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Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

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  • Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

    :salams,

    The Question is clear enough and doesnt require any further explanations. Please post your comments regarding this with some good references.

    :jkk:
    :lailah:

  • #2
    Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

    ..so they say
    i dont know though, id like to know too :S
    "Do not lose hope in adversity and complain that God singled you out for punishment, remitting others guilty of worse sins.Your present state could very well be His intent to elevate your spiritual station; or He could just be testing your faith. Everyday that you persevere, you grow closer to perfection.Thus your present despair may be beginning of an infinite blessing.":love:

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

      :start:
      Ruling on playing chess
      I wana ask if chess(the type played now a days)is allowed in islam or not?

      Praise be to Allaah.

      “When chess distracts us from what we are obliged to do both inwardly and outwardly, it is haraam according to the consensus of the scholars – such as when it distracts from an obligatory duty such as prayer or anything that is necessary in the interests of oneself or one’s family, or enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil, or upholding ties of kinship or honouring one’s parents, or any obligations connected to positions of authority or leadership, etc. In this case it is haraam according to the consensus of the scholars. Similarly, if it involves anything that is haraam such as telling lies, swearing false oaths, cheating, wrongdoing or helping in wrongdoing, or other forbidden things, then it is haraam according to the consensus of the Muslims.” (Adapted from Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 32/218, 240).

      But if it does not distract us from our obligations or involve anything that is haraam, then there is a difference of scholarly opinion concerning the ruling. The majority of scholars (Abu Haneefah, Maalik, Ahmad and some of the companions of al-Shaafa’i) said that it is also haraam, basing that view on the evidence of the Book of Allaah and the opinions of the Sahaabah.

      The evidence of the Qur’aan is the words (interpretation of the meaning):

      “O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), and gambling, and Al-Ansaab [stone altars set up for sacrifices to idols etc], and Al-Azlaam (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of Shaytaan’s (Satan’s) handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful.

      Shaytaan (Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allaah and from As-Salaah (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain?”

      [al-Maa’idah 5:90-91]

      Al-Qurtubi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “This aayah indicates that it is haraam to play dice or chess, whether that involves gambling or not, because when Allaah forbade alcohol He explained the reason for that, which is ‘Shaytaan (Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allaah and from As-Salaah (the prayer).’ So every kind of game in which a little leads to a lot and stirs up enmity and hatred between those who are devoted to it and prevents them from remembering Allaah and praying, is like drinking alcohol, which implies that it must be haraam like alcohol.” (al-Jaami’ li Ahkaam al-Qur’aan, 6/291).

      With regard to the views of the Sahaabah:

      It was narrated that ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) passed by some people who were playing chess. He said, “What are these images, to which you are devoted? [cf. al-Anbiya’ 21:52]” Imaam Ahmad said: “The soundest comment on chess what that which was said by ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him).”

      ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) was asked about chess and he said, “It is worse than dice.”

      “Dice” refers to what is used nowadays for playing backgammon, which is played on a special table. It was narrated in the ahaadeeth that it is haraam.

      Abu Dawood (4938) narrated from Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever plays dice has disobeyed Allaah and His Messenger.” (Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 4129)

      Muslim (2260) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever plays dice is like one who has dipped his hand in the flesh and blood of a pig.” Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “This hadeeth is quoted as evidence by al-Shaafa’i and the majority of scholars to prove that playing dice is haraam. The phrase ‘dipped his hand in the flesh and blood of a pig’ refers to eating it, and this simile is used to show that this is haraam because it is haraam to eat that.”

      What some of the scholars have said about the prohibition of chess:

      Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Chess is like dice in that it is forbidden.” (al-Mughni, 14/155),

      Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The evil consequences of chess are greater than the evil consequences of dice. Everything that points to the prohibition of dice points to the prohibition of chess even more so… This is the view of Maalik and his companions, of Abu Haneefah and his companions, of Ahmad and his companions, and the view of the majority of the Taabi’een… It is not known that any of the Sahaabah permitted it or played it. Allaah protected them from that. Everything that is attributed to any of them and says that he played it – such as Abu Hurayrah – is a fabrication and lie against the Sahaabah and is rejected by anyone who knows how the Sahaabah really were and by anyone who has sufficient knowledge to examine the reports critically. How could the best generation and the best of mankind after the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) permit playing something that prevents people from remembering Allaah and from praying, and is worse in this regard than alcohol when the player gets immersed in it, as we see in real life? How could the Lawgiver forbid dice but permit chess, which is many times worse?…” (al-Furoosiyah, 303, 305, 311).

