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  • The Farewell Sermon



    The Farewell Sermon

    The The Farewell Sermon (Arabic: , Khutbatul Wada), also known as the Prophet's final sermon, is a famous sermon by Muhammad, the final prophet of traditional Islam, delivered before his death, on the ninth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, 10 A.H. (632 CE), at the end of his first and final pilgrimage.

    The Farewell Sermon is mentioned in almost all books of Hadith. Sahih Al-Bukhari refers to the sermon and quotes part of it.

    Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal has given the longest and perhaps the most complete version of this sermon in his Musnad.

    Contents

    1 The sermon
    2 Differences
    3 Interpretation
    4 See also
    5 References
    6 External links


    The sermon

    Muhammad led the Pilgrims from Makkah through the Valley of Mina and up to the Mountain of Arafat and then stopped them in the Valley of Uranah. They stood in front of him silently as he sat on his camel and delivered this sermon. With a crowd of over 120,000 pilgrims, his voice could not reach out to all those who were present. He therefore asked Rab'ah Ibn Umayya Ibn Khalaf, who was known to have a loud voice, to repeat the sermon after him, sentence by sentence so that everyone could hear. The sermon is as follows:


    After praising, and thanking Allah, he said: “

    O People,

    Lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today. ”

    O People, Just as you regard this month, this day, this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust.

    Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners.

    Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you.

    Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds.

    Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest, Arabic: Riba); therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived.

    Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. ”“

    Allah has Judged that there shall be no usury (interest) and that all interest due to Abbas Ibn Abd al Muttalib (the Prophet's uncle) shall henceforth be waived. ”“

    Beware of Satan for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things. ”“

    Fear Allah concerning women ! Verily you have taken them on the security of Allah, and intercourse with them has been made lawful unto you by words of Allah. You too have right over them, and that they should not allow anyone to sit on your bed whom you do not like. But if they do that, you can chastise them but not severely. Their rights upon you are that you should provide them with food and clothing in a fitting manner. (Sahih Muslim, Book 7 ,Number 2803). ”“

    O People,

    Listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to. ”“

    All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black, nor a black has any superiority over a white - except by piety and good action.

    Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood.

    Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim, which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not therefore, do injustice to yourselves. ”“

    Remember one day you will appear before Allah and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone. ”“

    O People, No prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well therefore, O people, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and the Sunnah, and if you follow these you will never go astray. All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listened to me directly.

    Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people. ”

    As part of this sermon, Muhammad recited them a Revelation from Allah which he had just received:

    This day the disbelievers despair of prevailing against your religion, so fear them not, but fear Me (Allah)! This day have I perfected for you your religion and fulfilled My favor unto you, and it hath been My good pleasure to choose Islam for you as your religion (5:3). ”

    Toward the end of his sermon, Muhammad asked "O people, have I faithfully delivered unto you my message?" A powerful murmur of assent "O Allah, yes!", arose from thousands of pilgrims and the vibrant words "Allahumma na’m" rolled like thunder throughout the valley. Muhammad raised his forefinger and said: "Be my witness O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people."

    Differences

    Hadiths report at least three different versions of the same sermon. The most notable difference is near the end of the sermon, where Muhammad states that he leaves behind two things. One version, for instance, has the statement: "I leave with you Qur'an and Sunnah." The other version has the statement: "I leave with you Qur'an and Ahl al-bayt" (the family of prophet). The third version has the statement: "I leave for you the Qur'an, you shall uphold it."

    The Sunnis hold themselves as the followers of the sunnah or practice of Muhammad as related by his companions, the Sahaba. Sunnis also maintain that the Islamic community, or ummah, as a whole will always be guided.

    See also
    Islam
    Muhammad
    Sermon on the Mount

    References
    Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 1623, 1626, 6361
    Sahih of Imam Muslim also refers to this sermon in Hadith number 98.
    Hadith nos. 1628, 2046, 2085 - Imam al-Tirmidhi.
    Hadith no. 19774, Masnud of Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal.


    External links
    An analysis of The Farewell Sermon
    [1]
    [2]
    Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Farewell_Sermon"
    ==========================================
    SERACH FROM THE WEB SITE WIKIPEDIA

    BY

    Muhammed A. Hafeez, B.COM.
    Hyderabad-36, (India)
    EMAIL : [email protected]

    =======================================

  • #2
    Re: The Farewell Sermon

    jazakallah KHAIR,THIS IS THE MOST STRONGEST OF ALL THE HADITH WHICH 120,000 COMPANIONS AS WITNESSES WE MUST TRY TO FOLLOW EACH AND EVERY WORD OF THIS HADITH INSHALLAH.

    Originally posted by HAFEEZANWAR View Post


    The Farewell Sermon

    The The Farewell Sermon (Arabic: , Khutbatul Wada), also known as the Prophet's final sermon, is a famous sermon by Muhammad, the final prophet of traditional Islam, delivered before his death, on the ninth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, 10 A.H. (632 CE), at the end of his first and final pilgrimage.

