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  1. #1
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    An Ayah a Day - Al Masad


    Alhamdulillah we have again made it to the next surah. Surah al-Masad (the palm fibre).



    New people are welcome to join
    We will start today with the background of the surah, reason of revelation, fadhaail, etc and tomorrow insha Allah start the 1st ayah
    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
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    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

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  2. #81
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    i'll continue the 2nd for now, from Razi

    two views in maa aghnaa 3anhu...

    1. the maa is a question with the meaning of negation/denying
    Abu Lahab was thinking that his money and children can protect him, but there was not anyone more richer than qaaroon, but did it protect him from death? (no)
    Sulaiman 3alayhi salam had a greater kingdom than any person, but it didnt prevent him from death

    2. the 2nd view its a khabr, informing statement that the wealth and children will not benefit him in this

    maa kasaba:

    its case is marfoo3 and the maa is considered mawsoolah (relative) or masdariyyah (as the meaning of a verbal noun) so it means maksoobuhu or kasbuhu

    its narrated he used to say, if its true what my brother's son says (ie RasoolAllah ) then i will ransom myself with my wealth & my children, so Allah sent down this ayah

    a few points are mentioned in its meaning:

    1. maa kasaba = his capital and profits
    2. maaluhu = his livestock and maa kasaba = their offspring, and the benefits he gets from the lifestock because he used to own alot of this
    3. maaluhu = what he inherited from his father, and what he earned himself
    4. ibn abbas said, maa kasaba = his children
    hadith is narrated here but i think tmr posted the same already so i wont trans and repeat all that
    5. his maal and kasb wont benefit him, meaning his plans. ad-dahaak said this
    6. qatada said: maa kasaba = his works/deeds
    as Allah says:

    { وَقَدِمْنَا إِلَىٰ مَا عَمِلُواْ مِنْ عَمَلٍ }

    [al furqan: 23]

    there are some questions in the ayah:

    1. whats the difference between here Allah says:

    { مَا أَغْنَىٰ عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَبَ }

    and in surat al layl

    { وما يغني عنه ماله إذا تردى }

    answer: the mention of it in past tense is more assuredlike Allah's saying:[الليل: 1] فما الفرق؟ الجواب: التعبير بلفظ الماضي يكون آكد كقوله:
    { مَا أَغْنَىٰ عَنّى مَالِيَه }
    [الحاقة: 28] وقوله:
    { أَتَىٰ أَمْرُ ٱللَّهِ }
    [النحل: 1].

    2. maa aghnaa 3anhu maaluhu wa maa kasab - why?

    answer: some say it means in his emnity against RasoolAllah as he could not overcome him

    others say, these things didnt benefit him in protecting/defending him from the naar.. because Allah says: sa yaslaa
    .: Rufaida :.
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    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
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  3. #82
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    "And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way."
    (al-Baqarah: 143)

    Allahumma innaa na'udhu bika min an nushrika bika shai-an na'lamuh; wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na'lam.

  4. #83
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Waiiit for meeee.

  5. #84
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Quote Originally Posted by scribble View Post
    Has this been posted?

    ~


    Most of us know Surah Lahab. It’s one of the first one Muslim children learn these days. We’re going to breeze through the tafseer, then dive into one of the miracles, and finish up with some Arabic analysis.

    Allah says:

    تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ
    مَا أَغْنَى عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَبَ
    سَيَصْلَى نَاراً ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ
    وَامْرَأَتُهُ حَمَّالَةَ الْحَطَبِ
    فِي جِيدِهَا حَبْلٌ مِّن مَّسَدٍ

    Translation:

    May the hands of Abu Lahab be ruined, and ruined is he.
    His wealth will not avail him or that which he gained.
    He will [enter to] burn in a Fire of [blazing] flame
    And his wife [as well] - the carrier of firewood.
    Around her neck is a rope of [twisted] fiber. [Surah Lahab, verses 1-5]

    Reason of Revelation

    This verse was one of the first revealed in Mecca. You can find the full details in Tafsir ibn Kathir. The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) was told to proclaim the message; so he went up on a mountain.

    In those days, when the Arabs attacked, they attacked right at Fajr time, when the most people were sleeping. If anyone saw this, they would get up on a mountain and say “waaaaaaaaaaaah subaaaaaaaaaaahaaaaaaaaaaaah,” like “woe to you from an evil that’s coming in the morning.”

    So the Prophet got up on the mountain, and he called each of the tribes, one by one, by name. And when they had all gathered–check this out–he said “If I told you all that the enemy was going to attack you in the morning, or in the evening, would you all believe me?” and they said “we’ve never experienced a lie from you.”

    So he (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Verily, I am a warner (sent) to you all before the coming of a severe torment.”

    And this was it! The chance for everyone to become Muslim, Mecca becomes conquered, Islam gets an established base and spreads out of Arabia …

    … and Abu Lahab, the uncle of the Prophet, said: “Have you gathered us for this? Tabba lak (may you perish).”

    And Allah revealed Surah Lahab.

