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The Turban in Islam

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  • The Turban in Islam

    Concerning the Turban, Hadhrat Sheikhul HadithMoulanaMohammedZakarriyaKhandalwi (R.A) has written the following in his commentary of "ShamaailTirmizi", "Khasaail-e-Nabawi":
    "The tying of the turban is a "Sunnat-e-Mustamirrah" (perpetually adhered to practice of Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).
    Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has enjoined the tying of the turban upon us. It has been reported: "Tie the turban. It will increase you in forbearance". (Fathul Baarie) It is also reported that somebody enquired of Hazrat Ibn Umar (R.A.) whether the tying of the turban was Sunnah or not. He replied in the affirmative.
    It is reported in one hadith that Nabi (Sallallahu AlaihiWasallam) said: "Wear the turban as it is a sign of Islam and distinguishes between a Muslim and Kaafir" (Ainee)
    (The above extract is from Khasaaile Nabawi Pg. 6;8)
    '
    Marfoo'Ahaadith Pertaining to the Turban
    Concerning the turban, many Ahaadith have been reported. Some are Saheeh, while others are Da'eef and yet some are Maudhoo'. In his commentary of Shamaail-e-Tirmizi, Allamah AbdurRaoofMunawiMisrie(rahmatullaialaihi) (passed away 1003 A.H.) writes: "A Turban is a Sunnah especially for salah or when worn with the intention of beautification. Many Ahaadith have been reported concerning the turban, however a lot of them are also Da'eef".
    Nevertheless, their reliability and strength inreaeses due to the fact that the same Hadith has been reported through various chains of narration (i.e. the weakness found in one chain is supplemented by another chain). To consider most of the Ahaadith dealing with the Turban as Maudhoo' (fabricated) would be an error".
    (Footnotes of Jam 'ul Wasaail, commentary of Shamaail Tirmizi Vol. 1 Pg. 165)The Ahaadith are as follows:


    1. Hazrat 'Amr bin Umayya ad-Damuri (Radiallahu Anhu) reports: "I saw Nabi (Salllallahu Alaihi Wasallam) making masah of his Khuffain (leather socks) and turban." (Bukhari Shareef Vol.1 Pg. 33)


    2. Hazrat Mughaira ibn Sho'ba (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) performed wudu and made Masah of the front portion of his head as well as of his turban and leather socks. (Muslim Shareef Vol. 1 Pg. 134)


    3. Hazrat Huraith (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) addressed the people while wearing a black turban. (Muslim Sharief Vol.1 Pg.439; Ibn Abi Shaiba Vol.8 Pg. 233) In another narration it is reported: "I saw Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) wearing a black turban." (Shamaail Tirmizi Pg 8; Ibn Majah Pg.256)


    4. Hazrat Jaabir (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that on the occasion of Fath-e-Makkah (The Conquest of Makkah), Nabi (Sallallaliu Alaihi Wasallam) entered Makkah Mukarramah while wearing a black turban. (Muslim Vol.1 Pg. 439; Tirmizi Vol.1 Pg 304; lbnMajah Pg. 256)


    5. It is also narrated from Hazrat Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) that on the occasion of Fath Makkah, Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) entered wearing a black turban. (Ibn Majah Pg. 256; lbn Abi Shaiba Vol.8 Pg. 237)N.B.- Conclusive evidence concerning Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) wearing a black turban is attained from the above mentioned Ahaadith. Furthermore, one should note that all those narrations are of the Sahih (absolutely authentic) category.


    6. Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that during the illness just prior to his passing away, Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) addressed the Sahaba while wearing a black turban.(Bukhari Sharief Vol.1 Pg. 536; shamaailTirmizi Pg. 8)


    7. Hazrat Abu Saeed Khudri (Radiallahu Anhu) narrates: " It was the practice of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) that whenever he wore a new item of clothing, he would (first) take the name of it. i.e. turban or Kurta or Chaadar (cloak). Thereafter, he would make the following dua - "O Allah, I am indeed grateful to You for this clothing which You have granted me. I beg of You the virtue of it and the benefit for which it was made. I seek protection in You from its harm and from the evil which it was created for." (Tirmizi Vol.1 Pg. 306, Mustadrak Vol. 4 Pg. 192)


    8. Hazrat Anas (Radiallahu Anhu) reports: "I saw Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) performing wudhu. He had on a "Qitri" turban. When performing the Masah of the head, without untying the turban, he entered his hand beneath it and made masah of the front portion of his head." (Abu Dawud Pg. 19)"Qitri" - This is a type of thick coarse cloth which has an element of redness in it. Perhaps this is attributed to the place of "Qatar". From this narration the permissibility of wearing red turbans can be ascertained. (Bazl-ul-Majhood Vol.1 Pg. 89)


    9. Abdur Rahman Sulami says: "I once saw Hazrat Abdul Rahman bin Auf (Radiallahu Anhu) enquiring from Hazrat Bilal (Radiallahu Anhu) about the wudhu of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Hadhrat Bilal (Radiallahu Anhu) explained: "Whenever Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) wished to perform wudhu, I would bring the water for him. (During his wudhu,) he would pass his hand over his turban and also the corners of his eyes."
    (Abu Dawood Vol.1 Pg. 21)From all the narrations above it is learnt that the Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to wear a turban.



