Arabic Language Lesson 1 - Taught by Abu Taubah
Subject is Arabic Language
Arabic comes from the word Ara’ba عرب
عرب Ar’aba is a word which has its own meaning; it means to ‘make something crystal clear so as to leave no doubt to what was implied’. Especially an emotion or a feeling. Also refers to particular people known as the Arabs.
So when Allah says:
Quran’nan Ar’abiyan – A recital that makes it crystal clear, that leaves no doubt as to what was implied.
Quran – recital
Arabiya – to make something crystal clear.
It doesn’t mean an Arabic Quran; because you recited Arabic in Englishsized form.
The scholars of Tawheed have proven that every mistake from every one of these deviant groups, they first deviated from making mistake in the Arabic language. Linguistic mistake was their first mistake.
Definition of Language - those sounds that are shared by all people.
Everybody has sounds that come of their tongue, (except animals who’s sounds come of their throat).
Share same sounds, but meanings are different. An example would be the word ‘wow’, in English it means surprised/amazement but in the language of alaf, a (Senegalese language) it means ‘yes’. Pronounced the same exact way, but meaning differs because of the people share same sound, different meaning.
How we got the Arabic Language
Quran, authentic Hadith of the Prophet (first 2 proofs that have preserved the Arabic language)
Then Poetry (prior to Islam), Educated writers amongst the Arabs who preserved the Arabic language. These are the proofs if someone asks why you say a certain word is said this way,answer would be because it was imitated this way passed down this way.
Reason why poetry prior to Islam is because Arabs before Islam, best thing they had was their poetry, they would take their poetry and compete with the other Arabs, and best one would be hung up on the Kabbah, Mu’alaqat. 7 of the poems stayed up until Islam came, these are called the seven hanging poems.
We call this Naqlan – meaning we got this passed down from father to son.
In the Arabic language there are 13 sciences.
Nahw and Sarf are the two important one’s amongst the 13.
- Nahw – Grammar
- Sarf – Etymology (ology- study of)
Nahw – Grammar
Grammar is the science through which we can understand and learn the changes that a word goes through based on the placement in a sentence, and the changes at the end of the word. Each time you place a sentence differently, the word will mean something different. This is grammar based on changes in word.
Sarf – Etymology
Sarf – Pronounced like the word ‘Saw’ that’s the sound ‘sarf’ mouth open not the س seen type of saw.
Sarf means to give change, to break something down. Literally means to give change, as a terminology it is a science through which we understand the shape and change of a word before entering it into a sentence. The meaning of a word in of itself before we enter it into a sentence.
There 35 shapes/scales of Arabic verb, each shape has its own individual meaning.
Arabic has 2 things, the meaning of the word as a shape, and then it has the root meaning of the word.
Example the word مسلم Muslim, mo’o in front of a word, whenever you have it means one who posses the qualities of the rest of the word, another example the word Munafiq.
If we change the word and say Islam, this is another change in the word, put Alif with Kasra, which than means who who submits. Same way we have Muhlis, means one who is sincere. Word for sincere is Ikhlaas, which is the same exact shape. There are 35 of these in the Arabic language.
3 types words in Arabic/ in every language.
First one is Harf - this is a letter/also connector word.
Second type is Filun – verb – an action word
Third type is Ismun – super-noun – It’s a person/place/thing and also includes a description/adjective. Not a noun. Not same as the English noun,
First Type Harf (3 parts)
Harf - Letter and connectors (any word that points to a meaning in another word)
a)Letters in the Arabic language – alif, baa, jaa, daa
b) Connectors – Any word that points to a meaning, in another word and it’s not connected to a timeframe.
Example the word ‘under’, under is a word that points to a meaning in something else, by itself it won’t have any meaning. Under what?, other words in, from, above, to.
These are connectors without which you can’t make a sentence sound good. In Arabic you have similar words, min, waa.
They don’t have a meaning in of itself. And it’s not connected to a timeframe.
c)Letters with extra meaning, these are letters like the word Alif by itself is a Question, it means any sentence that has now been changed into a question that can only be answered by yes or no. In English we would say a’a and it would mean as,in,ae.
Example I went to the store, to change to question you would say did you go to the store?
In Quran Allah say’s Ra’ayta meaning you saw, to turn this into a question you would say A’ra’ayta. It's now Turned into a question.
Other examples would be with letter Mo’o, mushrik,munafiq,mushrik. Mo’o before a word means who who posses.
Second Type Filun - verb
Is a word that points to a meaning, in and of itself and is connected to one of three time frames. Either immediate, either past, or present/future.