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  1. #1
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    LESSON FOUR : equational sentences and adjective phrases

    Last time we learned how to say "This is.." and "That is..." but now we are going to learn how to say what more things are.

    The rules are the same as before, we still have no need for a word meaning "is".

    The sentence is made up of 2 parts which are known as the subject and the predicate. These strange terms may seem alarming so here is a short explanation of what they mean :

    The subject here is basically what the sentence is about. We could say it is the topic of the sentence. When we say "The house is big.", the sentence is telling us something about the house, so the house is known as the subject.

    The predicate is simply a word which tells us something about the subject. "Big" in the above sentence is the predicate because it is telling us about the house.

    The subject will be a noun (naming word) and if it is not a person's name it should have "Al" at the beginning,(ie names of things such as the table, the book, the man). The predicate should not have "al". Look at the examples below :

    الرجلُ فقيرٌ
    the man is poor
    الكتابُ صغيرٌ
    the book is small
    المسجدُ حميلٌ
    the mosque is beautiful

    If the subject is a person's name, we do not have to put "Al" on front of their name as a person's name is already definate by it's nature (ie, if you say "Taariq", you know who you are talking about which makes it something definite in sense) See the following examples :

    طارق طالبٌ
    Taariq is a student
    محمّد مجتهد
    Mohammed is hard working
    عليّ فقيرٌ
    Ali is poor


    If both the parts of the sentence were definate, or indefinate (ie when they match) then actually it is no longer a sentence, but it becomes an adjective phrase. An adjective phrase is when you have a noun and adjective together, ie something is being described. An example in English would be "the good book" (definate adjective phrase because it includes the word "the") or "a small tree". (indefinate adjective phrase because it doesnt include the word "the")
    Look at the examples below:



    الولدُ الصغيرُ
    the small boy
    البيتُ الكبيرُ
    the big house
    الطالبُ المجتهدُ
    the hardworking student
    قلمٌ جميلٌ
    a beautiful pen
    رجلٌ فقيرٌ
    a poor man
    مطبخٌ صغيرٌ
    a small kitchen





    The definate adjective phrases could themselves be used as the subject in an equational sentence. See the following examples.



    الطالبُ المجتهدُ فقيرٌ
    the hardworking student is poor
    البيتُ الكبيرُ جميلٌ
    the big house is beautiful

    The predicate could also be an indefinate adjective phrase

    الكلبُ الصغيرُ كلبٌ شَقِيّ
    the small dog is a bad (naughty) dog
    الطالبُ الفقيرُ ولدٌ ذكيٌّ
    the poor student is a clever boy

    We could sum this up with the following formulae (if you like to think in a mathematical way this may help. If it confuses you, please ignore it - people's brains work in different ways!!)





    definate noun + indefinate noun = equational sentence

    الولدُ طالبٌ

    The boy is a student





    definate noun + indefinate adjective = equational sentence

    الولدُ كبيرٌ

    The boy is big





    definate noun + definate adjective = definate adjective phrase

    الولدُ الكبيرُ

    The big boy





    indefinate noun + indefinate adjective = indefinate adjective phrase

    ولدٌ كبيرٌ

    a big boy





    definate adjective phrase + indefinate noun = equational sentence

    الولدُ الكبيرُ طالبٌ

    The big boy is a student





    definate adjective phrase + indefinate adjective = equational sentence

    الولدُ الكبيرُ ذكيٌّ

    The big boy is clever

    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  2. #2
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Exercises

    1. Look at the following and decide if they are sentences or adjective phrases

    بيتٌ كبيرٌ
    الولدُ جميلٌ
    المفتاحُ مكسورٌ
    القلمُ الصغيرُ


    2. change the following adjective phrases into equational sentences
    الولدُ المجتهدُ
    الطالبُ الذكيُّ
    الكلبُ الشقيُّ

    البيتُ الصغيرُ
    الرجلُ الفقيرُ

    3. change the following equational sentences into adjective phrases
    البابُ كبيرٌ
    الولدُ
    شَقِيٌّ
    المسجدُ صغيرٌ
    الكتابُ
    رديءٌ


    4. choose any word from the vocabulary list tomake a sentence about each of the following boys
    محمّد
    Mohammed
    عليّ
    Ali
    إبراهيم
    Ibrahim
    موسى
    Moosa
    يوسف
    Yousef

    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  3. #3
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Vocab

    new words used in this lesson

    ذكيٌّ
    (dhakiyy) clever
    رديّءٌ
    (radiyy) bad ie bad quality
    مكسورٌ
    (maksoor) broken

    شَقِيّ
    (shaqiyy) naughty, badly behaved

    As there are not many new words in this lesson, please use the opportunity to revise all the previous vocab
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  4. #4
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Extension Exercise

    Extension Exercise
    Make sentences about the following pictures. Write as many as you like. (If you could not identify my drawings, the file name will tell you what it is supposed to be! )

















    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  5. #5
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

 

 

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