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  • Cancer warning over Scottish farmed salmon

    Paul Brown and Kirsty Scott
    Friday January 9, 2004
    The Guardian

    Levels of cancer-causing toxins in Scottish farmed salmon are so high that consumers are being advised not to eat more than one portion every two months to safeguard their health.

    Some scientists were so alarmed by the findings that they believe that young girls and women of child bearing age would be advised not to eat Scottish salmon at all for fear of causing birth defects and brain damage in their unborn children.

    Others argued that the health gains from eating oily fish outweigh the disadvantages.

    The research, published in today's Science magazine, which analysed salmon samples bought around the world, including from shops in London and Edinburgh, concluded that salmon farmed in Scotland and the Faroe Islands was the most contaminated in the world. Wild salmon was given a clean bill of health and farmed salmon from Chile and North America, while containing some pesticides and dioxins, was cleaner than that from the North Atlantic.

    Some of the most dangerous chemicals associated with cancer - dieldrin, lindane, dioxins and PCBs, now all banned or carefully controlled - were found in samples of Scottish salmon.

    The size of the sample was massive, with 594 individual whole salmon purchased and 144 fillets in cities across Europe and North America - a total of two tonnes of fish. The study, by a group of American universities, is the largest of its kind.

    The researchers recommended that only a half to one meal of eight ounces of farmed salmon should be eaten a month. More than that and the risk of cancer would be increased by at least one case in 100,000.

    In addition to analysing the fish, the researchers looked at the pellet food they were given. The fish food, derived from wild fish caught by trawlers, was found to contain similarly high levels of pollutants.

    The problem appears to derive from the fact that the wild fish used to make the pellets are often captured on the bottom of the North Atlantic where rivers wash contaminants into the sea.

    By contrast, wild salmon that eat in the open sea had low contaminants.

    The research enraged the Scottish salmon industry, which said it took no account of the health benefits.

    Julie Edgar of Scottish Quality Salmon, the industry watchdog, said: "They have come to this bizarre conclusion without having taken any consideration of the health benefits of Omega 3 fatty acids that are in oily fish."

    The Food Standards Agency was more cautious but said the salmon was within the safety levels set by the World Health Organisation and the European Union. It said that on average in the UK people ate only one quarter of a portion of oily fish a week.

    John Krebs, the agency's chairman, said: "We advise that the known benefits of eating one portion of oily fish [a week] outweigh any possible risks.

    "There is good evidence that eating oily fish reduces the risk of death from recurrent heart attacks and that there is a similar effect in relation to first heart attacks."

    Environmental groups called for clearer labelling so that consumers can tell whether the fish they are buying is wild or farmed, and where it has come from.

    Mary Taylor, Friends of the Earth chemicals campaigner, said: "This study shows yet again how the use of persistent chemicals contaminates our environment and food sources, which can be magnified by intensive farming practices. Consumers and retailers alike should be shocked by these findings.

    "Better labelling and consumer information would allow consumers to minimise the risks, but we also need to ensure that new chemicals legislation properly protects the environment from persistent chemicals in the long run."

    http://www.guardian.co.uk/fish/story...119337,00.html
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  • #2


    I eat Scottish salmon quite a bit.


    Some scientists were so alarmed by the findings that they believe that young girls and women of child bearing age would be advised not to eat Scottish salmon at all for fear of causing birth defects and brain damage in their unborn children
    And they are still continuing to sell it?
    What does 'freedom' mean?

    Does the eagle want to swim in the sea,
    Restricted by the sky?

    Does the fish want to dance on the wind,
    Not enough river to explore?

    Yet the sky is freedom for the bird
    but death for the fish,

    The sea is wide for the fish
    but will engulf the bird.

    We ask for freedom but freedom to do what?
    We can only express our nature as it was created.

    The prayer mat of the earth is freedom,
    freedom from slavery to other than the One,
    Who offers an shoreless ocean of love to swim in
    and a horizon that extends to the next life,
    Yet we chose the prison and call it freedom.