    Points to Consider

    * Syed. Abu Lahab was “syed,” that is, from the family of the Prophet. And he is doomed to Hellfire! So what does that mean for all the syeds out there? Are you still so sure you’ll be saved just for being a relative of the Messenger of Allah? Wake up! You need to pray and fast and pay zakah and * make Hajj, just like anyone else.
    Tabbat is a curse. It appears twice in the first ayah–at the beginning, as if it’s a curse, and at the end, as if it’s a statement of reality–that he is cursed.

    http://www.ilmfruits.com/
    Points to Consider

    Syed. Abu Lahab was “syed,” that is, from the family of the Prophet. And he is doomed to Hellfire! So what does that mean for all the syeds out there? Are you still so sure you’ll be saved just for being a relative of the Messenger of Allah? Wake up! You need to pray and fast and pay zakah and make Hajj, just like anyone else.
    Tabbat is a curse. It appears twice in the first ayah–at the beginning, as if it’s a curse, and at the end, as if it’s a statement of reality–that he is cursed.
    Carrier of Firewood. There are two opinions on what this means: One is that the wife of Abu Lahab used to enflame people. “Oh did you hear what so-and-so said about you?” “Oh do you know what that other person did?” To make them hate each other; like she carries the wood to fan the fire. The other opinion is that she used to carry thorns and put them in what pathways the Messenger of Allah used to walk, so he’d be harmed.
    A Necklace of Fire. Hellfire is enough of a punishment–but on top, she’ll be given a necklace of fire. Why? Because she had a beautiful necklace, and she pawned it at a fundraiser so she could use the wealth to harm the Messenger of Allah. So glad tidings O you people who donated for the sake of Allah! Insha’Allah for sure you will get something good, if Allah rewarded giving something bad with something in Hellfire.
    The Miracle in Surah Lahab

    If you notice, Allah dooms Abu Lahab to Hellfire in this surah. Now, the mufassireen point out an interesting point–at any time, Abu Lahab could have accepted Islam–even as a fake-out. And he could have said “Hey guys, I’m Muslim now, how come the Qur’an is claiming I’m in Hellfire?” And that would’ve caused great fitnah.

    But he never did.

    And Allah knew that he wouldn’t.

    And so, we see even in this small, oft-repeated surah, one of the miracles of the Qur’an.

    Some Arabic Analysis

    Tabba/Tabbat (تَبَّتْ) is a curse. It means “may you lose everything and perish.”
    Abi Lahab? Just like we discussed in the second post about rabbuka and rabbika, whether you say “Abu Lahab” or “Abi Lahab” or “Aba Lahab,” it’s the same name. Just different grammatical tense.
    Triple Possessive Case: Yahd is mudaaf; abi is mudaf ilayh (hence it’s majroor), and also mudaaf to lahab (which is mudaf ilayh and majroor). If you didn’t understand that, don’t worry.
    Kasaba (كَسَبَ) means “what he accumulated.” Ibn Abbas (radiallahu ‘anhu) says that he accumulated is wealth, and children, and honour, and status; but none of those will help him in the Hereafter.
    Sayaslaa (سَيَصْلَى) is future-tense; it means he (Abu Lahab) will be thrown into.
    Naaran thaata lahab: This construct is difficult to explain, so forgive me if it’s not the easiest thing to understand. If I said “I saw a man dhuw lihyatin,” it means I saw a man who has a beard; or literally, “the owner of a beard.” If I said “I saw a man dhaa lihyatin,” i.e. an adjective construct, it means “I saw a bearded man.” Here, Allah says: naaran thaala lahab, meaning “the fire possessing flame,” or “the flaming fire.” It’s a description of the qualities of that fire. Tafseer ibn Katheer mentions a fire of blazing flames, painful and severe.
    Wallahu ta’ala ‘alam, that’s Surah Lahab in a nutshell. If there are any questions, comments, or corrections, please post them in the comments.

    Also, I cannot think of any action items related to this surah; so it’s up to you! Whatever you think of, post it in the comments! Insha’Allah you will get a copy of the ajar of anyone else who performs that action.

    Action Items Contributed


    Try and do at least one of the following:

    Donate something small for the sake of Allah. Buying gifts for family members is sadaqah too; so why not buy something nice–a watch, a necklace, etc. for your family member. Insha’Allah you’ll get one, too, in Jannah! (Even more motivation to buy what you’d love for yourself!)
    References:

    Touched by an Angel: Tafseer of Juz ‘Amma. By Muhammad Alshareef. 2009.

