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    Various Articles

    A Hijab is a word that indicated the following conditions :

    1. Clothing must cover the entire body, only the hands and face may remain visible (According to some Fiqh Schools) .

    2. The material must not be so thin that one can see through it.

    3. The clothing must hang loose so that the shape / form of the body is not apparent.

    4. The female clothing must not resemble the man's clothing.

    5. The design of the clothing must not resemble the clothing of the non believing women.

    6. The design must not consist of bold designs which attract attention.

    7. Clothing should not be worn for the sole purpose of gaining reputation or increasing one's status in society.

    The reason for this strictness is so that the woman is protected from the lustful gaze of men. She should not attract attention to herself in any way. It is permissible for a man to catch the eye of a woman , however it is haram (unlawful) for a man to look twice as this encourages lustful thoughts.

    Islam protects the woman, it is for this reason that Allah gave these laws. In today's society womankind is being exploited, female sexuality is being openly used in advertising, mainly to attract the desires of men and therefore sell the product. Is the woman really free in today's society ? The answer is obviously no, the constant bombardment by the media as to how the ideal woman should look and dress testifies to this.

    Islam liberated woman over 1400 years ago. Is it better to dress according to man or God ?

    Allah has stated in the Quran that women must guard their modesty.

    " Say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty ; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what must ordinarily appear thereof. " [Quran : 24.31]

    " Say to the believing man that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty ; that will make for greater purity for them, and God is well aquatinted with all they do. " [Quran : 24.30]

    " And O ye believers turn ye all together toward God, so that ye may attain bliss. " [Quran : 24.31]

    Guidance for your Sexual Health

    One of the rights of human beings is to satisfy their sexual needs. This may be aural, by listening to amorous words; visual, by looking at that which arouses sexual desire; or physical, by engaging in sexual acts of different types.

    However, the only legal way to satisfy sexual urges is that which occurs between married couples.

    It is not permissible for a Muslim to engage in sex before marriage. Youths of both sexes must avoid all forms of sexual arousal; they should get married early and not delay it; because this is the safer route for them. Whoever cannot get married should depend on fasting to help curb their desires.

    The Purpose of Sex

    Islam strives to suppress illicit sexual urges so as to bring good back to human sexual intercourse, and to make its aim the establishment of a family and to have children. Allah said, "And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy." (Holy Quran, 30:21)

    In fact, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) made the relationship between a married couple a source of reward for Muslims in the following wonderful hadeeth. He (PBUH) said "… and in man's sexual intercourse (with his wife) there is Sadaqah (act of charity)." They (the Companions) said, "O Messenger of Allah! Is there reward for him who satisfies his sexual passion among us?" He said, "Tell me, if he were to devote it to something forbidden, would it not be a sin on his part? Similarly, if he were to devote it to something lawful, he should have a reward." (Muslim)

    Islam acknowledges the existence of sexual desire, and considers it to be one of the pleasures of this worldly life. Allah said, "Beautified for people is the love of that which they desire - of women and sons, heaped-up sums of gold and silver, fine branded horses, and cattle and tilled land. That is the enjoyment of worldly life, but Allah has with Him the best return (i.e., Paradise)." (Holy Quran, 3:14.)

    Sexual desire is instinctive, and life without pleasure, enjoyment, and happiness becomes miserable, dreary and uninteresting. Is there anything better than the romantic hours spent by a loving married couple in the marital home?

    Protection from Sexual Arousal

    Islam's philosophy in life is clear and unchanging. It is founded on firm principles, including the great principle that 'prevention is better than cure' and among the applications of this great concept is Islam's recognition of the danger of sexual arousal between the two sexes.

    For this reason, laws and systems were introduced that prohibit sexual arousal, stirring of desires, and inflammation of passions, other than those between a married couple.

    If you think about modern day life, you will realize that men flirt in the street, at work, at school, and in the shops. It is a game of cat and mouse. You will find that it is expected of a woman to make herself up and beautify herself with the most splendid finery when she goes out.

    For this reason, Islam ordered women not to beautify and adorn themselves when they go outside, but to limit their beautification for when they are with their husbands or when they are with other women.

    In relation to this, two verses of the Quran were revealed, which later came to be known as the two verses of the hijab. They are the following words of Allah, "O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves (part) of their outer garments." (Holy Quran, 33:59). The second verse is, "… and not to display their adornment except that which (ordinarily) appears thereof." (Holy Quran, 24:31)

    Islam also warned both sexes about listening to music that arouses passions, because arousing romantic music, which has an immeasurable effect on youths, is unchanging with the passing of the centuries. This prohibition came before the invention of television and its stark portrayals of sexual acts.

    The Call for Marriage

    When Islam forbade sexual arousal, and prohibited sexual relationships before marriage, it did not just leave youths without an outlet for their natural instincts. Islam invited them in a clear and open way to get married early. The Prophet (PBUH) said, "O young people! Whoever among you can marry, should marry because it helps him lower his gaze and guard his modesty (i.e., his private parts from committing illegal sexual intercourse etc.), and whoever is not able to marry, should fast; as fasting diminishes sexual power." (Bukhari)

    If a youth does not have the way or means to get married, then what is the solution? The following verse of the Quran has the answer, "But let them who find not (the means for) marriage abstain (from sexual relations) until Allah enriches them from His bounty." (Holy Quran, 24:33)

    Repulsion towards Adultery and Homosexuality

    It is unfortunate that modern civilization is so eager to turn a blind eye to prohibited sexual behavior, that it gives it different euphemisms so that people are not revolted by it. These euphemisms do not directly signify the word 'adultery' or the term 'illegal sexual relationship', but rather say that someone is 'sexually active' or 'has multiple partners'.

    Muslims, on the other hand - even those who are religiously weak -consider extramarital relationships to be adulterous and greatly sinful; sins that would never befit a Muslim. This repulsion, which people feel towards adultery, arises from the many legal texts that condemn adultery and make it unattractive in the eyes of a Muslim. These include: "And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is a Fahishah (i.e. anything that transgresses its limits), and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allah forgives him)." (Holy Quran, 17:32)

    Abu Hurairah said that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked what most commonly causes people to enter the Hellfire, he said, "The two hollow things, the mouth and the private parts." He was (then) asked about what most commonly causes people to enter Paradise, he said, "Fear of Allah and good character." (Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah)

    Ubadah ibn-us-Samit said, "I was one of the Naqibs (a person heading a group of six persons), who gave the (Aqaba) Pledge of Allegiance to Allah's Messenger (PBUH). We gave the pledge of allegiance to him that we would not worship anything other than Allah, that we would not steal, would not commit illegal sexual intercourse, would not kill a person whose killing Allah has made illegal except rightfully, and would not rob each other. We would not be promised Paradise if we did the above sins, and if we commit one of the above sins, Allah will give His Judgment concerning it." (Agreed upon)


    Islam is an amazing religion that has changed the lives of the Companions and of believers around the world. Once there was a time when adultery was deemed a normal part and acceptable happening in society and Islam rectified that notion by placing clear guidelines on sexual behaviors within a society, thus ridding the complications of liberal sexual behavior - both the physical and mental - of its believers.

    We can learn much by becoming observers of the heartaches and hardships non-Muslims encounter because of the lack of sexual abstinence amongst non-married couples and how that impacts their lives as individuals and that of their communities. We can take pride and respect ourselves as Muslims by living our lives following the examples of the pious predecessors of the past, who followed the righteous teachings of our Prophet (PBUH).

    Islam has generously and thoughtfully provided its believers with the prevention to the societal ills of pre-martial sexual relations, where others can spend millions of dollars and many hours seeking in desperation just waiting on the cure.

    Let us each take a proactive stance in our lives to ensure that our families and ourselves are utilizing the preventive measures our religion has given us so that we may be able to thwart the day when it is too late, and we too, are left in desperation, seeking the cure. [Al Jumuah Vol. 14 - Issue: 8]


      Strengthening the Motive of Reason and Religion

      In the battle between reason/religion and whims/desires, we have the following weapons at our disposal:

      1. We should remember the glory and greatness of Allah, and feel that He is too great to be sinned against as He is all-seeing and all-hearing. Whoever thinks of the greatness of Allah will never be at ease in committing wrong actions.

      2. If we claim to love Allah, then we should not disobey Him, because of that love. A person should be obedient to the One he claims to love. Those who refrain from committing wrong action out of their love for Allah are of the highest status in His sight, as are those who worship Him out of love for Him. There is a great difference between the one who obeys Allah and abstains from wrong action Out of love, and the one who does so out of fear of punishment.

      3. We should think of the blessings and favours of Allah, as a decent and noble person would never act against the one who has been treating him kindly- Only base and ignoble people do such a thing. If we think of the blessings and favours of Allah, we will realize that we should not respond by going against His commands and committing wrong action.

      4. We should think of the wrath and punishment of Allah, as He will be angry with the person who persists in committing wrong action. Nothing can stand in the way of the consequences of His anger, least of all this weak slave of His.

      5. We should think of what the person who commits wrong action has to lose, in this world and the next. It should be sufficient to think of the loss of iman (faith), of which the smallest amount is worth much more than everything in this world. How can anyone be willing to lose his iman in return for some brief

      Moment of pleasure the consequences of which might last forever? In a sahih hadith, the Prophet (SAAS) said: "No adulterer is a believer at the time when he is committing adultery." Commenting on this hadith, one of the Sahabah said: "His iman wil be dragged out of him until it goes over his head like a cloud. If he repents, then his iman will return to him."

      6. We should relish the idea of defeating the Shaytan and being victorious over him, because overcoming him, and our whims and desires, is a thing of joy and carries a great reward. It is like taking medicine and being rewarded with restoration to good health.

      7. We should bear in mind the reward and compensation which Allah has promised to those who control their whims and desires, and abstain from that which is haram.

      8. We should think of the special companionship of Allah, as He has told us: "Allah is with those who patiently persevere." (al-Baqarah 2: 153) "For Allah is with those who restrain themselves and those who do good" (an-Nahl 16: 128) "For verily Allah is with those who do right." (al-Ankabut 29: 69)

      9. We should be ever mindful of death, which could come upon us at any time, suddenly and without warning

      10. We should stop thinking of falsehood and bad ideas. Even if bad thoughts cross our minds, we should not let them stay, otherwise they may become hopes and wishes which we may act upon, and harm ourselves and others in the process.

      11. We should gradually strengthen our religious motive in fighting whims and desires. Once we have tasted the joy of defeating those whims and desires, then our determination and willpower will grow stronger.

      12. We should direct our thoughts towards contemplation of the signs of Allah which He has encouraged us to think about, whether they are in the Quran or in the universe around us. If such thoughts are constantly in our hearts and minds, this will help us to shun the whispering of the Shaytan. There is no greater loser than the one who, instead of thinking of Allah, His Book, His Prophet and his Sahabah, dwells on Shaytan and the ideas of Shaytan.

      13. We should remember how short is our stay on this earth. No-one would want to feel that all he has achieved in this life is the worst kind of deeds, except a person who has no spiritual ambition, whose heart is dead and who is careless. Such a person will ultimately regret his deeds when he realizes that, far from benefiting him, they will lead to punishment. Even the person who has many good deeds to his credit will feel that sense of regret when he realizes that he could have done even more.

      14. We should know that Allah has created us to live an eternal life with no death, a life of pride and ease with no humiliation, a life of security with no fear, a life of richness with no poverty, a life of joy with no pain, a life of perfection with no flaws. Allah is testing us in this world with a life that will end in death, a life of pride that is accompanied by humiliation and degradation, a life that is tainted by fear, where joy and ease are mixed with sorrow and pain. So many people are mistakenly seeking an easy life of power and pleasure in this world, but most of them never manage to achieve it, and those who do, enjoy it only for a brief time before it vanishes. The Prophets called people to an eternal life of plenty, and whoever answers their call will have the best life in this world, better than the life of kings and their followers, for zuhd in this life is true richness. This is something which the Shaytan greatly envies the believers.

      Merely knowing the facts that we have outlined above is not enough. We have to strive and do our utmost to achieve our aim and attain perfection. The best way to do so is to put a stop to the habits that are controlling our lives, as these are the main obstacles which prevent us from succeeding. We should avoid places of fitnah and temptation, as the Prophet (SAAS) told us,

      "Whoever hears of the Dajjal should keep away from him." The best way to protect ourselves from wrong is to keep away from anything that could lead to it. One of the favourite tricks of the Shaytan, which deceives everyone except those who are clever enough to see it, is to show a person some goodness in a wrong thing, and call him to go towards what is good; when the person gets close to it, he falls into the trap.


        Dietary Law

        Islam permits all that is good and pure. Allah says: “O you who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you.” [Sûrah al-Baqarah: 172]

        Every food and drink created by Allah is permissible for us unless prohibited by the sacred texts. This ruling is derived from the verse of the Qur’ân where Allah says: “Say: ‘I find not in the message received by me by inspiration any (meat) forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be dead meat…” [Sûrah al-An`âm: 145].

        Foods are basically of two kinds: foods from animal sources and foods from plant sources.

        Foods from animal sources are permissible save the following kinds:

        1. All fanged predatory animal such as the tiger, leopard, lion, dog…etc.

        2. All birds of prey such as the eagle, falcon, and owl. The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade: “…every fanged predatory animal and every taloned bird of prey” [Sahîh Muslim]

        3. Donkeys. The Prophet (peace be upon him), on the day of Khaybar, forbade the flesh of donkeys and permitted the flesh of horses. [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]

        4. Pork. It is prohibited by the Qur’ân.

        5. Any animals that are called impure in the Arabic language, since Allah says: “And prohibits them from what is bad (and impure)” [Sûrah al-A`râf: 157]. This would include flies and the like.

        6. Animals that we are either commanded to kill or prohibited from killing.

        All other meat is permissible for us, such as that of sheep, chicken, ostrich, rabbit, zebra and the like.

        All vegetation – like leafy vegetables, fruits, seeds, and the drinks made from them – are permissible for us except for what is intoxicating or injurious to the health such as hashish, drugs, tobacco and poisons. These things are unlawful.

        Allah forbids things only for our benefit. His commands and prohibitions are full of wisdom. People may come to learn of some of this wisdom on occasion, but more often they will not know it.

        Food has an affect not only on our health, but on our behavior. Good food will bring about a good affect on us and bad or impure food will bring about an ill affect.

        - Sheikh Ahmad al-Rashîd


          Criminal Law

          Criminal law in Islam is aimed at securing human welfare. Its general precepts exist to uphold universal principles that govern every human need. These universal principles are:
          1. The preservation of life.
          2. The preservation of religion.
          3. The preservation of reason.
          4. The preservation of lineage.
          5. The preservation of property.
          The Islamic penal system is aimed at preserving these five universal needs. For example, to preserve life, it prescribes the law of retribution, to preserve reason it prescribes the punishment for drinking, and to preserve property, it prescribes the punishment for theft.

          The Islamic penal system is based on a number of principles, the most important of which follow:

          1. Nothing is prohibited before the appearance of the Divine Law. Deeds are only described as prohibited if their prohibition is stated in the sacred texts. This principle is implied by many verses of the Qur’ân, such as: “We would punish no one until after we had sent a Messenger" and: “Your Lord would not destroy the towns until He sent a messenger to the mother of the towns who would recite to them Our signs.” The jurists have derived from verses such as these the following two rules of jurisprudence:
          1. There is no accountability before the appearance of the Divine Law.
          2.Everything is assumed to be permissible unless there is proof indicating otherwise.
          2. Previous violations are to be pardoned (punishments are not retroactive). This principle, which is a consequence of the previous one, means that the divine texts that prescribe fixed punishments for certain crimes are not to be carried out on people who committed these acts before the texts prohibiting them were revealed. They are only applicable to those who commit these crimes after the punishments for those crimes have been prescribed. The previously mentioned verses point to this principle, as do the following:
          “Allah has pardoned what has passed.” and: “Say to those who disbelieve that if they desist, Allah will forgive them what has passed.”

          3. No one is punishable for the deeds of others. This means that, in Islamic Law, the individual is solely accountable for his or her crime, and no one else will bear the burden of an action that he or she committed. No one will be punished for a crime committed by someone else, no matter how close the two people might be related. The Qur’an has established this principle in many verses. Among these are the following: Allah says: “No soul will earn any wrong except against itself. No one shall bear the burden of another.”
          and: “Whoever does good, then it is for his own soul, and whoever does wrong then it is against it.”

          4. The penal code is universally applicable. The Islamic penal code – like other Islamic institutions – is applicable to everyone, without discrimination. Everyone is equal before it, no matter what his or her standing in society might be. The Qur’an has established the principle of universal equality in the following verse: “O mankind, We have created you from a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes so you can come to know one another. Verily, the most noble of you with Allah is the most righteous.”

          Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) has clearly illustrated the principle of equality in carrying out punishments when a woman from the Makhzam clan – one of the noblest clans within the tribe of Quraysh – committed theft. The people of Quraysh interceded to have her acquitted, but Allah’s Messenger (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
          “O people, those who came before you came to ruin only because they used to pardon their nobility when they stole and would carry out the punishment on the weak. By Allah, if Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad, committed theft, I would cut off her hand.”

          5. Punishments are not to be carried out in the face of doubt. This means that the judge cannot rule to have the punishment carried out upon the accused whenever there is doubt as to whether or not the crime has been committed, or whether or not there was a legal justification for making it excusable.

          Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) made this clear when he said: “Do not carry out the prescribed punishments when there is doubt.”

          Islamic Law recognizes two kinds of punishments for crimes. The first are punishments that are specifically prescribed by the Qur’ân and Sunnah for particular crimes. These punishments cannot be waived or modified when a conviction is had. Then there are punishments of a discretionary nature. These are to be applied in cases where the divine texts establish the prohibition of certain activities without setting down for them a prescribed punishment. In these cases, the punishment is to be determined by legislation or by the presiding judge in light of the indications given by the prescribed punishments for other crimes.


            Jihad & Warfare

            The Qur’ân makes it clear that it is permissible for people to fight back against those who attack them. Allah says: “Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors.” [Sûrah al-Baqarah:190]

            Allah says: “And why should ye not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)? Men, women, and children, whose cry is: ‘Our Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors, and raise for us from Thee one who will protect; and raise for us from Thee one who will help’.” [Sûrah al-Nisâ':75]

            The Qur’ân also makes it clear that when the other party refrains from aggression, then it is not permissible to attack them. Allah says: “But if they cease, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression and there prevail justice and faith in Allah. But if they cease, let there be no hostility except to those who practice oppression.” [Sûrah al-Baqarah:192-193]

            It is permissible to fight against oppression and persecution. This does not only apply to Islam and Muslims, because everyone has the right to worship Allah. Allah says: “To those against whom war is made, permission is given (to fight), because they are wronged – and verily Allah is Most Powerful for their aid – (They are) those who have been expelled from their homes in defiance of right – (for no cause) except that they say, ‘Our Lord is Allah’. Did not Allah check one set of people by means of another, there would surely have been pulled down monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, in which the name of Allah is commemorated in abundant measure.” [Sûrah al-Hajj:39-40]

            This clearly means that Muslims must fight to protect and defend people of other faiths, if they are in areas where the Muslims have effective power. All people must be free to worship Allah according to their own beliefs. They must be free to make their own choices. Allah says: “Let there be no compulsion in religion.” [Sûrah al-Baqarah:: 256]

            This brings us to the concept of jihâd. There is no such thing as “holy war” in Islam. This is a mistranslation of the word. Holy war is carried out to forcibly subject others to one’s religious beliefs. As we have seen, this is expressly forbidden in Islam. The word jihâd literally means struggle and applies to any colossal effort, not just to warfare. Jihâd may be against one’s own desires or evil inclinations.

            Fighting in war can be jihâd, but under what conditions? Muslims fight in defense, but so do others. What makes such fighting a jihâd? The answer is that fighting only becomes jihâd if it is for the pleasure of Allah alone and according to the Law of Allah. Even fighting against people who attacked first will not be jihâd if the Muslims strike back in revenge. Jihâd has a self-restraint that has never been seen in any other form of warfare.

            In the life of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), we have a practical example of how Islamic warfare – or jihâd – is to be carried out. When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) began calling the people of Mecca to Islam, he was met with stiff resistance. He was severely persecuted along with his followers. Some of them were tortured on account of their faith and even killed. The situation grew progressively worse until the Muslims were forced to flee. They emigrated to Madinah, a city to the north whose inhabitants had accepted Islam. In Madinah, the first Islamic community was established, and from there Prophet Muhammad continued his mission of calling the people to Islam.

            The Meccans still wanted to stop Muhammad (peace be upon him) and put an end to Islam. On many occasions they attacked Madinah and the Muslims had to fight back. During these battles we can see how fighting in Islam was conducted.

            The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) forbade the killing of non-combatants. Ibn `Umar, a Companion of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), said: “I saw the body of a slain woman during one of the battles of the Prophet (peace be upon him), so he forbade the killing of women and children.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]

            Rabâh b. Rabî` was another companion of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). He gave the following account of an incident that occurred during one of the battles: “We were with Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) during a battle and we saw people gathered together. He dispatched a man to find out why they were gathered. The man returned and said: ‘They are gathered around a slain woman.’ So Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: ‘She should not have been attacked!’ Khâlid b. al-Walîd was leading the forces, so he dispatched a man to him saying: ‘Tell Khâlid not to kill women or laborers’.” [Sunan Abî Dâwûd]

            Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) used to say the following words to his troops before sending them to war: “Go forward in the name of Allah. Do not kill an elderly person, nor a child, nor a woman, and do not exceed the bounds.” [ al-Muwatta’]

            From all this, it is easy to see Islam’s position on terrorism. Terrorism is a form of warfare whereby innocent people are specifically targeted to instill fear in a population. Therefore, Islam’s view on terrorism comes from the Islamic position on warfare. It is clear from what preceded that even during war, when the Muslims are fighting an aggressive enemy, they are never allowed to target civilians. This is strictly prohibited by Islamic Law. The killing of innocents is murder, even during times of war. The one who intentionally kills these innocent people is a murderer who deserves the punishment for murder. Terrorism is categorically prohibited in Islam.

            Throughout Islamic history, the Muslim’s treatment of others in times of war was exemplary. Abû Bakr, a Companion of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the first Caliph that came after him, sent an army to Syria to fight the aggressive Roman legions and went out to give them words of encouragement. He said: “You are going to find a group of people who have devoted themselves to the worship of Allah (i.e. monks), so leave them to what they are doing.”

            When `Umar, a companion of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the second Caliph, drove the Roman legions out of Jerusalem, the Muslims were welcomed as liberators. Even though the Muslims had conquered the land, they were not allowed to look upon the inhabitants of the land as their enemies. Their enemies were only the Romans who had aggressed against them. When `Umar entered Jerusalem as a conqueror, he came humbly and instead of dictating harsh terms to the people, brought a treaty that guaranteed the people of Jerusalem, who were predominantly Christian, their safety and freedom from all persecution. The following is from the treaty that he drafted for them:
            “This is what `Umar, the Commander of the Faithful, grants to the people in peace. He grants them the safety of their persons, their churches, and their crosses… their churches will not be shut down nor destroyed. Nothing will be taken from them or from their crosses. They will not be compelled to abandon their faith nor shall any one of them be abused.”
            Jihâd can never be fought for worldly gain, for conquest, or even for revenge.

            Muslims must only fight to protect the lives, property, and freedoms of people, especially their freedom to worship Allah when that freedom is forcibly attacked. They are never allowed to attack innocent people, even when they are themselves attacked by the countrymen of those innocents. Any people that go against this established principle of Islamic Law and murder civillians are fighting against Islam and everything that it stands for. It is ludicrous for them to call this fighting a jihâd, a word that means striving in the cause of Islam. They are in fact murderers in the light of Islamic Law and should be treated as such.

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              Divorce & `Iddah

              Marriage is supposed to be a permanent contract. It is never entered into with a time limit. At the same time, it is a contract based upon affection and mutual understanding. Without these qualities, married life becomes impossible. For this reason, Islamic Law has taken great pains to preserve this affection and encourage treating one’s spouse kindly. It calls to gentleness and intimacy. It prescribes arbitration to deal with difficulties. In spite of all this, sometimes the hearts of people are incompatible with each other and foster no affection, so that a return of affection and mutual understanding becomes inconceivable.

              In this situation, the only alternative to divorce is conflict and continuous quarreling. This can lead to mental illness, and it places the two people in a state of perpetual suffering. They merely maintain the outward appearance of a marriage in spite of the fact that they want to have nothing to do with each other.

              The purposes of marriage and the wisdom behind it are not being realized under these circumstances, for the needed comfort, affection, and cooperation are just not there. The only logical solution in this situation is to terminate the marriage and give both people the opportunity to look for a better relationship elsewhere, so each can enjoy a happier and more peaceful family life.

              This happens in two ways: a standard divorce or a khul` settlement where the wife pays compensation.

              A. Divorce This is where the marriage contract is revoked either immediately or after a period of time. Thus there are two forms that it can take:

              1. Irrevocablee divorce: This is where the husband does not have the right to take his wife back except with a new marriage contract, another dowry, and her consent.

              2. Revocable divorce: This is a divorce where the husband has the right to take the wife back for a period of time without contracting with her a new marriage. The reason for this is that the marriage does not actually terminate until the waiting period is completed.

              Islam has placed this form of divorce in the hands of the man, but it has taken many precautions with it and restricted it with a number of specific rules. Only one divorce should be given at a time. It must take place after she has completed a menstrual cycle and before he has resumed sexual relations with her, meaning it is not permissible for him to divorce her during her monthly period or if he has had sex with her afterwards. If he has had sexual relations with her after her last period, then he must wait for her to complete another monthly cycle before he can divorce her. This gives the husband a period of time to stay with his wife without divorcing her. Likewise, it gives him the right to take her back for a period of time, so if he regrets divorcing her, he still has the opportunity to resume his family life with her without having to go through any procedures or difficulties.

              This period of time is three months for older women who have ceased to have their menstrual cycles as well as for those women who have never had monthly periods. For other women, the length of the waiting period is three menstrual cycles. However, the waiting period for a pregnant woman is up to the time that she has given birth.

              The woman, according to many jurists, has the right to petition the courts for a separation during this time if she is suffering abuse from her husband, whether this abuse is physical or otherwise. The courts will offer her right to an immediate, irrevocable divorce at this time if she so wishes.

              B. The Khul` Settlement: This is a divorce that occurs where the woman pays to her husband a compensation for being released from the marital bond.

              This form of divorce is attested to by the following verse of the Qur’ân: “If they fear that they will not be able to keep to the limits set by Allah, then there is no sin on them for what she gives in payment for her freedom.”

              The wisdom behind this option is that it gives the woman a way out if she cannot bear to remain with her husband. Sometimes a woman cannot stand to remain with her husband, but he has every desire to keep her. Thus, Allah has prescribed for her the khul` so that she can free herself from remaining with a man with whom she cannot hope to have a proper family life. Khul` is generally disliked – though not prohibited – unless the husband’s abusive behavior or ill treatment is the cause for her wanting to get away.

              Likewise, the Qur’ân sternly forbids a man to mistreat his wife in hopes of taking her money. Allah says: “Do not treat them with harshness so you can take away part of what you have given them.”


                Dress & Grooming

                Islam promotes modesty. It seeks to minimize vice and immorality in society. One of the ways it does so is by encouraging modest dress. Islam sets the standards of decency for both men and women.

                In most Western countries, there are laws defining what is decent. This usually amounts to the male having to cover his genitals and the female having to cover her genitals and her breasts. If this minimum requirement is not met, the person can be charged with indecent exposure. The reason cited for the difference between men and women in this matter is the differences in their anatomy.

                Islam prescribes a more conservative minimum dress code for both men and women. A man must always be covered in loose clothing between his navel and his knee. This is the absolute minimum covering required. He must never go out in public with a short bathing suit on.

                A woman must cover her whole body. The wisdom behind this dress code is to minimize sexual enticement as much as possible for both men and women. Obeying this dress code is a form of obedience to God.

                Some Western observers have assumed that the head covering of a woman is meant to show her inferiority to men. This could not be further from the truth. The Qur’ân explicitly states that the reason for her dressing this way is so that she will be respected. The message that the woman gives when she wears Islamic dress is as follows: “Respect me for who I am. I am not a sex object.”


                  Male-Female Relationships

                  Question: Can a man shake a woman's hand? Does it make a difference if she is old or young?

                  Answered by Sheikh Salman al-Oadah

                  In principle, shaking hands with women outside of one’s family is prohibited. In Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim, `Â’ishah relates that the Prophet’s hand never touch a woman’s hand except that of a woman who was lawful to him.

                  Umaymah b. Raqîqah said: “I came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) with a group of Ansar women to swear fealty for Islam. The women said 'O Messenger of Allah, let us swear fealty to you.' The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'I do not shake hands with women. How I accept the pledge from one woman is the same as with one hundred women'."[al-Muwatta’ (2/982), Sunan al-Tirmidhî (7/1597), Sunan al-Nasa’î (7/149), and Sunan Ibn Mâjah (2874)]

                  It is well known that the Prophet (peace be upon him) never shook hands with women, neither directly nor behind a cloth, and what was related by `Umar that he did so with respect to the oath of allegiance is not correct.

                  However, if the woman is very old, one of those mentioned in the verse;
                  “And as for women past child-bearing who do not expect wedlock” and there is no chance of her tempting others or falling into temptation then scholars are of two opinions:

                  First: the Hanafî and Hanbalî scholars, as stated by Ahmad, allow it. They offer as evidence a hadîth that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to shake hands with old women and not young women, but this hadîth is not authentic.

                  They also advance as evidence what is related that Abû Bakr used to shake hands with old women, and that al-Zubayr had an old woman give him medical treatment. Allah knows whether this is true or not.

                  Touching a woman is forbidden to prevent temptation. If the woman is not desirable, then the temptation does not exist. Some scholars rely for this opinion on the verse “And as for women past child-bearing who do not expect wedlock…” This opinion is the stronger one.

                  The other opinion is that of the Mâlikî and Shâfi`î scholars that it is forbidden to touch the hand of an unrelated woman, whether old or young.

                  And Allah knows best.

                  For more details see:

                  - al-Mabsût (10/154)
                  - Tabyîn al-Haqâ’iq (6/218)
                  - al-`Inâyah (10/25-26)
                  - al-Jawharah al-Nîrah (2/284)
                  - Durar Al-Hukkâm (1/314-315)
                  - al-Insâf (8/26-27)
                  - al-Furû` by Ibn Muflih (5/152)
                  - al- Bahr al-Zakhkhâr (5/374)
                  - al- Mawsû`ah al-Fiqhiyyah (29/297)


                    Science & Technology

                    One of the hallmarks of Islam is its complete harmony with scientific thought. A Muslim considers conflict between science and religion to be impossible. Religion comes from Allah and so does the Creation. It is impossible for one to contradict the other.

                    Islam teaches the Muslim to expect causes for everything in Creation. This is the way of Allah. Allah created everything we see around us. At the same time, everything we see around us also has a natural cause. Unless the Qur'ân and Sunnah explicitely state something to the contrary, a Muslim automatically assumes that everything in Creation has a natural explanation, from the formation of the stars and galaxies to the origin and diversity of different species. A Muslim never feels the need to rely on miracles to explain natural phenomena. A Muslim believes that miracles are instances where Allah contravenes his own natural laws for a specific reason, like to assist one of His prophets or to answer a prayer. Miraculous explanations should never be concocted by people in order to explain something in the natural world or to cover up for human ignorance on a scientific matter.

                    There has never been a scientific fact or a valid scientific theory that contradicted the teachings of Islam. Whatever science uncovers, it only increases our knowledge of Allah’s magnificent Creation. This is why Islam actively encourages scientific endeavor and why the Qur’ân commands us to study His signs in nature.

                    Islam also allows us to enjoy the fruits of human ingenuity. We are commanded to strive to better the world. Islam welcomes technological advances. Technology can be employed for both good and evil. Technology itself is neutral. It is our responsibility to use what Allah has blessed us to know for the betterment of humanity.

                    In the early days of Islam, when people adhered to its beliefs and practices, there was a flowering of science, culture and technology. The teachings of Islam brought about this scientific awareness. Only after people lost sight of their religious beliefs did the scientific achievements of the Muslim world cease and fall into obscurity.


                      Saheeh al-Jaami as-Sagheer wa Ziyaadatuh'

                      Saheeh al-Jaami as-Sagheer wa Ziyaadatuh'

                      Al-Imaam as-Suyooti (may Allaah have mercy on him) originally had a collection of hadeeth called 'al-Jaami'
                      as-Sagheer min Hadeeth al-Basheer an-Nadheer' (The Small Collection of the Sayings of the Giver of Glad
                      Tidings, the Warner).
                      The authenticated version of that collection is by Shaykh al-Albaani, and it is called 'Saheeh al-Jaami as-
                      Sagheer wa Ziyaadatuh'.

                      Translated by Abu Sabaayaa


                      #8: "I eat as a slave eats, and I sit as a slave sits, for verily, I am a slave."
                      #23: "Allaah hates to allow the one who has killed a believer to repent."