    The Farewell Sermon is mentioned in almost all books of Hadith. Sahih Al-Bukhari refers to the sermon and quotes part of it.

    Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal has given the longest and perhaps the most complete version of this sermon in his Musnad.

    Contents

    1 The sermon
    2 Differences
    3 Interpretation
    4 See also
    5 References
    6 External links


    The sermon

    Muhammad led the Pilgrims from Makkah through the Valley of Mina and up to the Mountain of Arafat and then stopped them in the Valley of Uranah. They stood in front of him silently as he sat on his camel and delivered this sermon. With a crowd of over 120,000 pilgrims, his voice could not reach out to all those who were present. He therefore asked Rab'ah Ibn Umayya Ibn Khalaf, who was known to have a loud voice, to repeat the sermon after him, sentence by sentence so that everyone could hear. The sermon is as follows:


    After praising, and thanking Allah, he said: “

    O People,

    Lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today. ”

    O People, Just as you regard this month, this day, this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust.

    Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners.

    Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you.

    Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds.

    Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest, Arabic: Riba); therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived.

    Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. ”“

    Allah has Judged that there shall be no usury (interest) and that all interest due to Abbas Ibn Abd al Muttalib (the Prophet's uncle) shall henceforth be waived. ”“

    Beware of Satan for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things. ”“

    Fear Allah concerning women ! Verily you have taken them on the security of Allah, and intercourse with them has been made lawful unto you by words of Allah. You too have right over them, and that they should not allow anyone to sit on your bed whom you do not like. But if they do that, you can chastise them but not severely. Their rights upon you are that you should provide them with food and clothing in a fitting manner. (Sahih Muslim, Book 7 ,Number 2803). ”“

    O People,

    Listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to. ”“

    All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black, nor a black has any superiority over a white - except by piety and good action.

    Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood.

    Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim, which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not therefore, do injustice to yourselves. ”“

    Remember one day you will appear before Allah and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone. ”“

    O People, No prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well therefore, O people, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and the Sunnah, and if you follow these you will never go astray. All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listened to me directly.

    Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people. ”

    As part of this sermon, Muhammad recited them a Revelation from Allah which he had just received:

    This day the disbelievers despair of prevailing against your religion, so fear them not, but fear Me (Allah)! This day have I perfected for you your religion and fulfilled My favor unto you, and it hath been My good pleasure to choose Islam for you as your religion (5:3). ”

    Toward the end of his sermon, Muhammad asked "O people, have I faithfully delivered unto you my message?" A powerful murmur of assent "O Allah, yes!", arose from thousands of pilgrims and the vibrant words "Allahumma na’m" rolled like thunder throughout the valley. Muhammad raised his forefinger and said: "Be my witness O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people."

    Differences

    Hadiths report at least three different versions of the same sermon. The most notable difference is near the end of the sermon, where Muhammad states that he leaves behind two things. One version, for instance, has the statement: "I leave with you Qur'an and Sunnah." The other version has the statement: "I leave with you Qur'an and Ahl al-bayt" (the family of prophet). The third version has the statement: "I leave for you the Qur'an, you shall uphold it."

    The Sunnis hold themselves as the followers of the sunnah or practice of Muhammad as related by his companions, the Sahaba. Sunnis also maintain that the Islamic community, or ummah, as a whole will always be guided.

    See also
    Islam
    Muhammad
    Sermon on the Mount

    References
    Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 1623, 1626, 6361
    Sahih of Imam Muslim also refers to this sermon in Hadith number 98.
    Hadith nos. 1628, 2046, 2085 - Imam al-Tirmidhi.
    Hadith no. 19774, Masnud of Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal.


    External links
    An analysis of The Farewell Sermon
    [1]
    [2]
    Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Farewell_Sermon"
    ==========================================
    SERACH FROM THE WEB SITE WIKIPEDIA

    BY

    Muhammed A. Hafeez, B.COM.
    Hyderabad-36, (India)
    EMAIL : [email protected]

    =======================================
    My sect - No Sect

    My Aqeedah - http://legacy.quran.com/112 ( The Aqeedah of Sahabas)

    Just a Muslim

    Comment


    • #3
      Bump
      وَاقْصِدْ فِي مَشْيِكَ وَاغْضُضْ مِن صَوْتِكَ ۚ إِنَّ أَنكَرَ الْأَصْوَاتِ لَصَوْتُ الْحَمِيرِ - 31:19

      And be moderate in your pace and lower your voice; indeed, the most disagreeable of sounds is the voice of donkeys."


      أَلَمْ تَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ سَخَّرَ لَكُم مَّا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَأَسْبَغَ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعَمَهُ ظَاهِرَةً وَبَاطِنَةً ۗ وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يُجَادِلُ فِي اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَلَا هُدًى وَلَا كِتَابٍ مُّنِيرٍ - 31:20

      Do you not see that Allah has made subject to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth and amply bestowed upon you His favors, [both] apparent and unapparent? But of the people is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge or guidance or an enlightening Book [from Him].


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