  6. #85
    *bıɟɐɹɯıɯɐʇpɐʎızɯɯn* .: Anna :.'s Avatar
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    .: Rufaida :.
    .:Fa Firroo Ila-llaah:.
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    “People praise you for what they suppose is in you,
    but you must blame your soul for what you know is in you.”
    ~ Ibn Atallah

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  7. #86
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    SUrah Al-Lahab
    (The Flame)
    This SUrah is Makkan and it has 5 verses
    With the name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Very-Merciful
    Verses 1 - 5

    Perish the two hands of AbE Lahab, and perish he! [I]
    Neither his wealth availed him, nor what he earned. 121
    He will soon enter a fire, full of flames, [31 and his wife
    as well, the wicked carrier of firewood. [4] In her neck
    there is a rope of twisted palm-fibre. [51

    Name and Nickname of Abii Lahab
    Abii Lahab [Father of Flame] was the Nickname of 'Abd-ul-'UzzZ, one
    of the sons of 'Abdul-Muttalib. As he was ruddy in complexion, he was
    nicknamed Abii Lahab [Father of Flame]. The Quraan
    did not mention his
    real name, because it smacked of paganism, and the last element 'lahab'
    [Flame] in the nickname has also nexus with the flame of Hell. This
    person was the inveterate enemy and persecutor of the Holy Prophet ,
    and violently opposed Islam. Whenever the Holy Prophet invited the
    people to Islamic Faith, he would stand up and cry lie to his message. [Ibn
    Kathir]

    Cause of Revelation

    It is recorded in the two Sahihs that when the verse
    (Warn your closest relatives - 26:214) was revealed, the Holy
    Prophet
    ascended the mount Safa and cried out to the tribe of Quraish in a
    manner that was known among them for warning of an attack by the
    enemy. Some narratives maintain that he called the different Makkan
    clans by name, the clan of Banu 'A-bd Munaf, Banu 'Abdul-Muttalib and
    others. All the clans of Quraish gathered around him, and he said to
    them: 'If I were to tell you that the enemy is about to attack you in the
    morning or in the evening, would you believe me?' They all unanimously
    replied in the affirmative. Then he said: 'Verily, I am a Warner sent to you
    before the coming of a severe torment (as a result of disbelief or
    paganism). AbE Lahab then responded:'Ruin may seize
    you ! Is it for this purpose that you have called us together?' and picked
    up a stone to hit him. Thus this Surah was revealed.
    Verse [111:11] (Perish the two hands of AbG Lahab,
    and perish he!) The word yad literally means a 'hand'. Because hands
    play a very important role in all of human works and actions, often yad
    (hand) refers to the human person, as in the phrase
    (. . .All this is due to what your hands have sent forth.. .22:10). Baihaql has
    recorded on the authority of Sayyidna Ibn 'Abbas & that one day Abii
    Lahab said to the people that Muhammad says that such-and-such a
    thing will happen after death. Then, pointing to his hands, said that none
    of those things have come into these hands; then he addressed his hands
    (Perish you! I do not see any of the
    things Muhammad said in you.) Therefore, the Qur'an attributes his
    destruction to his hands.

    The verb tabba is derived from tabab which means 'to perish'. In verse
    [I],
    the first sentence(Perish the two hands of AbG Lahab) is
    in the form of a prayer invoking or imprecating destruction upon Abi
    Lahab, and the second sentence wa tabba is the declarative sentence
    prophesying the consequence of the invocation. The first sentence was
    invoked against him to satisfy the indignation of the Muslims, because
    when AbE Lahab imprecated destruction upon the Holy Prophet s,
    it was the desire of the Muslims that imprecation be invoked against him.
    Allah thus fulfilled their desire, and also informed them that the
    invocation has taken effect and he perished. Seven days after the battle
    of Badr, he developed a terrible case of plague because of which people
    avoided him. They regarded the disease as infectious and were afraid that
    it might be transmitted by contact, so they forced him to live in an isolated
    house, and they did not come into contact with him at all. He at last died
    in this state. His dead body lay untouched in his house for three days.
    When his body began to rot giving out unbearable stench, people taunted
    his sons, and they hired laborers to take it away and bury it. They dug a
    pit in the ground, pushed his body into it with a stick and covered it with
    stones. [Bayan-ul-Qur5n from R*l.]

    Verse [111:2](Neither his wealth availed him, nor
    what he earned.) The phrase ma kasab [what he earned] could refer to
    the profits that accrued to him from investment of his wealth in business,
    and it could also imply 'children', for the children of a person are also
    referred to (in Arabic) as his earning. Sayyidah 'A ishah & reports that
    the Messenger of Allah said:
    "The best and the purest thing a man eats is from his earnings
    and his children are part of his earnings".
    This means that eating from the earnings of one's children is
    tantamount to eating from one's own earnings. [Qu*ubll
    Therefore, Sayyidah aishah , Mujahid, 'Ata, Ibn Sirin and others
    interpret ma kasab [what he earned] as referring to 'children'. Allah had
    granted AbE Lahab abundant wealth and many children, and these two
    factors led him to be ungrateful, and caused him to be proud and
    arrogant. Sayyidna Ibn 'Abbas says that when the Messenger of Allah
    called his people to faith and warned them about the Divine
    punishment, Abii Lahab said: "Even if what my nephew says is true, I
    will save myself from the painful torment on the Day of Judgement with
    my wealth and my children." Thus Allah revealed verse [2]
    that is, when the Divine torment seized him in this world, neither
    his wealth nor his children benefited him!

