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  1. #1
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    LESSON TWO : This and That

    In this lesson will we learn and practise how to form short sentences such as "this is a boy" and "that is a house".

    There is quite alot to learn in this lesson. You may wish to study the lesson in parts doing the relevant exercises as you go along, or read and study the whole lesson and then proceed to all of the exercises.

    These are described grammatically as "equational sentences" and do not need any word for "is".

    This is... and That is...

    To say "This is..." you take the word هذاand then simply add the name of the thing or person

    To say "That is...." you take the word ذلك and then simply add the name of the thing or person

    If the thing is feminine [eg Umm(mother) or Muslimah (female muslim)] then swap the word هذا for هذه
    And ذلك for تلك (Differences with masculine and feminine words will be dealt with in its own lesson later)

    This is summed up in the following table:

    This and That table


    EXAMPLES
    هذا ولد
    (haadha walad) This is a boy
    Although you just add the word for "this" and the word for "boy" it does not mean "this boy" it means "this IS a boy".
    هذا قلب
    (haadha qalb) This is a heart
    هذا محمّد
    (haadha Mohammed) This is Mohammed


    ذلك بيت
    (dhaalika bayt) That is a house
    ذلك مطبخ
    (dhaalika matbakh) That is a kitchen
    ذلك عليّ
    (dhaalika Ali) That is Ali


    هذه أمّ
    (haadhihi umm) This is a mother
    هذه ليلى
    (haadhihi Layla) This is Layla


    تلك مسلمة
    (tilka muslima) That is a muslim lady
    تلك عائشة
    (tilka Aisha) That is Aisha

    This boy is...

    To expand on this, you may also want to say, for example "This boy is Rachid" rather than simply "This is Rachid". So, how do make the change between "This is a boy." and "This boy is..." ? Look at the examples below and spot the difference.

    هذا ولد
    Haadha walad.
    This is a boy
    هذا الولد
    Haadha al walad...
    This boy

    As you can see, the difference is that "al" appeared. [As will learn and practise in the next lesson], "AL" is an Arabic "definate article" (ie it means "The"). In English when we say "This boy" we know which boy is being talking about, it is a defininate boy - This boy, not just any boy. That is the logic behind the inclusion of "AL"

    study the following examples :

    هذا طالب
    (haadha Taalib) This is a student
    هذا الطالب مجتهد
    (haadha aT Taalib mujtahid) This student is hard working

    ذلك ولد
    (dhaalika walad) That is a boy
    ذلك الولد طالب
    (dhaalika al walad Taalib) That boy is a student

    هذه أمّ
    (haadhihi Umm) This is a mother
    هذه الأمّ مسلمة
    (haadhihi al Umm muslima) This mother is muslim

    تلك مسلمة
    (tilka muslima) That is a muslim lady
    تلك المسلمة عائشة
    (tilka al muslima Aisha)

    Asking what or who things are

    The word for "what" in this context is ما .
    Remember we are not using any word for "is" so simply put ما infront of haadha / dhaalika / haadhihi / tilka

    The word for "who" in this context is من
    Remember we are not using any word for "is" so simply put من
    infront of haadha / dhaalika / haadhihi / tilka

    Use ما when asking about non humans, and من
    when asking about humans.


    Examples

    ما هذا؟ هذا قلم
    (maa haadha? haadha qalam) what is this? this is a pen
    من هذه؟ هذه نورة
    (man haadhihi? haadhihi Noura) Who is this? This is Noura
    ما ذلك؟ ذلك بيت
    (maa dhaalika? dhaalika bayt) what is that? that is a house
    ما تلك؟ تلك سيّارة
    (maa tilka? tilka sayyaara) what is that? that is a car
    من هذا؟ هذا يوسف
    (man haadha? haadha yousef) who is this? This is Yousef


    Is this a...?

    To ask questions of the format "Is this a house?" we take the statement "this is a house" in arabic and add the word هل to the beginning.

    هذا بيت
    (haadha bayt) This is a house
    هل هذا بيت؟
    (hal haadha bayt?) Is this a house?


    هذه الأمّ مسلمة
    (haadhihi al umm muslima) This mother is muslim
    هل هذه الأمّ مسلمة؟
    (hal haadhihi al umm muslima?) Is this mother muslim?


    To answer this question, we need the following words :

    نعم = yes (na3am)
    لا = no (laa)

    Look at the following examples :

    هل هذا بيت؟
    (hal haadha bayt?) Is this a house?
    لا, هذا مسجد
    (laa, haadha masjid) No, this is a mosque

    هل هذه الأمّ مسلمة؟
    (hal haadhihi al umm muslima?) Is this mother muslim?
    نعم, هذه الأمّ مسلمة
    (na3am, haadhihi al umm muslima) Yes, this mother is muslim
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  2. #2
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Exercises and Vocabulary for this lesson

    EXERCISES.

    1) Look at each picture and answer the question below it in Arabic. (If you need to, use the Vocab from this and the previous lesson to help you.) Please answer in complete sentences, not just "yes" or "no."

    a)

    ما هذا؟

    b)

    هل هذا كلب؟

    c)

    هل هذا باب؟

    d)

    ما هذه؟

    e)

    هل هذا مسجد؟

    f)
    هل هذا مفتاح؟

    g)

    هل هذه ليلى؟

    h)

    ما تلك؟

    i)

    ما ذلك؟

    j )

    هل هذه قطّة؟

    k)

    ما ذلك؟

    l )

    ما هذه؟
    --------------------------------------------

    New vocabulary given in this lesson
    The first seven words are essential for this lesson. Please try to memorise them insha allah. The others will also be useful for the exercises.

    هذا
    (haadha) This [masculine]
    هذه
    (haadhihi) This [feminine]
    ذلك
    (dhaalika) That [masculine]
    تلك
    (tilka) That [feminine]
    ما
    (maa) what?
    من
    (man) who?
    هل
    (hal) Is...? [question particle]


    أمّ
    (umm) mother
    طالب
    (Taalib) student
    مفتاح
    (miftaah) key
    وردة
    (warda) rose
    كلب
    (kalb) dog
    قطّة
    (qitta) cat
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  3. #3
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    one more vocab word, sorry it was omitted from the list above (you will need it for the above excerises actually):
    قلم
    pen

    2.) Choose the right word to go with each name. (The blue names are boys names and the pink names are girls names)
    هذا /هذه محمد

    ذلك/ تلك ليلى

    ذلك/ تلك عائشة

    هذا/ هذه علي

    هذا/ هذه نورة




    3.) Translation exercises

    English to Arabic

    1.) This is a cat
    2.) That is a dog
    3.) Is this a mosque?
    4.) That is a key
    5.) Is this Saara? No, this is Layla
    6.) Is this student hardworking?
    7.) This boy is hardworking
    8.) That boy is Ali
    9.) That is a kitchen
    10.) Who is this? This is Mohammed
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  4. #4
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Click here to hear the list of vocab words

    *new* Check out this link to a very good lesson on the same topic by Madina Arabic. If you need further practise to consolidate, this offers more exercises and will be good for your revision insha Allah

    Madina Arabic lesson on Hadha
    Madina Arabic lesson on Dhalika

    Links were brought to my attention my Abdel Wahab, Jazak Allah brother
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

 

 

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