      Al-Dhahabi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “With regard to chess, most of the scholars say that it is haraam to play it, whether that is for money or not. If it is played for money then it is indisputably gambling. Even if it is not played for money it is still gambling and haraam, according to most of the scholars… al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about playing chess, is it forbidden or permissible? He (may Allaah have mercy on him) replied that if it makes a person miss praying on time or he plays for money, then it is haraam, otherwise it is makrooh according to al-Shaafa’i and haraam according to others…” (al-Kabaa’ir, 89-90).

      For more information see Tahreem al-Nard wa’l-Shatranj wa’l-Malaahi by al-Aajurri, ed. By Muhammad Sa’eed Idrees.

      And Allaah knows best. We ask Allaah to help us to do that which He loves and which pleases Him, and to help us to obey Him.

      May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad.
      Islam Q&A
      Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
      O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful. (Al-Maeda, Chapter 5, Verse 35)
      Verily, man was created very impatient; irritable when evil touches him; and stingy when good touches him. Except those who are devoted to Salah. (70:19-22).

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

        “When chess distracts us from what we are obliged to do both inwardly and outwardly, it is haraam according to the consensus of the scholars – such as when it distracts from an obligatory duty such as prayer or anything that is necessary in the interests of oneself or one’s family...
        :wswrwb:

        I guess that includes 99.9% of things we do (sports, internet, family, video games etc..) - anything can distract us from our obligations. Seems odd that chess is singled out.
        'Nor say of anything,"I shall be sure to do so and so tomorrow" without adding, " if Allah (SWT) Wills" (18:23-24)

        QuranExplorer.com, where you can Listen to the Holy Recitation and Translation online in Arabic and English : http://www.quranexplorer.com/quran/ :)

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        • #5
          Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

          :jkk: brother for giving a detailed answer to this problem. :jkk:
          :lailah:

          Comment


          • #6
            Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

            Originally posted by Peacenik View Post
            :wswrwb:

            I guess that includes 99.9% of things we do (sports, internet, family, video games etc..) - anything can distract us from our obligations. Seems odd that chess is singled out.
            :start:
            YEah any sports if it distracts but then if the sahabahs (RA) and tabieen and great scholars have specifically singled out this, there must be some reason in it. May be chess involves those images. Allahu alam. Let Allah help us to please Him always. Ameen
            O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful. (Al-Maeda, Chapter 5, Verse 35)
            Verily, man was created very impatient; irritable when evil touches him; and stingy when good touches him. Except those who are devoted to Salah. (70:19-22).

            Comment


            • #7
              Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

              “Dice” refers to what is used nowadays for playing backgammon, which is played on a special table. It was narrated in the ahaadeeth that it is haraam.
              Hey...Isn't there a dice involved while playing Ludo, Snakes & Ladders & other board games as well?

              If dice is forbidden, then all those games also become forbidden .

              Comment


              • #8
                Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

                Originally posted by Peacenik View Post
                :wswrwb:

                I guess that includes 99.9% of things we do (sports, internet, family, video games etc..) - anything can distract us from our obligations. Seems odd that chess is singled out.
                You are absoluely right, in this case will all those thing become haram? Especially we get indulged in internet so badly that we forget many things, care not the orders of parents, call of Salaah, etc. May Allah protect us from those acts which he forbids. Ameen..
                :lailah:

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

                  Originally posted by amaankhan View Post
                  You are absoluely right, in this case will all those thing become haram? Especially we get indulged in internet so badly that we forget many things, care not the orders of parents, call of Salaah, etc. May Allah protect us from those acts which he forbids. Ameen..
                  :start:
                  Yeah disobeying parents is a great sin. SubhanAllah! look how far we are from. Naudhubillah!
                  Watching cricket, football for hours all will fall in this category of taking us away from remembrance of Allah I think and also spending hrs in chatting in internet all will fall under vain talk. Subhanallah!
                  O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful. (Al-Maeda, Chapter 5, Verse 35)
                  Verily, man was created very impatient; irritable when evil touches him; and stingy when good touches him. Except those who are devoted to Salah. (70:19-22).