                      #44: "The people of Yemen have come to you, and they have the weakest (softest) hearts, and the softest
                      mouths, and comprehension (fiqh) is from Yemen, and wisdom is from Yemen."
                      #80: "Would you like for your heart to become soft and for you to find what you are looking for? Be
                      compassionate to the orphan and pat his head, and feed him from what you eat. Then your heart will
                      become soft, and you will find what you are looking for."
                      #92: "Do you wish to put the people to trial, Mu'aadh? If you lead the people in prayer, then read Soorat
                      ash-Shams, and al-A'laa, and al-Layl, and al-'Alaq."

                      #100: "Beware of that which is forbidden and you will be the best worshipper among the people, and be
                      pleased with your share of what Allaah has given and you will be the most self-sufficient of the people,
                      and be good to your neighbor and you will be a believer, and love for the people what you love for
                      yourself and you will be a Muslim, and do not laugh too much for too much laughing kills the heart."
                      #245: "Supplicate to Allaah while you are certain that He will answer you, and know that Allaah does not
                      answer supplication from a heart that is heedless of Him."
                      #275: "If Allaah loves a people, then he tests them."
                      #287: "If anyone of you improves his practice of Islaam, then for every good action that he performs, he
                      will have anywhere from 10 to 700 like them written for him, and whoever performs a bad deed will only
                      have that deed written for him until he meets Allaah."

                      #308: "If Allaah wants good for one of His worshippers then he makes his punishment in this World, and
                      if He wants bad for one of His worshippers then He holds off from him with his sins until he meets Him
                      with them on the Day of Judgement (i.e., he is punished for them in the Hereafter)."
                      #310: "If Allaah wants to create something, nothing can prevent Him from doing so."

                      #317: "If you do something bad, then do something good."

                      #446: "If one of you performs ablution in preparation for the prayer, then he should not clasp his fingers
                      #514: "If one of you enters the masjid, then he should send blessings upon the Prophet and say: 'O Allaah,
                      open for me the doors to your Mercy' [Allaahumaftahlee abwaaba Rahmatak], and when he leaves he
                      should send blessings upon the Prophet and say: 'O Allaah, protect me from the Devil'
                      [Allaahuma'simnee min ash-Shaytaan]."
                      #524: "When the people of Paradise enter Paradise, Allaah will say to them: 'Do you desire anything
                      more so that I can increase you in it?' And they will say: 'Our Lord, what is above what You have
                      already given us?' So He will say: 'My Pleasure.'"

                      #527: "If you enter a masjid, then pray with the people even if you have already prayed."
                      #555: "If one of you sees someone who is in the midst of being tested (by Allaah) then says: 'All praise is
                      for Allaah who has saved me from what you are being tested with, and has favored me greatly over you
                      and over many of his worshippers' [Alhamdillaah alladhee 'aafaanee mimmaa abtalaaka bihi, wa
                      faddalnee 'alayk wa 'alaa katheerin min 'ibaadihi tafdeelaa], then you have thanked for that blessing."
                      #583: "If one of you visits his brother at his residence, then he should not get up to leave without his
                      #585: "If you beautify your masaajid, and decorate your masaahif (copies of the Qur'aan), then
                      destruction is upon you."

                      #628: "If you drink milk then rinse your mouths from it, for it contains fat."
                      #679: "If ribaa (interest/usury) and zinaa (fornication/adultery) appear in an area, then the people of that
                      area have invited upon themselves the punishment of Allaah."
                      #713: "If a worshipper of Allaah says: 'There is none worthy of worship but Allaah, and Allaah is the
                      Greatest' [Laa ilaaha illallaah wallaahu Akbar], Allaah says: 'My worshipper has spoken the truth; there
                      is none worthy of worship but I and I am the Greatest.'
                      If he says: 'There is none worthy of worship but Allaah alone' [Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdah], Allaah
                      says: 'My worshipper has spoken the truth; there is none worthy of worship but I alone.'
                      If he says: 'There is none worthy of worship but Allaah without any partners' [Laa ilaaha illallaahu laa
                      shareeka lah], Allaah says: 'My worshipper has spoken the truth; there is none worthy of worship but I
                      and I have no partners.'
                      If he says: 'There is none worthy of worship but Allaah, for Him is the Kingdom and for Him is all
                      Praise' [Laa ilaaha illallaah lahul-Mulk wa lahul-Hamd], Allaah says: My worshipper has spoken the
                      truth; there is none worthy of worship but I and for Me is the Kingdom and for Me is all Praise.'
                      If he says: 'There is none worthy of worship but Allaah and there is no might nor power except with
                      Allaah' [Laa ilaaha illallaah wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah] Allaah says: My worshipper has
                      spoken the truth; there is none worthy of worship but I and there is no might nor power except with Me.'

                      Whoever is provided this at the time of his death, the Fire will not touch him."

                      #735: "If Allaah decides that a worshipper of His will die in a certain land, then He makes a reason for
                      him to travel there."
                      #779: "On the Day of Resurrection, Allaah will send to every believer an angel and a disbeliever with
                      him, so the angel will say to the believer: 'O believer, take this disbeliever, for he is your ransom from the
                      Fire (i.e., he will take your place in Hell).'"
                      #828: "If the sword is introduced among my Ummah, it will not be raised from it until the Day of
                      #851: "Announce among the people that whoever bears witness that there is none worthy of worship
                      except Allaah without any partners, with sincerity, enters Paradise."
                      #854: "Allow me to tell about an angel from the angels of Allaah the Exalted who carry the Throne:
                      between his ears and his neck is a distance of 700 years of travel."

                      #862: "Go to your companion and inform him that tonight, my Lord has killed his lord (meaning
                      #868: "The most compassionate among my Ummah is Abu Bakr, and the strictest in following the Deen of
                      Allaah is 'Umar, and the most truthfully shy is 'Uthmaan, and the wisest judge is 'Ali, and the best in
                      fulfilling obligations is Zayd ibn Thaabit, and the best reciter is 'Ubayy, and the most knowledgable of
                      the allowed and the forbidden is Mu'aadh ibn Jabal, and verily for every people there is a trustworthy
                      one, and the trustworthy one of this Ummah is Abu 'Ubaydah ibn al-Jarraah."
                      #899: "The ground in Paradise is made of white sand."
                      #1003: "The most beloved to me from my Ummah will come after me: one of them would wish that he
                      could give his family and wealth for a glimpse at me."

                      #1096: "The best actions are to cheer up your believing brother, to relieve him of a debt, or to feed him."
                      #1119: "The best prayer with Allaah is the morning prayer on Friday in congregation."
                      #1129: "The believer who is best in submission is he who protects the Muslims from his tongue and hand,
                      and the believer who is best in faith is the one who has the best character and manners, and the best
                      emigrant is he who abandons what Allaah the Exalted has forbidden, and the best striving is he who
                      strives against himself for Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic."
                      #1139: "Carrying out a punishment from the punishments prescribed by Allaah is better than 40 nights'
                      rain in the lands of Allaah."
                      #1146: "The Hour has neared and people are only increasing in their pursuit of the life of this World, and
                      they are only increasing in their distance from Allaah."

                      #1199: "The people who eat their fill the most in this World will be hungriest in the Hereafter."
                      #1233: "The milk of the cattle contains healing, its fat is a medicine, and its meat (causes) sickness."

                      #1254: "Allaah and His Messenger are the helpers of those who have no helpers, and the uncle is the
                      inheritor of he who has no inheritor."
                      #1275: "O Allaah! I ask You for guidance, piety, safety and well-being, and contentment and
                      sufficiency." [Allaahummaa innee as'alukal-hudaa wat-tuqaa wal-`afaafa wal-ghinaa].
                      #1375: "I was ordered to use the siwaak (toothbrush) so much that I feared my teeth would fall out."
                      #1396: "This Ummah of mine is an Ummah that has been relieved of much. It has no punishment in the
                      Hereafter; rather, its punishment in this World is in the form of trials and tribulations and earthquakes
                      and killing and disasters."

                      #1425: "If you are killed in the path of Allaah, while you are patient and waiting, going forth and not
                      turning your back, then Allaah will remove all of your sins from you except for the debt. That is what
                      Jibreel told me now."
                      #1441: "If you visit some people and they fulfill their obligations to you as a guest, then accept what they
                      give you, and if they fail to do so then take the right of the guest that they should have given you."
                      #1464: "I am an announcer of a house in the midst of Paradise for the one who leaves an arguement even
                      if he is right, and a house in the middle of Paradise for the one who leaves lying even if in a joking
                      manner, and a house in the highest part of Paradise for the one who improves his manners."
                      #1497: "The scriptures of Ibraaheem were revealed on the first night of Ramadaan, and the Torah was
                      revealed on the 6th of Ramadaan, and the Gospel was revealed on the 13th of Ramadaan, and the
                      Zaaboor was revealed on the 18th of Ramadaan, and the Qur'aan was revealed on the 24th of

                      #1516: "Verily, Adam was created from three types of dirt: black, white and red."
                      #1601: "Verily, saying: 'Praise be to Allaah [Alhamdulillaah], and Glory be to Allaah [Subhaan-Allaah],
                      and 'There is none worthy of worship except Allaah' [Laa Ilaaha Illallaah], and 'Allaah is the Greatest'
                      [Allaahu Akbar] causes the sins to fall off of the slave just as the leaves fall off of this tree."
                      #1602: "Verily, the Maidens of Paradise will sing, saying: 'We are the excellent Hoor; we came for noble
                      #1603: "Verily, shyness and faith are two close companions, so if one of them is taken away the other goes
                      with it."
                      #1609: "Verily, the World is cursed and everything in it is cursed, except for the remembrance of Allaah
                      and what is associated with it, and a teacher and a student (of good)."

                      #1656: "Verily, the Devil comes to one of you and says: 'Who created the sky?' So you say: 'Allaah.' So he
                      says, 'Who created the land?' So you say: 'Allaah.' So he says, 'Who created Allaah?' If this happens to one
                      of you, he should say: 'I believe in Allaah and His Messenger.'"
                      #1671: "Verily, when the worshipper stands to pray, all of his sins are placed on his head and shoulders,
                      so whenever he bows or prostrates his sins fall off of him."
                      #1684: "Verily, the grave is the first stage of the Afterlife, so if one is saved from it, there is nothing after
                      that easier than it; and if one is not saved from it, then there is nothing after it more difficult than it."

                      #1712: "Verily, if Allaah bestows a favor upon a worshipper, he likes that the signs of that favor are
                      #1769: "Verily, Allaah likes ease for this Ummah, and hates hardship for it."
                      #1792: "Verily, Allaah has given Ja'far (ibn Abi Taalib) two wings soaked in blood; he flies with them
                      amongst the angels."

                      #1812: "Verily, if Allaah had willed to not be disobeyed, He wouldn't have created Iblees."
                      #1814: "Verily, Allaah the Exalted protects his believing slave from this World out of love for him as you
                      protect your sick from (too much) food and drink out of fear that it would harm them."
                      #1817: "Verily, Allaah increases the disbeliever in punishment because of his family's crying over him."
                      #1879: "Verily, Allaah the Exalted hates everyone who is knowledgable of the Worldly life, but ignorant
                      of the Hereafter."
                      #1891: "Verily, Allaah the Exalted loves that the doer of an action perfects his action."
                      #1900: "Verily, on the Day of Ressurection Allaah the Exalted will torture those who tortured the people
                      in this World."
                      #1913: "Verily, Allaah says: 'O Son of Aadam! Suffice me early in the day with four units of prayer (four
                      rak'ahs of Duhaa prayer) and I will suffice you with them at the end of the day."

                      #1965: "Verily, the dead are tortured in their graves to the point that the animals can hear them."
                      #1977: "Verily, people are not given anything better than good character."
                      #1991: "Verily, emmigration (hijrah) will not cease as long as there is Jihaad."
                      #1997: "Verily, the Jews envy you for saying 'Salaam' and 'Aameen'."
                      #2022: "Verily, when the worshipper will be asked about the pleasures (of life) on the Day of
                      Resurrection, it will be said: 'Did we not perfect your body and provide you with cool water?'"
                      #2028: "Verily, the acts of the people of Paradise will be made easy for those who are the people of
                      Paradise to perform, and the acts of the people of the Fire will be made easy for those who are the people
                      of the Fire to perform."

                      #2032: "Verily, the inhabitants of the Fire will weep until the ships can sail in their tears, then their tears
                      will turn into blood."
                      #2065: "Verily, the best perfumes for men are those whose color is hidden but who's scent is apparent,
                      and the best perfumes for women are those whose color is apparent but who's scent is hidden."
                      #2067: "Verily, Daawood the Prophet did not eat except from what his own hands earned."
                      #2069: "Verily, Allaah is amazed at his servant who says: 'O Allaah, forgive me my sins,'
                      [Allaahumaghfirli dhunoobi] while he knows that none forgives sins except Him."

                      #2093: "Verily, Jihaad in the path of Allaah is tourism for my Ummah."
                      #2097: "Verily the scribe on the left (the recorder of bad deeds) raises the pen for six hours from the
                      Muslim servant who sins. If he regrets his action and seeks Allaah's forgiveness, it is ignored; otherwise,
                      it is written as one bad deed."
                      #2112: "Verily, knowledge that is not benefitted from is like treasure that is not spent from in the path of
                      #2114: "Verily, the thickness of the skin of the disbeliever (in Hell) is forty-two arm-lengths of those who
                      were in the time of Aadam, and his molar teeth are the size of Uhud, and the amount of space that he
                      occupies in Hell is like the distance between Makkah and Madeenah."

                      #2148: "Verily, for every Ummah there is a trial (fitnah), and the trial for my Ummah is wealth."
                      #2150: "Verily, for everything there is a reality, and the worshipper does not acquire true faith until he
                      realizes that what befalls him was not meant to pass him by, and what passes him by was not meant to
                      befall him."
                      #2180: "Verily, in the Grave there is a squeezing, and if anyone were to be saved from it, it would be
                      Sa'ad ibn Mu'aadh."
                      #2181: "Verily, a man from Quraysh has the strength of two men who are not from Quraysh."
                      #2192: "Verily, the likeness of the one who performs bad deeds and then performs good deeds is like the
                      one who has a tight chain around his neck that is choking him, then he performs a good deed that causes
                      one link to be broken, then he performs another that causes another to be broken, until it falls to the

                      #2193: "Verily, the one who takes back a gift that he has given is like the dog which ate until it vomited,
                      and then ate its own vomit."
                      #2195: "Verily, the life of this World is like the food of the son of Adam: no matter how much salt and
                      spice he adds to it, let him look to how it ends up (as waste)."
                      #2223: "Verily, from the people there are those who are keys to what is good and blockages to what is
                      bad, and verily, from the people there are those who are keys to what is bad and blockages to what is
                      good. So glad tidings to those whom Allaah has made the keys to what is good by his hands, and woe to
                      the one whom Allaah has made the keys to what is bad by his hands."
                      #2232: "Verily, from that which obligates forgiveness (of sins) is the exchange of 'Salaam' and good
                      #2234: "Verily, after you (Companions) there are times that require patience such that the one holding
                      on during those times will have the reward of fifty martyrs from you."

                      #2343: "Verily, I am a human being, and I set a condition on my Lord - Mighty and Majestic - that any
                      Muslim worshipper who is insulted or cursed, that this becomes charity and reward for him."
                      #2350: "Verily, you were sent to make things easy, and not to make things difficult."

                      #2370: "Verily, the believer who is stricken with pain and fever is like a piece of steel that is placed in fire
                      and its rust is removed, leaving only its good part."
                      #2379: "Verily, the people will be resurrected based on their intentions."
                      #2380: "Verily, the Anti-Christ will emerge when he is angered."
                      #2388: "Verily, Allaah assists this Ummah with its weak ones; by their supplications, their prayer and
                      their sincerity."
                      #2407: "Verily, a powerful and fat man will come on the Day of Resurrection and not be worth the weight
                      of the wing of a fly with Allaah."

