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You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

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  • You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

    Assalamu Alaykum

    I recommend all to read this book:

    An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus



    By Abi Hashim Al Muhajir. The Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus after 1492 in a Global Perspective & its Relevance to Muslims today. A new book has been released called An Incomplete History: The Muslims of Spain Post 1492 In A Global Context And Its Relevance to Muslims Today. The brother who wrote this book has done extensive research and has spent a great deal of time understanding Andalus post 1492 CE. His insights into the similarity of the situation of the Muslims then and now are fascinating. Please ask others to put this book up on their sites. This will help all of us put the current situation in context.

    Download

    Pay attention to Chapter 6: Connecting The Past To The Present: How Does Andalus Apply To Us Today?

    It's quite long but it is very interesting to see what happened to the Muslims at that time, but do you think it could happen to us (for those in the West)?

    I am longing for Hijrah, may Allah enable us to do so, Ameen.

  • #2
    Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

    "Muslim territories were being lost to the Chrisitians in the northern frontier. One of these was Barbushtaru [Bobastro] in north-east Andalus, and bears the ignominious title of the first city to be captured by the Christians, as part of their reconquista, in 1064.

    Ibn 'Abd al-Bar wrote about this event and addressed the Muslims of Andalus:

    "Being frightened we are addressing you, seeking refuge we are writing to you: our eyelids are ulcerated, our hearts are wounded, and our souls are in flames. It is happened because our enemy has surrounded us like the encirclement of necklaces with the nape; they fought till they won. O Muslims, alas! You saw the lamentable conditions of your coreligionist brothers, they were defeated on their wealth and families, swords pierced their bodies deeply, death captured them, injections of javelins mocked them, clamor and howling increased. Bloods were flowing on their feet, floods of rain were in all ways, and their heads were flying in front of them. Now there is no rescuer and protector, and ears become deaf by the clamor of children and the weeping of women. O Muslim Ummah! Do you have any idea about the indescribable adversity of your coreligionists? Women and Children-compelled to be undressed- are driven to the places of slaughter, sometimes on their backs, other times on bellies, tied by ropes, bounded in chains and fetters. They are seeking help, but there are none to help them, they are shouting for food, but no food is supplied to them, they are crying for water, but is not given to drink, their dreams went stray and their delusive imaginations were wept out. O Prophet Muhammad! O Holy Quran! (Hoque)."
    Ibn Al 'Assal was affected by the calamity of Bobastro and composed a poem about it:

    The mushrikun have thrown harms toward us, that never missed, and it was so fierce to make us deaf.
    Sacred palaces [of Bobastro] were torn apart by the strike of their horses troop, no hill or flatland remained intact.
    Enemies searched the houses [of the Muslims] and everyday they launched dreaded raids there.
    Hearts of Muslims spent the night filled with fear; since our protectors were cowards in the war.
    How many a place they ransacked, where no child, old man or virgin was pitied!
    How many babies, whom they have separated from their mothers, when they were crying for their mothers.
    Many protected and veiled women were dragged out in a way that no hide-out was left for them.

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

      Originally posted by ahaneefah View Post
      Ibn Al 'Assal was affected by the calamity of Bobastro and composed a poem about it

      "Muslim territories were being lost to the Chrisitians in the northern frontier. One of these was Barbushtaru [Bobastro] in north-east Andalus, and bears the ignominious title of the first city to be captured by the Christians, as part of their reconquista, in 1064. :
      This is total and terminal nonsense.

      The Reconquista began in 718, e.g. Barcelona was retaken by Franks in 801... by 900 about one third of Spain had been retaken by Christians... check at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconquista

      why should anyone read such an ill-informed book ?

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

        Originally posted by truffaut View Post
        This is total and terminal nonsense.

        The Reconquista began in 718, e.g. Barcelona was retaken by Franks in 801... by 900 about one third of Spain had been retaken by Christians... check at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconquista

        why should anyone read such an ill-informed book ?
        LOL at Wikipedia.

        Please don't derail this thread. This thread is for Muslims, not trolls.

        Comment


        • #5
          Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

          Originally posted by ahaneefah View Post
          LOL at Wikipedia.

          Please don't derail this thread. This thread is for Muslims, not trolls.
          Troll yourself

          if it's only for Muslims, post it in the "Muslims-only" section

          and check the dates of the Reconquista.

          And yes, lol.

          Comment


          • #6
            Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

            We need a dedicated section for Trolls.

