] (d. 711 AH) and Imam al-Tufi [al-Hanbali] (d. 716 AH):
                            On seeking aid with the best of creation ๏ทบ and responding to Ibn Taymiyya's (d. 728 AH) objections

                            Imam Najm al-Din al-Tufi al-Hanbali quotes Imam Shams al-Din al-Jazari and adds some additional comments as follows (from his al-Isharat al-Ilahiyya ila al-Mabahith al-Usuliyya p. 479-481; translation taken from HERE):

                            ูุงุณุชุบุงุซู‡ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ู…ู† ุดูŠุนุชู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ู…ู† ุนุฏูˆู‡) [ุงู„ู‚ุตุต :15] ุงุญุชุฌ ุจู‡ุง ุงู„ุดูŠุฎ ุดู…ุณ ุงู„ุฏูŠู† ุงู„ุฌุฒุฑูŠ ุดุงุฑุญ ุงู„ู…ู†ู‡ุงุฌ ููŠ ุฃุตูˆู„ ุงู„ูู‚ู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุดูŠุฎ ุชู‚ูŠ ุงู„ุฏูŠู† ุงุจู† ุชูŠู…ูŠุฉ ููŠู…ุง ู‚ูŠู„ ุนู†ู‡ ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„ : ู„ุง ูŠุณุชุบุงุซ ุจุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู„ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุจุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ู…ู† ุฎุตุงุฆุตู‡ ูˆุญู‚ูˆู‚ู‡ ุงู„ุฎุงุตุฉ ุจู‡ ูู„ุง ุชูƒูˆู† ู„ุบูŠุฑู‡ ูƒุงู„ุนุจุงุฏุฉ.
                            ูˆุชู‚ุฑูŠุฑ ุงู„ุญุฌุฉ ุงู„ู…ุฐูƒูˆุฑุฉ : ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„ : ูŠุฌุจ ุฃู† ูŠู†ุธุฑ ููŠ ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ู…ุงู‡ูŠ ูˆู‡ูŠ ุงู„ุงุณุชู†ุตุงุฑ ูˆุงู„ุงุณุชุตุฑุงุฎ ุซู… ู‚ุฏ ูˆุฌุฏู†ุง ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฅุณุฑุงุฆูŠู„ูŠ ุงุณุชุบุงุซ ุจู…ูˆุณู‰ ูˆุงุณุชู†ุตุฑู‡ ูˆุงุณุชุตุฑุฎู‡ ุจู†ุต ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุขูŠุงุช ูˆู‡ูŠ ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ุจู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฃู‚ุฑ ู…ูˆุณู‰ ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง ุงู„ุฅุณุฑุงุฆูŠู„ูŠ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฃู‚ุฑ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ู…ูˆุณู‰ ุนู„ู‰ ุฐู„ูƒ ูˆู„ู… ูŠู†ูƒุฑ ู…ุญู…ุฏุง ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฐู„ูƒ ู„ู…ุงู†ุฒู„ุช ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุขูŠุงุช ุฃูŠ ููƒุงู† ู‡ุฐุง ุฅู‚ุฑุงุฑุง ู…ู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ูˆุฑุณูˆู„ู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ุจุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ูˆุฅุฐุง ุฌุงุฒ ุฃู† ูŠุณุชุบุงุซ ุจู…ูˆุณู‰ ูุจู…ุญู…ุฏ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุฃูุถู„ ุจุฅุฌู…ุงุน.
                            ูˆู…ู…ุง ูŠุญุชุฌ ุจู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุฐู„ูƒ : ุญุฏูŠุซ ู‡ุงุฌุฑ ุฃู… ุฅุณู…ุงุนูŠู„ ุญูŠุซ ุงู„ุชู…ุณุช ุงู„ู…ุงุก ู„ุงุจู†ู‡ุง ูู„ู… ุชุฌุฏ ูุณู…ุนุช ุญุณุง ููŠ ุจุทู† ุงู„ูˆุงุฏูŠ ูู‚ุงู„ุช : ู‚ุฏ ุฃุณู…ุนุช ุฅู† ูƒุงู† ุนู†ุฏูƒ ุบูˆุงุซ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ููŠ ู…ุนู†ู‰ ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ู…ู†ู‡ุง ุจุฌุจุฑูŠู„ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฃู‚ุฑู‡ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุฐู„ูƒ ูˆู„ู… ูŠู†ูƒุฑู‡ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ -ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…- ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง ู„ู…ุง ุญูƒุงู‡ ุนู†ู‡ุง.
