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  1. #1
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    LESSON TWENTYTHREE: Talking about Food

    Assalaamu alaykum. This time we are not going to cover a grammatical point, but rather we are going to learn some vocab and read some conversations about everyone's favourite topic - food - and through this will we be revising some of the structures and points previously learned insha allah.

    Read the following sentences and the explanations:

    ماذا تريدُ أنْ تأكلَ يا محمّد؟
    maadhaa tureedu an ta'kula yaa Mohammed?
    what do you want to eat, Mohammed?
    notice here that the word given for "what" is "maadha" not "maa", when the word for "what?" comes with a verb, it is recommended to use "maadha"
    Also notice the fatha on the end of the verb. We learnt to put a dama on the end of imperfect (present) verbs like this, however when you see the word "an" before the verb, it puts the verb in a different "mood" called subjunctive - which is usually shown by a fatha.
    before we call someone by name, usually you add the word "yaa"


    ماذا تريدينَ أنْ تطبجي يا حبيبتي؟
    maadhaa tureedeena an taTbakhee yaa Habeebatee?
    what do you want to cook, my love?
    note all the same points from above apply here. for the "you feminine" the verb loses its final noon as a result of subjunctive.


    هل تُحِبُّ الأرزَ يا سلمان؟
    hal tuhebb ul uruzza yaa Salmaan?
    do you like rice, Salman?
    Normally in speech you will just call rice "Ruz" but strictly in fusha it is written with a beginning alif as Uruzz
    طعامي المفضّل هو الشروامة
    Ta3aamy almufaDDil huw ash sharwaama
    My favourite food is sherwama
    notice that the adjective agreeing with Ta3aamee has got AL. This is because the possessive endings make the word definite so adjectives following them must have AL.
    The huwa here is to make the meaning clearer.
    For those who do not know, Sherwama is an Arab dish made from meat. It is quite tasty
    لا أحبُّ السمك
    Laa uhebb us-samak
    I don't like fish
    أمّي طباخةُ جيّدةٌ
    Ummee Tabaakhatun Jayyida
    My mum is a good cook
    Notice all the agreement with the feminine subject
    يحبّ يوسف الطعام الآسِيَويَّ
    Yuhebbu Yousef aT Ta3aam al aasiyaawiyy
    Yousef loves Asian food.
    Aasiyaawiyy is an adjective created directly from the place name Aasiya which we previously learned
    هل عندكم الطعام العربي في هذا المطعم؟
    Hal 3andakum aT Ta3aam ul 3arabiyy fi haadhal maTa3am?
    Do you have Arab food in this restaurant?
    هل تفضّلينَ الطعام الإنجليزيّ أو الطعام العربيّ يا نورة؟
    Hal tufaDDileen aT Ta3aam al ingleeziyya aw aT Ta3aam al 3arabiyy, yaa Noora?
    Do you prefer english or arab food Noora?
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
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  2. #2
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Here is a vocab list of some foods :
    (not every food could be covered since there are so many things. If you want to know a food which is not here, ask and it will be told insha allah)

    لحم
    lahm
    meat (or can refer specifically to lamb)
    دجاج
    dajaaj
    chicken
    لحم البقرة
    lahm al baqra
    beef
    لحم الخنزير
    lahm al khinzeer
    pork

    سمك
    samak
    fish

    بيض
    bayDH
    egg

    أرز
    Uruzz
    rice

    مكرونة
    makaroona
    pasta

    جبن
    jibn
    cheese

    خبز
    khubz
    bread

    حليب
    haleeb
    milk

    عصير برتقال
    aseer burtuqaal
    orange juice

    بسكويت
    baskooweet
    biscuits

    كعك
    ka3k
    cake

    سلطة
    salaTa
    salad

    آيس كريم
    Ice cream
    Ice cream

    فواكه
    fawaakih
    fruit

    خضروات
    khuDrawaat
    vegetables

    بطاطا
    bataata
    potato

    تفاح
    tufaah
    apple

    مانجو
    maango
    mango

    زيتون
    zaytoon
    olive

    شاي
    shy
    tea

    قهوة
    qahwa
    coffee



    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  3. #3
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Exercises :

    1) Read and answer the following questions in Arabic

    ماذا تحبّ أن تأكل؟
    ماذا لا تحبّ أن تأكل؟
    ماذا تحبّ أن تطبخ؟
    هل أمّك طباخة جيّدة؟
    هل تحبّ الذهاب إلى المطعم أو تفضل أن تأكل في بيتك؟
    هل تخبّ السمك؟
    هل تفضل الأرز أو المكرونة؟
    هل حرّم الله لحم الخنزير أو لحم البقرة؟
    هل الخضراوات مفيدة للصحة؟
    ماذا تحبّ أن تشرب؟

    2) Make up a couple of sentences describing ur eating habits in one day. Eg "in the morning I eat before I go to work. Later I eat and drink " etc etc, try to make it detailed and not too short.

    3) Design a small menu for a restaurant. Eg choose a few foods, and drinks to include and write them down.

    4) Read the following and give an explanation of what you understood from it. There are unknown words in this small passage but the aim is that you will be able to understand the gist of it through context because of those words and phrases which you did already learn.

    لا تأكلُ عائشة كثيراً وتأكل الطعام المفيد للصحة فقط
    تأكل تفاحةً صباحاً و تأكل الخضروات في المساء
    إثناء اليوم تطبخ الأرز لزوجها وتأكل قليلا منه
    وتمارس عائشة كرة السلة مع أخواتها وتمشي كثيرا
    تفعل كل هذا لأنها تريد أن تكون نحيفةً

    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

 

 

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