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Is Hijab Fard?

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    Is Hijab Fard?

    People mentioned that Hijab was fard in Islam. I disagree. They mentioned a verse from the Qu'ran. Please post it so we can discuss it.

    Thanks,
    Rp
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    #2
    THE VEIL IN ISLAM

    By Dr. Gibril F. Haddad
    as appeared in The Muslim Magazine Fall 1999 issue.


    "O children of Adam, we have provided you with garments to cover your bodies, as well as for luxury. But the best garment is the garment of righteousness. These are some of Allah’s signs, that they may take heed." [7:26]


    Today we find the Muslim community most divided on one subject: the veil or hijab. Despite the clear rulings of Sharia on this subject, many people claim that the order for women to cover all but their faces and hands is not found in Islam.


    In this brief treatment, we will cite proofs from the source texts of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) from which the obligation of veiling is derived.


    The Arabic word for "veiling" is hijab. Lexically it means "cover", and in Islam it means two things:


    Woman's clothing such as the head-to-toe garment specifically called jilbab and khimar.


    Separation of the places where men and women respectively congregate.



    Obligation of Hijab as Stated in Qur'an

    "O Prophet! Tell your wives and daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (jalabib) close round them (when they go abroad)..." (33:59)

    Ibn Rushd in Bidaya al-Mujtahid (1:83) said that this verse has been adduced as proof that no part of a woman's body should be evident to those who are not among the prohibited degrees of relationship (mahram) or her husband. Al-Qurtubi in his commentary on the verse said that the jilbab is the cloak that conceals all of the body including the head.

    "And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest, and to display of their adornment only that which is apparent, and to draw their veils over their bosoms..." (24:31) "…only that which is apparent" applies to women’s face and hands.

    "... And when you ask of them (the wives of the Prophet) anything, ask it of them from behind a veil. . ." (33:53) Al-Qurtubi said in commentary of this verse: "The consensus of Muslims is that the genitals and backside constitute nakedness for men and women, as well as all of woman except her face and hands, but some disagreed about the latter two." This means the consensus of Muslims included them in the definition of her nakedness based on verse 33:59 and the hadith cited below.



    Obligation of Hijab as Stated in Hadith





    Among proofs for the veil in the Sunna are the following authentic hadiths (traditional reports) of the Prophet – (s):

    "Ayesha (r) reported that Asma’ the daughter of Abu Bakr (r) came to the Messenger of Allah (s) while wearing thin clothing. He approached her and said: 'O Asma’! When a girl reaches the menstrual age, it is not proper that anything should remain exposed except this and this. He pointed to the face and hands." [Abu Dawud]

    Ibn Qudama in al-Mughni (1:349) explained that showing the face and hands are a specific dispensation within the general meaning of the hadith "All of the woman’s body is considered her nakedness [to those outside the mahram relationship or her husband]." (al-mar'atu `awra)

    `Ayesha (r) said: "I used to enter the room where the Messenger of Allah (s) and my father (Abu Bakr) were later buried in without having my garment on me, saying it is only my husband and my father. But when 'Umar ibn Al-Khattab (r) was later buried in (the same place), I did not enter the room except that I had my garment on being shy from 'Umar."

    The Prophet's specification to Umm Salama that women should also cover their feet in prayer, narrated in the Sunan. This included the feet into the definition of her legal nakedness. "Women who are clothed but (at the same time) naked , turning their heads sideways this way and that like the humps of the camel, shall never enter Paradise nor even smell its fragrance."

    The jurists have divided woman's nakedness into two categories:


    • Lesser nakedness (`awra mukhaffafa): the face, hands, head, neck, forearms, feet, torso and back.
    • Greater nakedness (`awra mughallaza): all of her body except the above parts.
    `Ayesha’s (ra) strictness on the question is a well known saying, "When a woman reaches puberty she must cover whatever her mother and grandmother must cover." A woman's covering (al-khimar) is defined by `Ayesha as "nothing short of what covers both the hair and skin." (innama al-khimaru ma wara al-sha`r wa al-bashar).