                      #2409: "Verily, there is nothing that is between the Heavens and the Earth that does not know that I am
                      the Messenger of Allaah, except for the disobedient Jinn and humans."
                      #2418: "Verily, whoever does not ask of Allaah, the Exalted, He becomes Angry with him."
                      #2487: "Verily, I know of a rock in Makkah that used to greet me before I was sent (as a Messenger)."
                      #2490: "Verily, ('Aa'ishah) I know when you are happy with me and I know when you are upset with me.
                      As for when you are happy with me, then you say: 'No, by the Lord of Muhammad,' and when you are
                      upset with me, you say: 'No, by the Lord of Ibraaheem.'"
                      #2494: "Verily, I joke and I do not say except what is true."
                      #2513: "Verily, I do not shake hands with women."
                      #2521: "The Throne of the Most Merciful shook when Sa'ad ibn Mu'aadh died."
                      #2539: "The strongest bond of faith is: alliance for the sake of Allaah and enmity for the sake of Allaah,
                      and love for the sake of Allaah and hatred for the sake of Allaah, Mighty and Majestic."
                      #2557: "The helpers (awliyaa') of Allaah the Exalted are those whom, when they are seen, Allaah is

                      #2561: "The first people to be destroyed will be Quraysh, and the first of Quraysh to be destroyed will be
                      those of my household."
                      #2567: "The first thing the people of Paradise will eat is the caudate liver of the whale."
                      #2581: "The first who's tongue spoke with the clear Arabic language was Ismaa'eel, when he was a boy of
                      14 years of age."
                      #2582: "The first to change my Sunnah is a man from Bani Umayyah."
                      #2617: "Should I not inform you of what Allaah removes mistakes with, and increases the good deeds
                      with? Performing ablution when it is difficult to do so, and increasing steps to the mosques, and waiting
                      for the next prayer after each prayer."
                      #2645: "Do you not trust me, while I am the trustworthy one of the One who is in the Heavens? The news
                      of the Heavens comes to me day and night."

                      #2649: "Are you not amazed how Allaah protects me from the insults of Quraysh and their curses? They
                      insult 'Mudhammaman' and they curse 'Mudhammaman,' and I am Muhammad."

                      #2680: "Beware of extremism in the religion, for verily those who were before you were destroyed as a
                      result of their extremism in religion."
                      #2740: "Any Muslim who has four, or three, or two people who bear witness to his goodness, then Allaah
                      will enter him into Paradise."
                      #2754: "Now, we invade them and they will not invade us."
                      #2778: "Islaam dominates, and is not dominated over."
                      #2790: "The Prophets are alive and praying in their graves."
                      #2880: "Righteousness is good manners, and sin is what doesn't find certainty in your chest and you hate
                      the people to find out about."
                      #2910: "The mucous that is spit in the direction of the Qiblah will be brought back on the Day of
                      Resurrection in the face of the one who spit it."
                      #2946: "Greeting a man by pointing one finger at him is an action of the Jews."

                      #2960: "Trials and tribulations will be presented to the hearts as a reed mat is interwoven stick by stick.
                      Any heart which absorbs these trials will have a black mark put in it. However, any heart that rejects
                      them will have a white mark put in it. The result is that hearts will be of two kinds: one white like a white
                      stone, which will not be harmed by trials as long as the heavens and earth endure; and the other dark
                      and rusty, like an over-turned vessel; not able to recognise the good, nor reject evil, but rather being
                      absorbed with its desires."
                      #2969: "You will invade the Arabian Peninsula, then Allaah will open it. Then, you will invade Persia, so
                      Allaah will open it. Then, you will invade the Romans, and Allaah will give you victory them. Then, you
                      will fight the Anti-Christ, and Allaah will give you victory over him."
                      #2975: "Think about the signs of Allaah, and do not think about Allaah."
                      #3014: "The mentioning of the blessings of Allaah is gratefulness, and not doing so is ungratefulness. And
                      whoever is not thankful for the small things, will not be thankful for the big things. And whoever doesn't
                      thank the people, doesn't thank Allaah. And the united community is a blessing, and division is
                      #3028: "The rights upon a Muslim are three: taking a bath on Friday, using the toothbrush, and using a
                      good scent."
                      #3039: "Three things can save a person: fear of Allaah the Exalted in private and in public, fairness in
                      happiness and in anger, and generosity in poverty and in wealthiness. And three things can destroy a
                      person: desires that are followed, covetousness that is obeyed, and a person being amazed and pleased
                      with themself."
                      #3115: "The Paradise is closer to one of you than his shoelace, and the Fire is as well."

                      #3119: "The Paradise has eight doors, and the Fire has seven doors."
                      #3136: "Two sets of eyes have been forbidden from the Fire: an eye that weeps from the fear of Allaah,
                      and an eye that has spent the night protecting Islaam and its people from the people of disbelief."
                      #3160: "My fountain is as big as the distance between San'aa' and Madeenah; its drinking cups are as
                      many as the planets or stars."
                      #3165: "Whenever you pass by the grave of a disbeliever, give him the tidings of the Fire."
                      #3195: "The permissible is what Allaah has permitted in His Book, and the forbidden is what Allaah has
                      forbidden in His Book, and what He has not made mention of is what he has allowed."
                      #3207: "Khaalid ibn al-Waleed is a sword from the Swords of Allaah; Allaah has set him loose on the
                      #3237: "Allaah created Yahyaa the son of Zakariyyaa in the womb of his mother as a believer, and He
                      created Fir'awn in the womb of his mother as a disbeliever."

                      #3240: "Five for five: 1) a people never break a pact except that their enemies dominate over them, and
                      2) they never rule by other than what Allaah has revealed except that poverty is spread amongst them,
                      and 3) immoral sins never emerge amongst them except that death is spread amongst them, and 4) they
                      never deal fraudulently in scales and measurement except that the crops of the Earth are withheld from
                      them and they are struck with famine, and 5) they never prevent collection/distribution of Zakaah except
                      that rain is withheld from them."
                      #3252: "There are five things that, whomever does them in a day, Allaah will write him to be from the
                      people of Paradise: whomever 1) fasts on Friday, and 2) went to the Jumu'ah prayer, and 3) visited a sick
                      person, and 4) attended a funeral, and 5) freed a slave."
                      #3271: "The best places are the mosques, and the worst places are the markets."
                      #3278: "The best of the Companions are four, and the best small army-units (saraayaa) are 400, and the
                      best army is 4,000, and 12,000 will never be defeated because of their small number."
                      #3442: "The insects are all in the Fire except for the bee."
                      #3464: "I saw Jibreel, and he had 600 wings."
                      #3507: "The Pleasure of Allaah is in the pleasure of the parents, and the Anger of Allaah is in the anger
                      of the parents."
                      #3517: "Two units of prayer before the Fajr are better than the World and what is in it."

                      #3544: "A person has the most right to the place where he was sitting in a gathering; even if he leaves for
                      some reason and comes back, he has the most right to the place where he was sitting."
                      #3610: "The way to block the eyes of the Jinn from seeing the private parts of the children of Adam is for
                      one to say 'Bismillaah' when he takes off his clothes."
                      #3612: "You will have a secure pact with the Romans, and you will both fight an enemy from behind
                      them, so you will defeat that enemy and take war booty from them. Then, you will both descend on a

                      valley filled with green vegetation and a man from the Romans will get up and raise the Cross and say:
                      'The Cross has won!' So a man from the Muslims will come to him and kill him, and they will betray the
                      Muslims. Then the Great Wars (al-Malaahim) will occur, and they (the Romans) will gather against you
                      and come to you under eighty banners, under each banner there will be ten thousand."
                      #3653: "There will emerge from my Ummah people who drink the Qur'aan as one of them would drink
                      #3682: "The prostration that is in Saad (38:24) was one that Daawood prostrated out of repentance, and
                      we prostrate it out of thankfulness."
                      #3699: "The 'Salaam' is to be said before asking any questions, so whoever asks you a question before
                      giving the 'Salaam', then do not answer him."
                      #3701: "The one who drinks alcohol is like the worshipper of an idol, and the one who drinks alcohol is
                      like the worshipper of Latt and 'Uzzaa."
                      #3705: "The worst of my Ummah are those who indulge in delights; those who eat all different kinds of
                      food, and wear all different kinds of clothing, and are loose in their speech."
                      #3710: "The honor of the believer is his praying at night, and his glory is his sufficiency from what other
                      people have."

                      #3726: "Shaam is the land where people will be gathered and brought forth."
                      #3733: "Poetry holds the same position as other speech: what is good from it is like what is good of
                      speech, and what is bad of it is like what is bad of speech."
                      #3737: "The Sun and the Moon will be folded up together and their light will be put out on the Day of
                      #3740: "The martyrs who fight in the path of Allaah on the frontlines and do not turn their faces until
                      they are killed, then they will meet in the highest room in Paradise and your Lord will laugh to them.
                      Verily, if Allaah - the Exalted - laughs to His believing worshipper, then he will not be taken to account
                      for his deeds."
                      #3769: "Keep relations with those who cut off relations with you, and act kindly to those who have
                      wronged you, and speak the truth even if it is against yourself."
                      #3821: "The voluntary prayer of a man where the people cannot see him is equal to 25 voluntary prayers
                      in front of the eyes of the people."
                      #3845: "The first part of this Ummah was rectified with abstinence from worldly pleasures (zuhd) and
                      certainty (yaqeen), and the later part of it will be destroyed by stinginess and false hopes."

                      #3864: "The head is what makes something an image. So if the head is cut off, then there is no
                      (forbidden) image."
                      #3887: "Allaah - the Exalted - has given a parable: a straight road, and on either sides of the road are two
                      walls containing opened doors that are covered with curtains. At the beginning of the straight road there
                      is a caller calling: 'Oh people! Enter this path, all of you, and do not deviate from it!' And a caller will be
                      calling from above the road if a person wants to open any of these doors: 'Woe to you, do not open the

                      to the
                      one who believes in me without seeing me."
                      #3961: "Oppression is of three types: oppression that Allaah does not forgive, oppression that He does
                      forgive, and oppression that he holds off on. As for the oppression that he does not forgive, then that is
                      polytheism, as Allaah says: {"Verily, polytheism is a great oppression..."} And as for the oppression that he
                      forgives, then this is the oppression of the servants of themselves in what is between them and their Lord.
                      And as for the oppression that Allaah holds off on, then this is the oppression of the servants to each
                      other until they work it out between themselves."
                      #3985: "I am amazed at the believer, how Allaah - the Exalted - does not Will for him something except
                      that it is best for him."
                      #4011: "A group of the Muslims will open the White House of Kisraa."
                      door, for if you were to open it you would enter it!'
                      So the straight road is Islaam, the two walls are the limits set by Allaah - the Exalted, the open doors are
                      the things that have been forbidden by Allaah - the Exalted, that caller at the beginning of the road is the
                      Book of Allaah, and the caller from above the road is an admonisher from Allaah that He has placed in
                      the heart of every Muslim."
                      #3920: "Glad tidings are for ash-Shaam, for the Angels of the Most Merciful cover it out of kindness with
                      their wings."
                      #3924: "Glad tidings once for he who sees me and then believes in me, and glad tidings seven times

                      #4015: "The ability of reasoning of those living under the authority of the Muslims (Ahl adh-Dhimmah) is
                      half that of the Muslims."
                      #4022: "Hang the belt where the members of the household can see it, for it keeps them in check."
                      #4208: "Allaah has favored Quraysh with seven special characteristics: He favored them in that they
                      worshipped Allaah for ten years in which nobody but Quraysh worshipped Him, and He favored them in
                      that He gave them victory on the Day of the Elephant while they were polytheists, and He favored them
                      in that a chapter of the Qur'aan was revealed about them in which none other of the Creation was
                      mentioned, and it is: {"For the taming of the Quraysh..."} (Chapter 106), and He favored them in that the
                      Prophethood is with them, and the Khilaafah, and cupping, and the trait of serving others food and
                      #4228: "The poor emigrants will enter Paradise five hundred years before the wealthy emigrants."
                      #4267: "In every century, there are those who are foremost in good deeds from among my Ummah."
                      #4317: "Allaah - the Exalted - said: 'Spend on others and I will spend on you.'"
                      #4353: "Jibreel said to me: 'If you could only see me as I was taking the sand of the sea and stuffing it
                      into the mouth of Fir'awn, afraid that the Mercy would reach him (before he could pronounce the
                      testimony of faith).'"
                      #4449: "The black stone at the Ka'bah was whiter than snow, but the sins of the Children of Adam made
                      it black."

                      #4451: "The first one to ever host a guest was Ibraaheem."
                      #4473: "The Book of Allaah is the rope that is extended from the Heavens to the Earth."
                      #4493: "Eat garlic, for if I did not converse with the Angels I would have eaten it."
                      #4517: "Every son of Adam is touched by the Devil on the day that his mother gives birth to him except
                      for Maryam and her son (Jesus)."
                      #4534: "Everything that is not from the remembrance of Allaah is vain talk and play, except if it is one of
                      four: a man playing with his wife, a man training his horse, a man going to obtain his needs, or a man's
                      learning how to swim."
                      #4627: The most beloved drinks to him (saw) were those that were cold and sweet.
                      #4675: If he (saw) knew that a member of his household had told a lie, he would avoid them until they
                      announced their repentance.
                      #5005: He (saw) would remember Allaah much, and would not engage in vain talk, and would elongate
                      his prayer, and would shorten his speeches, and he did not consider himself great enough that he would
                      not walk with the widow, the poor and the slave until he fulfilled their needs.
                      #5080: "I am not for this World, and it is not for me. Verily, I was sent while the Hour is rapidly

                      #5205: "When your brothers were killed in Uhud, Allaah put their souls in the hearts of green birds that
                      flew near the rivers of Paradise and ate from its fruits and were looking towards golden lamps hanging
                      from the shade of the Throne. So, when they saw the sweetness of their food and drink and resting places,
                      they said: 'Who will inform our brothers about us that we are alive in Paradise and are provided for so
                      that they will not be lax in Jihaad and will not lose firmness during war?' So Allaah - the Exalted - said:
                      'I will inform them on your behalf.'"
                      #5240: "If the son of Adam ran away from his provision as he ran away from death, then his provision
                      would find him as death finds him."
                      #5249: "If a man were to be dragged on his face from the day he was born until the day he died in order
                      to gain the Pleasure of Allaah - the Exalted, he would not consider this to be enough on the Day of
                      #5254: "If you were to depend on Allaah - the Exalted - as He should be depended upon, He would
                      provide for you as He provides for the bird; it leaves its nest early in the day empty-handed and returns
                      at the end of the day with food."
                      #5259: "If the woman knew the full extent of the right of her husband, she would not sit in his presence
                      while he was eating his lunch and dinner until he was finished with them."
                      #5461: "The people will run away into the mountains to escape from the Anti-Christ."
                      #5484: "The people who were relieved (of hardships in this World) will wish that their skins could be cut
                      up with shears on the Day of Judgement from what they see of the reward of the people who were put
                      through trials and tribulations."

                      #5493: "Whoever does not sleep until he prays the Witr has strong and sound judgement."
                      #5562: "Allaah never bestows a blessing on a servant - and that servant praises Him for it - except that
                      this praise is better than the blessing itself."
                      #5564: "Whatever your heart rejects, then leave it."
                      #5568: "Nobody has been harmed as I have been harmed for the sake of Allaah."
                      #5610: "A group of people never gather to remember Allaah - the Exalted - and then get up from that
                      gathering, except that it is said to them: 'Get up, as Allaah has forgiven your sins for you, and your bad
                      deeds have been exchanged for good deeds.'"
                      #5612: "The Sun was never hidden from any human being except Joshua the son of Noon when he
                      travelled to Bayt al-Maqdis."
                      #5659: "Whatever you hate the people to see from you, then do not do while you are out of their sight."
                      #5675: "There is not a son of Adam except that he has wisdom in his head that is in the hand of an Angel.
                      So, if he becomes humble, it is said to the Angel: 'Raise his wisdom,' and if he becomes arrogant, it is said
                      to the Angel: 'Throw away his wisdom.'"
                      #5693: "There is not a nation of people except that some of them are in the Fire and some of them are in
                      Paradise except for my Ummah, as all of it will be in Paradise."