                            ูˆู„ุฃู† ุงุนุชู‚ุงุฏ ุงู„ุชูˆุญูŠุฏ ู…ู† ู„ูˆุงุฒู… ุงู„ุฅุณู„ุงู… ูุฅุฐุง ุฑุฃูŠู†ุง ู…ุณู„ู…ุง ูŠุณุชุบูŠุซ ุจู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ุนู„ู…ู†ุง ู‚ุทุนุง ุฃู†ู‡ ุบูŠุฑ ู…ุดุฑูƒ ู„ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ู…ุน ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ุฐู„ูƒ ู…ู†ู‡ ุทู„ุจ ู…ุณุงุนุฏุฉ ุฃูˆ ุชูˆุฌู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจุจุฑูƒุฉ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ูˆุฅุฐุง ุงุณุชุตุฑุฎ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ููŠ ู…ูˆู‚ู ุงู„ู‚ูŠุงู…ุฉ ุจุงู„ุฃู†ุจูŠุงุก ู„ูŠุดูุนูˆุง ู„ู‡ู… ููŠ ุงู„ุชุฎููŠู ุนู†ู‡ู… ุฌุงุฒ ุงุณุชุตุฑุงุฎู‡ู… ุจู‡ู… ููŠ ุบูŠุฑ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู…
                            ูˆู‚ุฏ ุตู†ู ุงู„ุดูŠุฎ ุฃุจูˆ ุนุจุฏุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุงู† ูƒุชุจุง ุณู…ุงู‡ : (ู…ุตุจุงุญ ุงู„ุธู„ุงู… ููŠ ุงู„ู…ุณุชุบูŠุซูŠู† ุจุฎูŠุฑ ุงู„ุฃู†ุงู…) ูˆุงุดุชู‡ุฑ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจ ูˆุฃุฌู…ุน ุฃู‡ู„ ุนุตุฑู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุชู„ู‚ูŠู‡ ู…ู†ู‡ ุจุงู„ู‚ุจูˆู„ ูˆุฅุฌู…ุงุน ุฃู‡ู„ ูƒู„ ุนุตุฑ ุญุฌุฉ ูุงู„ู…ู†ูƒุฑ ู„ุฐู„ูƒ ู…ุฎุงู„ู ู„ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฅุฌู…ุงุน
                            ูุฅู† ู‚ูŠู„ : ุงู„ุขูŠุฉ ุงู„ู…ุฐูƒูˆุฑุฉ ููŠ ู‚ุตุฉ ู…ูˆุณู‰ ูˆุงู„ุฅุณุฑุงุฆูŠู„ูŠ ู„ูŠุณุช ููŠ ู…ุญู„ ุงู„ู†ุฒุงุน ู…ู† ูˆุฌู‡ูŠู† :
                            ุฃุญุฏู‡ู…ุง : ุฃู† ู…ูˆุณู‰ ุญูŠู†ุฆุฐ ูƒุงู† ุญูŠุง ูˆู†ุญู† ุฅู†ู…ุง ู†ู…ู†ุน ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุจู…ูŠุช.
                            ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠ: ุฃู† ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุตุงุญุจ ู…ูˆุณู‰ ุจู‡ ูƒุงู† ููŠ ุฃู…ุฑ ูŠู…ูƒู† ู…ูˆุณู‰ ูุนู„ู‡ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุฅุนุงู†ุชู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุฎุตู…ู‡ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุฃู…ุฑ ู…ุนุชุงุฏ ูˆู†ุญู† ุฅู†ู…ุง ู†ู…ู†ุน ู…ู† ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุจุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ููŠู…ุง ูŠุฎุชุต ูุนู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ูƒุงู„ุฑุญู…ุฉ ูˆุงู„ู…ุบูุฑุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฑุฒู‚ ูˆุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ูˆู†ุญูˆ ุฐู„ูƒ ูู„ุง ูŠู‚ุงู„ : ูŠุงู…ุญู…ุฏ ุงุบูุฑ ู„ูŠ ุฃูˆ ุงุฑุญู…ู†ูŠ ุฃูˆ ุงุฑุฒู‚ู†ูŠ ุฃูˆ ุฃุฌุจู†ูŠ [ูˆููŠ ู†ุณุฎุฉ ุฃุฎุฑู‰ :ุฃุญูŠูŠู†ูŠ ุจุฏู„ ุฃุฌุจู†ูŠ] ุฃูˆ ุฃุนุทู†ูŠ ู…ุงู„ุง ูˆูˆู„ุฏุง ู„ุฃู† ุฐู„ูƒ ุดุฑูƒ ุจุฅุฌู…ุงุน
                            ูˆุฃุฌูŠุจ ุนู† ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ : ุจุฃู† ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุฅุฐุง ุฌุงุฒุช ุจุงู„ุญูŠ ูุจุงู„ู…ูŠุช ุงู„ู…ุณุงูˆูŠ ูุถู„ุง ุนู† ุงู„ุฃูุถู„ ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุฃู‚ุฑุจ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ู…ู† ุงู„ุญูŠ ู„ูˆุฌูˆู‡ :