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

                    Originally posted by Peacenik View Post
                    :wswrwb:

                    I guess that includes 99.9% of things we do (sports, internet, family, video games etc..) - anything can distract us from our obligations. Seems odd that chess is singled out.
                    That is not true. Prophet SAW promoted things like archery, wrestling and horse riding. Sports is good for physical fitness and should be done. However excessive sports like athletes who do it for a living or obsessive indulgence is not liked.

                    The view on such things are if you learn something useful and enjoy yourself then that is best. Chess is just a game to waste time as is board games, video games etc as it is not productive and waste of time making you heedless to your duties.

                    Internet ... depends what you use it for. If you use if for deen or business or reaserach of some sort then there is no harm. Use it to pass time... then probably yes

                    Attending to family is a parents / family members obligation. Even checking on your neighbour is an islamic duty aswell. Fulfilling islamic duty comes under deen and not distraction.

                    I dont thing it is not possible to lead a life without some sort of entertainment or time-off but it must be semi productive.

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

                      All games involve an element of luck...if money is involved they become gambling and irrefutably haram.

                      If they don't - then they are all essentially the same, in that they involve an element of brains and some luck.

                      To be honest chess is one of the few that is least likely to involve luck and hence gambling, it's virtually all strategy (there are no dice involved).

                      It seems the scholars who considered chess to be gambling either had a different form of chess or misunderstood the game. For instance the statement I've highlighted is almost completely wrong.

                      Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Chess is like dice in that it is forbidden.” (al-Mughni, 14/155),

                      Al-Dhahabi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “With regard to chess, most of the scholars say that it is haraam to play it, whether that is for money or not. If it is played for money then it is indisputably gambling. Even if it is not played for money it is still gambling and haraam, according to most of the scholars…
                      Last edited by Joha; 27-09-09, 07:57 PM.
                      ...sermons from this minbar come with tongue planted quite firmly in cheek.


                      "Let your boat of life be light, packed with only what you need -
                      a homely home and simple pleasures, one or two friends,
                      worth the name, someone to love and someone to love you,
                      a cat, a dog, and a pipe or two, enough to eat and enough to wear,
                      and a little more than enough to drink; for thirst is a dangerous thing."

                      -- Jerome K. Jerome
                      (Three Men in a Boat)

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

                        Originally posted by Joha View Post
                        All games involve an element of luck...if money is involved they become gambling and irrefutably haram.

                        If they don't - then they are all essentially the same, in that they involve an element of brains and some luck.

                        To be honest chess is one of the few that is least likely to involve luck and hence gambling, it's virtually all strategy (there are no dice involved).

                        It seems the scholars who considered chess to be gambling either had a different form of chess or misunderstood the game.
                        :start:
                        Thats a pretty bold statement when those are sahabahs (RA). They understand deen better than us sister. Its clearly given if the dice or chess is prohibited even gambling involves or not. Alllahu alam. Better avoid it.
                        Last edited by rahamath; 27-09-09, 07:59 PM.
                        O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful. (Al-Maeda, Chapter 5, Verse 35)
                        Verily, man was created very impatient; irritable when evil touches him; and stingy when good touches him. Except those who are devoted to Salah. (70:19-22).

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

                          In my family Chess was is a very popular. Also, Chess was very popular where I grew up. Majority of the guys played chess. Some played just a game or two while others where more involved.... in essence I know chess.

                          However, I never heard of chess as gambling, until reading this post. I find it rather odd that someone would consider in Haraam. It is all skill and logical and strategic thinking. Only time luck comes into play is when you are lucky when your opponent makes a mistake.
                          Last edited by Dantae; 27-09-09, 08:00 PM.

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

                            Originally posted by rahamath View Post
                            :start:
                            Thats a pretty bold statement when those are sahabahs (RA). They understand deen better than us sister. Better avoid it.
                            Well the statement I've made bold in the post below is demonstrably wrong. They understand the deen, that doesn't mean they understand the game. If someone has said that chess is gambling even when money isn't involved then they have made a mistake.