    Maariful Quran.

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad


  9. #88
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Quote Originally Posted by scribble View Post


    Tafseer of Surah Masad :

    Surah masad was revealed in Makkah and the earliest of the surahs to be revealed to the prophet whereas surah Nasr was the very last complete surah to be revealed to the prophet . Between these two a lot of things happened in the Prophet's life and the ummah of the Muslims.

    At the age of 40 was when islam began to be preached, he migrated at the age of 53, and prophet died at the age of 63. At the stage where he was commanded by Allah to preach to close relatives and the rest of his tribe to Islam;


    Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn `Abbas that the Prophet went out to the valley of Al-Batha and he ascended the mountain. Then he cried out,

    «يَا صَبَاحَاه»

    (O people, come at once!) So the Quraysh gathered around him. Then he said,

    «أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِنْ حَدَّثْتُكُمْ أَنَّ الْعَدُوَّ مُصَبِّحُكُمْ، أَوْ مُمَسِّيكُمْ أَكُنْتُمْ تُصَدِّقُونِّي»

    ؟ (If I told you all that the enemy was going to attack you in the morning, or in the evening, would you all believe me) They replied, "Yes.'' Then he said,

    «فَإِنِّي نَذِيرٌ لَكُمْ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ عَذَابٍ شَدِيد»

    (Verily, I am a warner (sent) to you all before the coming of a severe torment.) Then Abu Lahab said, "Have you gathered us for this May you perish!'' Thus, Allah revealed,

    [تَبَّتْ يَدَآ أَبِى لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ ]

    (Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!) to the end of the Surah. In another narration it states that he stood up dusting of his hands and said, "Perish you for the rest of this day! Have you gathered us for this''

    Why didn't Abu lahab believe? One of the reasons may be because he was afraid that he would have lost his position in the community as he was the head of Quraish. Also the religion of his forefathers may be forgotten and given up this is why he made fun of the prophet in front of everyone. No one had to say anything, his leadership figure answered the response of everyone there even if a few among them wanted to accept the truth. When a leader or a strong figure accept or reject something, the rest of the people feel the pressure to follow the leaders of Makkah. The situation is different in surah Nasr.

    So the people did not follow the rational advice even though they trusted him with his possessions.

    Abu Lahab's real name was AbdulUzza, he was a paternal uncle of the prophet He was called Lahab because his face was bright or lightened up and lahab means flame/fire. The face that Allah gave him, he used that to turn the people away from the truth. A leadership figure that is powerful and strong doesn't meant what they say is right - a leader may also be wrong, like in this circumstance. The truth is not judged by the people but the other circumstances around it.

    This surah was revealed to help deal with the situation.

    تَبَّتْ means to perish, or to destroy and to lose.

    تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ Allah is saying may the two hands of Abu Lahab perish, وَتَبَّ here is repeated and the scholars say that the first time it was mentioned was a dua, the second time is a statement of fact. Allah says that "indeed" Abu Lahab is destroyed, in the dunya the dua is made for the man that may he be perished, then at the end of the ayah, Allah says he will be. Allah did not command them to hurt him or stone him and those that tortured them. Allah said he would deal with them in the hereafter. Notice, that Allah gave abu lahab time to continue his propaganda, in a way Abu Lahab was a test by Allah for the Muslims, among mankind there is wisdom behind shayateen of humankind also. If Allah wanted he could have destroyed him, but He reassured the Muslims that in the hellfire abu lahab would perish.

    Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Az-Zinad that a man called Rabi`ah bin `Abbad from the tribe of Bani Ad-Dil, who was a man of pre-Islamic ignorance who accepted Islam, said to him, "I saw the Prophet in the time of pre-Islamic ignorance in the market of Dhul-Majaz and he was saying,

    «يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ، قُولُوا: لَا إِلهَ إِلَّا اللهُ تُفْلِحُوا»

    (O people! Say there is no god worthy of worship except Allah and you will be successful.) The people were gathered around him and behind him there was a man with a bright face, squint (or cross) eyes and two braids in his hair. He was saying, "Verily, he is an apostate (from our religion) and a liar!'' This man was following him (the Prophet ) around wherever he went. So, I asked who was he and they (the people) said, "This is his uncle, Abu Lahab.'' Ahmad also recorded this narration from Surayj, who reported it from Ibn Abu Az-Zinad, who reported it from his father (Abu Zinad) who mentioned this same narration. However in this report, Abu Zinad said, "I said to Rabi`ah, `Were you a child at that time' He replied, `No. By Allah, that day I was most intelligent, and I was the strongest blower of the flute (for music).''' Ahmad was alone in recording this Hadith.

    They would call Muslims saabi, someone who left their religion, the religion of pagans. They used this term for Muslims to turn others away from islam.

    What we learn from this is that we have to practice patience, our purpose is to invite the people regardless who tries to stop the others from accepting because Allah guides whom He pleases, and those who He wants to guide can never be misguided.


