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Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

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  • Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

    :salams

    I go over alQaaida nooraniyyah with some people, and one person was telling me she is struggling, those of us who are aware of nooraniyyah, they teach letters of the arabic without harakaat at first, now we are on the lesson of harakaat, she says she is getting confused if she reads it, but if I recite and she follows me, she can do it.

    I'm a little bit worried, because she says she finds it difficult to recite the Qur'an in Arabic, she's always struggled because it's as if the letters are popping out at her. I'm new to this, I do want to help her, and I believe if we do over nooraniyyah she will get familiar with how letters join etc etc... but it's really frustrating her that she can't read it from the book.

    Does anyone have any advice for me, and for this sister? I'll pass it on. I was thinking I could just teach her verbally, usually I do recite it and expect them to recite after me, but then at home they must practice and next class repeat it to me by themselves, and this sister particularly struggles with reading it back to me.

    Shukran
    اذاً لن يضيعنا الله

  • #2
    Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

    Firstly, if she's only just learning to read Arabic, it could just be that she needs to practice reading more, without worrying about tajweed or anything else, just reading slowly. If this is the case use larger print and easy to read text. If she doesn't speak Arabic then that's an additional difficulty, becuase she doesn't recognise the words she's reading and has no feedback about whether the word was read correctly or not. If you make a mistake reading in your own language you usually know straight away because it doesn't make sense. Learning to read a second alphabet in a language you don't understand isn't easy for anyone and what's needed is more practice and lots of patience. If she's not dyslexic, once she's got the hang of reading easier texts, move on to harder things and the Qur'an.

    However if she's been reading Arabic for a long time and still has these problems, then she's probably dyslexic, and if she knows she's dyslexic already (e.g. from learning to read English) then it'll apply in Arabic too. It doesn't go away when you learn to read your own language. I'm dyslexic and I found this very frustrating, i.e. even though I was literate in English when I started learning Arabic, I was well and truly back to square one with Arabic. You learn to read but the dyslexia never goes away.

    Personally, I learn all the surahs from memory because I can't read Arabic fast enough to do tajweed, also I can't even think of tajweed while reading, because reading the actual letters takes up so much brain processing. I went on a tajweed course once and I was fine with the surahs I'd already memorised, but when it came to ones I hadn't I couldn't do it and spent the evening with a friend trying to memorise the surahs so I could keep up in class. Also about half way through the course I closed my Qur'an and resolved to just do everything by memory, because I wasn't getting anywhere with trying to read. If I know the surah, I can follow the text but it's pointless because I can do it just as easily from memory, and if I don't know it, then it's easier for me to memorise it than read it.

    If the sister is dyslexic then she shouldn't try to force herself to learn the same way as everyone else, instead she needs to find what works for her. For me, I have to memorise them, as in listening to someone and copying, and then learning the tajweed rules orally. This is how the first generation of Muslims learned the Qur'an so there's nothing wrong with that. There's no hard and fast reason why you should use the written text at all, only that the majority of people find it easier.

    She should still learn to read Arabic even if she's dyslexic, but there should be no focus on speed whatsoever, and all the focus should be on getting the letters right and understanding. It's better to use text that she can understand. Using a large font also helps a lot because the problem is how the brain and eye work together. Bigger text is easier on the eye. Stick to easier texts, and she should try learning tajweed by memorising, not reading inshaAllah.
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    • #3
      Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

      She told me she was dyslexic, and she is exactly like you, she memorises. So I will try to use bigger font for sure inshaAllah ta'aala. Is there anything else I should do to help her?
      اذاً لن يضيعنا الله

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      • #4
        Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

        Tell her to see her optician...glasses may help. Also if she is still at school she can get referred to be tested to see if coloured overlays will help

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        • #5
          Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

          She does wear glasses, and no alhamdulillah I'm talking about an adult sister. Perhaps she didn't struggle so much with English, which is why it wasn't picked up on in school? I'm not sure. Anyway shukran for your advices.
          اذاً لن يضيعنا الله

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          • #6
            Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

            :wswrwb:

            When you recite for her, let her record it on her phone or something. She can then listen to it at home when she needs to practice. So she could learn orally.
            "And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way."
            (al-Baqarah: 143)

            Allahumma innaa na'udhu bika min an nushrika bika shai-an na'lamuh; wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na'lam.

