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    Arabic alphabet, Pronunciation and Language

    The Arabic alphabet

    The Arabic script evolved from the Nabataean Aramaic script. It has been used since the 4th century AD, but the earliest document, an inscription in Arabic, Syriac and Greek, dates from 512 AD. The Aramaic language has fewer consonants than Arabic, so during the 7th century new Arabic letters were created by adding dots to existing letters in order to avoid ambiguities. Further diacritics indicating short vowels were introduced, but are only generally used to ensure the Qur'an was read aloud without mistakes.

    There are two main types of written Arabic:

    Classical Arabic - the language of the Qur'an and classical literature. It differs from Modern Standard Arabic mainly in style and vocabulary, some of which is archaic. All Muslims are expected to recite the Qur'an in the original language, however many rely on translations in order to understand the text.
    Modern Standard Arabic (اللغة العربية الفصحى / al-luġatu l-ʿarabiyyatu l-fuṣḥā) - the universal language of the Arabic-speaking world which is understood by all Arabic speakers. It is the language of the vast majority of written material and of formal TV shows, lectures, etc.
    Each Arabic speaking country or region also has its own variety of colloquial spoken Arabic. These colloquial varieties of Arabic appear in written form in some poetry, cartoons and comics, plays and personal letters. There are also translations of the bible into most varieties of colloquial Arabic.


    The Arabic language
    Arabic is a Semitic language with about 221 million speakers in Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Oman, Palestinian West Bank & Gaza, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, UAE, Uzbekistan and Yemen.

    There are over 30 different varieties of colloquial Arabic which include:

    Egyptian - spoken by about 50 million people in Egypt and perhaps the most widely understood variety, thanks to the popularity of Egyptian-made films and TV shows
    Algerian - spoken by about 22 million people in Algeria
    Moroccan/Maghrebi - spoken in Morocco by about 19.5 million people
    Sudanese - spoken in Sudan by about 19 million people
    Saidi - spoken by about 19 million people in Egypt
    North Levantine - spoken in Lebanon and Syria by about 15 million people
    Mesopotamian - spoken by about 14 million people in Iraq, Iran and Syria
    Najdi - spoken in Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Jordan and Syria by about 10 million people


    Here is a the First Lesson of my free Arabic alphabet 20 Lesson Course:

    Lesson #1:

    Last edited by Arabic Courses; 05-07-17 at 02:51 AM.

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    Re: Arabic alphabet, Pronunciation and Language

    Lesson #2

    Last edited by Arabic Courses; 05-07-17 at 03:02 AM.

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    Re: Arabic alphabet, Pronunciation and Language

    Lesson #3


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    Re: Arabic alphabet, Pronunciation and Language

    Lesson #3 (part -2)


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    Re: Arabic alphabet, Pronunciation and Language

    Lesson #4


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    Re: Arabic alphabet, Pronunciation and Language

    Lesson #5


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    Re: Arabic alphabet, Pronunciation and Language

    Lesson #6


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    Re: Arabic alphabet, Pronunciation and Language

    Here is the Full Course in my playlist with the lessons in order: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?lis...w6Z4JR1Lj33hDl
    Last edited by Arabic Courses; 05-07-17 at 03:15 AM.

 

 

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