                            ุฃุญุฏู‡ุง: ุฃู†ู‡ ููŠ ุฏุงุฑ ุงู„ูƒุฑุงู…ุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฌุฒุงุก ูˆุงู„ุญูŠ ููŠ ุฏุงุฑ ุงู„ุชูƒู„ูŠู.
                            ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠ: ุฃู† ุงู„ู…ูŠุช ุชุฌุฑุฏ ุนู† ุนุงู„ู… ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุงุทุนุฉ ุนู† ุงู„ูˆุตูˆู„ ุฅู„ู‰ ุนุงู„ู… ุงู„ุขุฎุฑุฉ ูˆุงู„ุญูŠ ู…ุชู„ุจุณ ุจู‡ุง.
                            ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ: ุฃู† ุงู„ุดู‡ุฏุงุก ููŠ ุญูŠุงุชู‡ู… ู…ุญุฌูˆุจูˆู† ูˆุจุนุฏ ู…ูˆุชู‡ู… ุฃุญูŠุงุก ุนู†ุฏ ุฑุจู‡ู… ูŠุฑุฒู‚ูˆู†.
                            ูˆุนู† ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠ: ุฃู† ู…ุงุฐูƒุฑุชู…ูˆู‡ ุฃู…ุฑ ู…ุฌู…ุน ู…ุฌู…ุน ุนู„ูŠู‡ ู…ุนู„ูˆู… ุนู†ุฏ ุตุบูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุณู„ู…ูŠู† ูุถู„ุง ุนู† ูƒุจูŠุฑู‡ู… ุฃู† ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฅุทู„ุงู‚ ู„ุงูŠุทู„ุจ ู…ู†ู‡ ูˆู„ุง ูŠู†ุณุจ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ูุนู„ ู…ุง ุงุฎุชุตุช ุงู„ู‚ุฏุฑุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ ุจู‡ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฑุฃูŠู†ุง ุฃุบู…ุงุฑ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ูˆุนุงู…ุชู‡ู… ูˆุฃุจุนุฏู‡ู… ุนู† ุงู„ุนู„ู… ูˆุงู„ู…ุนุฑูุฉ ูŠู„ูˆุฐูˆู† ุจุญุฌุฑุฉ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูˆู„ุง ูŠุฒูŠุฏูˆู† ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู† ูŠุณุฃู„ูˆ ุงู„ุดูุงุนุฉ ูˆุงู„ูˆุณู„ูŠุฉ ูŠุงุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ [ูˆููŠ ู†ุณุฎุฉ ุฃุฎุฑู‰ : ุจุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡] ุงุดูุน ู„ู†ุง ูŠุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจุจุฑูƒุฉ ู†ุจูŠูƒ ุงุบูุฑ ู„ู†ุง ูุตุงุฑ ุงู„ูƒู„ุงู… ููŠ ุงู„ู…ุณุฃู„ุฉ ุงู„ู…ูุฑูˆุถุฉ ูุถู„ุง ู„ุง ุญุงุฌุฉ ุจุฃุญุฏ ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ุณู„ู…ูŠู† ุฅู„ูŠู‡.
                            ูˆุฅุฐุง ู„ู… ูŠูƒู† ุจุฏ ู…ู† ุงู„ุชุนุฑูŠู ุจู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุญูƒู… ุฎุดูŠุฉ ุฃู† ูŠู‚ุน ููŠู‡ ุฃุญุฏ ูู„ูŠูƒู† ุจุนุจุงุฑุฉ ู„ุง ุชูˆู‡ู… ู†ู‚ุตุง ููŠ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูˆู„ุง ุบุถุง ู…ู† ู…ู†ุตุจู‡ ู…ุซู„ ุฃู† ูŠู‚ุงู„: ู…ุง ุงุณุชุฃุซุฑ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ุจุงู„ู‚ุฏุฑุฉ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูู„ุง ูŠุทู„ุจ ู…ู† ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฅุทู„ุงู‚ ุฃูˆ ู†ุญูˆ ู‡ุฐุง ูˆู„ุง ูŠุชุนุฑุถ ู„ู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุจุณู„ุจ ุงู„ุงุณุชุบุงุซุฉ ุนู†ู‡ ู…ุทู„ู‚ุง ูˆู„ุง ู…ู‚ูŠุฏุง ูˆู„ุง ูŠุฐูƒุฑ ุฅู„ุง ุจุงู„ุตู„ุงุฉ ูˆุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุงู„ุฑูˆุงูŠุฉ ุนู†ู‡ ูˆู†ุญูˆ ุฐู„ูƒ.
                            ู‡ุฐุง ุญุงุตู„ ู…ุงูˆู‚ุน ููŠ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู…ุณุฃู„ุฉ ุณุคุงู„ุง ูˆุฌูˆุงุจุง ุฐูƒุฑุชู‡ ุจู…ุนู†ุงู‡ ูˆุฒูŠุงุฏุงุช ู…ู† ุนู†ุฏูŠ

