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  1. #1
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    Question Waht is Sadaqat al-Fitr (Fitrana)???

    http://www.daruliftaa.com/question.a...nID=q-22034878


    Q) I just starting working this year (at the end of July 2003) and I have accumulated about $5500 (USD) before taxes and maybe $4400 after taxes. I thought that if one accumulated $1000 (USD) or more in a year then zakah would be obligatory on them. And considering that I earned more than $1000, I paid 2.5% from what I received on my pay checks and paid that this morning as "zakah al fitr." It came to $110. After I had already given the money (before the Eid salat) , I was informed that the zakah al fitr was only $7 in my masjid.
    Will it count that I paid my zakat al fitr properly ($7) and the rest can be "sadaqah" (if it is really true that the regular zakah is not obligatory on me) although I intended for it all to be zakat al fitr and with the intention to please Allah Most High when I put the money in the envelope?

    Also, I still have debt that is not paid off fully and I paid what I thought to be my "zakat al fitr" with money that I normally would have paid my bills with or other necessities. I say this because my friend told me that the obligatory zakah would be from the money that one has set aside like in a savings account that is not needed to pay bills or other necessities.

    Is zakah obligatory on me? If not, when will it be? Also can you please recommend a good, easy to understand book (in English) on zakah (and charity)?


    In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

    You have become slightly confused between the regular Zakat al-Mal and Zakat/Sadaqa al-Fitr. They are both separate things and the rulings for both also differ. In order to distinguish between the two, it would be better to term the first one “Zakat” whilst the second one can be called “Sadaqa al-Fitr”.

    Zakat is an obligation ordained by Allah Most High upon every Muslim who becomes the owner of a specific amount of wealth known as the “Nisab”. If one’s wealth is equal or more than this specific amount, Zakat will become obligatory upon him. This Nisab is the equivalent in cash, gold silver, merchandise, etc of 6.12 grams of silver or 87.48 grams of gold.

    Now, when one becomes the owner of (the above mentioned) Nisab for the first time in his/her life, then that (Islamic) date should be kept in mind. Then the following year on the same (Islamic) date, if one is still the owner of Nisab, one will be considered as Sahib al-Nisab and Zakat will be obligatory at the rate of 2.5% on the total Zakatable assets. It makes no difference whether the wealth increases or decreases during the course of the year, neither is it necessary that every part of the wealth remains in one’s possession for the whole year. However, if due to some reason all the wealth is lost, then when one becomes the owner of Nisab once again, that will be the new date and Zakat will be calculated thereupon. (See: Bada'i al-Sana'i, 2/96-98 & al-Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab, 1/145)

    Thus, you should fix a date for the calculation of your Zakat. If you are unsure as to when exactly you became the owner of the equivalent of the above mentioned Nisab for the first time, then make a precautionary estimation, and from now on calculate your Zakat each year on that date. Whatever you own on that date, 2.5% of it will have to be given to the poor and needy as Zakat of your wealth.

    However, you may subtract from the total the amount you owe to others, for Zakat is not obligatory on wealth that one owes to others.

    As far as Sadaqa al-Fitr is concerned, it is something that is paid on Eid al-Fitr by every Muslim who is the owner of the same Nisab mentioned above, but in any form. Normal Zakat is obligatory on certain types of wealth, such as cash, gold, silver, business goods, livestock and agricultural produce, whereas Sadaqa al-Fitr becomes necessary upon every individual who owns the Nisab even if it is in the form of cloths, furniture, etc. The only one dispensation is that, it will be considered after subtracting one’s basic and personal needs. (See: al-Hidaya, 1/292)

    For example: Muhammad does not have any Zakatable items (cash, gold, silver, etc) in his possession, but he has other assets equal to the value of Nisab and these assets are in excess of his personal and basic needs, such as having a surplus car or he has surplus furniture, etc… In this case, although the normal yearly Zakat will not be obligatory upon Muhammad but he will have to pay the Sadaqa of Eid al-Fitr. The amount that needs to be paid for Sadaqa al-Fitr is half Sa’ of wheat or one Sa’ of barley or date. This, according to modern terms is 2 kilograms.

    It is permissible to pay the value of these in cash. It is preferable to give cash when the above items such as wheat, barley, date, etc… are easily available. When these items are scarce, then it is better to give them instead of cash.