            Comment


            • #7
              Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

              Since this thread is about Muslims in Andalus, it is interesting to deal with the fall of Bobastro, mentioned by our knowledgeable OP.

              Bobastro was a very interesting episode of the history of Al-Andalus: a rebel against the Omayyad Caliph, called Umar Ibn Hafsun, fortified Bobastro and rallied many discontents, mozarabes, muwallid around him. He then converted to Christianity, and even built Churches in Bobastro ... he conducted guerrilla war against the Omayyads, with some success, but his small "State" (near Malaga, extreme South of Spain) was retaken by the Caliph in 928, after Umar's death.

              This episode has little to do with the Reconquista, which proceeded in Spain from North to South : as indicated, Bobastro is located near Malaga, on the Costa del Sol, extreme South.

              Comment


              • #8
                Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

                Originally posted by ahaneefah View Post
                LOL at Wikipedia.

                Please don't derail this thread. This thread is for Muslims, not trolls.
                How come you reply to a non-Muslim but you ignore my replies lol It's like that is it? Good spot truffaut historical facts should not be taken for granted.

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

                  My dear brother read the book. I apologise for not replying back to threads sometimes I miss them. Can you pm me the links of the threads?
                  Last edited by ahaneefah; 23-03-10, 07:37 PM.

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

                    Originally posted by ahaneefah View Post
                    My dear brother read the book. I apologise for not replying back to threads sometimes I miss them. Can you pm me the links of the threads?
                    I've been replying for months lol.

                    They were on the Ibn Taymiyah (ra) videos. But I'll send a PM. Wohoo.

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

                      Imam Ghazali’s fatwa and letter to Yusuf Bin Tashfin

                      Fatwa of al- Ghazali about Yusuf Bin Tashfin, and Kings of the States and about the Abbasid Khilafa, (Source: ‘Dirasat Tarikh fi Al-Maghrib Wa Al-Andalus’ by Dr. Al Abbadi):

                      Imam al Ghazali replied (May Allah be pleased him).

                      I heard from him [Abu Muhammad Ibn al-Arabi] - and he is trustworthy, one whose testimony is in no need of confirmation- and from a group of trustworthy Fuquha [jurisprudents] of the magrhib and some others about the conduct of this Emir [Yusuf B. Tashfin] - May Allah make more like him. And supplication for him is obligatory. And he has acted truthfully in proclaiming the slogan of the rule of Mustadhir [4]/ May Allah protect those put under His shade,

                      And this is the duty of upon all kings ruling over any part of the Muslim lands either in the East or the West, to make their pulpits decorated with supplications for the true imam. Even if the investiture [taqleed] of the Imam had not reached them or it was delayed because of some hindrance, when the king announces the establishment [slogan] of the Abbasid khilafa, then the obedience of the khilafa is incumbent upon all the leaders and the heads. They must listen and obey and firmly believe that obedience of the Abbasi khalifa is considered the obedience of the imam and his disobedience is considered the disobedience of the imam. And whoever rebels and disobeys the imam, the verdict applied to him is that of the baaghi [rebel/transgressor].

                      And Allah (سبحانه و تعلى) says:

                      وَإِن طَآئِفَتَانِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْتَتَلُواْ فَأَصْلِحُواْ بَيْنَهُمَا فَإِن بَغَتْ إِحْدَاهُمَا عَلَى الأُخْرَى فَقَـتِلُواْ الَّتِى تَبْغِى حَتَّى تَفِىءَ إِلَى أَمْرِ اللَّهِ

                      And if two parties among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both. But if one of them outrages against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which outrages till it complies with the command of Allah. [5]

                      And compliance of the command of Allah is to recognize [deferring to] the just sultan- the one who pledges loyalty of the true imam, associated with the Abbasid khilafa. Anyone who rebels against the truth, he will be repelled by the sword to the truth. So it is compulsory on the Emir and his party to fight those who are rebellious. More importantly they turn to their Christian mushrikeen allies [awliyaa] for aid- and they are the enemies of Allah against the Muslims, who are the awliyaa of Allah and one of the greatest forms of worship is to fight them until they return to the obedience of the just Emir who steadfastly obeys the Abbasid khilafa.

                      As long as they desist from disobedience [to the Imam] it is incumbent [upon] you to restrain from [fighting] them[6]. If they fight [you], it is not allowed to pursue [them when] they take flight [flee the battle],[7] nor to harm their wounded. But whenever their prowess declines and they are defeated then it is necessary to stop fighting them, and by that I mean the Muslims among them. This does not apply to the Christians who do not retain a covenant [from the Muslims]. The Muslims should not be preoccupied with fighting the Muslims.