    THE LOOSE END OF THE TURBAN
    It is preferable that the turban be tied in such a manner as to allow either one or both ends of it to hang down in the form of a tail or loose end. The loose end may be allowed to hang in the back or the front. However most narrations mention the tail as being at the back. Some 'Ulama have attested to the permissibility of tying the turban in such a manner that no loose end is left hanging at the back or front. (Jam'ul Wasaail Vol.1 Pg 168)We will now make mention of a few Ahadith wherein some indication concerning the tail of the turban can be found.


    11. Hazrat Huraith (Radiallahu Anhu) narrates that he saw Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) standing on the pulpit while he had on a black turban. Both the loose ends of the turban were hanging between his shoulder blades.
    (Muslim Vol.1 Pg. 490; Ibn Abi Shaibah Vol.8, Pg.239, Ibn Majah Pg. 256, Pg.653)


    12. Hazrat Ataa' bin Rabaah (Radiallahu Anhu) narrates that once while I was with Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (Rdiallahu Anhu), a youngster came to him and questioned him concerning the tail of the turban (what the practise of Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was in this regard). Hazrat Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) informed the youngester that he knew well the answer to his query and would gladly explain the matter to him. He then said: I was once in the Masjid of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Together with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), the following Sahaba (Radiallahu Anhum) were also present; Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthmaan, Ali, Ibn Mas'ud, Huzaifa, Abdur Rahmaan lbn Auf, Abu Saeed Khudri (Radiallahu Anhum). Altogether we were ten Sahaba.


    An Ansaari (native of Madina) youngster entered the Masjid, greeted Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) with salaam and sat down. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) turned his attention towards him (and gave him a few valuable words of advice). Thereafter, Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) informed Hazrat Abdur Rahman Ibn Auf (Radiallahu Anhu) that a squadron of Mujahideen would be departing in the morning and that he should prepare himself to join them. In the morning Hazrat Abdur Rahman Ibn Auf, wearing a black cotton turban, presented himself ready for the impending mission. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) motioned him closer to himself and removed his turban and tied a white turban on his head. This turban was tied in such a manner that a loose end of approximately four fingers' length was allowed to hang down from the back. So doing Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: "Ibn Auf , tie your turban in a like fashion as it is more appropriate and apparent. (This could also mean that this is the method of the Arabs and the better way). Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) then instructed Bilal(Radiallahu Anhu) to hand Hazrat Abdur Rahman Ibn Auf (Radiallahu Anhu) the flag (this indicated that he was being given the responsibility of leading the squadron). (Mustadrak Haakim Vol.4 Pg. 540)


    13. Hazrat Ayesha (Radiallahu Anha) reports that on the occasion of the Battle of the Trench, she witnessed somebody who greatly resembled Hazrat Dahya Kalbi (Radiallahu Anhu). This person was seated on an animal and was conversing in a low tone with Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He had on a turban from which one end hung loose. She further reports that she asked Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) concerning the person and was informed that it was Hazrat Jibraeel (Alayhis Salaam) and that he had commanded Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) to proceed towards Banu Quraiza (a Jewish tribe who were the enemies of Islam and resident in Madina at the time).
    It is quite clear that Jibraeel (Alayhis Salaam) had come to convey the command of Allah.


    14. Hazrat Ayesha (Radiallahu Anha) narrates that once a person riding a Turkish horse (a particular breed of horse) came to Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). The rider had on a turban, the tail of which hung between his shoulders. She questioned Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) concerning him. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) expressed surprise over the fact that she had seen the rider and informed her that it was Jibraeel (Alayhis Salaam).
    (Ibid)


    15. Hazrat Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that when Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would tie a turban, he would allow its tail to hang between his shoulders. Nafi' (a renowned student of Ibn Umar Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) also did likewise.
    The author of the commentary of Tirmizi states; "This Hadith is nevertheless Hasan (reliable)". The Hadith of Amr bin Huraith in Sahih Muslim as well as other Ahadith support this Hadith and strengthen it." (Tuhfa Vol.3 Pg 50).


    Ubaidullah (one of the narrators of this hadith) says that he saw Qaasim and Salim also doing likewise . (Tirmizi Vol.1 Pg 304)


    16. Hazrat Ayesha (Radiallahu Anha) narrates that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) tied on the turban of Hazrat Abdur Rahmaan Ibn Auf (Radiallahu Anhu) and allowed for a tail the length of four fingers. He said: "When I ascended to the sky (reference to the Meraj), I saw that most of the angels had on turbans".


    17. Hazrat Abu Musa Ash'ari (Radiullahu Anhu) narrates that Jibraeel (Alayhis Salaam) wearing a turban came to Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). The tail of the turban hung from the back.


    18. Hazrat Saubaan (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would tie his turban in such a fashion that one end hung from the back and one from the front.


    19. Abu Umamah (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that whenever Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would dispatch somebody as a governer to any place, he would tie a turban on the head of the appointed person. The turban would be tied in such a fashion that the loose end hung on the right side close to the ear.


    20. Abu Abdus Salaam reports that he questioned Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) as to the method in which Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) tied his turban. He replied: "Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would tie the fold of the turban on his head. He would pass the loose end from the back to let it hang between the shoulders."