                            โ€˜So the one of his own caste sought assistance against the one who was of his enemiesโ€™ [quoting the verse from chapter al-Qasas, aya 15 of the Qurโ€™an];

                            The Shaykh Shams ud-Deen al-Jazari, the commentator of the Minhaj in Usul al-Fiqh (the science of foundation of Legal Jurisprudence) used it [i.e. this verse] as evidence against Shaykh Taqi al-Din Ibn Taymiyyah and his reported statement โ€œThe assistance of the Messenger of Allah, May Allah send his peace and blessings upon him, is not sought as seeking assistance of Allah, the Exalted and Mighty, is from His specific characteristics and rights so it is not for other than Him just like (acts of) worship.โ€™ โ€œ

                            The aforementioned refutation is as follows. He said,

                            It is necessary that one considers the true nature of seeking assistance.

                            What is it and what is meant by seeking help and calling for help?

                            We find this man from the tribe of Israel sought the assistance of Musa [may the peace and blessings be upon him and the Seal of Prophets], and sought and called for his help as is explicitly stated in the text of this verse. This is seeking assistance of a created being from another created being and Musa affirmed the man from the tribe of Israel in it and Allah, the exalted and Mighty affirmed Musa doing so. Furthermore Muhammad, May Allah send His peace and blessing upon him, did not find fault in it when these verses were revealed. In other words, this was affirmation from Allah, the Exalted and Mighty, and His Messenger for the seeking assistance of one created being from another created being and as seeking the assistance of Musa is permissible then it even more so of Muhammad as he is by consensus superior.

                            He also uses as evidence the narration of Hajar, the mother of Ismail, when she sought water for her son and did not find it. She heard a sound at the bottom of the valley and said, โ€œ[Oh whoever you may be,] you have made me hear your voice, [help us] if you can offer any help.โ€ This statement conveys the meaning of her seeking the assistance of (the angel) Jibril and the Prophet, May God send his peace and blessings upon him, affirmed her in this and did not disapprove of her.

                            Certainty in the oneness of God is one of the conditions of Islam. So when we find a Muslim seeking the assistance of a created being we know, without doubt, that he is not associating that created being with God, the Exalted and Mighty. Such an action is only his seeking help or turning to Allah by the blessing of that created being. People at the station of reckoning (on the Day of Judgement) will call for the help of the prophets seeking their intercession in bringing ease for themselves, hence it is permissible to call upon the prophets in other situations.

                            Shaykh Abu Abdillah al-Nuโ€™man has written a book that he titled, โ€œThe lamp in darkness of those seeking assistance by the best of mankind.โ€ This book has become famous and the people of his time have agreed upon this book in consensus. The consensus of the people of every age is considered a proof such that the one who disapproves is considered to be acting against the consensus.

                            If it is said that the aforementioned verse is regarding the story of Musa and the man from the tribe of Israel and it is not relevant to the point in contention due to two main objections.

