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  1. #1
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    LESSON FIFTEEN : Plural Pronouns and their verb congugations

    LESSON FIFTEEN

    So far we covered how to conguage verbs for the following : I, you, he and she.

    These are all singular subjects (ie they refer to one person only). But what about if you wanted to talk about more than one person?

    In that case we have to deal with the following : We, you lot, and they (for both male and female groups).

    The pronouns to describe these sets of people are as follows:

    نَحْنُ
    we
    (nahnu)
    أنْتُمْ
    you lot
    (antum)
    (refers to a group of mixed gender, or a group of all males)
    أنْتُنَّ
    you lot
    (antunna)
    (refers only to an all female group)

    هُمْ
    They
    (hum)
    (refers to a group of mixed gender, or a group of all males)
    هُنَّ
    They
    (hunna)
    (refers only to an all female group)

    Just like with the singular pronouns, each of these have their own special form of the verb. For the past tense these are...

    ذهبنا
    (dhahabnaa)
    we went

    ذهبْتُمْ
    (dhahabtum)
    you lot went

    ذهبْتنّ
    (dhahabtunna)
    you lot went (all girls)

    ذهبُوا
    (dhahaboo)
    they went

    ذهبْنَ
    (dhahabna)
    they went (all girls)

    In the present tense the verb forms are as follows :

    نَذهَبُ
    (nadhhabu)
    we go

    تَذهبونَ
    (tadhhaboona)
    you lot go

    تذهبْنَ
    (tadhhabna)
    you lot go (all girls)

    يَذهبونَ
    (yadhhaboona)
    they go

    يَذهبْنَ
    (yadhhabna)
    they go (all girls)

    The all girl forms are quite rare, so if the info in this lesson is alot for you, then concentrate on learning the verb forms for nahnu, antum and hum insha allah.

    IMPORTANT THINGS TO NOTE :
    1.) In Arabic these plural "they" and "you lot" are only used for THREE or more people, not two. [there is a dual form for two people which will be learnt later]

    2.) If the verb comes before the subject then the verb stays in the singular form... to understand please look at the following examples :

    يذهب الأولاد
    (yadhhab ul awlaad)
    the boys are going
    The subject (the boys) comes after the verb therefore it stays in singular, but note that the gender still matches the subject.

    الأولاد يذهبونَ
    (al awlaadu yadhhaboona)
    the boys are going
    The subject (the boys) comes before the verb so it must be condugated for the plural

    ذهبت البنات
    (dhahabat ul banaat)
    the girls went
    The subject (the girls) comes after the verb therefore it stays in singular, but note that the gender still matches the subject.
    البنات ذهبن
    (al banaat dhahabna)
    the girls went
    The subject (the girls) comes before the verb so it must be condugated for the plural
    ذهب الأولاد ثمّ أكلوا
    (dhahab al awlaadu thumma akaloo)
    the boys went and then they ate
    The subject at first comes after the verb so it did not have to be congugated in plural. For the second verb, the plural subject was already mentioned so it became necessary for it to be congugated for that plural subject.

    Word Order
    In Fus-ha Arabic sentences it is preferred to follow this order unless you have a reason not to:

    1.) Verb
    2. )Subject
    3.) Object

    This means that as above when talking about a plural subject you may not need to congugate the verb into the plural. Always think carefully whether you need to congugate it or not. The rule is:

    IF THE PLURAL SUBJECT IS MENTIONED BEFORE THIS VERB, THEN CONGUGATE IN THE PLURAL - IF NOT THEN CONGUGATE IN THE SINGULAR, BUT MAKE SURE TO ALWAYS USE THE CORRECT GENDER REGARDLESS OF POSITION OF THE SUBJECT.

    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  2. #2
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    exercises

    1.) congugate the following verbs for all the forms shown above in the past

    لبس
    استعمل
    أكل
    كتب
    درس

    2.) now complete the same thing for the present

    3.) take one example and put it into the future (refer to last lesson)

    4.) translate the following into English:

    يذهبون إلى المسجد
    تساعدن أمّكنّ في البيت
    درسنا العربية هذه السنة وسندرس الفرنسية السنة القادمة إن شاء الله
    5) translate the following into Arabic :
    a) Layla and Mustafa and Noora will go to the city tomorrow
    b) where did you all go??
    c) we ate in the mosque
    d) they prayed in the park
    e) the boys played with the dog

    6) make up 3 sentences of your own using plural subjects
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

 

 

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