    21. Hazrat Abdur Rahman Ibn Auf (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) lied a turban for him in such a manner that there was a tail at the front and back. (Abu Dawood Pg. 564 - one of the narrators is 'Majhool' {unknown})


    22. Hazrat Ubadah (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: "Make a practice of tying turbans since it is a hallmark of the Angels. Futhermore, tie them in such a manner that the tail hangs at the back".
    (Baihaqi reported it in Shu'abul Iman; Mishkat Pg. 377)


    23. The Hadith above has also been narrated by Hazrat Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu). (Tabrani has reported this narration. However, according to Dar-Qutni, one narrator is "Majhool" [unknown]) (Majma'uz Zawaaid vol.5 Pg.123)


    24. This Hadith (Hadith 22) has also been narrated by Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu); however the chain of narrators is weak. (Maqaasid Hasanah Pg.466)


    25. Once a person came to Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) and addressing him by his nickname, Abu Abdur Rahmaan, inquired from him as to whether the practice of tying a turban was Sunnah. Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) replied in the affirmative and by way of clarification said that once Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) instructed them to go and place their cloths on their heads and to wear their armour. They complied with Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam's) request and presented themselves before him. He took the cloth and tied a turban for them in such a manner that the loose end hung from either side (back and front). (Umdatul Qarie vol. 21 pg. 307- from Kitaabul Jihaad of lbn Abi Aasim)


    26.Hazrat Ayesha (Radiallahu Anha) reports that Nabi (SallallahuAlaihiWasallam) tied a turban of cotton cloth for Abdur Rahmaan Ibn Auf and caused "this much" to hang from the front. (Umdatul Qaari vol. 21 pg.307 from Ibn Abi Shaibah)


    27.Hazrat Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) tied a black turban of cotton cloth around the head of Ibn Auf (Radiallahu Anhu) in such a manner that a tail of approximately the length of four fingers hung from the back. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) also said: "Tie your turbans in a like manner." (Umdatul Qaari vol.21 pg. 307)


    28.Abdullah bin Bishr (Radiallahu anhu) reports that when Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) dispatched Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Anhu) on the occasion of the "Campaign of Khaybar", he tied a black turban for him causing the tail to hang from the back and towards the left shoulder. Abdul Aa'laa bin Adi says that on the occasion of "GhadeerKhum", when Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) called Ali (Radiallahu Anhu) and tied on a turban for him, he caused the tail to hang from the back and said: "Tie your turbans in a like manner, because turbans are a hallmark of Islam and a distinguishing factor between Muslims and Mushriks (Polytheists)". (Umdatul Qaari vol. 21, pg. 308 from Ma'rifatus Sahaaba of Abu Nuaem)



    THE LENGTH OF THE TURBAN
    Mulla Ali Qari (Rahamatullahi Alaihi) writes in Jam'ul Wasaa'il (commentary of Shamaail Tirmizi: "Shaikh Jazari has written in "Tasheeh-e-Masabih" that "I earnestly searched the books of hadith, history, etc. trying to get an idea as to the length of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)'s turban. However, this search bore no fruits until I met a reliable and trustworthy person who informed me that Imaam Nawawi (R.A) had written that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had two turbans, one being small while the other large. The length of the small one was seven arms length, while the large was twelve arms length". Mulla Ali Qari (R.A.) further writes: "It became clear from the Kitaab (Al-Madkhal) that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)'s turban was seven arms' length long. There is no mention concerning there being a big or small one". (Jam'ul Wasaa 'il vol.1 pg. 168)Allamah Suyuti (R.A.) has written in 'Al halwa fil fataawa' that there is no narration from which the length of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)'s turban can be proven.
    (Tuhfatul Ahwazi vol. 3, pg. 49)Moulana Abdul Rahman Mubaarakpuri (R.A.) writes that those who claim that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)'s turban was of such and such length should provide proof substantiating this claim. A mere claim does not carry any weight in establishing something. (Ibid)


    Hazrat Shaikh Zakariyah (R.A) writes: "No mention can be found among the reliable traditions concerning the length of the turban of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). In one narration of Tabraani, seven arms' length is mentioned. However, Baijouri (R.A.) has on the authority of Ibn Hajar declared it baseless". (Khasaail Nabawi, commentary of Shamail Tirmizi pg. 67)Allamah Abdur Ra'uf Munaawi (R.A.) has quoted Ibn Hajar Haithami (R.A.) as saying: "Let it be known that some Huffaz have mentioned that there exists no clear subtantiation concerning the length or breadth of the turban of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). In this regard, that which Tabraani has written concerning seven arms' length or that which has been narrated from Hazrat Aisha (Radiallahu Anha) that it was seven arms' length long and one arms' length wide is baseless. Similar is the case of that which is reported that on journey, he wore a white turban and that while at home, he wore a black cotton turban (in some reports the opposite is stated) and that while on journey the tail was of a different material as that of the actual turban and while at home the tail was of the same turban, are also baseless. They have no concrete evidence supporting it whatsoever". (Sharah Munawi Li Shamaail Ma'a Jam'ul Wasaail vol.1, pg 170)From the above discussion, it can be quite clearly ascertained that despite exhaustive efforts by the authorities in this field, no reliable mention could be obtained with regards to the precise length of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam's) turban. Hence, it would be appropriate to conclude that no particular thing can be stipulated in this regard. To wear whatever is considered a turban (generally) would be assumed that the Sunnah has been fulfilled.