                      #5720: "There is not a single hour that passes by the son of Adam in which he does not remember Allaah
                      except that he will regret it on the Day of Resurrection."
                      #5731: "There is not a year except that the one that comes after it is worse than it, (and this will go on)
                      until you meet your Lord."
                      #5761: "There is not a Muslim that is stricken with an affliction in his body except that Allaah - the
                      Exalted - orders the recorders of his deeds: 'Write for my servant the good that he (would have done) every
                      day and every night as long as he is restrained by what I have held him down with.'"
                      #5778: "No two Muslims meet with one of them greeting his companion and taking his hand - and he does
                      not take his hand except for Allaah - and part ways until they are both forgiven."
                      #5831: "The example of the learned one who teaches good to the people but forgets to apply it himself is
                      like that of the lamp which lights the way for the people but burns itself."
                      #5847: "The example of the believer is like that of the bee; it does not eat except that which is good, and it
                      does not leave behind except that which is good."
                      #5872: "One that is relieved and one that is relieved from: the believing servant is relieved of the stress
                      and pain of this World onto the Mercy of Allaah - the Exalted. And the sinful servant relieves the
                      (righteous) servants and lands and plants and animals of his presence."
                      #5911: "From the perfection of a man's Islaam is for him to leave that which does not concern him."
                      #5936: "Whoever goes to the masjid for a certain reason, then that is what he will get (from going to the

                      #5977: "Whoever frightens the people of Madeenah, then Allaah will frighten him."
                      #6001: "Whoever of you meets Jesus the son of Mary, then convey my greetings to him."
                      #6002: "Whoever makes the adhaan for ten years, then Paradise becomes obligatory for him, and he has
                      sixty good deeds written for him every day because of his adhaan and thirty good deeds because of his
                      calling of the iqaamah."
                      #6006: "Whoever wishes to know what Allaah has prepared for him, then he should look at what he has
                      prepared for Allaah."
                      #6040: "Whoever is stricken with sadness, grief, sickness or hardship and says: 'Allaah is my Lord,
                      without any partners' [Allaahu Rabbee, laa shareeka lahu], then it will be removed from him."
                      #6103: "Whoever gives a man a promise of security and then kills him, then I disassociate myself from
                      the killer - even if the one who was killed was a disbeliever."
                      #6189: "Whoever makes his worries about just one thing - the Appointed Day (of Resurrection) - then
                      Allaah will suffice him from the rest of his worries. And whoever has his worries branching off from the
                      affairs of this World, then Allaah will not care in which valley he dies."
                      #6210: "Whoever swears an oath and then says: 'Inshaa'-Allaah,' then he has the choice to either fulfill
                      the oath or to leave it."

                      #6231: "Whoever enters the marketplace and says: 'There is none worthy of worship except Allaah who
                      has no partners, for Him is the Dominion, and for Him is all Praise, He brings life and He causes death,
                      and He is Alive and does not die, in His Hand is all good, and He is able to do all things,' [Laa ilaaha ill-
                      Allaah, Wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-Mulk, wa lahul-Hamd, yuhyiy wa yumeet, wa Huwa Hayyun laa
                      yamoot, bi Yadihil-Khayr wa Huwa 'alaa kulli shay'in Qadeer] then Allaah will write one million good
                      deeds for him, and will wipe away one million of his bad deeds, and will raise him one million levels and
                      will build a home for him in Paradise."
                      #6289: "Whoever wants to to love Allaah and His Messenger, then let him read the Mushaf."
                      #6292: "Whoever wants to see the modesty of Jesus, then let him look at Abu Dharr."
                      #6294: "Whoever is happy with his good deeds and saddened by his bad deeds, then he is a believer."
                      #6308: "Whoever has hairs that turn gray while he is in the Path of Allaah, then this will be a light for
                      him on the Day of Resurrection."
                      #6496: "Whoever is two-faced in this World will have two tongues made of fire on the Day of
                      #6518: "Whoever controls his anger when he is able to act upon it, Allaah will call him to come in front of
                      all of the Creation so that he would let him choose from the Hoor al-'Ayn and marry from them whom he
                      #6613: "Whoever seeks to humiliate Quraysh, Allaah humiliates him."

                      #6636: "Standing for one hour in the Path of Allaah is better than praying at night on Laylatul-Qadr at
                      the Black Stone (of the Ka'bah)."

                      #6643: "The one who makes the adhaan is forgiven in accordance to how far his voice reaches, and he has
                      the reward of everyone who prays with him."
                      #6806: "Victory comes with patience, and relief comes with anguish, and with hardship comes ease."
                      #6813: He (peace be upon him) forbade that women be spoken to except with the permission of their
                      #7104: "...And what disease is worse then stinginess?"
                      #7108: "I wish I could meet my brothers; those who have believed in me without seeing me."
                      #7192: "A woman never bothers her husband in this World, except that his wives from the Hoor al-'Ayn
                      say: 'Do not bother him, may Allaah fight you! For he is not meant for you; he wishes that he could leave
                      you and come to us.'"
                      #7228: "Do not sit between two people without their permission."
                      #7307: "Do not ask anyone for anything - even your whip, if you drop it - until you go down and get it
                      #7372: "Makkah will not be invaded after today until the Day of Resurrection."
                      #7423: "The Hour will not be established until the Euphrates River is surrounded by a mountain of gold.
                      The people will fight over it to the point that 99 out of every hundred will die, and every one of them will
                      say: 'If only I am the one who wins.'"

                      #7536: "No punishment is to consist of more than ten strikes, unless it is in a punishment from the
                      punishments set by Allaah."
                      #7575: "No man comes to his master and asks him for a favor from that which he possesses, and the man
                      is prevented from that favor, except that a huge bald snake will be called out for him (the master) on the
                      Day of Resurrection that will consume that favor that he prevented others from."
                      #7795: "It is not for one who is truthful to be one who curses."
                      #7797: "It is not for a believer that he should oppress himself: he puts burdens on himself that he cannot
                      #7816: "O Abu Dharr! Do you think that an abundance in wealth is satisfaction? Verily, true satisfaction
                      is the satisfaction of the heart, and whoever is one who's satisfaction is in his heart, then nothing that he
                      encounters from this World will harm him. And whoever is one who's poverty is in his heart, then he will
                      never become satisfied with an abundance of what is given to him in this World, and his covetnous is
                      what will harm him."
                      #7863: "O people! Remember Allaah, remember Allaah! The blowing of the Trumpet and the great
                      violent shaking has come, and it will be followed by the second blowing of the Trumpet! The blowing of
                      the Trumpet and the great violent shaking has come, and it will be followed by the second blowing of the
                      Trumpet! Death has come with what it has brought with it!"

                      #8001: "Hellfire will be brought out on that Day with seventy thousand reins; each rein will be dragged
                      by seventy thousand Angels."
                      #8013: "One of you sees a speck of dirt in his brother's eye, and forgets the large spot of it in his own

                      #8035: "People from the Muslims will come on the Day of Resurrection with sins like the mountains.
                      Allaah will forgive those sins and throw them onto the Jews."
                      #8077: "Islaam will fade just as the color fades from a garment to the point that one will not know what
                      fasting, prayer, sacrifice or charity is. And the Book of Allaah will be taken up in a single night so that
                      not a single verse of it will remain on the Earth, and groups of people - the old men and the elderly - will
                      say: 'We found our fathers to be upon this word, saying 'Laa Ilaaha Illallaah' [there is none worthy of
                      worship except Allaah] so we say it as well.'"
                      #8100: "Allaah laughs at two men - one of whom kills the other, both of whom enter Paradise: one fights
                      in the Path of Allaah and is killed, then Allaah has Mercy on his killer who becomes a Muslim and fights
                      in the Path of Allaah and is (also) martyred."
                      #8106: "The believer will be given the strength of a hundred men in Paradise for (intercourse with)
                      #8107: "The Devil places three knots in the back of the head of one of you when he is asleep. At every
                      knot, he says: 'The night is long, so keep resting.' So, if he wakes up and remembers Allaah, one knot
                      becomes untied. If he performs ablution, another knot becomes untied. If he prays, then all of the knots
                      become untied and he wakes up fresh and good-spirited. Otherwise, he wakes up mean-spirited and
                      #8136: "Allaah - the Exalted - says: 'I am as My servant thinks Me to be, and I am with him if he calls upon
                      #8170: "People from my nation will descend upon a marsh called 'al-Basrah' at a river called 'Dijlah
                      (Tigris),' over which will be a bridge. It will be populous, and it will be a city belonging to the Muslims.
                      So, when it is the end of time, Banu Qantooraa' (a people with flat faces and small eyes) will come until
                      they descend upon the banks of the river. Its people will then be divided into three groups: one group
                      that will hold onto the tails of cattle and animals - and they will be destroyed, and a group that will only
                      look after themselves - and they will disbelieve, and a group that will keep their children behind their
                      backs and fight - and they will be the martyrs."
                      #8193: "The Day of Resurrection will pass like the time between Dhuhr and 'Asr for the believers."


                        20 Exam Tips for Students

                        In the Name of Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

                        Praise be to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger and upon his family and companions.

                        The Muslim student puts his trust in Allaah when facing the tests of this world, and he seeks His help whilst following the prescribed means, in accordance with the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “The strong believer is better and is more beloved to Allaah than the weak believer, although both are good. Strive to attain that which will benefit you and seek the help of Allaah, and do not feel helpless.” (Saheeh Muslim, hadeeth no. 2664)

                        Among those means are the following:

                        Turning to Allaah by making du’aa’ in any way that is prescribed in Islam, such as saying, “Rabbiy ishrah li sadri wa yassir li amri (O my Lord, expand my chest and make things easy for me).”

                        Getting used to sleeping early and going to exams on time.

                        Preparing all required or permitted equipment such as pens, rulers and setsquares, calculators and watches, because being well prepared helps one to answer questions.

                        Reciting the du’aa’ for leaving the house: “Bismillaah, tawakkaltu ‘ala Allaah, wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah. Allaahumma inni a’oodhu bika an adilla aw udalla, aw azilla aw uzalla, aw azlima aw uzlama, aw ajhala aw yujhala ‘alayya (In the name of Allaah, I put my trust in Allaah, and there is no strength and no power except with Allaah. O Allaah, I seek refuge with You lest I should stray or be led astray, lest I slip (commit a sin unintentionally) or be tripped, lest I oppress or be oppressed, lest I behave foolishly or be treated foolishly).” Do not forget to seek your parents’ approval, for their du’aa’ for you will be answered.

                        Mention the name of Allaah before you start, for mentioning the name of Allaah is prescribed when beginning any permissible action; this brings blessing, and seeking the help of Allaah is one of the means of strength.

                        Fear Allaah with regard to your classmates, and do not be affected by their anxiety or fear just before the exam, for anxiety is a contagious disease. Instead, make them feel optimistic by saying good words as prescribed in Islam. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was optimistic when he heard the name of Suhayl (which means “easy”) and he said: “Things have been made easy for you.” He used to like to hear the words ‘Yaa Raashid, when he went out for any purpose. So be optimistic that you and your brothers will pass this exam.

                        Remembering Allaah (dhikr) dispels anxiety and tension. If something is too difficult for you, then pray to Allaah to make it easy for you. Whenever Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) found something too difficult to understand, he would say, “O You Who taught Ibraaheem, teach me; O You Who caused Sulaymaan to understand, cause me to understand.”

                        Choose a good place to sit during the exam, if you can. Keep your back straight, and sit on the chair in a healthy manner.

                        Look over the exam first. Studies advise spending 10% of the exam time in reading the questions carefully, noting the important words and dividing one’s time between the questions.

                        Plan to answer the easy questions first, then the difficult ones. Whilst reading the questions, write notes and ideas which you can use in your answers later.

                        Answer questions according to importance.

                        Start by answering the easy questions which you know. Then move on to the questions which carry high marks, and leave till the end the questions to which you do not know the answers, or which you think will take a long time to produce an answer or which do not carry such high marks.

                        Take your time to answer, for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Deliberation is from Allaah and haste is from the Shaytaan.” (A hasan hadeeth. Saheeh al-Jaami, 3011).

                        Think carefully about the answer and choose the right answer when answering multiple-choice questions. Deal with them in the following manner. If you are sure that you have chosen the right answer, then beware of waswasah (insinuating whispers from the Shaytaan). If you are not sure, then start by eliminating the wrong or unlikely answers, then choose the correct answer based on what you think is most likely to be correct. If you guessed at a correct answer then do not change it unless you are sure that it is wrong – especially if you will lose marks for a wrong answer. Research indicates that the correct answer is usually that which the student thinks of first.

                        In written exams, collect your thoughts before you start to answer. Write an outline for your answer with some words which will indicate the ideas which you want to discuss. Then number the ideas in the sequence in which you want to present them.

                        Write the main points of your answer at the beginning of the line, because this is what the examiner is looking for, and he may not see what he is looking for if it is in the middle of the page and he is in a hurry.

                        Devote 10% of the time for reviewing your answers. Take your time in reviewing, especially in mathematical problems and writing numbers. Resist the desire to hand in the exam papers quickly, and do not let the fact that some people are leaving early bother you. They may be among the people who have handed in their papers too early.

                        If you discover after the exam that you answered some questions incorrectly, then take that as a lesson in the importance of being well prepared in the future, and not rushing to answer questions. Accept the will and decree of Allaah and do not fall prey to frustration and despair. Remember the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “If anything befalls you, do not say, ‘If only I had done such and such.’ Rather say, ‘Qadar Allaah wa maa sha’a kaan (the decree of Allaah and what He wills happened),’ for saying ‘if only’ opens the door for the Shaytaan.” (Saheeh Muslim, and the first part of this hadeeth was mentioned above).

                        Note that cheating is haraam whether it is in foreign language tests or any other tests. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Whoever cheats is not one of us.” It is wrongdoing and it is a haraam means of attaining a degree or certificate, etc., that you have no right to. The consensus is that cheating is a kind of cooperation in sin and transgression. So do without that which is haraam, and Allaah will suffice you from His bounty. Reject all offers of haraam things that come to you from others. Whoever gives up a thing for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will compensate him with something better. You have to denounce and resist evil, and tell the authorities about any such thing that you see during the exam, or before or after it. This is not the forbidden kind of slander rather it is denouncing evil which is obligatory.

                        Advise those who buy or sell questions or post them on the Internet etc., or who prepare cheat notes. Tell them to fear Allaah, and tell them of the ruling on what they are doing and on the money they earn from that. Tell them that the time they are spending in preparing these haraam things, if they spent it in studying, or answering previous exams, or helping one another to understand the subject before the exam, that would be better for them than doing these haraam things.

                        Remember what you have prepared for the Hereafter, and the questions of the examination in the grave, and how to be saved on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever is saved from the Fire and admitted to

                        We ask Allaah to make us succeed in this world and cause us to be among those who are victorious and saved in the Hereafter, for He is the All-Hearing Who answers prayer.


                          Intermixing Between the Sexes

                          In the Name of Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

                          All perfect praise is due to Allaah; I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger; may Allaah exalt his mention, as well as that of his family and all his companions.

                          Intermixing between the sexes, in the specific sense, applies to when marriageable men and women sit together, it may or may not include them looking at each other and conversing. What is the Islaamic ruling regarding such intermixing?

                          Is intermixing, as defined above, prohibited or permissible? In order to answer this question, let us ask the following question: Is intermixing between a woman and a man the same as that between a man and another man?

                          The answer is certainly no; nobody ever said that the two are the same, as intermixing between men is permissible, in principle, while it is prohibited, in principle, between people of the opposite sex.

                          The following are real life stories of incidents that resulted from this prohibited intermixing:

                          · A woman began to develop feelings for her husband’s friend and started hating her husband, which eventually led her to divorcing him.

                          · A man began telephoning his friend's wife in an attempt to convince her to have an illicit sexual relationship with him. When she reacted furiously, his reply was to say: “Why do you not talk in the same manner to your husband? He is having exactly this type of relationship with the wife of so and so.”

                          · A married woman worked for a married man. He fell in love with her and exerted all efforts in order to have an illicit sexual relationship with her; he also hoped that the woman's husband would divorce her so that she could be his.

                          Before intermixing became prevalent, a western man asked a Muslim: “Why don’t your women mix with (marriageable) men?” The Muslim replied: “Because they do not wish to become pregnant from other than their husbands.”

                          Words from the west regarding intermixing:

                          A female British writer wrote: “It is a disgrace that our country makes its girls an example of immorality and indecency by allowing them to intermix with men.”

                          Another female British writer wrote: “The more intermixing occurs, the more illegitimate children we will have. Statistics in our country have consistently proved that the rate of pregnancies out of wedlock is increasing as a result of men intermixing with women. Teaching women to stay away from men and enlightening them of the evil consequences of this intermixing will have a very positive effect in reducing the numbers of such pregnancies.”

                          H. Stanberry, who was a western reporter who spent a few weeks in an Arab capital said of her experience there: "The Arab community is healthy and perfect; it adheres to its traditions and restricts the intermixing of its young men and women, within reasonable limits. This community is quite different from the European and American communities; it has manners that it has inherited that sets limits for young women, and it also necessitates respect of parents. Moreover, it forbids the licentiousness that has destroyed American and European communities and families. They (i.e., the Arabs) forbid intermixing between men and women, limit the freedom of their young women, and go back to the age of Hijaab, and this is far superior to the licentiousness and shamelessness of the American and European communities."

                          Scandals of intermixing

                          The following are shocking facts and statistics that were the case twenty-five years ago in the United States. If that was the case then, how would it be now?

                          · 70-90% of working women committed adultery with colleagues or managers.

                          · Half of those who were asked in a survey stated that they have had sexual relationships with their bosses, whether willingly or otherwise.

                          · Many male university professors had sexual relationships with their female students, and likewise, many female professors had such relationships with their male students; this is in addition to such relationships that took place between the students themselves.