                            It might be disliked for other reasons, like wasting time but gambling can't be one of them. There's about as much luck (think gambling) involved in Chess as there is in holding a debate.
                            Originally posted by Joha View Post
                            For instance the statement I've highlighted is almost completely wrong.
                            Al-Dhahabi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “With regard to chess, most of the scholars say that it is haraam to play it, whether that is for money or not. If it is played for money then it is indisputably gambling. Even if it is not played for money it is still gambling and haraam, according to most of the scholars…
                            Last edited by Joha; 27-09-09, 08:05 PM.
                            ...sermons from this minbar come with tongue planted quite firmly in cheek.


                            "Let your boat of life be light, packed with only what you need -
                            a homely home and simple pleasures, one or two friends,
                            worth the name, someone to love and someone to love you,
                            a cat, a dog, and a pipe or two, enough to eat and enough to wear,
                            and a little more than enough to drink; for thirst is a dangerous thing."

                            -- Jerome K. Jerome
                            (Three Men in a Boat)

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Re: Is Playing Chess Haraam according to Islam?

                              :start:
                              Games between what is lawful and what is prohibited
                              I read a hadeeth which says, “Whoever plays with dice, it is as if he dipped his hand in the flesh and blood of a pig.” And I read that what this means is that playing with dice is haraam. So an important question came to my mind, namely,
                              Are all kinds of games haraam, even if they are beneficial? Especially since there are Islamic games which are based on use of dice. Are all these games haraam? Or does the prohibition apply only to specific games? Please explain this matter, may Allaah reward you with good?

                              Praise be to Allaah.

                              Games fall into two categories:

                              The first category is games which help in jihaad for the sake of Allaah, whether that is physical jihaad (fighting) or verbal jihaad (i.e., knowledge), such as swimming, shooting, horse-riding, and games which involve developing one’s abilities and Islamic knowledge, etc. These games are mustahabb and the one who engages in them will be rewarded so long as his intention is good and he seeks to support the religion thereby. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Shoot, O Bani Adnaan, for your father was an archer.” Shooting or archery includes by analogy all similar actions.

                              The second category is games which do not help in jihaad. These are of two types.

                              The first type is games which are specifically forbidden in the texts, such as playing with dice as mentioned in the question. These games should be avoided by the Muslim.

                              The second type is games which are neither enjoined nor forbidden in the texts. These are of two kinds:

                              The first kind is games which include something that is haraam, such as games that involve statues or images of living beings, or which are accompanied by music, or games which lead to arguments and conflicts among people and result in their saying or doing something bad. These come under the prohibition because of the haraam consequences to which they lead or because they are a means to something that is haraam. If something is the means that usually leads to something that is haraam, then we should refrain from it.

                              The second type is games which do not involve anything haraam, and which usually do not lead to it, like most of the games we see of football (soccer), volleyball and table-tennis etc. These are permissible, subject to the following restrictions:

                              1 – They should be free of gambling, i.e., betting between the players.

                              2 – They should not form an obstacle to the obligatory remembrance of Allaah, or to prayer, or to any obligatory act of worship, such as honouring one’s parents.

                              3 – They should not take up a lot of the player’s time, let alone taking up all of his time or causing him to be known among the people for that, or becoming his job, because then there is the fear that the aayah (interpretation of the meaning) “Who took their religion as an amusement and play, and the life of the world deceived them. So this Day We shall forget them” [al-A’raaf 7:51] may become applicable to him.

                              The last condition does not have a set limit, but should be referred to what is customary among the Muslims; whatever they regard as excessive is not allowed. A person should set a limit for the time spent playing and for the time spent in serious pursuits; if (the time devoted to playing) is half or one-third or one-quarter, then this is too much.

                              And Allaah knows best.

                              Shaykh Khaalid al-Maajid (Faculty Member, College of Sharee’ah, Imaam Muhammad ibn Sa’ood Islamic University)..
                              O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful. (Al-Maeda, Chapter 5, Verse 35)
                              Verily, man was created very impatient; irritable when evil touches him; and stingy when good touches him. Except those who are devoted to Salah. (70:19-22).

                              Comment

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