    Allamah Anwar Shah Kashmiri (R.A) has tendered the following advices with regard to the turban:- "While commenting on the verse "adopt clothes of beauty and dignity for each Salaat" he writes: "In the above verse, the word "Zeenat" (dignified beauty) demands an individual be in a superlative condition, when attending the Masjid. Thus the Ahaadith and Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) have defined this. In the Ahadith, we find that the turban of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) for Salah was seven arms' length long.


    From the point of view of Fiqh, we find that it is Mustahab (preferable) that Salah be performed while wearing three items of clothing; one of them being the turban". (Faizal Baari vol.2 pg.8 Kabeeri pg. 214)Allama Kashmiri further states: "Sheikh Shamsuddin Jazari (R.A.) says that I tirelessly searched for information with regard to the length of the turban of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). I learnt from the writings of Imam Muhyud Deen Nawawi (R.A.) that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had three different types of turbans. One was three arms' length while the other was seven arms' length with the third one being twelve arms' length - an arm's length being about half a "gaz" (yard). The third turban was generally reserved for the occasion of the two Eids". (Faizul Baari vol.4 pg. 375)He writes in 'Taqreer-e-Tirmizi' - "Most of the time, the length of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)'s turban used to be three "Shar'ie Ziraa'" (arms' length). During Salah, he wore a turban of seven arms' length and a turban of two arms' length would be worn on the occasion of Jumuah and the two Eids." (Al-Arfus Shazee Ma'a Tirmizi vol.1 pg. 304)


    One point should be crystal clear. Until explicit mention with regard to the length of the turban is not found in any book of Hadith, we will not be in a position to stipulate a specified length. Concerning AllamahKashmiri's statement that it appears in a Hadith that the turban was seven arms' length -the question is: Which Hadith? You have witnessed the writings of the leaders in this field and have seen them attesting to the fact that they had failed to come across any Hadith in this regard. Hence, it has to be said that this claim of AllamaKashmiri will have to be considered redoubtable.


    Concerning that which he has written with regard to Fiqh enjoining the turban, there exists no doubt as to the credibility of that statement. It is written in 'Kabeeri', commentary of 'Muniyyatul Musalli', that three types of clothing are desirable in Salah; one of them being the turban (Kabeeri pg. 214). Thus the desirability of the turban is beyond doubt. However, the exact length still remains unknown.


    The Shar'ie ruling concerning the wearing of turban in Salah
    We learn from the writings of Allamah Kashmiri (R.A) that the tying of a turban for Salah is 'Mustahab'. However, failure to observe this 'Mustahab' act does not make the Salah 'Makrooh'.


    He writes: "In my opinion, failure in wearing the turban is not Makrooh. Only the author of "Fatawa Deeniyya" has given a ruling of Makrooh in this regard. He is an Aalim who hails from Sindh. However, I have no knowledge with regard to this scholar's status and reliability.


    In my opinion, an appropriate and comprehensive ruling in this matter would be that, in those areas where the wearing of the turban is considered an act of dignity and honour, failure to do so in Salah would be Makrooh. However, where not much regard is given to it and people are not in the habit of tying turbans, the failure to do so would not be Makrooh". (Faizul Baree vol. 2 pg. 8)Moulana Abdul Haleem Luckhnawi (R.A.) has mentioned a similar verdict. (Naful Mufti was Saail pg. 70)


    Hazrat Moulana Rashid Ahmed Gangohi (R.A) has written the following in reply to a question: "To make Imamat (lead the congregation in prayer) without a turban is completely permissible without Karaahat (there is no degree of reprehensibility whatsoever). This ruling stands even if a turban had to be within an arm's reach of the Imam. However, there is no denying of the fact that with a turban, the Sawaab (divine remuneration) is increased. (Fatawaa Rasheedia pg. 326).


    From the books of Islamic Jurisprudence, it can be gauged that excessive stress should not be placed over the Imam's or Musalli's (follower's) wearing of a turban in Salah as people may mistakenly consider it to be Wajib (Compulsory). However, having accepted it to be Mustahab, encouragement will be given towards it. (This is the verdict in various books of Fatwa).


    The wearing of a Topee under the Turban
    Hazrat Rukana (Radiallahu Anhu) once engaged in a bout of wrestling with Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and was defeated. The same Hazrat Rukana narrates that he heard Nabi-e-Kariem (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) saying:-. "The difference between us and the Mushrikeen (Polytheists) is that we wear a topee under our turban while the Mushrikeen do not do likewise."
    Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would sometimes wear the topee with a turban and sometimes without a turban. Sometimes, he would wear the turban without any headgear. He would wear a white "Yemeni" topee which was sewn. During battles he would wear a topee that covered his ears. Ocassionally, he would remove the topee and place it on top of the Sutra (term used when referring to object placed in front of the Imam when performing Salah in the open) in front of him and perform Salah. It was the habit of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) to name his weapon, animal and possessions."