                      And whatever is taken from their wealth must be returned to them or to their inheritors [in case they are not alive] and if their women and children are taken in the battle- there is no guarantee (muhdara) for them. Overall, the verdict of being disobedient to the amir who is obeying the caliph—the one who has the authority of the pulpits and the land— is the verdict is of the baghi [rebel] against the deputy imam [8].

                      And, he [Yusuf] although late in receiving his certificate of investiture [صريح التقليد] because of some impediments, it is understood from the situation that he is the deputy imam. So, it is compulsory upon the imam of Misr [Egypt] to allow the just imams who are governing any piece of land to sermonize him, and to give importance to the mottos of the khalifa and to make people be just and equitable, and it should not be thought of the [Abbasid] Imam that he does not consent and permit it [the above things].

                      If the decrees[9] [in favor of Yusuf Bin Tashfin] of the Imam are delayed in coming to you, it is due to excusable causes impeding the composition and transmission [of it]. As for the consent and approval after it is known about the justice and politics of the imam and seeking the benefit for which [he was] given authority over [tafweed], it is not allowed to leave it [i.e. not giving consent and approval of Yusuf Bin Tashfin] while we know everything about the Emir with extreme clarity and without doubts.

                      And if there was no problem for the delivery and composition of the proclamation, and the fitna couldn’t be stopped unless the certificate of investiture and approval reached them, as it used be done according to the custom, then, it is compulsory on the khalifa to send that [certificate of investiture and approval], because the true imam is the sustainer of Muslims. And it is not allowed for him to leave any tumultuous fitna in any portion of the earth but, rather, he should subdue it, with all his strength. Umar (RA) said:

                      If I left a dirty camel on the bank of the Euphrates, and I didn’t take care of it, then I will be asked about it on the Day of Judgment.

                      Sulayman Ibn abd al Malik on a day that people crowded around [him], exclaimed:

                      “So many people!”

                      Umar Ibn Abd Al Aziz told him:

                      “[rather], your enemies [are many], Oh Amir al Mu’mineen.”

                      [This] means, you are responsible for everyone of them to spread to them the right that Allah has given to them. So, if it is not allowed to cease putting out fitna in a village which contains ten, then how about the many regions, unless it [fitna] is restrained by a deterrent.

                      The stance of the pious leadership of the rule of Al Mustadhir, May Allah protect its [his leadership’s] exalted status, What a state it is! [a state which rules by the Shari’ah]. We believe that it is not allowed to cease putting out the fitna unless there is an obvious excuse. And it is compulsory upon the people of Maghrib [gharb] to believe the same, because if the distance expands [considerably] and the renegades are interfering to prevent the splendor of the truth, it is not far from the noble judgment [of the khilafa] to protect the noble things, that the government should grasp it before it gets into the hands of apostates.

                      But the one who allows stopping it without any excuse for the (taqleed) of the Emir [Yusuf bin Tashfin] whose fame, glory and high position has become manifest, and his policy has become known, and the tongues have spoken about his justice, and there is nobody in that area [where the Emir is] to replace him, then it is a mistaken belief about the khilafa, may it be far from failure.

                      It calls for backing of the just people who serve the government, and the ones who hold fast to its noose, the ones who work in the lands to apply its mottos and orders according to the situations.

                      This is the judgment for any just Amir in any part of the earth, and this is the rule which should be applied on any baaghi [rebel]. And Allah Knows best.

                      -------------------------

                      [4] Abbasi Khalifa at the time

                      [5] Surah Al Hujaraat, Verse 9

                      [6] i.e. if they protest but do not fight you

                      [7] It means you you can not chase those who flee after fighting

                      [8] An Emir that has been deputed by the Imam of the Land

                      [9] كتب المنشور
                      http://historyofandalus.wordpress.com/appe...j/j-1/#_ftnref1

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Re: You must read this book / An Incomplete History: Muslims in Andalus

                        And how well informed is Wikipedia? If you can prove the rest of the book is 'terminal nonsense' then your opinion might be buyable but until then I exhort you to read this book and take the good from wherever it comes. May the book be a source of blessing for you. Ameen. You can access it here on its blog.

                        As for Bobastro being the first territory coming in to the hands of the Christians, then read about it here: Reconquest


                        (If you cannot open it, then type in these key words into google: Hoque, Zubair Muhammad Ehsan. Elegy for Lost Kingdoms and Ruined Cities . Asiatic Society)

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