    “All our handling of the child will bear fruit, not only at the moment, but in the adult they are destined to become.” Donate today! http://campaign.justgiving.com/chari...iyahschool2015

    Comment


    • #3
      i dnt eat salmon..the stuff stinks !
      You are not aware of the consequences that would result (if you were granted what you desire) because what you seek might be to your detriment. (O soul) be conscious that your Master is more aware about your well-being than you are.

      ~Ibn Al-Jawzee

      Comment


      • #4
        No it doesn't. :p

        And its an excellent source of nutrition. :D
        What does 'freedom' mean?

        Does the eagle want to swim in the sea,
        Restricted by the sky?

        Does the fish want to dance on the wind,
        Not enough river to explore?

        Yet the sky is freedom for the bird
        but death for the fish,

        The sea is wide for the fish
        but will engulf the bird.

        We ask for freedom but freedom to do what?
        We can only express our nature as it was created.

        The prayer mat of the earth is freedom,
        freedom from slavery to other than the One,
        Who offers an shoreless ocean of love to swim in
        and a horizon that extends to the next life,
        Yet we chose the prison and call it freedom.

        “All our handling of the child will bear fruit, not only at the moment, but in the adult they are destined to become.” Donate today! http://campaign.justgiving.com/chari...iyahschool2015

        Comment


        • #5
          Originally posted by ze leetle elper
          No it doesn't. :p

          And its an excellent source of nutrition. :D
          yes it does! stinks up the whole house if u cook it!

          plus, im kind of allergic 2 fish..break out in a rash
          You are not aware of the consequences that would result (if you were granted what you desire) because what you seek might be to your detriment. (O soul) be conscious that your Master is more aware about your well-being than you are.

          ~Ibn Al-Jawzee

          Comment


          • #6
            Originally posted by ze leetle elper


            I eat Scottish salmon quite a bit.



            And they are still continuing to sell it?
            Don't be surprised. "There is no evidence that xxxxx is damaging to human health" actually means "There's no evidence either way. In twenty years when people either die from this stuff, or are perfectly okay then we'll have evidence"

            It was what they said with BSE... proved wrong about that. They say it about pesticide residues in food, and they say it about GM food. And then when evidence *does* come up (like the first few cases of BSE, like the people who are adversely affected by Aspartame (Nutrasweet) and quite a lot of other things) they say it oh so carefully so as not to upset the industry. And when there is evidence to suggest that there may be a risk, but it isn't conclusive enough, they don't say anything.

            They knew enough in the 1920s to prevent BSE or something similar occurring, and had absolutely no excuse to not figure out that feeding cows brains to cows was a bad idea in the 1960's A few years ago, Oprah Winfrey was sued for saying that she didn't want to eat American beef, after her show investigated the likelyhood of US getting a BSE outbreak. Dispite what had happened in Britain, the US continued to feed cows brains to cows. Oprah Winfrey was sued for pointing out that this was a bad idea. And now the USA has BSE. Surprise sur-blimmin-prise!

            There is plenty of evidence that pesticide residue is at least contributing to cancer - like that some of them are known carcinogens, other supress the immune system (your immune system protects you against cancer by zapping cells that go wrong) - and the fact that cancer rates started increasing when they started using pesticides. But hey, they still use pesticides...

            and the same people that brought you all that now bring you... da da daaaaaa! Genetically modified food!
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            • #7
              Salmon farmers reject cancer claims

              (Filed: 09/01/2004)

              The Scottish salmon farming industry has rejected claims that eating large amounts of the fish increases the risk of cancer.

              Industry workers dismissed the American study as "scaremongering" and "misleading" but claimed it still showed they had a world-class product.

              Research led by Indiana State University advised that only eight ounces of farmed salmon bought in Edinburgh and London should be eaten per month because the fish was full of pollutants.