    Allama Munaawi (R.A.) writes in reference to the section of the narration wherein it is reported that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would sometimes wear the topee without the turban that it is apparent that this refers to his occassional practice while indoors at home. He would not venture outdoors without the turban. (Faizul Qadeer vol.5 pg. 247).


    It can be ascertained from this commentary of Munaawi (R.A.) that it was his opinion that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would always wear a turban in public.


    Haafiz Iraaqi (R.A.) writes in his commentary of Tirmizi that concerning the topic, the most reliable narration (by virtueof its strength) is that which Abu Sheikh (R.A.) has mentioned.


    The narration is as follows: Hazrat Ayesha (Radiallahu Anha) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) while on a journey, would wear a topee that covered his ears and while at home, he wore a thin topee (i.e. Syrian topee). It is also learnt from this narration that the tying of the turban over the topee is Mustahab (Fayzul Qadeer vol.5 pg. 246)
    From the writings of Iraqi (R.A.) and Munaawi (R.A.), it is gathered that they were of the opinion that the wearing of the turban over the topee was preferable. A similar viewpoint is understood by the commentary that Mulla Ali (R.A) and others have made of the Hadith of Hazrat Rukana (Radiallahu Anhu) (refer to 28). In fact, Mulla Ali Qari (R.A.) and Allama Munaawi (R.A.) have quoted the opinion of some Ulama from Ibn Al Jauzi (R.A.) that the wearing of only the topee without the turban is in fact the manner of the Mushrikeen. (Sharh Shamaail vol.1 pg. 165; vol.1 pg. 168) In Tuhfatul Ahwazee, the quotation is ascribed to Jazri instead of Jauzi (vol.3 pg. 49)


    However, it can be said that the crux of Hazrat Rukhana's (Radiallahu Anhu) Hadith is that the Muslims wore the turban with the topee while the Mushriks wore the turban without the topee underneath. This was the difference between the two. From this, the conclusion that the wearing of the topee (without a turban) is the manner of the Mushrikeen cannot be made. Especially, when Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)'s wearing only a topee has been mentioned in the Hadith of Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu).


    Considering the above, it would be appropriate to declare all the various manners permissible i.e. the turban only, as well as the topee without the turban. However, there can be no doubt concerning the fact that the most superior practice is the wearing of both together because one can clearly see that the wearing of the turban was the proven practice of both Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and his Sahaba (Radiallahu Anhum).


    Munaawi (R.A.) in his commentary of "Shamaail" quotes from "Sharah Zailaee" that to wear a topee which fits the head tightly or a tall Topee (which has been filled with wool etc. and sewn) or besides this to wear any other type of topee under a turban or even without a turban is perfectly permissible, since all these have been narrated from Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).


    On this basis, some people have supported the custom of those areas where the turban was not used at all. Instead, the Ulama would wear a scarf over their topees and be recognised in this way. However, it is evident that wearing of the turban is the best method. (Vol.1 pg. 165)


    The Practice of the Sahaba (Radiallahu Anhum) etc. with regard to the Turban
    1. In Bukhari Shareef, the incident concerning the killing of a Jew, Abu Rafi Abdullah Ibn Abil Huqaiq, is mentioned in some detail. Mentioning this incident, Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Ateek says: "It was a full moon night when I fell down breaking my calf. I used my turban to form a bandage around it and proceeded ahead. (Bukhari Shareef vol. 2, pg. 577). From this, it is learnt that when Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Ateek (Radiallahu Anhu) left for this mission, he had on a turban. This incident took place during the time of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) who had personally dispatched him in a Jamaat (Group).


    2. Hasan Basri reports that the Sahaba would perform Sajda in such a manner that their hands were within their clothing. Some would make Sajda on their Topee and turban. (Abdur Razaak and Ibn Abi Shaiba have reported this - Fathul Baari vol.2 pg. 493)3. In a long narration of Bukhari, the following is also mentioned - Jafar Ibn Umayya Damri says that he himself and Ubaidullah (Radiallahu Anhu) Ibn Adi ventured out... and reached Wahshi... Ubaidullah (Radiallahu Anhu) had lied his turban in such a manner that aside from his eyes and feet, Wahshi could not see any part of his body.
    (Bukhari vol.2, pg. 583)Ubaidullah was a Sahabi - He had seen Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). This is according to Ibn Hibbaan. (Isaabah of Ibn Hajar Vol.5 pg. 75) From this narration, it is learnt that Ubaidullah (Radillahu Anhu) was wearing such clothes that covered his entire body while he used the turban to conceal his face.


