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    Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    The thread is dedicated for Tafsir of the Qur'aan. I intend to keep them short and simple for maximum retention. Feel free to contribute. Please do not post weak and fabricated hadith if you do participate.



    And those who do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by some
    evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity.


    [Qur'aan 25:72]

    Ibn Kathiir writes that أبو العالية, طاوس, محمد بن سيرين, الضحاك, الربيع بن أنس,
    and others said that falsehood in this Verse refers to the holidays [and festivals] of the polytheists.


    tafsir.jpg

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    This Noble Verse is evidence that sins are of two types,
    major sins and minor sins. If you avoid the major sins,
    Allaah will expiate your minor sins and admit you into Paradise.

    "If you avoid the major sins
    which you are forbidden, We will remove from you your lesser sins
    and admit you to a noble entrance [into Paradise]
    ."

    [Qur'aan 4:31]

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    But for he who has feared the position of his Lord
    are two gardens -


    [Qur'aan 55:46]

    Imaam al-Tabari notes in his Tafsir that Mujaahid has been reported to
    have said regarding the above Verse:

    هو الرجل يهمّ بمعصية اللــه تعالى ثم يتركها مخافة اللــه

    [The Verse] refers to a man who intends [on committing an act which would be]
    disobedience of Allaah, then gives it up out of fear of Allaah.

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    And indeed, those who disbelieve would almost make you slip
    with their eyes when they hear the message, and they say,
    "Indeed, he is mad."


    [Qur'aan 68:51]


    Ibn Kathiir writes

    وفي هذه الآية دليل على أن العين إصابتها وتأثيرها حق ، بأمر الله ،
    عز وجل ، كما وردت بذلك الأحاديث المروية من طرق متعددة كثيرة


    The above Verse is evidence that the affect of the evil eye,
    by the Command of Allaah, is a truth and there are many
    Hadiith regarding the evil eye which have been narrated from many routes.


    Narrated Abu Huraira:

    The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "The effect of an evil eye is a fact."
    And he prohibited tattooing.


    [Sahih al-Bukhaari Hadith No. 5740]

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    And We have already created man and
    know what his soul whispers to him, and
    We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein


    [Qur'aan 50:16]



    Narrated Abu Huraira:

    The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Allah forgives my followers
    those (evil deeds) their souls may whisper or suggest
    to them as long as they do not act (on it) or speak."

    [Sahih al-Bukhaari Hadith No. 6664]

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    :
    Explanation of the verse:

    Nay, but their hearts were covered over by what (sins) they earned. [Al-Mutaffifīn: 14]

    Al-Hasan (Al-Basrī) said, “It is because of doing one sin after another, until the heart becomes blind and dies.”

    Qatādah also said, “It is because of doing one sin after another, one sin after another, until the heart dies and becomes black.”

    Ibn Zayd said, “Their sins overcome their hearts until no good can get through to them.”

    Mujāhid explained, “They used to consider the heart like a hand: when a person sins, his heart starts to scrunch up,” and he folded his little finger, “and when he does another sin,” he folded the next finger and continued until he had his fist clenched. “Then a seal is placed over it, and they used to say that this is the ‘covering’.”

    Al-Tabarī in his Tafsīr, Sūrah Al-Mutaffifīn.
    The servant who seeks the pleasure of Allaah, never
    abandons repentance.
    He remains in the state of repentance until the end of his life."
    [Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah]

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    A group of scholars have said that the evil doings
    mentioned in this Verse refer to shirk
    [associating partners with Allaah].
    Others have said they refer to disobeying Allaah.

    "But they who have earned [blame for] evil doings -
    the recompense of an evil deed is its equivalent,
    and humiliation will cover them. They will have from
    Allah no protector. It will be as if their faces are covered
    with pieces of the night - so dark [are they].
    Those are the companions of the Fire; they will
    abide therein eternally."


    [Qur'aan 10:27]


    Tafsir al-Qurtubi

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan


    "...do not despair of the mercy of Allah..."