    Alhamdulillah from here


    مَا أَغْنَى عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَب

    His wealth and whatever he earned did not benefit him at all. Allah reassured the Muslims that Abu Lahab will get what he deserves and that they should leave him to his propaganda. Allah guided the Muslims to be in a civilised way. His wealth and children won't benefit him because he will be burnt. كَسَب here means children. The Arabs took pride in the number of children they had as it makes them stronger and more powerful amongst the community. Allah is saying that his children and wealth may have helped him in the dunya but it will be nothing in the aakhirah. This is also indicates to us that the life of this world is nothing, that nothing but good deeds matter as they will be what is accompanying you into the hereafter.

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    I think everyone is ready for ayah 3 today?
    and hijab im leaving tafheem for u..
    so i gotta go do the Arabic ones and come back once i translated but just wanted to confirm that we should be moving to this ayah?
    .: Rufaida :.
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Tantawy

    sa yaslaa naaran dhaata lahab - an explanation of the bad end that awaits him, after this dispraise and reprimands and promise
    ie: Abu Lahab will be thrown in the fire with a severe heat which roasts the people's faces forever
    Allah swt describes the fire as "dhaata lahab" this increases the suitability of his name matching with his kufr because he is known as "Abu Lahab" and the fire is described as being severely "dhaata lahab"
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Baydhawy

    sa yaslaa naaran dhaata lahab = an igniting fire, whats meant here is the fire of jahannam

    وليس فيه ما يدل على أنه لا يؤمن لجواز أن يكون صليها للفسق
    ^ not sure a good translation of that so just pasted it sorry

    then it mentions that it can be read sa yuslaa with a damma


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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    more about the dif readings mentioned in i3rab of al halaby

    the general reading is with fatha of the yaa, sukoon on the saad and a lightness of the lam (ie no shadda) : yaslaa

    abu haywa, ibn muqsim and abbaas read it with damma, and fatha and tashdeed*

    and al hasan and ibn abee ishaaq read it with damma and sukoon (ie: yuslaa)

    * about the 2nd reading i dont know whether this means yusallaa or yusallee, because yusallaa doesn't seem to be on any scale to me? i would have thought yusallee because the damma and the tashdeed its like fa33ala? so yufa33il - but yusallee on that scale means to pray salah? so insha Allah if someone can clarify this point to me it would be good... tmr?
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad



    I checked in the dictionary for the word and its salaa..yuslaa and the masdar is salyan without the shadda, because if there was a shadda, it would be sallaa, yusallee, salaatan .. praying like you said. Im not too sure though.
    "..And verily for everything that a slave loses there is a substitute, but the one who loses Allah will never find anything to replace Him."
    [Related by Ibn al-Qayyim in ad-Dâ' wad-Dawâ Fasl 49]

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    سَيَصْلَى نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ


    He shall be caste into a blazing Fire (3)

    The two preceding verses depict Abu Lahab’s fate in this world. In this verse, is depicted the fate he will encounter in the Hereafter: He shall be caste into a blazing Fire. The fire has been described by the words ذَاتَ لَهَبَْ. The person who will be caste into it is called by the honorific title أبُو لَهَبْ (Abu Lahab). In accordance with this name, he will enter a fire which has a similar name. لَهَبْ means “flame”. It seems that Abu Lahab had a redish-white complexion like that of a flame. For this reason, he either himself adopted this honorific title or his flatterers called him by this name and this honorific title became so famous that his real name: ‘Abd al-‘Uzza was forgotten. By this description, the Qur’an has pointed to the reality that the very redish white complexion which was a source of pride for him in this world will lead him to doom. He will be caste into a fire whose flames would be blazing. The message which is meant to be put across is that pride on outer beauty has no value; it can lead a person to ruin if there is no inner beauty to go along with it.





    Source
    "..And verily for everything that a slave loses there is a substitute, but the one who loses Allah will never find anything to replace Him."
    [Related by Ibn al-Qayyim in ad-Dâ' wad-Dawâ Fasl 49]

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    sis
    yeah but i think thats the 3rd reading because the 2nd one says that they read it with tashdeed?
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    about the different readings its mentioned here too, ash-showkaany
    that the meaning with the reading of yaslaa is that he enters by himself, his own doing (bi nafsihi) but the reading with dama, fatha and tashdeed means that Allah enters him into the fire
    it says:

    والمعنى سيصليه الله

    so i guess it is read sa yusallee, in that case? (bc there written sa yusalleehi) but with a different meaning that normally what we take from yusallee?


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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    which ayah are we on? im lost sorry havent been here for long

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Ayah 3 sis.

    Can we have tomorrow too for it.. =( 'Cause I haven't done anything today.