    4. Abu Umar reports that he saw Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) purchasing such a turban which had designs on it. Thereafter, he requested for a pair of scissors and cut it off. (Ibn Majah pg. 256) In the eighth volume of Musannaf lbn Abi Shaiba, there is much mention of the Sahaba and Taabi'een in relation to the turban. Many narrators have mentioned the practice of various Sahaba(Radiallahu Anhum) and Taabi'een. A brief glimpse of it follows:


    5. The narrator says that I saw Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Anhu) wearing a black turban the tail of which hung at the back (Ibn Abi Shaibah vol.8 pg. 234)


    6. In another narration, it is mentioned that he was wearing a black turban, the ends of which hung at the front and back. (vol.8 pg. 235)


    7. In one narration, it is mentioned that on the day of the matyrdom of Sayyidina Uthmaan (Radiallahu Anhu), Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Anhu) had on a black turban. (vol.8 pg. 234)


    8. Hazrat Anas (Radiallahu Anllu) had on a turban under which there was no topee. The tail of the turban hung at the back and was almost one arm's length. (vol.8 pg. 235)


    9. Hazrat Ammar (Radiallahu Anhu) had on a black turban. (Ibid)


    1O. Hazrat Abdur Rahman (Radiallahu Anhu) had on a black turban (vol.8 pg. 236; pg. 237)


    11. Hazrat Abu Darda (Radiallahu Anhu) had on a black turban. (Ibid)


    12. Nafi' says that Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) wore a turban the tail of which hung between the shoulders. Ubaidullah Ibn Umar says that our Elders (Nafi' etc.) have informed us that they saw the Sahaba wearing turbans the tails of which hung between the shoulders. (vol 8, pg. 240) Some mention in this regard has passed in Hadith 14.


    13. I saw Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) wearing a turban the both ends of which hung at the front and back. I could not tell which end was longer. (Ibid)


    14. Ibn Zubair was seen wearing a turban both ends of which hung at the front. (Ibid)


    15. Sulaiman bin Abdullah says I saw those Sahaba who were from the Muhajireen-e-Awwaleen (those Sahaba who were among the first to migrate to Medina - an indication of their status and rank) wearing turbans of cotton material. The colours were black, white, green, red and yellow. Some would tie it in such a fashion that they would first place one end of the turban on their heads, then the topee and then continue tying the turban on the fold of the topee. They would not wrap it from under the chin. (vol.8 pg. 241)


    16. Hadhrat Zaid bin Saabit (Radiallahu Anhu) was seen wearing a lungi, chaadar (body cloth) and turban. (Ibid)


    17. When Usama (Radiallahu Anhu) tied a turban, he considered it undesirable to allow the tail to hang below the beard and neck. (Ibid)


    18. Hazrat Waasila (Radiallahu Anhu) had on a black turban. (vol.8 pg. 237)


    19. Hazrat Abu Nadra (Radiallahu Anhu) had on a black turban. The tail hung below the neck. (Vol.8 pg. 240)


    20. Hazrat Husain Ibn Ali (Radiallahu Anhu) also had on a black turban. (vol.8 pg. 237) Mohammed bin Hanafiyya, Aswad and Hasan Basri (Rahamtullahi Alaihim) were seen wearing black turbans. It is also mentioned in Ibn Abi Shaiba that Sha'bi and Saeed Ibn Jubair wore turbans. (vol.8 pg. 236, vol. 8 pg 240) .It is further mentioned that Qazi Shuraih and Saalim (R.A.) would cause the loose end of their turban to hang at the back (pg. 240)
    Hazrath Shurayh would tie the turban with one fold.



    The Colour of the Turban
    A perusal of the vast number of narrations that have passed will definitely have given some idea as to the colours of the turbans used.. The usage of a black turban was proven from reliable and authenic traditions. Also the colour white was known from the narration of Mustadrak Lil Haakim and Tabraani. Mention of the "Qitri" turban ("Qirti" refers to the place where the turban was made) with a shade of red is found in a narration of Abu Dawood. Once again, a general view of leniency from the various narrations with regard to the colour of the turban is ascertained.
    If we look at it from another point of view, we find that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) enjoined the adoption of the color white.With regard to clothing, he said:
    "Adopt white clothing as it is more pure and clean. Also, bury those who have passed away in white (shrouds)." (Ahmed, Ashabus Sunan, Haakim - Haakim declared this narration as Sahih - reliable). In the narration of Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu), the following variation is mentioned;
    "...For it (white clothing) is amongst the best of clothing" (Ahmed, Ashabus Sunan, Nasai, Tirmizi who have declared it as 'Sahih', Ibn Hibaan) Fathul Baari - vol. 10 pg. 283 - The book on clothing - chapter on white clothing
    NB. The turban is also regarded as an itme of clothing and comes within the purview of the bove Hadith.
    Munaawi quotes from Sharah Zaila'i that the wearing of a black turban is Masnoon because it is proven from Hadith. Nevertheless, the most superior is the white Turban. This superiority of the colour white will not be negated by the fact that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) wore the colour black also or that the angels descended on the day of the battle of Badr wearing the colour yellow. The reason being that the opting for a colour aside from white would probably have been motivated by certain circumstances and extenuating factors. This has been the explanation given by certain honoured Ulama. It must be understood that the mention of the virtue of white clothing in the Hadith to such an extent that the virtue extends even to the life of the grave will remain as a general ruling encompassing all items of clothing including the turban. This prestige will not be surpassed by such incidents which appear to the contrary. (Sharah Shamaail Lil Munaawi vol. 1 pg. 165) Munaawi has also personally mentioned this - refer to Faizul Qadeer vol.1 pg. 655)


    A gist of the above is as follows:- It is learnt that a white turban is the most preferable while black is also Masnoon. However, the adoption of any color will be regarded as fulfilling of the Sunnah as long as some mention is found of it in the Hadith.