    Covering the Face The khimar (pl. khumur) actually refers to the head covering, so that a better translation of 24:31 would be: "and to draw their headcovers (khumurihinna) over their bosoms..." (24:31)

    It is essential to understand the two interpretations of the command to "draw their headcovers over" among the women of the Companions and the generation that immediately succeeded them, on which are based the two views of the Four Schools, namely, cover everything or expose only the face and hands:

    Some women drew from the top down, some from the sides and over. The result for the first category was to cover the face, while the second category left the face uncovered according to one's own discretion.

    Following are two hadiths that illustrate the use of the khimar (face-veil) applied by women Companions of the verse quoted above.

    Abu Hurayra gave the following account of his mother's conversion: I came to the Prophet - Allah bless and greet him -- weeping one day and said: "O Messenger of Allah, I have been inviting my mother to Islam and she has been refusing. Today I asked her again, and she said something about you which I hated to hear. Ask Allah to guide Abu Hurayra's mother!" Whereupon the Prophet -- Allah bless and greet him -- said: "O Allah! Guide Abu Hurayra's mother." Then I returned home cheered up by the Prophet's -- Allah bless and greet him -- supplication. When I arrived at the door of the house I found it closed. Hearing my footsteps, my mother said: "Abu Hurayra, do not come in yet." I could hear the sound of water. She washed herself and wore her robe (dir') and headcover (khimâr) then she opened the door and said: "Abu Hurayra! I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah's servant and messenger!" I returned at once to the Prophet -- Allah bless and greet him --, weeping for joy, and said to him: "O Messenger of Allah, good news! Allah has answered your request and guided my mother!" He glorified and praised Allah, thanking Him and saying good things. I said: "O Messenger of Allah! Ask Allah that He make me and my mother beloved to his believing servants and that He make them beloved to us." The Prophet – Allah bless and greet him -- said: "O Allah! Make Your little servant (here meaning Abu Hurayra) and his mother beloved to Your believing servants, and make the believers beloved to the two of them." Not one believer is brought into existence who hears about me without seeing me except he loves me.

    Ayesha said: "By Allah, I never saw any women better than the women of the Ansar (i.e. the women of Madina) or stronger in their confirmation of Allah's Book! When Sura al-Nur was revealed -- "and to draw their 'khumur' over their bosoms" (24:31) -- their men went back to them reciting to them what Allah had revealed to them, each man reciting it to his wife, daughter, sister, and relative. Not one woman among them remained except she got up on the spot, tore up her waist-wrap and covered herself from head-to-toe (i`jtajarat) with it. They prayed the very next dawn prayer covered from head to toe (mu`tajirat)."

    And Allah knows best.

    Dr. Haddad has authored and co-authored more than 12 books on Islamic jurisprudence and is currently completing his dissertation in Damascus. This article appears as a courtesy of The Muslim Magazine. All rights reserved by The Muslim Magazine.
    www.marifah.info

    Wahhabis Refuted
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      #3
      you got served RP...lol
      Maybe self-improvement isn't the answer.... Maybe self-destruction is the answer.

      Comment


        #4
        Asalamu alaykum,

        Just to mention regarding covering the face, the mashur / popular opinion in all four Madhabs as far as I know is that the face is not awrah. However, according to the scholars of the Hanafi madhab, if there is fear of fitna it becomes wajib for the sister to cover her face [and I think this is the case with Shafi'i ulema]. I recently read that the Malikis would consider it merely recommended to do so in such a case.

        And Allah knows best.

        p.s.

