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When is day of Ashura 1435 A.H.?

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  • When is day of Ashura 1435 A.H.?

    The scientists who provide us with information regarding prayer times and when the hilāl (new moon crescent) is likely to be visible around the world inform us that there is going to be a full solar eclipse on Sunday, 3rd of November 2013. A solar eclipse is when the moon passes in front of the sun, a total eclipse is when the moon completely obscures the sun so that darkness occurs during the day.
    On 3rd of November parts of Africa will experience a total eclipse. Parts of America, Africa, Europe and Asia will experience a partial eclipse (see world map below). The time of the solar eclipse is also the time of new moon or birth of the moon.
    The reason that the scientists can predict the position of the sun and moon so accurately is because as Allāh (SWT) says in surah ar-Rahmān:

    الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ بِحُسْبَانٍ The sun and the moon [move] by precise calculation

    Allāh (SWT) uses the term حسبان signifying that the computation of the paths of the sun and moon are precise. It is because the movements of the heavenly bodies is precise that the scientists can predict with great accuracy the times of our daily prayers, tide times, times of eclipses, time of moon birth every month etc.

    The new moon for Muharram 1435 A.H. will be born at 12:50 GMT on Sunday, 3rd November 2013. Sunset (Maghrib time) in Makkah on 3rd November will be 17:43 local time (14:43 GMT). So the moon will be less than 2 hours old at Maghrib time in Makkah, so it would be absolutely impossible to see the hilāl (new moon crescent) in the Middle East on Sunday, 3rd November 2013. However, the Saudi Umm-ul-Qura declares the 1st Muharram 1435 A.H. to be on Monday, 4th November 2013!! That is clearly not possible.

    In fact on this occasion the hilāl will not be visible in Australia, Asia, Europe, Africa or the Americas on Sunday evening, 3rd November 2013. The case is absolutely clear cut on this occasion.
    According to Sharia the start of each Islāmic month is based on the visibility of the hilāl (new moon crescent) and not on the birth of the moon. If the hilāl is not seen on the 29th of the month we simply complete 30 days and thereafter the new month starts. So Muharram 1435 A.H. will start of Tuesday, 5th November 2013.

    Unfortunately, there are many prayer timetables in the U.K. which print the Islāmic dates according to the Umm-ul-Qura and these timetables have quoted start of Muharram as 4th of November and the 10th of Muharram as 13th November. This is incorrect.

    Abū Huraira reported that the Prophet (SAWS) said, [Muslim]