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  1. #1
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    LESSON THIRTEEN : Plurals

    LESSON THIRTEEN : Plurals



    • Plurals in Arabic refer to three or more of something.
    • In English plurals are usually formed by adding an S to the end of a noun, although there are some irregulars like "mice".
    • In Arabic, it is actually more common for plurals to be 'irregular' [known as broken plurals] so each plural may have to be learned just like vocab.
    • However, to make it easier there are some patterns which are often followed.
    The most important rule to remember about Plurals in Arabic is that :

    Non human plurals (for example "cats", "chairs", "books" ) are treated grammatically as if they were feminine singular (ie "she")

    This means that...

    • when describing them you would use a feminine adjective
    • when referring back to them you use the pronoun "haa"
    • if using them as a subject of a sentence, use a feminine verb
    EG:

    مساجد جميلة
    (Masaajid jameela) beautiful mosques
    كَتَبَ الكتبَ... كَتَبَها
    (kataba alkutub... katabahaa) he wrote the books... he wrote them
    ذَهَبَت الكلاب
    (dhahabat al kilaab) the dogs went

    Here are the plurals for some of the vocab given in previous lessons :



    بيوت
    (buyoot) houses
    أولاد
    (awlaad) boys
    أبواب
    (abwaab) doors
    قلوب
    (quloob) hearts

    مكاتب
    (makaatib) offices
    مساجد
    (masaajid) mosques
    كلاب
    (kilaab) dogs
    قطط
    (qutut) cats
    كتب
    (kutub) books
    كراسي
    (kuraasee) chairs
    قمصان
    (qumsaan) shirts
    رجال
    (rijaal) men

    Two of the main patterns for plurals are known as:
    فُعُولٌ
    أفْعالٌ
    The fa 3ayn and lam represent the root letters of the word.

    An example of each is :

    بيوت
    (buyoot) houses
    أولاد
    (awlaad) boys
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  2. #2
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Exercises

    1.) make up 5 equational sentences where the subject is a non human plural

    2.) translate the following :

    هذه قططٌ كبيرةٌ
    تلعب الكلاب في الدكّان
    القمصان جميلة
    أين الكراسي؟
    الرجال في المسجد والاولاد في المدرسة

    3.) Replacing the root letters with fa ayn lam as shown in the lesson : find the "plural pattern" for the following:
    قمصان
    كتب
    رجال
    4.) If the following nouns follow the pattern
    أفْعالٌ then create their plurals:
    قلم
    (qalam) pen
    ورق
    (waraq) leaf
    فلم
    (film) film
    ولد
    (walad) boy
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

 

 

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