        I remember Sh. Abdallah bin Bayyah mentioning in one of his talks in the Legal Philosophy of Islam a narration from Rasul Allah salallahu alayhi wasalam's last pilgrimage where a young woman came to ask the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam a question and one of the sahaba sitting next to him started staring at her at which point he, salallahu alayhi wasalam ,pushed his face to the side [as opposed to telling the woman to cover her face]. I believe he was referring to the following Sahih Hadith from al-Bukhari (2:589):

        Narrated `Abdullah bin `Abbas :

        Al-Fadl (his brother) was riding behind Allah's Apostle (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and a woman from the tribe of Khath'am came and Al-Fadl started looking at her and she started looking at him. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) turned Al-Fadl's face to the other side. The woman said, "O Allah's Apostle! The obligation of Hajj enjoined by Allah on His devotees has become due on my father and he is old and weak, and he cannot sit firm on the Mount; may I perform Hajj on his behalf?" The Prophet replied, "Yes, you may." That happened during the Hajj-al-Wida (of the Prophet ).
        Last edited by faqir; 15-12-04, 11:02 PM.
        www.marifah.info

        Wahhabis Refuted
        Ash'aris

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          #5
          Originally posted by ThE aPpReNtIcE
          you got served RP...lol
          Yeah make fun of the librel.;)

          Anyway it is immpossible for me to answer that whole post. I saw 6 quranic verses there which are the heart and soul of any Islami disscussions. I'll focus on those. Please people give me chance to respond.
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            #6
            lol...ok ok
            Maybe self-improvement isn't the answer.... Maybe self-destruction is the answer.

            Comment


              #7
              I doubt any new information has suddenly come to light... and I doubt that the modernist's arguments which you are likely to repeat have not already been ripped apart [in an intellectual and polite manner of course] by the Ulema. :)
              www.marifah.info

              Wahhabis Refuted
              Ash'aris

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                #8
                "O children of Adam, we have provided you with garments to cover your bodies, as well as for luxury. But the best garment is the garment of righteousness. These are some of Allah’s signs, that they may take heed." [7:26]

                This verse is adressed to man kind in genral and if you say this applies for Hijab then it also applies to men.



                "O Prophet! Tell your wives and daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (jalabib) close round them (when they go abroad)..." (33:59)

                This concerns modesty. Women who don't where the Hijab can still be modest.


                "And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest, and to display of their adornment only that which is apparent, and to draw their veils over their bosoms..." (24:31) "

                "only what is apparent", why does it have to mean only hands. This also translates to genral modesty and in the later part specifies the bossom.



                "... And when you ask of them (the wives of the Prophet) anything, ask it of them from behind a veil. . ."


                The wives of the Prophet. We are not the Prophet. The Prophet himself and his wives had a special status. They were required to do thing we were forbidden and forbidden some we were reccomended. Both to show the diffrence between fard and sunat, and to show their special statues.
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                  #9
                  Am I the only one that is getting tired of this users threads?..

                  when there is fatwa after fatwa giving CLEAR answers and this is not stuff disputed amongst the ulema (apart from difference in opinion on whether hands and face should be covered.. but everything apart from hands and face is *bare* minimum and that is AGREED)

                  I just want to know what the intention is behind these threads.

                  When Allah(swt) and His Prophet(swt) decide on a matter there is NO room for disagreement or opinion..

                  are you unclear as to whether or not Allah(swt) commanded hijaab and whether the sunnah of the Prophet(saw) clearly demonstrated what is fardh?

                  or do you just want to disagree cuz it doens't suit your self declared image as a "liberal"?

                  what are you trying to do?
                  what are you trying to achieve?
                  My Lord, my trust in all Your purposes is strong, That trust is now my shield; I'm safe, and undeceived.- Ali bin Husayn al-Habshi

                  Real forsaking is forgetting the thing forsaken.- Shaykh al-Shadhili

                  Live as long as you wish, you shall die. Love whatever you wish, you shall be separated from it. Do whatever you wish, you shall be rewarded for it. - Jibreel (as)

                  ياَ أَبَا اَلزَّهْرَاء وَلَّذِي صَانَكْ- لاَتُخَيِّبْنَا يَا سِيْدِي نَحْنُ ضِيْفَانَكْ
                  O father of Zahra, for the sake of the One who protected you,
                  Please do not leave us disappointed, O master, we are your guests. - Shaykh Ahmad al-Alawi (rh)