    The Virtue of the Turban
    The question may occur as to what the virtue of the turban is? In order to understand this, a correct perspective of the Shari'ah has to be gained. The mere fact that the wearing of the turban is proven to be Sunnah is in itself a sufficient and complete appraisal of it's virtue and should provide the necessary impetus towards its adoption. An explicit example of this is that of wearing white clothing. This has been enjoined by Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). This alone is sufficient even though the special virtue of it may not be known.
    Nevertheless, there exists a multitude of narrations expounding the virtue of the turban. Many of them are 'Da'eef' (weak) and some are 'Maudhoo' (fabricated). However, it is an accepted principle that a coupling of a multitude of 'Daeef' traditions concerning the virtue of a specified act lends credence towards it's practice and the acceptability of the said virtue. Allamah Sakhaawi writes in Maqaaside Hasan'ah:
    1. Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu) narrates that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said; "sitting in the "IHTI BAA" manner is their wall, the turban is the crown of the Arabs and the sitting of a Mu'min in the masjid is like guarding the borders of the Islamic State. (Dailami)


    2. A similar Hadith is reported from Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Anhu) (Quda'ee).


    3. Imam Zuhrie's personal statement in this regard is also reported (Baihaqi). The following addition is also reported in the above mentioned Hadith of Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu) that; "when the Arabs will forsake wearing the turban, they will loose their respect and dignity".
    One narration is as follows:- "The turban is the honour of a Mu'min and represents the dignity of the Arabs. When the Arabs will stop wearing the turban, their respect will be lost" (Dailami)


    4. Adopt the turban as it will increase your forebearance.


    5. Hold fast to the turban as it is the sign of the angels. Also let the loose end hang from the back (Baihaqi has reported this from Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu) marffoo'an (a narration in which the words of Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam are reported).


    6. A narration of a similar purport is reported by Tabraani and Dailami from Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) marfoo'an.
    All the above mentioned narrations are weak. (Maqaaside Hasanah pg. 465/6)


    7. Adopt the turban as it will increase your forebearance.


    8. Adopt the turban as your forebearance will increase. The turban is also the crown of the Arabs.
    (Ibn Adi and Baihaqi have reported this from Usaamah Umair - this is also Da'eef (weak) (Faizul Qadeer, vol.1 pg. 555)
    Allama Sakhawi has also indicated that among the traditions which are not absolutely authentic are the following:-


    1. The reward of the Salah performed while wearing the turban is multiplied 25 times while that Jumu'ah performed with the turban is multiplied (Dailami has reported this in his Musnad from Ibn Urnar (Radiallahu Anhu)


    2. The angels attend the Jumu'ah while wearing turbans. Hence, those people who are wearing turbans receive the benefit that the angels make dua for them till sunset. (Dailami)


    3. The Jumu'ah performed while wearing a turban is 70 times superior to a Jumu'ah without a turban.
    (Dailami)


    4/5. Some of Allah Ta'ala's angels stand at the door of the Masjid and seek repentance on behalf of those wearing white turbans. Narrated from Ibn Umar (Radiallaha Anhu) and Abu Hurairah (Radiallahu Anhu)


    6. Two rakaats of Salah performed while wearing the turban are superior to seventy rakaats performed without a turban. (Narrated by Jaabir Radiallahu Anhu)7. Allah Ta'ala causes his mercy to decend on the people wearing turbans on the day of Jumu'ah and his angels make dua for such people. (Dailami reports from Abu Darda Radiallahu Anhu) .



    The turban distinguishes the Muslim from the Mushriks.
    (Narrated from Ali Radiallahu Anhu)9. Wearing turbans over one's topees distinguishes us from the Mushrikeen. (Narrated from Rukana Radiallahu Anhu)
    All these narrations are weak. Some are weaker than others. (Maqaaside Hasana - Sakhawi - pg. 466)
    It is perhaps due to these very narrations that the Fuqaha (Islamic Jurists) have accepted the fact that the remuneration of the salaah performed while wearing a turban is greater than one performed without it. (Kabiri pg. 214, Fatawa Rashidia pg. 326; Fataawa b vol. 4 pg. 359). The reason is that the common factor in the purport of all these narrations is an increase in reward. Hence, despite their weakness, their number lends credence to the opinion that such increase in reward is in fact promised.
    It is reported from Sa'eed Ibn Jubair (Radiallahu Anhu) that when Jibraeel (Alayhis Salaam) came down to punish Firoun (Pharaoh), he had on a black turban. (Ibne Abi Shaibah vol. 8 pg. 326)This narration is not "MARFOO'" (Does not contain the direct words of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).


    It is written in Durrul Mukhtar on the authority of KINIYYA that it is preferable for the FUQAHA to wear long turbans and loose clothes. (vol. 5 pg. 250). Perhaps at the time, this was the practice of the people. Should it be considered expendient in another area to wear shorter turbans, then this also will be adopted. (Radul Muhtaar from Tahtawi).It is mentioned concerning Imam Bukhaari (Radiallahu Anhu) that when he prepared to journey towards Samarqand, he tied a turban and wore Khuffain (leather socks). (Muqaddama Fathul Baari pg. 493).
    It is also reported regarding Imaam Muslim that once he placed his "Chadar" (cloth) on his turban in front of his Ustaad, and left the class. (Muqaddama Fathul Baree pg. 491)This proves that Imaam Muslim attended the lessons of Hadith wearing a turban.