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    AYAH THREE

    Her name was Arwa' and her nickname (kunyat) Umm Jamil. She was sister of Abu Sufyan and was no less bitter than her husband, Abu Lahab, in her enmity to the Holy Messenger (upon whom be peace) Hadrat Abu Bakr's daughter, Hadrat Asma', has related that when this Surah was revealed, and Umm Jamil heard it, she was filled with rage and went out in search of the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace). She carried a handful of stones and she was crying some verses of her own, satirizing the Holy Prophet. She came to the Ka`bah, where the Holy Prophet was sitting with Hadrat Abu Bakr. The latter said: "O Messenger of Allah, there she comes and I fear lest she should utter something derogatory to you." The Holy Prophet replied: "She will not see me." The same thing happened. She could not see the Holy Prophet although he was there. She said to Hadrat Abu Bakr: "I hear that your Companion has satirized me." Hadrat Abu Bakr replied: "No, by the Lord of this house, he has not satirized you." Hearing this she went off. (lbn Abi Hatim, Ibn Hisham; Bazzar has related an incident on the authority of Hadrat 'Abdullah bin `Abbas also, which closely resembles this). What Hadrat Abu Bakr meant was that she had not been satirized by the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace), but by Allah Himself.

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Quote Originally Posted by scribble View Post
    Ayah 3 sis.

    Can we have tomorrow too for it.. =( 'Cause I haven't done anything today.
    yeah i want to do a bit more 2moro too iA
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    i found a doc on scribd with some qs from the surah, i think aimed @ kids

    http://www.scribd.com/doc/13270752/SuratulMasad

    and its from here

    http://lolliesplace.wordpress.com/20...masad-111-1-5/

    (which i think some of the commentry @ the start has already been posted, mayb ilmfruits one?)
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    ahdaf suwar al quran (these are just small paragraphs sums up the content of the whole surah)

    its a makkan surah called surat al lahab or sura tabbat and its centred around the destruction of Abu Lahab, an enemy of Allah ta3ala and His messenger
    Allah promised him with a blazing fuelled fire which he will enter together with his wife, whom Allah specified for her a specific punishment of the rope around her neck pulling her more into the torement of the fire, because of what they did to RasoolAllah and the harm they were to him in Makkah
    Ibn Musayyab said about the wife of Abu Lahab that she had a precious necklace from jewels, which she was proud of and she said that "i swear by Al Lat and Al Uzza i will spend this necklace in emnity of Muhammad"
    So Allah gives her the ending of a burning rope of palm fibres around her neck (in the Hellfire)

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    was listening to surat al haaqah and the part which mentions the people given their book in their left hand, some of the ayahs reminded me what we covered in this surah cos the person says maa aghnaa 3annee maaliya and then later its thumma al jaheema sallooh

    so reminded me of maa aghnaa 3anhu maaluhu wa maa kasab - sa yaslaa naaran dhaata lahab

    so i thought i would post that part...

    وَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِشِمَالِهِ فَيَقُولُ يَا لَيْتَنِي لَمْ أُوتَ كِتَابِيهْ
    وَلَمْ أَدْرِ مَا حِسَابِيهْ
    يَا لَيْتَهَا كَانَتِ الْقَاضِيَةَ
    مَا أَغْنَى عَنِّي مَالِيهْ
    هَلَكَ عَنِّي سُلْطَانِيهْ
    خُذُوهُ فَغُلُّوهُ
    ثُمَّ الْجَحِيمَ صَلُّوهُ

    But as for him whose record shall be placed in his left hand, he will exclaim: "Oh, would that I had never been shown this my record,
    and neither known this my account!
    Oh, would that this [death of mine] had been the end of me!
    Of no avail to me is all that I have [ever] possessed,
    [and] all my power of argument has died away from me!"
    Thereupon the command will go forth:] "Lay hold of him, and shackle him
    and then let him enter hell"

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Quote Originally Posted by .: Anna :. View Post

    * about the 2nd reading i dont know whether this means yusallaa or yusallee, because yusallaa doesn't seem to be on any scale to me? i would have thought yusallee because the damma and the tashdeed its like fa33ala? so yufa33il - but yusallee on that scale means to pray salah? so insha Allah if someone can clarify this point to me it would be good... tmr?
    Quote Originally Posted by .: Anna :. View Post
    about the different readings its mentioned here too, ash-showkaany
    that the meaning with the reading of yaslaa is that he enters by himself, his own doing (bi nafsihi) but the reading with dama, fatha and tashdeed means that Allah enters him into the fire
    it says:

    والمعنى سيصليه الله

    so i guess it is read sa yusallee, in that case? (bc there written sa yusalleehi) but with a different meaning that normally what we take from yusallee?
    I think it's yusalla actually. On the website that I usually use, they have the harakah included and that's how it's written.

    so yufa33il - but yusallee on that scale means to pray salah?
    The word meaning to pray comes from the root letters saad-laam-waw. The word in this surah here comes from the root letters saad-laam-yaa. I guess the confusion comes in because the first one is written with a yaa and so they both look the same, even though its root letters actually has a waw.
    "And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way."
    (al-Baqarah: 143)

    Allahumma innaa na'udhu bika min an nushrika bika shai-an na'lamuh; wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na'lam.