                            The first being that Musa was alive at that time and we only decline to accept the seeking of assistance of a dead being.

                            The second is that the companion of Musa sought his assistance in a matter that Musa was able to undertake and that was his help with an opponent and that is a natural matter. Yet we only contend with the seeking assistance of a created being in matters that are specific to God, the Exalted and Majestic, such as divine mercy, forgiveness, sustenance, giving life and so on. So one must not say, โ€œOh Muhammad forgive me or have mercy upon me or sustain me or answer me (and in another manuscript of the same text โ€˜give me lifeโ€™ was mentioned) or give me money and a childโ€ as all of that is associating a partner to God by consensus.

                            A response to the first objection is that if seeking of assistance of the living is allowed then so should it be allowed for the dead, if not even more so, as he they are closer than the living to God, the Exalted and Mighty for many reasons.

                            The first of which is that he is in the abode of Generosity and Recompense and the living is in the abode of legal responsibility.

                            The second is that the dead person, unlike the living, has broken free from the natural world that cuts of from reaching the other world.

                            The third reason is that the martyrs in their lives are veiled and after their death are alive with their Lord being sustained (alluding to Surah 2 V 154).

                            In response to the second objection it can be said that what you have mentioned is an agreed upon matter known to the youngest of Muslim let alone the eldest, i.e. that with regards to Divine Omnipotence another created being is not to be sought under any circumstance and that neither should be attributed to it. We have seen rabbles of people and their common-folk and the furthest of them from knowledge and divine certainty (gnosis) seeking refuge at the room of the Prophet (i.e. his resting place), may God send his peace and blessings upon him, and they do not go beyond asking for intercession and his being a medium, โ€œOh Prophet, intercede on behalf of us. Oh God, by the blessing of your Prophet, forgive us.โ€ Hence such discussion about the matter becomes presumptuous and no one from amongst the Muslims is in need of it. If it is inevitable that by announcing this ruling it is feared that someone may fall into it then putting it another way do not delude yourself in finding fault in the Prophet, May Godโ€™s peace and blessings be upon him, or defect in his rank such as saying that which God has taken upon himself by Divine ability should not be sought from a created being at all and do not oppose the Prophet by stripping seeking assistance from Him unrestrictedly or restrictedly and do not mention him except by sending peace and blessings upon him and narrating from him and so forth.

                            This is that which concerns this matter and I have relayed it in a question and answer format with additional points from myself.
                            - end of quote -


                            • #29
                              Question, โ€‹ why would one want to seek intercession with the prophet(s) [pbuh] if one can do so with Allah, who created them? Further, what is the purpose of doing so?

                              EDIT: after reading the posts these have been clarified, would still like an insight on the following however;

                              Wasn't this a major difference between our religion and Christianity, where they pray through Jesus and Mary?

                              Last edited by Bolt; 23-09-20, 10:04 PM.
                              "When you want to cry, laugh.
                              If you're frozen in fear, you can't do anything"


                              • #30
                                Originally posted by Bolt View Post
                                Question, โ€‹ why would one want to seek intercession with the prophet(s) [pbuh] if one can do so with Allah, who created them? Further, what is the purpose of doing so?

                                EDIT: after reading the posts these have been clarified, would still like an insight on the following however;
                                It's mentioned in a famous Hadith in Sahih al-Bukhari and other than it that on the day of judgement the people will go to the major Prophets - peace be upon them all - and ask them for intercession until they will reach our Prophet Muhammad - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - and will ask him for intercession by saying "(Please) intercede for us with your Lord" (ishfa' lana ila Rabbak) and then the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - will intercede with the permission of His Lord subhanahu wa ta'ala.

                                On a general note: It's a known issue that the supplication of Prophets - peace and blessings be upon them - are more easily accepted than that of the rest of the creation.

                                Originally posted by Bolt View Post
                                Wasn't this a major difference between our religion and Christianity, where they pray through Jesus and Mary?
                                The major difference between Islam and Christianity is that we believe in the Creator and affirm His Oneness without any partners whatsoever, while they believe that Jesus - peace be upon him - is the "Son of God" and "God Almighty" and that God consists of "a hypostatic union of three distinct persons: God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit".
                                According to the book of Allah ta'ala the Christians have disbelieved based upon the aforementioned views.
                                Last edited by Abu Sulayman; 23-09-20, 11:51 PM.