              The study, published in the magazine Science, found chemicals linked to cancer and birth defects in supermarket and wholesale salmon.

              It found levels of 14 toxins, including PCBs and dioxins, were significantly higher in European and North American farm-raised salmon compared to fish caught in the wild.

              Scientists tracked the source of the pollutants to fish meal fed to intensively farmed salmon.

              But Scottish Quality Salmon (SQS), a body representing 65 per cent of salmon production in the country, have said the research was wrong.

              It said the level of pollutants in Scottish salmon were lower than the thresholds set by the European Union and the Food Standards Agency.

              The FSA has also urged people to continue to eat the fish because it is high in healthy Omega 3 oils.

              The Scottish Executive says it remains confident in the £500 million industry, which supports more than 6,500 jobs.

              But the Green Party has called on the Executive to investigate the report further, while Scottish National Party has said the government should provide "clear, credible information" about the safety risks of eating farmed salmon.

              http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main...portaltop.html
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              Comment


              • #8
                What's All the Fuss About Salmon?

                Fri 9 Jan 2004

                By Scottish Press Association Reporter


                Shoppers were confused today by conflicting advice over the safety of farmed Scottish salmon.

                Here are some of the questions they were asking:


                What’s the beef with Scottish salmon?

                Plenty, according to research findings published in the journal Science.

                The largest study of pollutants in salmon found levels of toxins significantly higher in European and North American farm-raised salmon, compared to wild salmon – and the most contaminated fish came from farms in Scotland and the Faroes.


                Contaminated with what?

                Toxins that originate in “fish chow”, a mixture of ground-up fish and oil fed as meal to farm salmon.

                The pollutants are said to include chemicals which persist in the environment and are potential cancer triggers. They include PCBs and dioxins.


                What do the researchers recommend we do?

                Eat farmed salmon sparingly. The researchers recommend that only half to one meal – defined as eight ounces of uncooked meat – be eaten once a month.

                But the Food Standards Agency says that dioxins and PCBs in salmon fall within internationally-recognised safety limits.

                FSA chairman Sir John Krebs says people should eat at least two portions of fish a week, one of which should be salmon.

                He said: “Although dioxin levels have decreased dramatically over the past two decades, we recognise they remain a consumer concern. We advise that the known benefits of eating one portion of oily fish outweigh any possible risks.”


                Why is it a Scottish problem?

                Because the industry is so big north of the border.


                How big?

                From experimental beginnings in the 1960s, it is now a major source of employment in remote areas, particularly the west coast and in the islands.

                It supports about 6,500 jobs and is worth £2 million a week to the Scottish economy in wages.

                According to industry body Scottish Quality Salmon, the industry’s retail value of £700 million is more valuable to the economy than the Highland beef and cattle industries combined.

                The Scottish Executive calculates that salmon production in 2002 was more than 145,000 tonnes.


                What does the industry say about the findings?

                A lot, and indignantly.

                Scottish Quality Salmon says the research is “deliberately misleading” in the advice it gives on consumption levels.

                “PCB and dioxin levels in Scottish salmon are significantly lower than the thresholds set by international watchdogs such as the EU, the FSA, or even the US FDA,” it said.

                It claims Scottish salmon is produced to the most stringently-inspected quality assurance standards in the world.

                And it says member firms have taken steps to maximise beneficial omega-3 fatty acids, and minimise PCB and dioxin levels, by sourcing high-quality raw materials for fish meal and fish oil used in feedstuff.


                Any other environmental issues to do with fish farming?

                Yes. Wild salmon interests are worried about the impact of salmon farms on wild fish stocks – through fish escaping from farms into the wild, or spreading parasites such as sea lice.

                Environmentalists also worry about the effect of nutrient discharges on marine ecosystems, and the effect of chemicals used to treat salmon diseases.


                What does the Scottish Parliament think?