                          · 50-70% of married men and 32% of married women had extra marital affairs.

                          · 90% of married women were not virgins at the time of their marriage.

                          · More than half a million husbands practiced wife-swapping on a regular basis.

                          · 50% of youths had sex before the age of fifteen.

                          · One in every eight women was raped at least once after the age of puberty, which made a total of almost a million women.

                          · One and a half million babies are aborted every year.

                          Evil consequences of intermixing:

                          Intermixing between the sexes in the west has done nothing except enflame people’s lusts and desires, which has resulted in indecency becoming prevalent; this is a refutation and a rebuttal of those who claim that intermixing reduces people’s lusts, helps them to better manage their desires, releases the sexual tension and suppression that they undergo, and guards them against suppression and psychological complexes.

                          Contrary to this claim, the similitude of intermixing is like that of a thirsty person who drinks sea water to quench his thirst, which does nothing except to add to his craving. It is evident in those countries that have set no limits regarding intermixing or how exposed their women can dress that none of what was claimed has materialised, in fact, it has only added to people’s lusts rather than controlling or regulating them. People in those lands have become wild, just like the thirsty man who drinks sea water only to become progressively thirstier.

                          The psychological complexes and diseases that they claimed were a result of depriving people from intermixing or by veiling women were actually fuelled by intermixing; moreover, homosexuality has also become prevalent in their lands. These two matters are a direct result of intermixing.

                          No sane person would suggest that it is possible to throw a person in the middle of the sea and demand from him not to get his clothes wet, nor would he request a person who was thrown in the middle of a huge fire to avoid being burnt; likewise, no sane person can believe that allowing women and men to intermix can preserve people’s chastity.

                          Therefore, the Muslims who call for such intermixing are, in reality, holding in their hands a lethal instrument by which they will destroy their families and the Muslim community at large, under the pretext of being 'modern' and 'civilised.'

                          The Islaamic ruling on intermixing:

                          This is a forbidden matter in Islaam because it arouses lusts and desires and leads to immorality and sin. There are many texts from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah proving this. The following are some of them:

                          Allaah says:

                          وَإِذَا سَأَلتُمُوهُنَّ مَتَاعاً فَاسأَلُوهُنَّ مِن وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ ذَلِكُم أَطهَرُ لِقُلُوبِهكُم وَقُلُوبِهِنَّ

                          which means: “…And when you ask [the wives of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam] for something, ask them from behind a partition. That is purer for your hearts and their hearts…” [Al-Ahzaab: 53]

                          Additionally, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam prohibited intermixing, even in the mosque, by separating the rows of the men from those of the women.

                          The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam would remain sitting in the same position that he prayed in, with his back to the congregation, in order to give enough time for the women to leave the mosque, according to a narration of Umm Salamah, may Allaah be pleased with her [Al-Bukhaari]

                          Ibn ‘Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him, narrated that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: “Let this door (i.e., one of the doors of his mosque) be exclusively for women.” Naafi’, may Allaah have mercy upon him, who was the servant of Ibn ‘Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him, said that Ibn ‘Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him, never again entered the mosque from that door after hearing this statement. [Abu Daawood]

                          The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said, according to the narration of Abu Hurayrah, may Allaah be pleased with him: “The best rows (in prayer) for men are those furthest to the front, and the worst of them are those furthest to the back; and the best rows (in prayer) for women are those furthest to the back, and the worst of them are those closest to the men’s (rows).” [Muslim] This encouragement is to prevent intermixing in a location where ill-thoughts are unlikely to cross the minds of people. If this is the preventive measure used in the mosque, then it is surely much more applicable outside the mosque.

                          Abu Usayd, may Allaah be pleased with him, was once coming from the mosque when he heard the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam addressing women due to him seeing that the men and women were walking very close to each other after having exited from the mosque: “Stay back! You should not walk in the middle of the street, rather, walk to one of its sides.” Abu Usayd, may Allaah be pleased with him, added: “Thereafter, the women would walk so close to the walls on the side of that street that their garments would scrape against it.” [Abu Daawood]

                          We know that this sin has become prevalent nowadays but the following should be noted:

                          · We do not approve of it, nor willingly do it, especially during Islaamic lectures and gatherings.

                          · We must try to avoid it as much as possible and take all measures to reduce it, like designating separate entrances for men and women.

                          · We must fear Allaah and lower our gaze.


                          The following is an advice from Imaam ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn Baaz, may Allaah have mercy upon him, to all Muslims, may Allaah enable them to perform acts of obedience and refrain from sin and religious innovations.

                          A Warning Against Intermixing:

                          As-Salaamu 'Alaykum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuh.

                          It is an obligation upon me to extend advice to my fellow Muslims and remind them of a matter that nobody should remain silent about, and one which we should indeed warn sternly against, namely the intermixing between men and women. This is something that is practiced by certain ignorant people who see no problem in doing so, with the excuse that it is something that their fathers and forefathers would do, and that they do not intend anything evil by doing it.

                          We, therefore, witness Muslim women sitting with marriageable men like their brothers-in-law, cousins, and so forth without even adhering to the Hijaab.

                          It is a well known fact that a woman is obliged to cover herself, including her face, in the presence of (marriageable) men, as there are evidences from the Qur’aan, the Sunnah and the consensus of the Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, which proves this to be an obligation. Allaah says:

                          وَقُل لِّلمُؤمِنَاتِ يَغضُضنَ مِن أَبصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحفَظنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلا يُبدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنهَا وَليضَرِبنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَى جُيُوبِهِنَّ

                          which means: “And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not display their adornment except that which [ordinarily] appears thereof and to draw their head covers over their chests…” [An-Noor: 31]

                          Allaah also says:

                          وَإِذَا سَأَلتُمُوهُنَّ مَتَاعاً فَاسأَلُوهُنَّ مِن وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ ذَلِكُم أَطهَرُ لِقُلُوبِهكُم وَقُلُوبِهِنَّ

                          which means: “…And when you ask [the wives of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam] for something, ask them from behind a partition. That is purer for your hearts and their hearts…”” [Al-Ahzaab: 53]

                          And also:

                          يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُل لأَزوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ المُؤمِنِينَ يُدنِينَ عَلَيهِنَّ مِن جَلابِيبِهِنَّ ذَلِكَ أَدنَى أَن يُعرَفنَ فَلا يُؤذَينَ وَكَانَ اللهُ غَفُوراً رَّحِيماً

                          which means: “O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves [part] of their Jilbaab [i.e. the outer garment that is defined as a cloak covering the head and reaching to the ground, thereby covering the woman's entire body] That is more suitable that they will be known [as chaste believing women] and not be abused. And ever is Allaah Forgiving and Merciful.” [Al-Ahzaab: 59] Umm Salamah, may Allaah be pleased with her, said: “When this verse was revealed the women of the Ansaar (i.e. residents of Madeenah) came out wearing black garments.”

                          The above verses form clear evidence that the woman’s head, hair, neck, breast and face are part of what she must cover in front of all marriageable men. When the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam commanded that women attend the ‘Eed Khutbah, some of them said: “O Messenger of Allaah! Some of us do not have a Jilbaab.” He sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: “Let them borrow (one) from their sisters (in faith).” [Al-Bukhaari & Muslim] This proves that a woman may not come out of her home except when wearing a Jilbaab. This also proves that chastity and adhering to Hijaab was the common practice of the female Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, who were the best generation ever and the most honourable with Allaah; they possessed the finest manners, were the most perfect in faith, and the best in performing righteous deeds. Indeed, they set a righteous example for others to follow.

                          ‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her, said: “When men would pass us by whilst we were in the state of Ihraam (i.e. during Hajj) we would draw down our veils over our faces.” This is evidence that covering the face is mandatory, despite the woman being commanded to uncover her face whilst in the state of Ihraam.

                          Failing to adhere to the Hijaab and uncovering the face leads to many evil consequences, such as instigating desires, causing bashfulness to vanish, and the seduction of men.

                          Additionally, a woman may not sit in seclusion with a marriageable man or intermix with him.

                          When the woman considers that she is equal to a man in the way he dresses and what he uncovers of his body, then this will certainly lead to great corruption and trials.

                          Once, the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam came out from the mosque after prayer and saw that the men and women had begun to intermix on the street, so he sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said to the women: “Stay back! You should not walk in the middle of the street, rather, walk to one of its sides.” Thereafter, the women would walk so close to the wall on the side of that street that their garments would scrape against it.

                          Thus, a woman may not be in seclusion with men, shake hands with them or even look at them. Allaah says:

                          وَقُل لِلمُؤمِناتِ يَغضُضنَ مِن أَبصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحفَظنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلا يُبدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنهَا وَليَضرِبنَ بِخُمرِهِنَّ عَلَى جُيُوبِهِنَّ وَلا يُبدِينَّ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَو آبَائِهِنَّ أَو آبَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَو أَبنَائِهِنَّ أَو أَبنَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَو إِخو


                            Bring your Friends Closer to Allah

                            Why should you, a young Muslim, be helping to bring your friends closer to Allah? After all, you've got your own struggles to deal with: trying to explain to hostile teachers why you pray, Hijab discrimination, standing up in class when the professor attacks Islam, dealing with parents who think you've gone nuts because you're growing a beard, or all the other difficulties faced by a number of practicing Muslim youth?
                            Islam was never meant to be an individualistic faith, reserved for the "chosen few". Muslims have a duty to spread the Deen; and practicing Muslim youth, whether beginners, activists or leaders, have a crucial role to play.

                            "Allah has put them in a position that perhaps no one else is in," notes Sheema Khan, former Muslim Youth of North America (MYNA) advisor for eastern Canada. "They have the means to communicate with their peers, they have an understanding of what they're going through plus they have the guidance of Islam."

                            Who is your childhood friend going to listen to? Who is your childhood friend, who would rather spend Fridays at McDonalds's than the Masjid, or your classmate who is Muslim in name and only knows that "Muslims don't eat pork" going to listen to: the nice Imam of the Masjid who would freak out if he saw the way they were dressed and talked or you who may have grown up with them, joked with them, or see them everyday in school?

                            The answer is obvious: You.

                            Don't panic. Here are some tips and advice which can help. These are advises from other Muslims, many of whom have been there and done that:

                            Tip # 1 : Make Your Intention Sincere

                            All work we do should ideally be for the sake of Allah. That includes the task of bringing someone closer to Allah. That of course means this should not be connected to arrogance, thinking you're the teacher and everyone else should be lucky you've embarked on a crusade to save them. Guidance is from Allah. Make Dua and make sincere efforts and remember Allah.

                            Tip # 2 : Practice What You Preach

                            Not practicing what you preach is wrong and you will lose the confidence of anyone, young or old, once they figure you out. Don't do it.

                            Tip # 3 : Use The Qur'an, Seerah of the Prophet and Ahlulbait (peace be upon them)

                            As TABLIGH Guides Read and understand those chapters of the Qur'an which talk about how the Prophets presented the message of Islam to their people.

                            Read the Seerah to see especially how the Prophet Muhammad and Ahlulbait peace and blessings be upon them) brought Islam to so many different people, including young people.

                            As well, talk to Tabligh workers, and check out manuals they may have
                            written, like Yahiya Emerick's How to Tell Others About Islam.

                            Tip # 4 : Talk To People As If You Really Don't Know Them

                            Don't assume you know someone just by looking at them. You don't know that the Muslim girl in your homeroom who walks through the school's hallways as if they were fashion show catwalks, is not someone you can talk to about Allah because she looks like a snob. Or that the Muslim guy who you've never seen at Juma at your university is a "bad Muslim". Maybe he was never really taught Islam and has no idea what importance Friday prayers have in Islam, especially for Muslim men.

                            Tip # 5 : Smile

                            Did you know the Prophet was big on smiling? But many "practicing" Muslims seem to have "their faces on upside down" as one speaker once said-frowning and serious. Smiling, being polite and kind are all part of the manners of the Prophet, which we must exercise in our daily lives. If we want to approach others with Islam, we have to make ourselves approachable. Smiling is key to this.

                            But note that being approachable does not mean being flirtations with the other gender. There are Islamic rules for how men and women should deal with each other which have to be respected. Tabligh is no excuse to have long and private conversations and meetings with the other sex, for example. Set up a system where someone expressing an interest in Islam is referred to someone of the same sex.

                            Tip # 6 : Take The Initiative & Hang Out With Them

                            Take the first step and invite someone you may have spoken to a couple of times to sit at lunch together, to check out a hockey game or invite them over for Iftaar in Ramadan.

                            Also, share difficulties, sorrows and frustrations. Help with homework, be a shoulder to cry on when depression hits, or just plain listen when your friend is upset, discuss common problems and KEEP THEIR SECRETS. There are few things as annoying as a snitch and backstabber. But an important note: if the problem is of a serious nature, (i.e. your friend is thinking of committing suicide or is taking drugs), notify and consult an adult immediately.

                            Tip # 7 : Show Them Islam Is Relevant Today, Right Here, Right Now

                            Young people may think Islam is too "old fashioned" and not in tune with the modern age.

                            Prove this wrong. Show how Islam is really about relating to Allah, which any human being can do, anywhere, anytime. Allah is always closer to you than your jugular vein and He hears and knows everything. Encourage friends to ask Allah's help during tests, exams, and in dealing with problems at home with parents and siblings. Also point out how Islam relates to teenagers: Islam gives you focus and an understanding of who you are and where you are going, which most of "teen culture" does not.

                            Tip # 8 : Get Them Involved In Volunteer Work With You

                            If you are already involved in the community, get your friend to help out. Ask them to make a flyer for one of your youth group's events or brainstorm for ideas about activities to hold this school year. This involvement makes them feel part of the Muslim community and deepens your friendship, since you are now working together on something beneficial for both of you. Make sure you thank them for their contribution.

                            Tip # 9 : Ask Them 4 Fundamental Questions

                            As your friendship develops, you will notice the topics you discuss may become more serious. You may be discussing, for instance, future goals and plans. Khan recommends four questions to ask that can steer the topic to Allah and Islam:

                            a. Where am I going in life and what would make me really happy deep down inside?
                            b. What do I believe?
                            c. Who should I be grateful to?
                            d. Did I get to where I am today without the help of anyone?

                            Tip # 10 : Emphasize Praying 5 Times A Day Before Any Other Aspect Of Islam

                            A person's main connection with Allah, on a daily basis, is through the prayer five times a day. Don't emphasize any other aspect of Islam until your friend starts making a real effort to pray five times a day. Emphasize the direct connection one has with Allah in prayer. If they are facing a problem, tell them to pray, and to ask Allah for help in Salah and outside this time. When possible, make it a point to pray together during your "hang out time". If your friend begins to pray, that is the first step to other aspects of Islam like giving up swearing, treating parents with respect or dressing Islamically.

                            Tip # 11 : Help Instill Confidence In Adults

                            Adults, like Bart Simpson's dad Homer, are considered bumbling idiots in the eyes of "teen culture". Your job as a young Muslim is to help turn the tables on this false and un-Islamic belief. All you have to do is this: when a Muslim adult does something good (i.e. saving someone's life, donating money to a worthy cause, the Imam gives a good speech, taking good care of his/her family) bring it up in the course of your conversations with your friend and praise the adult in question. Doing this regularly may not only change your friend's perspective, but could lead to them seeing their own parents in a more respectful way.

                            Tip # 12 : Support Them Even When They Become More Practicing

                            Remember, just because a person starts practicing Islam more regularly, this does not mean everything will be okay from this point onwards. There will still be hard times, difficulties. There may be times when your friend may have doubts about his or her newfound practice of Islam. Be there to reassure them.


                              Dilemma Facing the Youth

                              Verily all praises are due to Allaah. We praise and glorify him, we seek help from him, we ask of his forgiveness and we tum to him. We seek refuge in him from the evil within us and from our evil deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides there is no one to mislead him and whomsoever Allaah misguides, there is no one to guide him. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, who is one, and he has no partner. I bear witness that Muhammad sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam is his servant and his messenger. May Allaah bestow Durood (His choicest blessings) upon him and his noble family and companions and those who followed them with excellence.

                              It gives me great pleasure to present to my brothers a very serious problem not only in Islaamic society but in every society, and that is the problem facing the youth in this age. The hearts of the youth are sicken with psychological problems which sometimes makes them uneasy with life and they spend their energies in trying to free themselves from those difficulties and removing that sorrow. The removal of the difficulties will will never take place except with Deen (Religion) and character in which there is the strengthening of society and the betterment of this world and the hereafter. With this (religion and character), goodness and blessings will descend and evil and calamities will end.