    An excerpt from the book: Turban, Kurta, Topee by Sheikhul Hadeeth Fazlur Rahman Saheb
    26
    yes
    11.54%
    3
    no
    61.54%
    16
    sometimes
    26.92%
    7
    .لا نريد زعيما يخاف البيت الإبيض
    نريد زعيما يخاف الواحد الأحد
    دولة الإسلامية باقية






  • #2
    Turbans Banned from Schools under New French Law
    URGENT!!! your help is badly needed - fundraising for marriage

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    • #3
      Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

      salaamaulaikum,
      Which is better to wear in the west? The Turban or the ghutra(What saudis wear)?

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

        Turban, it is closer to the Sunnah...
        "Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes"

        Comment


        • #5
          Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

          :wswrwb:

          When you wear turban it represents sunnah. When action of prophet :saw: is emulated then Allah puts "rawb" in the hearts of disbelievers by which they fear/show respect. Nusrah from Allah swt can be expected when practicing a sunnah and emulating/adorning the noble action of prophet :saw:.

          However, when you put Ghutrah then its nothin but mere imitation of present arabs. Dont be surprised if you get mocked by the kuffar because it doesn't represents anything and hence holds no value in the eyes of Allah. So I dont think there will be any nusrah from Allah for wearing it either
          Last edited by truepath; 26-01-09, 02:07 PM.
          لا أريد مِنْكُمْ جَزَاء وَلا شُكُورًا

          Comment


          • #6
            Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

            Well, it's better than going bare-headed. And there is a fiqh related to clothing also which may be different to the sunnah dress found in kitaab.
            "Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes"

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            • #7
              Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

              I wear the ghutrah all time and so do a lot of other muslims in uk, Alhumdullilah ive not had any problems. A lot of people also wear turban

              Does anyone have an autehntic hadith regarding turban ?

              Comment


              • #8
                Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

                I have come across authentic ahadith about turban and its colors that prophet :saw: used to wear.

                However, never came across any hadith bout ghutrah tho, is there anything mentioned bout it?
                لا أريد مِنْكُمْ جَزَاء وَلا شُكُورًا

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

                  Originally posted by truepath View Post
                  I have come across authentic ahadith about turban and its colors that prophet :saw: used to wear.

                  However, never came across any hadith bout ghutrah tho, is there anything mentioned bout it?
                  Not to my knowledge...
                  "Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes"

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

                    Originally posted by Muhammad 783 View Post
                    Does anyone have an autehntic hadith regarding turban ?
                    http://www.inter-islam.org/Actions/kurta.html#TURBAN

                    http://www.inter-islam.org/hadeeth/st16.htm

                    the ghutrah is traditional!!!

                    anyway ghutrah also fullfill the sunnah.
                    Last edited by junaid123; 26-01-09, 02:51 PM.
                    Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is also reported to have said: “He who is very hasty and so bold as to pass verdicts is also bold in taking the path towards hell

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                    • #11
                      Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

                      He said ghutra...
                      "Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes"

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

                        definitely the turban :up:
                        Jo kaam karta hai tu chup ke jahaan se
                        koi dekhta hai tujhe aasmaan se

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

                          The ghutra was not worn by the Prophet peace be upon him and is not a sunnah in the sense that he wore it.
                          but it is not dress specific for muslims which is better to wear then kuffar clothes, and also it fullfills the sunnah of covering the head.

                          there is also a dissagreement wether the turban is a sunnah of worship *sunnah 3ibadah* which wearing it constitutes an act of worship or sunnah of custom*sunnah 3adah* which means something that was the custom of the arabs at the time.

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                          • #14
                            Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

                            Originally posted by Strict2TheSunna View Post
                            there is also a dissagreement wether the turban is a sunnah of worship *sunnah 3ibadah* which wearing it constitutes an act of worship or sunnah of custom*sunnah 3adah* which means something that was the custom of the arabs at the time.
                            read the link which i have given, though hadith are weak, but it shows that it helps to get reward, so its fall in "sunnah ibadah" or whatever you mean with it =)

                            "The tying of the turban is a "Sunnat-e-Mustamirrah" (perpetually adhered to practice of Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).
                            Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has enjoined the tying of the turban upon us. It has been reported: "Tie the turban. It will increase you in forbearance".
                            (Fathul Baarie)
                            It is also reported that somebody enquired of Hazrat Ibn Umar (R.A.) whether the tying of the turban was Sunnah or not. He replied in the affirmative.

                            It is reported in one hadith that Nabi (Sallallahu AlaihiWasallam) said: "Wear the turban as it is a sign of Islam and distinguishes between a Muslim and Kaafir"
                            (Ainee)
                            (The above extract is from Khasaaile Nabawi Pg. 6;8)
                            Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is also reported to have said: “He who is very hasty and so bold as to pass verdicts is also bold in taking the path towards hell

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Re: Wearing the Turban Or the Ghutrah in the West

                              isnt the ghutra designed to protect you from the sun? its a bit strange to wear the ghutra when it's cold :scratch:

                              turban looks so much better
                              Jo kaam karta hai tu chup ke jahaan se
                              koi dekhta hai tujhe aasmaan se

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