                According to Holyrood researchers, the decline in wild salmon and sea trout on Scotland’s west coast has coincided to some extent with the growth of salmon farming in inshore waters, and sea lice are believed to be one of the factors in the decline.

                A Holyrood committee of MSPs held a two-stage inquiry in 2002 on the effect of salmon farming on the environment.

                One of its findings was that aquaculture should be brought within the planning system.


                What do the environmentalists say about the findings?

                The Greens, who have seven MSPs in the Scottish Parliament, have called for an immediate inquiry.

                Their parliamentary leader, Robin Harper, said: “The results from the Science journal are devastating.”

                He went on: “I want to know why it is that this polluted food is finding its way on to the dinner plates of Scots.

                “I understand that salmon is regularly assessed by executive agencies for some pollutants, but this report is a big sign that all is not well.”

                http://www.news.scotsman.com/latest.cfm?id=2389693
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                Comment


                • #9
                  didnt the UK scientists here come up with eveidence against it being harmful, & showin benefits? they said eat it once a week innit?
                  who 2 believe???
                  oh well, dont eat it so much neway
                  .: Rufaida :.
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                  • #10
                    man has destroyed the healthy, nutritional benefits of eating fish

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Im Just curious why they call it Scottish Salmon?

                      what if it swam from England of europe or something? t wud not be scottish by native descendant right?

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Originally posted by sajid
                        Im Just curious why they call it Scottish Salmon?

                        what if it swam from England of europe or something? t wud not be scottish by native descendant right?
                        well it would still be distinguished by it's kilt and haggis... and bagpipes
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                        • #13
                          Originally posted by sajid
                          Im Just curious why they call it Scottish Salmon?

                          what if it swam from England of europe or something? t wud not be scottish by native descendant right?
                          Quote 1: The research, published in today's Science magazine, which analysed salmon samples bought around the world, including from shops in London and Edinburgh, concluded that salmon farmed in Scotland and the Faroe Islands was the most contaminated in the world. Wild salmon was given a clean bill of health and farmed salmon from Chile and North America, while containing some pesticides and dioxins, was cleaner than that from the North Atlantic.

                          Quote 2: The largest study of pollutants in salmon found levels of toxins significantly higher in European and North American farm-raised salmon, compared to wild salmon – and the most contaminated fish came from farms in Scotland and the Faroes.
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                          • #14
                            Originally posted by seven
                            well it would still be distinguished by it's kilt and haggis... and bagpipes
                            What does 'freedom' mean?

                            Does the eagle want to swim in the sea,
                            Restricted by the sky?

                            Does the fish want to dance on the wind,
                            Not enough river to explore?

                            Yet the sky is freedom for the bird
                            but death for the fish,

                            The sea is wide for the fish
                            but will engulf the bird.

                            We ask for freedom but freedom to do what?
                            We can only express our nature as it was created.

                            The prayer mat of the earth is freedom,
                            freedom from slavery to other than the One,
                            Who offers an shoreless ocean of love to swim in
                            and a horizon that extends to the next life,
                            Yet we chose the prison and call it freedom.

                            “All our handling of the child will bear fruit, not only at the moment, but in the adult they are destined to become.” Donate today! http://campaign.justgiving.com/chari...iyahschool2015

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Originally posted by anna2000uk
                              didnt the UK scientists here come up with eveidence against it being harmful, & showin benefits? they said eat it once a week innit?
                              who 2 believe???
                              oh well, dont eat it so much neway
                              The UK scientists say that, but scandinavian scientists say something different, like eat it very rarely (forget their exact words)

                              The health benefits of oily fish is the omega 3 and omega 6 oils, which can be found in olive oil, hemp oil and avocado, and other things I can't think of right now. Some nuts and pulses I think. So if you want the health benefits without the cancer risk, eat these things. NB Check where the avocados are grown. Avoid Israeli ones. (cause of the occupation, and their solders shooting children, not cause there's any health risk)

                              Does the same problem affect tuna and mackerel? If it does I'm in trouble
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