                              Countries do prosper except with the help of its citizens and religion does not gain strength except with its followers. When the followers of Islaam will stand up for it, Allaah will help them no matter how many enemies they have. Allaah Ta'ala says:

                              "O believers, if you help Allaah's cause, he will help you and make your feet firm (against your enemies) and those who disbelieved, woe unto them and their actions are in vain." [47:7,8]

                              If Deen (religion) cannot be strong except with it's followers, then it is necessary for us, the followers of Islaam and it's flag-bearers, that we firstly stregthen ourselves so that we may become worthy of leadership and guidance. It is imperative that we learn from the book of Allaah (The Qur'aan) and the Sunnah of his Rasool (Messenger) sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam which will equip us for speech, action, guiding and inviting. This will enable us to carry the weapons of the guidance of Islaam to all those who seek the truth and also to wield it against all those who seek falsehood.

                              Then it is neccesary for us to put into practice what we have learnt from the Qur'aan and Sunnah, on the basis of Eemaan (faith), conviction and sincerity Our characteristic should not be one of speech only because if speech is not backed up by action, it's effect will not extend beyond the speaker and this speech will have an opposite elect:

                              "O believers, why do you say that which you do not do. It is most hateful in the sight of Allaah that you say that which you do not practice." [61:2-3]

                              It is most appropriate for us that we start at the beginning and ponder over our youth and their thoughts and actions, so that we may increase those which are good and correct those who are incorrect because the youth of today are the men of tomorrow and they are the foundation on which a future nation will be built. It is for this reason that the text of the Sharee'ah (Islaamic Law) has encouraged giving the youth due consideration and directing them to which is good and correct. They are the basis of the Ummah of which it's future will be built and if their reformation is grounded upon the strong pillars of the Deen (Religion) and character, there will be a brilliant future for this Ummah, if Allaah wills.

                              A glance at the youth

                              If we closely exam the the youth, it will be possible for us to conclude that the youth are generally of three types: Rightly guided youth, deviated or perverted youth and youth who are confused (between evil and good).

                              The first type

                              Rightly guided youth are: Youth who firmly believe in all the implications of this Kalima (the shahadatain). They termly believe in their Deen (Religion). Eemaan (Faith) is beloved to them and they are content and satisfied with their Eemaan. They consider aquiring Imaam as a profit and deprivation from it as a big loss.

                              Youth who worship Allaah sincerely. They worship Allaah alone who has no partner.

                              Youth who follow the Messenger of Allaah, Muhammad sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam practically in his speech and action because they believe that he is the Messenger of Allaah and the leader of all messengers.

                              Youth who establish salah (Prayer) perfectly to the best of their ability, because they believe in the benefit and the religious, worldly and social merit found in prayer and the dangerous consequences of neglecting salah for both the individual andd the nation.

                              Youth who give Zakah in full to those who are deserving of it, because they believe that Zakah fulfils the needs of Islaam and it is one of the five Pillars of Islaam.

                              Youth who fast during the month of Ramadaan. They stop themselves from their desires and cravings, whether it is summer or winter because they believe that actions are for the pleasure of Allaah. Thus they give preference to that which pleases Allaah over that which they desire.

                              Youth who perform the compulsory duty of Hajj (Pilgrimage) to the sacred house of Allaah because they love Allaah. Thus they love the house of Allaah and they love going to the places of his mercy and forgiveness and collaborating with his Muslim brothers who come to these places.

                              Youth who believe in Allaah who is their creator and the creator of the skies and the each, because they see from amongst the signs of Allaah that which leaves no doubt even for a moment whatsoever in the existence and being of Allaah. They see in this vast unique universe, in the form and system of the universe, that which clearly indicates towards the existence of it's creator and His total power and complete wisdom, because it is not possible for this universe to come into existence on it's own, nor is it possible for it to come into existence coincidentally. The reason for this is that the universe was non-existent before it was brought into existence, and that which is non-existent cannot bring anything into existence, because it itself is non-existent.

                              It is not possible that the universe camee into existence coincidentally because it has a unique well-arranged system, which does not change nor variate from the procedure predestined for it.

                              "You will never find a change in the system of Allaah." [33:62]

                              "You will never fmd any reversal in the system of Allaah." [35:43]

                              "You will not see in the creation of the most gracious any disparity, so turn your vision again. Do you see any rupture? Then turn your vision again, a second time, your vision will return to you dull an in a state of fatigue." [67:3-4]

                              The fact that this universe has a unique, well-arranged system, prevents it's existence being coincidental. That which is in existence coincidentally will also have a system which is coincidental, which is likely to change or be disturbed in a short period of time.

                              Youth who believe in the angels of Allaah because Allaah has given information regarding them (the angels) in his book the Qur'aan and his Messenger sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam has given information regarding to in the Sunnah (the traditions). The Qur'aan and Sunnah explain their qualities, their worship and their actions to which they rigidly stick to for the goodness of the creation. This clearly points to the existence of the angels.

                              Youth who believe in the Books of Allaah. Allaah revealed these books to his Messengers as a source of guidance for the creation towards the straight path. It is not possible for the mind of man to understand the intricacies of worship and social life except with the books of Allaah.

                              Youth who believe in the prophets and Messengers of Allaah whom Allaah sent to his creation to call them towards good and enjoin them with good and prevent them from evil so that people do not have any proof against Allaah after the sending of prophets. The very first Messenger was Nooh alayhis-salam and the last messenger was Muhammad sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam.

                              Youth who believe in the last day in which people will be resurrected after dying, so they may be compensed for their actions. Whoever does good equal to an atom, will reap it, and whoever does evil equal to an atom, will reap it. This is the cosequence of this world, otherwise what is the benefit of life and what is the wisdom of life if there is no day for the creation in which the doer of good will be compensated for his good, and the perpetrator of evil, punished for his evil?

                              Youth who believe in the predestination of good and evil. Thus they believe that everything is with the decree of Allaah and his divine foreordainment. This is despite their belief in causes and their related effects and that for both good and evil there are means.

                              Youth who adhere to the advice of Allaah, His messengers, His book, the leaders of the Muslims and the general masses. They interact with Muslims with frankness and openness - the way it is incumbent upon them. They neither mislead, deceive nor conceal anything.

                              Youth who call towards Allaah with deep insight, in accordance to the manner Allaah has laid down in his book.

                              "Call towards the path of your Sustainer with wisdom and sound advice and debate with them in a manner that is befitting." [16:125]

                              Youth who enjoin good and forbid from evil because they believe that in this is the success of the nation.

                              "You are the best of nations, taken out for the guidance of mankind. You enjoin good and forbid from evil and you have full faith in Allaah." [3:110]

                              Youth who strive in the changing of evil in the way established by the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam: "Whomsoever from amongst you see an evil he should change it with his hand. If he does not have the power to do this, then he should change it with his tongue. If he does not have the ability to do even this, then he should change it with his heart (by scheming in the eradication of this evil)." (Hadith)

                              Youth who speak the truth and accept the truth, because truth leads to good and good leads to paradise. A person will continue being truthful and pursue the truth until Allaah records him as being a truthful person.

                              Youth who love good for the general Muslims because they believe in the saying of Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam: "None from amongst you can be a true believer until he loves for his (Muslim) brother that which he loves for himself." (Hadith)

                              A teenager who is cognizant of his responsiblity to Allaah and his nation. He strives always for the goodness of his Deen (Religion), his nation and homeland, keeping far from egoism and far from giving consideration to his own good at the expense of the good of others.

                              A teenager who strives for the pleasure of Allaah and with the help of Allaah in the path of Allaah. He strives with sincerity without pride or want of reputation. He strikes with the help of Allaah without being conceited and without depending on his own might and power. He strives in the path of Allaah for the upliftment of his Deen without exceeding the bounds and without laxity. He strives with his tongues, hand and wealth in the manner that the needs of Islaam, and the Muslims demand of him.

                              Youth who have character and Deen in them, thus they are of refined character, religion, gentle, liberal, noble-minded. clean-hearted, steadfast, enduring and resolute. They do not waste any opportunity nor do they let compassion overcome intelligence and the need for reformation.

                              A teenager who is systematic. He works with wisdom and silence despite being firm and excellent in his work. He does not waste any opportunity but instead occupies himself in actions which are beneficial for him and his nation.

                              Together with this, this teenager safe-guards his Deen, character and conduct. Thus he is extremely distant from those qualities which contradict this, like kufr (disbelief), apostasy, inequity, disobedience, lowly character and evil mutual relations.

                              These types of youth are the pride of a nation and a symbol of it's prosperity and Deen. These are the youth who will obtain the good of this world and the hereafter. They are the youth who we hope that Allaah, with his grace, will use to rectify the corruption amongst the Muslims and illuminate the spiritual path of the seekers of truth.

                              The second type

                              The second type of teenager is the one who is corrupt in his beliefs, irresponsible in his conduct, himself misled, ingulfed in vice; he does not accept the truth from anyone nor does he refrain from falsehood and he is selfish in his conduct. He is a teenager who is stubborn. He does not yield to the truth nor does he renounce falsehood. He dos not care about his neglect of the rights of man nor the rights of Allaah. He is a confused teenager bereft of impartiality in his thinking and in his behaviour. Likewsie he lacks balance in all his affairs.

                              A teenager who is conceited with his own opinion as if truth flows from his tongue. He, in his opinion, is free from mishaps, while others are a source of mistakes and slip-ups as long as they contradict his option.

                              A teenager who has turnned away from the straight path in his deen and the accepted norms of conduct. The evil of his conduct has been made alluring to him. Therefore he regards it as virtuous. Thus he is the greatest of losers in respect of his deeds. These are the ones whose efforts have been wasted in this life, while they presumed that they were doing good.

                              He is an evil omen upon himself and a misfortune for his society, one who is driving his nation towards the lowest stage. He is a barrier between his nation and their respect and munificence, a lethal influence, difficult to treat - except if Allaah wishes. Allaah has power over everything.

                              The third type

                              The third type of teenager is he who is confused and doubtful. He recognises the truth and is content with it. He lives in a guarded society except that the doors of evil have opened up for him from every direction. This has created doubt in his beliefs, deviation in his conduct, weakness in his action, a foray from known practices and an influx of diverse falsehood. Thus he is in eternal thought and inner search. Opposing this influx or movement (of falsehood) is uncertainty. He does not know whether the truth lies in the prevailing idealogies or in the way of his pious predecessors and his safeguarded society. He is thus in doubt - sometimes he accords preference to one side and sometimes the next according to the strength of the influx of these thoughts.

                              This type of teenager is passive in his life. He is in need of captivating strength which will guide him towards the enclosure of truth and the path of goodness. How easy will this not be Allaah prepares for him a person who calls towards good, who is wise, knowledgeable and of good intentions?

                              These types of teenagers are found in abundance. They obtain a smattering of Islaamic education but they acquire much more secular knowlege which conflicts with the basics of Deen either in reality or in their presumptions. Thus they are helpless between the 2 cultures. It is possible for them to gain liberation from this helplessness by establishing themselves upon Islaamic education and acquiring this education from it's original sources - the book of Allaah (the Qur'aan) and the Sunnah (traditions) of Muhammad sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam at the hands of devoted Ulema (learned men) - and this is not difficult for them.

                              The digression of the youth and their problems

                              The reasons for the digression and the difficulties of the youth are many and varied. Man, during the phase of youths is to a large extent in the process of the development of the body, thought processes and the mind, because this is the phase of growth during which he undergoes rapid changes. In this stage it is of extreme importance that the tools of self-control are prepared for him coupled with wise leadership to steer him towards the straight path.

                              From amongst the important reasons for this retrogression are the following:

                              1) Idleness: Idleness is a malady which kills thought processes, the mind and the strength of the body, because the body is always in need of movement and work. Thus when the body is idle thoughts become dull and the mind weakens, body movements weaken and devilish insinuations and evil thoughts form on to the heart. Many times an exil intention is create as a result of this suppression which was a direct consequence of idleness. The cure for this problem is that the teenage should strive in the attaining of work which befits him like reading, business or writing which will then become a barrier between him and his idleness. It is necessary that he becomes a stable member of society, working in his society for himself and for others.

                              2) Alienation and aloofness between the youth and the elderly members of their families or between the youth and others: We see some elders witnessing deviation in their youth but they hesitate, are disconcerted, helpless to strengthen them and dependent from reforming them. The result of this is hatred is for these youth, estrangement from them and a dont-care attitude towards their condition, whether their condition is one of piety or corruption. Sometimes they pass judgement concerning all the youth which translates into a blank impression of the youth in general. This splits the community whereby the youth and their elders begin looking at one another with the eyes of contempt. This is amongst the greatest dangers that can encompass human society. The cure for this problem is that the youth and their elders should make an effort to eradicate this alienation between them and trust everyone because the society together with it's youth and elders are like one body. When one part of it decays, it leads to the decay of the whole body. It is incumbent upon the elders that they give deep thought to their responsibility concerning the reformation of the youth and dispel this contagious despondency from their hearts, because Allaah has power over everything. How may corrupt people did Allaah not guide, after which they became beacons of guidance and callers towards reform? It is necessary for the youths to entertain respect, regard for the opinions and acceptance of the guidance of their seniors who experienced the realities of life which these youth have not. When the wisdom of the seniors will meet with the strength of the youth, the society will attain prosperity with the will of Allaah.

                              3) Liason with deviated and corrupt people and befriending them. This has a great effect on the mind, the thinking and ways of the youth. For this reason Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam is reported to have said: "A person is on the Deen (Religion) of his companion, so each one of you should take care in the matter of who he befriends." He sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam also said: "The similitude of an evil companion is like an ironsmith using an oven. Either you will burn your clothes in his company or you will experience an offensive odour." (Hadith) The sure for this problem is that the teenager should choose for his companionship those who are good and intelligent go that he may benefit from their virtue, reformed ways and intelligence. He should weigh up their condition and reputation before befriending them. If they are people of character, virtue, correct Deen and good reputation, then befriend them. If they do not possess these qualities, then it is incumbent to distance oneself from them so that one is not deceived by sweet talk and beautiful outward appearances. This is deception and misguidance. This path is traversed by evil people to allure the simple-minded in order to increase their multitude and conseal their evil condition. A poet has said it most beautifully: Test men when you intend to befriend them, Scrutinize and study their affairs.

                              4) Reading of destructive periodicals, booklets and magazines which create doubt in the Deen of a person and in his beliefs. This draws a person towards the abrogation of virtuous character and lands him in Kufr (disbelief) and vice. This is especially true when the teenager does not possess deep Deeni education and acute thinking by means of which he can differentiate between truth and falsehood, benefit and harm The reading of these types of books totally confounds the because they imbibe a false pleasure in the minds and thinking of the youth without reservation. The cure for this problem is that he should keep away from these books and read other books which will plant in his heart the love of Allaah and his Rasool sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam and the reality of Eemaan (Belief) and good deeds. No doubt his inner self will entice him greatly towards those books which he loved previously and make him feel discontent with other beneficial woks. This is similar to the position of that person who lights with his inner self to establish the obedience of Allaah in his life, but his soul rebels and becomes involved in futility and lies. The most important of beneficial books is the book of Allaah and those which the people of knowledge have written by way commentary with correct transmission. In the same way the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, then that which the people of knowledge have written by extracting from these two sources or by way of deep understanding.

