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Cognitive Dissonance

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  • Cognitive Dissonance

    Awareness of this knowledge may help us think about manners. Insha'Allah

    A shortened explaination and examples from

    Cognitive dissonance refers to a situation involving conflicting attitudes, beliefs or behaviors. This produces a feeling of discomfort leading to an alteration in one of the attitudes, beliefs or behaviors to reduce the discomfort and restore balance, etc.

    For example, when people smoke (behavior) and they know that smoking causes cancer (cognition), they are in a state of cognitive dissonance.

    Festinger's (1957) cognitive dissonance theory suggests that we have an inner drive to hold all our attitudes and behavior in harmony and avoid disharmony (or dissonance). This is known as the principle of cognitive consistency.

    When there is an inconsistency between attitudes or behaviors (dissonance), something must change to eliminate the dissonance. Dissonance can be reduced in one of three ways:

    Change one or more of the attitudes, behavior, beliefs, etc., to make the relationship between the two elements a consonant one.
    Acquire new information that outweighs the dissonant beliefs.
    Reduce the importance of the cognitions (i.e., beliefs, attitudes).

    This research can be divided into three main areas:
    forced compliance behavior,
    and effort.

    Forced Compliance Behavior
    Value for compliance

    Decision Making
    Reduce or increase attractiveness of choices

    If a voluntary experience which has cost a lot of effort turns out badly, dissonance is reduced by redefining the experience as interesting. This justifies the effort made.

    Only Allah () knows best.

  • #2
    Nice introduction to the topic
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