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  1. #1
    Odan Repentant's Avatar
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    Ibn ul-Qayyim on Customary Monogamy


    فَيُؤْخَذُ مِنْ هَذَا أَنَّ الْمَشْرُوطَ عُرْفًا كَالْمَشْرُوطِ لَفْظًا، وَأَنَّ عَدَمَهُ يُمَلِّكُ الْفَسْخَ لِمُشْتَرِطِهِ، فَلَوْ فُرِضَ مِنْ عَادَةِ قَوْمٍ أَنَّهُمْ لَا يُخْرِجُونَ نِسَاءَهُمْ مِنْ دِيَارِهِمْ وَلَا يُمَكِّنُونَ أَزْوَاجَهُمْ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْبَتَّةَ وَاسْتَمَرَّتْ عَادَتُهُمْ بِذَلِكَ كَانَ كَالْمَشْرُوطِ لَفْظًا، وَهُوَ مُطَّرِدٌ عَلَى قَوَاعِدِ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ، وَقَوَاعِدِ أحمد رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ أَنَّ الشَّرْطَ الْعُرْفِيَّ كَاللَّفْظِيِّ سَوَاءٌ، وَلِهَذَا أَوْجَبُوا الْأُجْرَةَ عَلَى مَنْ دَفَعَ ثَوْبَهُ إِلَى غَسَّالٍ أَوْ قَصَّارٍ، أَوْ عَجِينَهُ إِلَى خَبَّازٍ، أَوْ طَعَامَهُ إِلَى طَبَّاخٍ يَعْمَلُونَ بِالْأُجْرَةِ، أَوْ دَخَلَ الْحَمَّامَ أَوِ اسْتَخْدَمَ مَنْ يَغْسِلُهُ مِمَّنْ عَادَتُهُ يَغْسِلُ بِالْأُجْرَةِ وَنَحْوَ ذَلِكَ، وَلَمْ يَشْرُطْ لَهُمْ أُجْرَةَ أَنَّهُ يَلْزَمُهُ أُجْرَةُ الْمِثْلِ. وَعَلَى هَذَا، فَلَوْ فُرِضَ أَنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ مِنْ بَيْتٍ لَا يَتَزَوَّجُ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى نِسَائِهِمْ ضَرَّةً وَلَا يُمَكِّنُونَهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ، وَعَادَتُهُمْ مُسْتَمِرَّةٌ بِذَلِكَ، كَانَ كَالْمَشْرُوطِ لَفْظًا.
    وَكَذَلِكَ لَوْ كَانَتْ مِمَّنْ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهَا لَا تُمَكِّنُ إِدْخَالَ الضَّرَّةِ عَلَيْهَا عَادَةً لِشَرَفِهَا وَحَسَبِهَا وَجَلَالَتِهَا، كَانَ تَرْكُ التَّزَوُّجِ عَلَيْهَا كَالْمَشْرُوطِ لَفْظًا سَوَاءٌ.

    And it is taken from this (i.e understood) that that which is conditioned according to custom is like that which is conditioned according to words and that its absence is equal to making null (or abolishing) its stipulation, and it were assumed from the custom of a nation that they do not drive out their women from their homes and they do not place that decision in the hands of their wives and their customary habit adheres to this, then it is the same as that which has been stipulated by custom. And it is constant with the rules of Ahulul Madinah. And the rules of Ahmed that the customary condition is the same as the wordy condition (one which has been stipulated by words). And because of this they have made necessary the fee on he who hands over his clothes to laundryman or bleacher or (he hands over) his batter to a baker or (he hands over his) food to a cook who perform their duties in return for a price or he enters a bathroom or takes the help of he who washes it (the bathroom) whose habit is that he washes in return for a price and the like of that and he does not stipulate for them a price it is necessary for him to pay the adequate wage. And based on this if it is assumed that the woman of a house or it is assumed that a woman is from a house where the man does not marry another woman other than this woman and they have not given him the ability to do so and their habit continues in this respect, then it is like that which is stipulated as a condition. And likewise if she is one upon whom it is not possible for another woman to enter according to the rules of custom due to her high rank and high regard and her loftiness, then the leaving of the marrying over her (i.e marrying another woman) is like that which has been stipulated according to words. {Zad al Ma’ad, 5/108 Mu’assasatu al-Risalah edition}
    "You must convince your heart that whatever Allah has decreed is most appropriate and most beneficial for you." ~ Imam Al Ghazali.


  2. #2
    With The Mujahideen Allah's_Servant's Avatar
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    Re: Ibn ul-Qayyim on Customary Monogamy

    Subhnallah. Love your posts aki so informative.

    Don't depend too much on anyone in this world because even your own shadow leaves you when you are in the darkness

  3. #3
    Odan Repentant's Avatar
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    Re: Ibn ul-Qayyim on Customary Monogamy

    Quote Originally Posted by Allah's_Servant View Post
    Subhnallah. Love your posts aki so informative.

    وإياكم
    "You must convince your heart that whatever Allah has decreed is most appropriate and most beneficial for you." ~ Imam Al Ghazali.


  4. #4
    Private Investigator samin62's Avatar
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    Re: Ibn ul-Qayyim on Customary Monogamy

    are you the antithesis or TAB?
    "They are Shuhadaa (witnesses) to the fact that this Deen is greater than life, that values are more important than blood and that principles are more precious than souls" - Sheikh 'Abdullah Azzam

    Lost in Islamic History

 

 

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