                              5) The impression of some youth that Islaam is a curtailment of freedom and a repression of strength. Thus they tum away from Islaam regarding it as retrogression and a barrier between them and progress. The cure for this problem is that the veil of the reality of Islaam be lifted from these youth who are ignorant of it's reality because of their wrong nations, inadequate knowledge or both. Islaam does not restrict freedom but it is a control and a correct chanelling for it, so much so that the freedom of one person does not clash with the freedom of the next person. General freedom leads to chaos and eruption. It is for this reason that the injunctions of Deen are called Hudood (limits). If the injunction is one of prohibition Allaah says: "They are the limits imposed by Allaah, do not approach them." [2:187] If it is one of consent, Allaah Ta'ala says, "These are the limits imposed by Allaah, do not transgress them." [2:229] This is the difference between restriction (which is the impression of some) and control and guidance which the most wise, the all-knowing Allaah has decreed for his servants. There is no basis for this problem because systemisation is a reality in all domains and man by nature is submissive to this systematic reality. He is submissive to the pressure of hunger and thirst and to the system of his food and drink as far as quantity, quality and type is concerned so that he may safeguard his body and it's health. He is in the same way submissive to the system of his society, holding on to the customs of his city in it's dwellings, garb and modes of transport. If he does not subject himself to this, he will be considered as being abnormal and he will be treated the way extraordinary people are treated. Life is totally a submission to specified limits so that everything progresses according to it's intended aim. This subjucation is for the order of society, eg. submission which is necessary for the reformation of society and the prevention of anarchy. In the same way submission to the system of the Sharee'ah entails that which is necessary for the reformation of the naion so how can some people be annoyed with it and think of it as being a restriction of freedom? Verily this is a great untruth and a baseless, evil presumption. Islaam in the same way is not a suppression of capabilities. It is a wide sphere for all strengths. Islaam calls towards reflection so that man contemplates and his mind and thoughts grow. Allaah Ta'ala says: "Say O Muhammad, I advise you of one thing only, that you stand up in two's and singlely and then reflect." [34:46] and Allaah says: "Say O Muhammad, see what is in the heavens and the earth." [10:101] Islaam does not confine itself to calling towards contemplation and deep thought but it denounces those who do not think, observe and contemplate. Allaah Ta'ala says: "Have they not considered the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and what things Allaah has created?" [7:185] Allaah Ta'ala says: "Have they not pondered upon themselves? Allaah did not create the heavens and the earth and that which is between them, except with truth." [30:8] And Allaah Ta'ala says: "And he who we give old age. We reverse him in creation (making him go back to weakness after strength), do you not ponder?" [36:68]

                              The order of observing and pondering opens up the power of the mind and thoughts, so how can some people say; that it restricts capabilities? Dreadful is the word they utter; they only speak a lie. Islaam has legalized for it's people all pleasures in which there is no harm for the individual either physically, mentally or spiritually. Islaam has authorised the eating and drinking of all pure things: "O believers, eat of the good things from which we have provided you, and render thanks to Allaah." [2:172] Allaah Ta'ala says: ''And eat and drink and do not waste. He does not love those who waste." [7:31] Islaam has legalised all clothing to the demands of wisdom and nature: "O Children of Adam! We have revealed unto you clothing to conceal your shame, and splendid countenance, but the clothing of piety, that is best." [7:26] Allaah Ta'ala says: "Say O Muhammed, who has forbidden the beautiful (gifts) of Allaah which He has produced for His servants and the pure things (which He has produced) for sustenance? Say, they are in the life of this world for those who believe, and only for them on the Day of Judgement.'' [7:32] He has authorised enjoyment of women by legitimate Nikaah (Marriage): Allaah Ta'ala says: "Marry women of your choice, two, or three, or four but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with them, then only one." [4:3] In the domain of economics, Islaam has not suppressed the capabilities of it's people but legalized for them all business dealings which are just and emanate from mutual happiness. Allaah says: "Allaah has permitted trade and forbidden usury." [2:276] And he says: "lt is he who has made the earth manageable for you, so traverse through its tracks and eat of the sustenance which He provides, and He is responsible for the resurrection." [67:15] And he says, "And when the prayer is finished, then disperse through the land, and seek of the bounty of Allaah." [62:10] After all this, is the impression or saying of some people correct, that Islaam suppresses capabilities?

                              Problems that recur in the heart of the teenager

                              Misgivings and evil thoughts keep recurring on a dead heart which contradicts Deen. It is for this reason that when it was said to Ibn Masud or Ibn-e-Abbas (Radiallaahu anhum) that the Jews say that they do not get evil thoughts in their prayers, i.e. they do not experience apprehensions, he replied, ''They have spoken the truth, what can Shaytaan do with an empty heart?"

                              If the heart is alive and there is even a bit of Eemaan (faith) in it, then Shaytaan attacks it. His attack is devoid of leniency and sluggishness. He throws in the heart such evil thoughts which are detrimental to Deen. It is most destructive if the servant accepts these evil thoughts until Shaytaan induces him to create doubts in his Lord, Deen and beliefs. If he finds in the heart any weakness and frustration, Shaytaan overwhelms that heart until he takes it out of the confines of Deen. However, if he finds in the heart strength and steadfastness, he devises a contemptible scheme to mislead the servant.

                              These evil thoughts that Shaytaan casts in the him will not harm a person if he practices the therapy mentioned by Rasulullah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam concerning it: Ibn-e-Abbas (RadiAllaahu anhuma) narrates than a person came to Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam and said: "I am having a certain feeling within myself which being a burning ember is more desirable to me than my uttering it." Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "All praise are due to Allaah who has rejected his scheme i.e. driven away Shaytaan's evil thoughts." (Hadith)

                              Some people from the Sahabah (companions) came and said, "O Messenger of Allaah, we find within ourselves (such a feeling) which overwhelms each one of us from speaking about it i.e. he feels it imposing to speak about it." Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam asked: "Do you also experience it?" The companions replied, "Yes." Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam replied, "That is true faith (Eemaan)." The meaning of having true faith is that evil thoughts and your rejection of them does not harm your Eemaan even a bit but it is a proof that your Imaam is sincere and has not been affected by any loss.

                              Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam has said: "Shaytaan (the Devil) comes to one of you and says. Who has created this? Who has created this? until he says : Who has created your Lord? When he reaches this limit, then seek refuge in Allaah and in his compassion." (Hadith)

                              It is state in another Hadith regarding the same situation. "You should say: I believe in Allaah and his messengers." And in a similar Hadith that Abu Dawood has narrated, Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "Say Allaah is one, Allaah is independent, He does not give birth nor was he given birth to, there blow a little saliva towards the left thrice and seek refuge from the accursed Shaytaan."

                              Once the Sahaaba (RadiAllaahu anhum) described this ambition to Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam for which he prescribed the cure in four steps:

                              First: The termination of evil noughts by completely shunning and forgetting them until they do not exist and then occupying oneself away from these thoughts with balanced thinking.

                              Second: Seek refuge in Allaah from these evil thoughts and from the accursed Shaytaan.

                              Third: He should say, I believe in Allaah and his Messengers.

                              Fourth: He should say, Allaah is one, Allaah is independent, He does not give birth nor was he given birth to, there is none comparable to Him, spit to his left side thrice and say, "I seek refuge in Allaah from the cursed Shaytaan."

                              Confusion Regarding the issue of predestination

                              From those issues which keep recurring and leaves the youth bewildered is the issue of predestination. Belief in predestination is one of the pillars of Eemaan and Imaam is not complete without it. This belief entails the belief that Allaah, who is pure, knows what is going to happen and what is predestined for the skies and earth, as Allaah says: "Don't you know that Allaah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth? Indeed, it is all in a record and it is easy for Allaah." [22:70]

                              Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam has prevented us from quarrelling and debating in the matter of predestination. Abu Hurairah (RadiAllaahu-anhu) relates that RasullAllaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam came to us while we were debating about predestination. Seeing this he became angry until his blessed face turned red with anger. Then he said: "Did I order you to do this? Is it for this that I was at to you? The nations before you were destroyed when they debated this issue. I take a firm resolution from you that you will not quarrell in this matter." (Hadith)

                              Engrossing oneself and quarrelling in the matter of predestination lands a person in a maize from which he does not have the ability to emerge. The path of salvation is that you should aspire to do good and strive in the doing of good as you have been ordered because Allaah, who is pure, has granted you intellect and understanding, and sent to you Messengers and revealed with them. Allaah Ta'ala says, "So that mankind, after the coming of the Messengers, should have no proof against Allaah for Allaah is Exalted in Power and Wise." [4:165]

                              When Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam informed his companions that there is no person except that his abode in Jannah (heaven) and Jahannam (hell) has been foreordained, they said, "O Messenger of Allaah, should we not depend upon our book (predestinations) and leave the doing of good deeds." Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam replied: "Do good deeds, everything is made easy for what is was created. Those who are from the fortunate people, the actions of fortunate people will be made easy for them, and those who are from the wretched people, for them the actions of the wretched will be made easy." Then the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam recited the verse: "He who gives in charity and fears (Allaah), and in all sincerity testifies to good, We will indeed make smooth for him the path to ease, but he who is a greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient and disbelieves in good, We will indeed make his path to adversity easy." [92:5-10]

                              Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam ordered them to do good deeds and did not permit them to depend upon their preordainment because those who are predestined to be from the people of Jannah will not be from amongst them except if they do the actions and deeds of the people of Jannah, and those who are predestined to be from the people of Hell will not be from amongst them except if they do their actions. Action is according to the ability of a person because he himself knows that Allaah has given him a choice in the doing of action and predestined it for him. If he wishes, he can either do it or leave it.

                              If a man makes an intention to travel, then he will travel and if he intends halting, then he will do so. If sees a fire, he will flee from it and if he sees a thing which is beloved to him, he will go forward. Similarly with regards to obedience and sin, a person practices them by his own choice and leaves them by his own choice.

                              There are two objections according to some people regarding the issue of predestination:

                              Firstly: Man sees that he does something by his own choice and he leaves all action by his own choice without perceiving any compulsion upon the doing or leaving of an action, so how does this coincide with the belief that everything is with the decree and foreordainment of Allaah? The answer to this is that if we contemplate the action and movement of man, we will fmd that it is the result of two things viz. intention i.e. the choice to do something, and ability. If these two things are not found, the action will not occur. Intention and ability are both the creation of Allaah, who is Most Pure, because intention is the result of the strength of-the mind and ability is the result of the strength of the body. If Allaah so wishes he can snatch away the mind of man and he would be left without any intention or snatch away his ability leaving action impossible for him. When man makes a firm intention to do an action and he executes it, it is our knowledge with conviction that Allaah had intended and destined that action, otherwise his intention would have changed or he would have found a barrier between himself and ability to carry out that action. A Bedouin was asked, "How do you recognise Allaah?" He replied, "By the breaking of firm intentions and the changing of resolutions."

                              The second objection: which recurs according to some people in the matter of-predestination is that man will be punished for his sinful deeds. How can he be punished for it when it is predestined for him and it is not possible for him to escape from something which is predestined for him. How is he rewarded for his obedience when it is predestined for him and it is not possible for him to escape from something which is predestined for him? It is unjust that you make predestination an argument for disobedience while you do not make it an argument for obedience. The second answer is that Allaah has negated this argument in the Qur'aan and classified it as an ignorant statement. Thus Allaah Ta'ala says, "Soon the idolaters will say, if Allaah willed we would not have ascribed partners to Allaah nor would our fathers have, nor would we have forbidden anything. In the same way their ancestors argued falsely, until they tasted our wrath. Say, have you any (certain) knowledge? If so, produce it before us. You follow nothing but presumption and you only lie." [6: 148]

                              Allaah Ta'ala has explained that these objectors of predestination, have in their ranks those who were before them, who falsified (the Messengers) the way these people falsify (the Prophets), and they remained firm upon this action of theirs until they toted Allaah's punishment. If their proof was correct, Allaah would not have made the taste of His punishment. Then Allaah ordered his Nabi to challenge them to prove the correctness of their beliefs and explain to them that they have no proof for this.

                              The third answer is that preordainment is a hidden secret. Nobody knows about it except Allaah until it happens. How can a sinner have knowledge about the txt that Allaah has predestined for him sin until he does it? Is it not possible that Allaah had ordained for him obedience? So why does he not in place of going towards sin, go towards obedience and say Allaah has definitely predestined for me that I obey him?

                              The fourth answer is that Allaah has blessed man by what he has given him of intelligence and understanding, and revealed upon him books and sent to him messengers and outlined to him what is beneficial and what is non-beneficial and blessed him with intention and ability with which he has the power to traverse either path. So why does lis sinner choose the path of harm over the path of benefit?

                              If this sinner intended going on a journey to another place and he had two roads to choose from: one is easy and peaceful and the other difficult and frightful, he most definitely would traverse the easy, peaceful path and not the difficult, frightful path because of the argument that Allaah had predestined it for him. If he traversed the path of difficulty and used the argument that Allaah had predestined it for him, people would think of him as being naive and insane. In the same way are the paths of good and evil. Man will traverse the path of good and not deceive himself by traversing the path of evil on the pretext that Allaah had predestined it for him. We see that every person has the ability to earn his livelihood. We see that he traverses every path in the gaining of his livelihood. He dos not sit in his house and leave earning, holding on to the excuse of predestination.

                              Otherwise, what is the difference between striving for the world and striving in the obedience of Allaah? Why do you make divine foredainment a proof for yourself upon the leaving out of obedient and you do not make it a proof for the leaving out of worldly action? The clarity of an argument is in it's place but desires make a person blind and deaf.

                              Ahadeeth in which there is mention of the youth

                              When these words have revolved around the problems of the youth, I would like to mention some Ahadith in which there is a mention of the youth. From amongst them are:

                              1. "Your Lord is pleased with that teenager who is free of youthful passion.'' (Narrated by Ahmad)

                              2. "There are seven such persons for whom Allaah will provide shade from his shade on that day who there will be no other shade except his. A just ruler, a youth who was nurtured in the obedience of Allaah, a man whose heart is attached to the Masjid, two people who love each other only for the pleasure of Allaah. They meet for the pleasure of Allaah. A man who is enticed by a woman of status and beauty and he says, "I fear Allaah." A man who given charity so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given and a person who remembers Allaah in seclusion and tears flow from his eyes (due to the fear of Allaah)." (Narrated by Bukhaaree and Muslim)

                              3. "Hasan and Husain (RadiAllaahu-anhuma) will both be the leaders of the youth of Jannah." (Narrated by Tirmidhi)

                              4. "It will be said to the people of Jannah, for you is youth and you will never grow old." (Narratted by Muslim)

                              5. "Never does a youngster honour an elderly person because of his old age but Allaah appoints somebody who will honour him during his old age." (Narrated by Tirmidhi with a weak chain of narrators).

                              6. Abu Bakr said to Zaid bin Habit while Umar bin Khattaab was beside him (RadiAllaahu anhum): "You are a young, intelligently. We are not suspicious of you and you used to write the revelation for the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam so pursue the Qur'aan and gather it" (Narrated by Bukhaaree)

                              7. Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam came to a youngster while he was in the throes of death. Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam asked him, "In what condition do you find yourself?" He said, "I have hope in Allaah, O Messenger of Allaah and I fear for my sins." Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said, "These two things (hope ad fear) do not gather in the heart of a servant at a moment like this, but Allaah grants him what he hopes for and saves him from that which he fears." (Narrated by Ibn-e-Majah)

                              8. Bara Bin 'Aazib (RadiAllaahu anhu) said concerning the battle of Hunain, "No, by Allaah, Rasullaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam did not turn away, but even his young companions who were fatigued and ill equiped emerged to fight." (Narrated by Bukhaaree)

                              9. Ibn-e-Mas'ood (RadiAllaahu anhu) narrates, "We used to fight with Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam while we were young." (Narrated by Ahmed)

                              10. Anas Bin Malik (RadiAllaahu anhu) narrates: "There were seventy youth from among the Ansar, who were called Qurra (reciters), who used to remain in the masjid. When evening approached, they retreated to a corner in Medinah, where they learnt, taught each other and prayed. Their families were under the impression that they were in the Masjid and the people of the Masjid were under the impression that they were with their families, until the crack of dawn. They brought fresh water and gathered firewood which they presented at the room of Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam.'' (Narrated by Ahmad). Wiih this they used to buy food for the Ashaabus Suffah (people of the platform). The people of the platform were those destitutes who migrated to Madinah. They did not have any family in Madinah so they sought refuge at a platform in the Masjid.

                              11. Alqamah who is one of the companions of Ibn Masood (RadiAllaahu anhu) narrates, he says, "I was walking with Abdullah by Mina when he met Uthmaan (RadiAllaahu anhu). Abdullah stood talking with Uthmaan (RadiAllaahu anhu) when he said, "O Abu Abdir-Rahman, should we not marry you to a young girl so that she would remind you of some things which have passed during your era." Abdullah said: "If you say that then surely Rasulullah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam told us, "O youth. Whoever from amongst you has the means, should marry, because it is more effective in the safeguarding of the gaze and more chaste for the private parts. If one does not have the ability to do this, then he should fast because it is a shield for him (from sins)." (Narrated by Bukhaaree and Muslim).

                              12. In the tradition concerning Dajjaal reported from Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, "Dajjaal will call a person who is in the prime of his youth and strike him with a sword, slicing him into two pieces, like the striking of a target. Then Dajjaal will call the youth. The youth will respond, his face being radiant - laughing." (Narrated by Muslim)

                              13. Malik Bin Huwairith (RadiAllaahu anbu) narrates, "We came to Rasullah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam while we were youngsters of similar age. We stayed by him for twenty days and nights. The Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam was merciful and gentle. When he guessed that we longed for our families into difficulty, he questioned us about what we had left behind, so we informed him. Then Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said, "Return to your families, live with them, teach them, invoke them," and he mentioned a few other things. "Pray the way you see me performing the prayer. When the time of prayer approaches, then one of you should call out the call for prayer (Adhaan) and the eldest amongst you should lead the prayer." (Narrated by Bukhaaree)

                              We ask Allaah to grant us benefit from this treatise and praises are only for Allaah who is the Lord of the Universe. May Allaah shower his choicest blessings and peace upon our Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam and upon all his family and companions.

                              Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Uthaymeen