    You are never to despair of the Mercy of Allah.
    It does not matter how many sins you have committed
    the doors of forgiveness are always open so long as you are alive.
    Do not be of those who despair because of their sins and
    then continue in their sins thinking we have sinned so much
    so there is no way for us and will never be forgiven. Allaah
    forgives all sins, both major and minor.


    Say, "O My servants who have transgressed against themselves
    [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives
    all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful."


    [Qur'aan 39:53]

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying]
    on their sides and give thought to the creation of the
    heavens and the earth, [saying], "Our Lord, You did not
    create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing];
    then protect us from the punishment of the Fire.


    [Qur'aan 3:191]


    Narrated `Imran bin Husain (may Allaah be pleased with him) said
    I had piles so I asked the Prophet (ﷺ) about the prayer. He said,
    "Pray while standing and if you can't, pray while sitting and if you cannot
    do even that, then pray Lying on your side."

    [Sahih al-Bukhaari Hadith No. 1117]



    Bishr bin al-Haarith al-haafi said: Had mankind contemplated the
    magnificence of Allaah, they would not have disobeyed Him.

    Amir ibn Abd al-Qays has been reported to have said: I have heard
    more than three of the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) say:
    The radiance or light of Imaan [faith] is contemplation.

    Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz has been reported to have said: To move your tongue with the
    Dhikr of Allaah is good and contemplation in the blessings of Allaah is the best form of worship.

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    "And man supplicates for evil as he supplicates for good, and man is ever hasty."

    [Qur’aan 17:11]


    Jabir bin 'Abd Allah reported the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:

    Do not invoke curse on yourselves, and do not invoke curse on your children, and do not invoke curse
    on your servants, and do not invoke curse on your property, lest you happen to do it at a time when
    Allah is asked for something and grants your request.

    [Sunan Abi Dawud Hadith No. 1532]



    ويدعو الإنسان على نفسه وولده وماله بالشرّ، فيقول: اللهمّ أهلكه والعنه عند ضجره وغضبه،
    كدعائه بالخير: يقول: كدعائه ربه بأن يهب له العافية، ويرزقه السلامة في نفسه وماله وولده،
    يقول: فلو استجيب له في دعائه على نفسه وماله وولده بالشرّ كما يستجاب له في الخير هلك،
    ولكن الله بفضله لا يستجيب له في ذلك


    Man supplicates against himself, his children, and his wealth saying O Allaah destroy
    it and curse it when he is angry just like he prays for good saying that Allaah give me
    health and goodness, provision, and security in regards to myself, and my children.
    Allaah says that had his evil supplications against himself, his children, and his wealth
    been answered as quickly as the good supplications he makes he would have been destroyed
    but Allaah, by His Grace, does not answer his evil supplications.


    Tafsir al-Tabari
    Volume 17 Page 393

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    :

    Commenting on 2:201 of the Quran which states:

    Our Lord! Give us the good of this world and the good of the hereafter…

    Al-Hasan Al-Basrī – Allah have mercy on him – said:

    The good of this world is knowledge and worship, and the good of the hereafter is Paradise.

    Al-Ājurrī in Akhlāq Al-‘Ulamā’ no. 30 and Ibn Jarīr in his Tafsīr of this verse.

    Scholars of tafsīr like Ibn Jarīr and Ibn Kathīr point out that ‘the good of this world’ is general and includes all those things which have been allowed for us to enjoy and which are considered useful by people for day-to-day living. And they point out that above this; the good of this world includes those things which will lead to success in the hereafter. This narration reminds us of these loftier things we should ask Allah for, and that the good of this life embraces what is required or recommended for a worshipper of Allah to acquire on this Earth, like knowledge of his religion and good deeds.
    The servant who seeks the pleasure of Allaah, never
    abandons repentance.
    He remains in the state of repentance until the end of his life."
    [Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah]

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    Competition in [worldly] increase diverts you

    [Qur'aan 102:1]


    You aspire to amass wealth, but for what reason? Is it to leave the wealth behind,
    when you die, so your heirs can enjoy the fruits of your hard work as you are
    questioned in the grave?

    After all, that which truly belongs to you is what you eat, spend on your clothes,
    or give in charity with the last being an everlasting deed leading you to the
    eternal abode of bliss.