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    oh.. but it would have been there as sa yusallaahu Allah? with alif? thats why im confused

    but the root letters what u said tht makes sense cos those r weak..
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    سَيَصْلَى نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ

    Meaning, (a fire) possessing burning [ishti'aal] and flaming [talahhub].

    Different readings of this ayah are:

    1. sa yaslaa. (The recitation of the generality of people)
    2. sa yuslaa. (Abu Raja' and al-A'mash. It is related from ibn Kathir, 'Asim and al-Hasan)
    3. sa yusallaa. (Ash-hab al-'Uqaili, Abu Sammal al-'Adawi and Muhammad bin Samaiqa')

    (al-Jami' li Ahkam al-Qur'an)
    "And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way."
    (al-Baqarah: 143)

    Allahumma innaa na'udhu bika min an nushrika bika shai-an na'lamuh; wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na'lam.

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Quote Originally Posted by .: Anna :. View Post
    oh.. but it would have been there as sa yusallaahu Allah? with alif? thats why im confused

    but the root letters what u said tht makes sense cos those r weak..
    Check the link in my last post. He explains it but I didn't understand so didn't translate it.
    "And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way."
    (al-Baqarah: 143)

    Allahumma innaa na'udhu bika min an nushrika bika shai-an na'lamuh; wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na'lam.

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    is it just that page? its saying which they r derived from like wa tasliyatu jaheem.. fa sawfa nusleehi naara... ila man huwa saali al jaheem..

    then those are dif forms so thats how come they got these 3 readings?

    but i dnt see where it says yusallaa?
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Quote Originally Posted by .: Anna :. View Post
    is it just that page? Its saying which they r derived from like wa tasliyatu jaheem.. Fa sawfa nusleehi naara... Ila man huwa saali al jaheem..

    Then those are dif forms so thats how come they got these 3 readings?

    but i dnt see where it says yusallaa?
    وَقَرَأَ أَشْهَب الْعُقَيْلِيّ وَأَبُو سَمَّال الْعَدَوِيّ وَمُحَمَّد بْن السَّمَيْقَع " سَيُصَلَّى " بِضَمِّ الْيَاء , وَفَتْح الصَّاد , وَتَشْدِيد اللَّام
    "And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way."
    (al-Baqarah: 143)

    Allahumma innaa na'udhu bika min an nushrika bika shai-an na'lamuh; wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na'lam.

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    ohh i see now

    i was looking again where they were saying the ma3naa is sa yusalleehi Allah
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Quote Originally Posted by the_middle_road View Post
    سَيَصْلَى نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ

    Meaning, (a fire) possessing burning [ishti'aal] and flaming [talahhub].

    Different readings of this ayah are:

    1. sa yaslaa. (The recitation of the generality of people)
    2. sa yuslaa. (Abu Raja' and al-A'mash. It is related from ibn Kathir, 'Asim and al-Hasan)
    3. sa yusallaa. (Ash-hab al-'Uqaili, Abu Sammal al-'Adawi and Muhammad bin Samaiqa')

    The third one has the meaning of "sa yusleehi Allah - Allah will soon burn him." It is from His Saying:

    وَتَصْلِيَةُ جَحِيمٍ

    And roasting in the Blazing Fire.

    (al-Waqi'ah: 94)

    The second one has the meaning of islaa' i.e. "yusleehi Allah - Allah will burn him." (Basically the same as the previous). It is from His saying:

    فَسَوْفَ نُصْلِيهِ نَارًا
    We will roast him in a Fire.

    (al-Nisa': 30)

    But the first one is the chosen / preferred [ikhtiyar] one, due to the consensus [ijma'] of people upon it. It is from His saying:

    إِلا مَنْ هُوَ صَالِ الْجَحِيمِ

    Except for him who is to roast in the Blazing Fire.

    (al-Saaffat: 163)


    (al-Jami' li Ahkam al-Qur'an)
    "And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way."
    (al-Baqarah: 143)

    Allahumma innaa na'udhu bika min an nushrika bika shai-an na'lamuh; wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na'lam.

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    are we ready to move on today, ayah 4?
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  34. #113
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Yes.
    "And thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way."
    (al-Baqarah: 143)

    Allahumma innaa na'udhu bika min an nushrika bika shai-an na'lamuh; wa nastaghfiruka limaa laa na'lam.

