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  1. #1
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    LESSON ONE : The Alphabet

    Salams and welcome to the new Arabic beginners course brought to you by Ummah.com.

    We will begin with a small lesson on the alphabet, although some people already know how to read and write. This is to make it easy for even the most basic beginners and give everyone the same starting point. Also there is never any harm in revising and consolidating what you already know

    As there are already good resources available for learning the alphabet, we would like to refer you to the pages below. (Jazak allah khayr to Sister Cheeky and Brother Al-Nasser for bringing these links to our attention)

    But firstly here are a few points to remember about the Arabic Alphabet :



    • Arabic is written from right to left
    • There are 29 characters of the Arabic alphabet
    • It is extremely important to include all dots, and the number and placement of dots can change the sound of the letter and therefore the meaning of word. In English we may forget to dot the I or cross the T but we can not do this in Arabic.
    LINKS (the following links are essential for any student who is not already capable in reading and writing Arabic letters)

    Click here for a tutorial on how each letter is drawn and the names of the letters

    Click here for sound clips of the prononciation of each Arabic letter

    Click here for more information on the alphabet plus some quizzes and exercises for practice - view in Internet Explorer (from LanguageGuide.org)

    Sun letters and Moon Letters

    The letters of the Arabic alphabet are divided into two groups - Sun and Moon letters. This is important when the word begins with "Al" (the use of "al" will be explained in a later lesson insha allah). When "Al" is followed by one of the sun letters, the L sound (lam) becomes silent and the following sun letter is pronounced in its place.

    The sun letters are





    ت ث د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ل ن

    All other letters are Moon letters and the lam is pronounced normally.
    After a while you will naturally be able to distinguish a sun letter from a moon letter, simply by whether it sounds wrong or right but if you have not reached that stage, it may be useful to learn which letters are sun letters and which letters are not.

    The two groups of letters have been named in this way because the word for Sun in Arabic is Shams which begins with a sun letter, and Moon is Qamar beginning with a moon letter. They are pronounced like this :

    Ash-shams (NOT al-shams)
    Al-Qamar

    Joining the Letters

    This should be learnt from the links provided insha allah, however please keep in mind the difference between "Separate" and "Inseparable Letters"

    There are six letters of the Arabic alphabet that do not allow the following letter to be joined to them. These letters are :

    ا د ذ ر ز و

    They are written joined to the letter infront, but then the letter following it must be written in initial form. e.g.

    حافظ

    See how the alif is not joined to the following letter.

    In Arabic there are "short vowels" and "long vowels". This is shown below:




    *New* Please also look at this link, brought to my attention my Abdelwahab

    Madina Arabic Reading course

    Also, shariah program free material on the alphabet

    If the alphabet is completely new to you, it would be best to get as much practise as possible insha allah so check out all the links given to build ur confidence
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
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  2. #2
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Exercises and vocabulary for this lesson

    Firstly : Please click the above links and work through the exercises and quizzes about the letters that are provided there. Listen to the words and letters pronounced on the web page by clicking on them, and repeat it yourself after it.

    Secondly : To see that you have learned to write the letters properly, if you have a scanner it may be worth your while doing the following exercises, then scanning and attaching the page to your thread in exercise book. (If not, you could always resort to writing on "paint" or a similar program? or at least even if you can not scan them, do them at home and check your work against others work)

    1) Copying - handwriting exercise
    Please copy the following words onto your sheet :


    بيت
    ولد
    مجتهد
    وسط المدينة
    إبرة
    ملابس
    سيّارة
    مطبخ

    2) Joining the letters
    How do the letters change when they are in the beginning, middle or end of a word? See if you can join the following letters up to write the words correctly


    ب ا ب
    ق ل ب
    ض ر ب
    م ك ت ب
    ت ك ل ل م
    ا س ت ع م ا ل

    3) Spelling and writing exercise
    Below are some Arabic words which may be familiar to you. We use them and speak them in our daily lives, but how do we write them in the Arabic alphabet? Give it a try, write them out in Arabic letters on your sheet.

    Masjid
    Islaam
    Muslim
    Quraan
    Halaal
    Haraam
    Eid
    Eeman
    Noor
    Maghrib
    Nikaah

    Repeat each exercise as many times as you need.

    -------------------------------------------------

    Lesson one vocabulary

    The following words have been covered in this lesson. Please make an effort to learn as many of the unknown words as possible insha allah. It may help to print the list. Learn a couple of the words per day, stick it on your wall and look at it each morning, read and revise it on the tube/bus, or whatever you think will help to get the words firmly stuck in your mind.

    بيت
    (bayt) house

    ولد
    (walad) boy

    مجتهد
    (mujtahid) hard working

    وسط المدينة
    (wasat al madeena) town centre

    إبرة
    (Ibra) needle

    ملابس
    (malaabis) clothes

    سيّارة
    (sayyaara) car

    مطبخ
    (matbakh) kitchen

    باب
    (baab) door

    قلب
    (qalb) heart

    مكتب
    (maktab) office

    مسجد
    (masjid) mosque

    إسلام
    (Islam) our religion

    مسلم
    (muslim) Muslim

    قران
    (quraan) Qur'an

    حلال
    (Halaal) permissable

    حرام
    (Haraam) forbidden

    عيد
    (3eed) Eid [feast, celebration]

    إيمان
    (Eeman) faith

    نور
    (Noor) light

    مغرب
    (maghrib) Sunset

    نكاح
    (nikaah) Islamic wedding ceremony
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

  3. #3
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Click to listen to this lesson's vocabulary on real player

    From bayt to maTbakh
    From baab to nikaH

    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
    http://s61.photobucket.com/albums/h6...th_Silence.jpg
    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

    Ramadan Activities for Children
    <button id="tw_schedule_btn" class="tw-schedule-btn" style="padding: 4px 6px;position: absolute;left: 141px;top: 840px;background-color: #F7F7F7; background: linear-gradient(#FFF, #F0F0F0); border: 1px solid #CCC; color: #5F5F5F; cursor: pointer; font-weight: bold; text-shadow: 0 1px #FFF; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 3px;font-size: 11px; display: none; z-index: 8675309">Schedule</button>

 

 

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