                  أَنتَ رَبّي وَ عِلْمُكَ حَسْبِيْ. فَنِعْمَ الرَّبُّ رَبِّي وَ نِعْمَ الحَسْبُ حَسْبِيْ.ـ حِزْبُ البَحْر

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                    #10
                    The Qur'an is understood through the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam. As for your interpretation, it is incorrect.
                    www.marifah.info

                    Wahhabis Refuted
                    Ash'aris

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                      #11
                      Originally posted by RisingPhoinex


                      "O Prophet! Tell your wives and daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (jalabib) close round them (when they go abroad)..." (33:59)

                      This concerns modesty. Women who don't where the Hijab can still be modest.
                      what does that comment mean?!

                      who defines modesty? you?

                      and when it clearly commands to wrap their cloakcs all around their bodies so as to cover them.. why are you ignoring that and replying with "this concerns modesty"

                      OF COURSE IT DOES!

                      that is why Allah(swt) has said in that verse tell them to cover themselves when they go out.

                      My Lord, my trust in all Your purposes is strong, That trust is now my shield; I'm safe, and undeceived.- Ali bin Husayn al-Habshi

                      Real forsaking is forgetting the thing forsaken.- Shaykh al-Shadhili

                      Live as long as you wish, you shall die. Love whatever you wish, you shall be separated from it. Do whatever you wish, you shall be rewarded for it. - Jibreel (as)

                      ياَ أَبَا اَلزَّهْرَاء وَلَّذِي صَانَكْ- لاَتُخَيِّبْنَا يَا سِيْدِي نَحْنُ ضِيْفَانَكْ
                      O father of Zahra, for the sake of the One who protected you,
                      Please do not leave us disappointed, O master, we are your guests. - Shaykh Ahmad al-Alawi (rh)

                      أَنتَ رَبّي وَ عِلْمُكَ حَسْبِيْ. فَنِعْمَ الرَّبُّ رَبِّي وَ نِعْمَ الحَسْبُ حَسْبِيْ.ـ حِزْبُ البَحْر

                      Comment


                        #12
                        Originally posted by faqir
                        I doubt any new information has suddenly come to light... and I doubt that the modernist's arguments which you are likely to repeat have not already been ripped apart [in an intellectual and polite manner of course] by the Ulema. :)
                        You always speek of some farr off discussion. If it so simple why can't you seem to materalize them in the here an now.
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                          #13
                          thank u sis Chained lol..
                          Maybe self-improvement isn't the answer.... Maybe self-destruction is the answer.

                          Comment


                            #14
                            Originally posted by faqir
                            The Qur'an is understood through the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam. As for your interpretation, it is incorrect.
                            I agree that the Qu'ran should be understoof in the light of the Sunat. Then why amI wrong.
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                              #15
                              I think the article bro faqir posted explains EVERYTHING sufficiently and gives enough daleel to prove your opinion WRONG.

                              There are PLENTY of threads that go through this on ummah.. very long, detailed ones, full of information.. go and LEARN and READ first.. then come back
                              My Lord, my trust in all Your purposes is strong, That trust is now my shield; I'm safe, and undeceived.- Ali bin Husayn al-Habshi

                              Real forsaking is forgetting the thing forsaken.- Shaykh al-Shadhili

                              Live as long as you wish, you shall die. Love whatever you wish, you shall be separated from it. Do whatever you wish, you shall be rewarded for it. - Jibreel (as)

                              ياَ أَبَا اَلزَّهْرَاء وَلَّذِي صَانَكْ- لاَتُخَيِّبْنَا يَا سِيْدِي نَحْنُ ضِيْفَانَكْ
                              O father of Zahra, for the sake of the One who protected you,
                              Please do not leave us disappointed, O master, we are your guests. - Shaykh Ahmad al-Alawi (rh)

                              أَنتَ رَبّي وَ عِلْمُكَ حَسْبِيْ. فَنِعْمَ الرَّبُّ رَبِّي وَ نِعْمَ الحَسْبُ حَسْبِيْ.ـ حِزْبُ البَحْر

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