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            • #7
              Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

              Like sister dhakiyyah mentioned she needs to get familiar with the Arabic alphabet, once she masters the alphabet then she can go on to joining words to reading sentences.

              She has to go back to basics and take one step at a time otherwise she will keep on struggling and she won't really know the words she's reading. And Quranic tapes are very helpful she can listen and following along to practice, that's what my mum made me do back in the day.
              Last edited by kiduka; 16-09-11, 04:12 PM.

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              • #8
                Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

                Assalamu alaikum. I also have mild dyslexia. I love being dyslexic BTW :) I am in a really similar situation because I am also learning Quiada noraniya. I like this method. I've been studying arabic letters and tajweed and reading off and on for almost 10 years. I still cannot read fluently. Even after years of knowing the letters I would still confuse baa and noon, ta and ya, you get the point. I am learning, it just comes slower and takes a lot more practice. Just like with engligh, alhamdulillah I love reading but I just do it slower than most people. She could get there with arabic, but it might take a long, long time. Just be patient with her and try not to pressure. Actually with dyslexia the symptoms usually increase while under stress so the less pressure she feels, the better. I am about half way through the book and I still can't read fluently but I am improving so much. Once she completes the lessons that group letters together, it will help. That way you can memorize how some of the sounds look and you do not have to read it phonetically so much. I know I am rambling, so let me bring a few more suggestions and be on my way. First off for all of your students to practice orally it might be more convenient to use the website which has all the letter and audio together http://tardeed.com/default.asp?LANG=2&mid= Second, one method that might be effective for her to learn arabic is to memorize the common words in the quran so she can memorize what they look like and the sound with out having to read it phonetically. That is something you can suggest she do maybe on her own once she is more advanced.

                Last thing to treat dyslexia there is a alternative method which can often be quiet effective called cerebellar stimulation. This involves physical and mental exercises which help stimulate certain parts of the brain which can help treat dyslexia and ADHD which often occurs along with dyslexia. Some of these include juggling, standing on one foot then the other, drawing a circle on a piece of paper with one hand and a square with the other simultaneously, then switching. There are more ideas here http://www.braingym.com/

                May Allah reward you for being such a dedicated teacher.
                Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the Dominion, and He is Able to do all things. (67.1)

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                • #9
                  Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

                  We already use tardeed alhamdulillah :) and jazakumullahu khayran for the replies I will look into what's been mentioned.
                  اذاً لن يضيعنا الله

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                  • #10
                    Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

                    The thing I fear is if I tell her to slow down, she might feel more upset about it? She's very enthusiastic about learning Arabic mashaAllah, and I don't want her to feel as if she has a long way to go, or that she can't do it. Perhaps I need to uplift her mood, I already mentioned to her the hadeeth about a person who struggles to recite the Qur'an getting two rewards, is there anything else I can mention?
                    اذاً لن يضيعنا الله

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                    • #11
                      Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

                      I also happen to be dyslexic. Basically, I can read something (all the words and letters are visible) but I read it as something different from what it actually is.

                      It's basically the mind is working too fast and it reads something too fast that it doesn't connect the letters in the right way.
                      Dreams feel real while we're in them. It's only when we wake up do we realize something was actually strange.

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                      • #12
                        Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

                        I too am dyslexic.. like Wolfn.. but its just a matter of practise and spending more time with her.

                        I went to see a specialist about my dyslexia and im partially dyslexic. some people find it easy to grasp a new language whilst dyslexic people may need more time or simply cant understand a new
                        language.. But dyslexic various for each person

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                        • #13
                          Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

                          I have taught dyslexic kids before and just as sister dhakiya said if you use large print mushafs it helps a lot and , i get them to listen to very slow recitors generally teaching style recitation . Husary or Menshawi

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                          • #14
                            Re: Dyslexia and reciting the Qur'an

                            Originally posted by AhlulQuran88 View Post
                            I have taught dyslexic kids before and just as sister dhakiya said if you use large print mushafs it helps a lot and , i get them to listen to very slow recitors generally teaching style recitation . Husary or Menshawi
                            :jkk: I don't teach her anymore unfortunately, but for the future inshaAllah I will keep it in mind.
                            اذاً لن يضيعنا الله

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