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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Tantawy
    Then Allah ta3ala followed that with the dispraise of his wife who participated with him in the emnity of RasoolAllah by saying "wamra2utuhu 7ammaalata al 7atab, fee jeydihaa 7abalum min masad"

    Allah's saying "wamra2utuhu" is connected by the returning attached pronoun (hu) to Abu Lahab, and the previous saying sa yaslaa

    (what does ma3toof 3ala specifically mean? i was a bit stuck on that word..)

    the mention of "7ammaalata" stands as a dispraise in a tacit way, because dispraise is intended here

    the generality of people read it 7ammaalata bil raf3, because it is a sifah/description for her, or it is the khabr (predicate) of an ommited mubtada2 (subject) (ie: that would be hiya 7ammalata al 7atab

    and the intention with His saying 7ammaalata al 7atab is the reality that its narrated that she was carrying a package with thorns and spreading it in the night over the path of RasoolAllah to harm him, or it can be because of her habit to spread nameemah between the people. the saying a person carrying firewood between the people means spreading fasad between them

    or it can be her carrying sins and mistakes, from the saying:
    فلان يَحْطِب على ظهره
    when someone is committing sins and mistakes

    imam ibn jareer said its more likely to be the first explanation because she was carrying the thorns and throwing them in the path of the nabee


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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    I have a q about the grammar of that ^ aswell

    I don't understand why he says the generality read it bil raf3 but wouldnt it be hammaalatu if marfoo3? as in with damma?
    i thought previously that the word was with fatha because its a sifa in the sense of being a kind of haal?

    anyway im going to look @ the i3rab books insha Allah but if ne1 can explain that i think it would help iA. its probly simple and im jst being dumb
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    oh
    yeah i was just being dumb.. i read the first line of i3rab book marfoo3 was refering to imra2utuhu not 7ammalata
    so i get it now.. bt i dno why it sounded like in tantawy refering to tht, someone pls check my trans incase i messed it up?
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    an-nuhaas i3rab ul quraan

    wamra2utuhu - there are 2 sayings:

    1. its considered marfoo3 because connected to the previous saying sa yaslaa (as an 3atf for that..)
    (*is that like 3atf bayyaan kind of..? well it means she is a 2nd subject for that verb?)

    2. its considered marfoo3 as mubtada2 of the khabr 7ammalata al 7atab (*so it would be like jumla ismiyya?)

    7ammaalatu-l 7atab there are two sayings:

    then with it being bil raf3 there are two saying:

    1. its a na3t/adjective of imra2utuhu (*so it would be agreeing?)
    2. its a khabr for that mubtada2

    in it being an adjective there are 2 sayings:

    umm jameel is the sister of abu sufyan bin harb
    the first saying is she is described with this to specify her ending because of her harm to rasoolAllah

    the 2nd saying is that abu lahab had more than 1 wife so this saying is to make it clear to whom it refers

    about the mood of the sentence:

    the first saying is that it is in haal, from the reading wamra2utuhu 7ammaalata-l 7atab

    and the 2nd that its a khabr of "maa" in the state of haal (*i dont understand what this means? abt khabr of maa)

    in this reading there are 2 sayings:

    1. mansoob in state of haal
    2. its permitted to enter an alif and laam and when they are omited then its mansoob in state of haal (*i dont get this one either)

    then its said that its mansoob because its dhamm (dispraise) and the meaning is, as its said:

    نحْنُ بني ضَبَّةَ أصحَابُ الجمَلْ

    أنا ابنُ سَعْدٍ أكرمَ السَّعدينَا

    (^ *i think examples of same thing as dhabbata and akrama are mansoob?)
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    today should be continuing in ayah 4 insha Allah
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    baydhawy

    wamra2utuhu - either it goes back to sa yaslaa as another subject for that verb, or as a mubtada2 for the khabr of 7ammaalatal 7atab
    and she is umm jameel, the sister of abu sufyan

    7ammaalatal 7atab - means the 7atab, firewood/fuel of jahannam
    because she used to carry loads in enmity to RasoolAllah and helping her husband to harm him
    or nameemah because she was going round and inflaming the fire of rivalry among people
    or the bundles of thorns she was carrying to harm rasoolallah , spreading them @ night in his path
    Aasim reads in nasb (7ammaalata), as an insult
    .: Rufaida :.
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  41. #120
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    Re: An Ayah a Day - Al Masad

    Quote Originally Posted by scribble View Post


    مَا أَغْنَى عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَب

    His wealth and whatever he earned did not benefit him at all. Allah reassured the Muslims that Abu Lahab will get what he deserves and that they should leave him to his propaganda. Allah guided the Muslims to be in a civilised way. His wealth and children won't benefit him because he will be burnt. كَسَب here means children. The Arabs took pride in the number of children they had as it makes them stronger and more powerful amongst the community. Allah is saying that his children and wealth may have helped him in the dunya but it will be nothing in the aakhirah. This is also indicates to us that the life of this world is nothing, that nothing but good deeds matter as they will be what is accompanying you into the hereafter.

    سَيَصْلَى نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ

    He will soon be roasted in a blazing fire, meaning the fire of hellfire. Allah reassured the Muslim by saying that he (Abu Lahab) will get what he deserves so the Muslims should leave him. This is how Allah guided them to be in a civilised way.

    وَامْرَأَتُهُ حَمَّالَةَ الْحَطَبِ
    His wife was called Umm Jameel in jahilliyah, her name was arwa, she was one of the leadership figures in Makkah, she used all that to be arrogant against the Muslims and the Prophet

    Some books say that she used to put thorns in the way of the prophet hence why the حَمَّالَةَ الْحَطَبِ the carrier of wood.

    Aww there was so less.. hmm..

 

 

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