    Mutarrif narrated from his father, that he met up with the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam)
    while he was saying:

    "The mutual increase diverts you". He (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
    "The son of Adam says: 'My wealth, my wealth, but is there something for you from your wealth
    besides what you give in charity that remains, or you eat which perishes, or what you wear that
    grows worn?"


    [Sahih Muslim and Jaami al-Trimidhi Hadith No. 2342]

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    "Allah does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by
    him who has been wronged. And Allah is Ever All‑Hearer, All‑Knower"


    [Qur’aan 4:148]


    قيل: معنى الآية أنه لا يجوز لأحد أن يدعو على أحد إلا إذا كان المدعو عليه ظالماً له
    فيجوز للإنسان أن يدعو على من ظلمه،
    وقيل في معنى الآية: أن من سبّك يجوز لك أن تسبّه من باب القصاص،
    أما السباب من غير قصاص فإنه لا يجوز فمن سابك أو شتمك جاز لك أن
    تقتص منه وأن ترد عليه بالمثل


    It is not permitted for anyone to pray against anyone else except when a person
    is wronged. Then he has the right to pray against the one who wronged him. If someone
    wrongs you, you can pray against them. This is how one group of scholars have understood
    this Noble Verse.

    Another group believes that the Verse means that if someone insults you, you have the
    right to insult them back based on the rules of al-Qisaas. You are not permitted
    to insult anyone. However, if someone insults you, you can insult them back as much
    but not more.

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    Give naseeha [advice] for the Sake of Allaah and call people to His path.
    Do not stop if people ridicule you. Remind yourself that the Prophets
    gave naseeha and were ridiculed; they did not stop.



    And to the 'Aad [We sent] their brother Hud. He said, "O my people, worship Allah;
    you have no deity other than Him. Then will you not fear Him?"

    Said the eminent ones who disbelieved among his people,
    "Indeed, we see you in foolishness, and indeed, we think you are of the liars."


    [Qur'aan 7:65-66]

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    Never will you attain al-birr until you spend [in the way of Allah ]
    from that which you love. And whatever you spend – indeed, Allah
    is Knowing of it.


    [Qur’aan 3:92]






    'Abdullah reported Allah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:

    It is obligatory for you to tell the truth, for truth leads to al-birr and virtue al-birr to Paradise,
    and the man who continues to speak the truth and endeavors to tell the truth is eventually
    recorded as truthful with Allah, and beware of telling of a lie for telling of a lie leads to
    obscenity and obscenity leads to Hell-Fire, and the person who keeps telling lies and endeavors
    to tell a lie is recorded as a liar with Allah.

    [Sahiih Muslim Hadiith No. 2607]




    It was narrated that Anas said:

    "When this Verse was revealed -'By no means shall you attain Al Birr (piety, righteousness–here
    it means Allah's reward, i.e. Paradise), unless you spend (in Allah's cause) of that which you
    love'- Abu Talha said: 'Our Lord will ask us about our wealth. I adjure you, O Messenger of Allah!
    I am giving my land to Allah.' The Messenger of Allah said: 'Make it for your relatives, Hassan bin Thabit
    and Ubayy bin Ka'b.'"

    [Sunan al-Nasaa’i Hadiith No. 3602]

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    But whoever kills a believer intentionally - his recompense is Hell,
    wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him
    and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.


    [Qur'aan 4:93]


    Narrated `Abdullah:

    The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "The first cases to be decided among the
    people (on the Day of Resurrection) will be those of blood-shed."

    [Sahih al-Bukhaari Hadith No. 6864]

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    Re: Tafsir of the Qur'aan

    But Allah would not punish them while you, [O Muhammad],
    are among them, and Allah would not punish them while they seek forgiveness.


    [Qur'aan 8:33]


    Seek forgiveness from Allaah and you will be safe from His punishment.


    قال ابن عباس: كان فيهم أمانان: نبي الله والاستغفار قال: فذهب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وبقي الاستغفار



    Ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: There were two securities among them:
    The Prophet of Allaah and seeking forgiveness. The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam)
    has gone and seeking forgiveness remains.

 

 

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