    Therefore, the seven dollars that you were informed about was Sadaqa al-Fitr and not Zakat, and as explained earlier, Sadaqat al-Fitr is necessary on Eid al Fitr and you pay it before the Salat. Paying more than the actual amount (as you mentioned that you paid more than seven dollars) does not invalidate your Sadaqa al-Fitr. Rather, the remainder will also be considered to be an act of charity, thus you will be rewarded thereupon.

    However, it should be remembered that, making an intention is obligatory (fardh) for the fulfilment of Zakat. If an intention is not made, then Zakat will not be valid.

    Imam al-Quduri (Allah have mercy on him) states:

    “It is not valid to pay zakat without an intention coinciding with the payment, or coinciding with the setting-aside of the obligatory portion. One who gave all of his wealth in charity, without intending zakat, its obligation is waived from him.” (Mukhtasar al-Quduri, 1/137)

    Thus, when paying the 2.5% from the total amount of your wealth (which was $110 in your case), if you made the intention of paying the yearly Zakat al-Mal, then your Zakat will be considered paid. If however, you did not make such an intention, then you will have to repay the sum as Zakat to those who are eligible to receive it.

    For a detailed and simple guide to Zakat, refer to my booklet “Simplified Rules of Zakat” obtainable from the contact information provided. I hope I have been of some help to you in clearing the matters with regards to Zakat and Sadaqa al-Fitr.

    And Allah Knows Best

    Muhammad ibn Adam
    Darul Iftaa
    Leicester , UK

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    Sadaqatul-Fitr Explained (Mufti Taqi Usmani)

    http://www.central-mosque.com/fiqh/eidsad.htm

    Sadaqat-ul-fitr is an obligation for every Muslim, male or female, who owns 613.35 grams of silver or its equivalent, either in the form of money, ornaments, stock-in-trade, or in the form of some goods or commodities beyond one's normal needs. Every person who owns such an amount has to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr, not only on behalf of himself but also on behalf of his minor children. The prescribed amount of Sadaqat-ul-fitr is 1.75 Kilograms of wheat or its value in money. This amount is prescribed for paying Sadaqat-ul-fitr for one person only. If a person has some minor children, the same amount has to be paid on behalf of each one of them separately. The following points must be remembered concerning the payment of Sadaqat-ul-fitr.

    1. Sadaqat-ul-fitr is obligated on each adult male or female separately, and the relevant adult person himself is responsible to pay it. The husband is not required to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of his wife nor is the wife supposed to pay it on behalf of her husband. Similarly, a father is not bound to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of his adult children or vice-versa. However, if the head of the family, by his own free will, wishes to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr for each one of the members of his family, he should seek their authorization for that purpose. In this case the Sadaqat-ul-fitr paid by him will be valid on their behalf. If he did not pay the Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of any of the members of his family, he will not be responsible for it. Rather, it is the duty of every adult member of the family to discharge his own obligation or to request the head of the family to pay it on his or her behalf.

    2. It is a Sunnah that the Sadaqat-ul-fitr is paid before performing the 'Eid prayer. It can also be paid before the 'Eid day, but it is not advisable to delay it up to the performance of'Eid prayer. However, if a person has failed to pay on its proper time, he should pay it as soon as possible, whereby the obligation will stand discharged.

    3. The Sadaqat-ul-fitr is not necessary on behalf of a child who was born after the break of dawn in the 'Eid day, nor is it necessary to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of a person who dies before the dawn of the Eid day.

    4. Sadaqat-ul-fitr should be paid only to a person who is entitled to receive Zakah.

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    Re: Waht is Sadaqat al-Fitr (Fitrana)???

    Which fiqh do these 2 posts apply to? Hanafi?

    If not, can someone please post the hanafi rulings.

    Jazak'allah khair
    ...

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    Re: Waht is Sadaqat al-Fitr (Fitrana)???

    Asslamo Allaikum,

    Both answers pertain to Hanafi Fiqh.

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    Re: Waht is Sadaqat al-Fitr (Fitrana)???

    Quote Originally Posted by HelpingHand View Post
    Asslamo Allaikum,

    Both answers pertain to Hanafi Fiqh.
    Jazak'allah khairun
    ...

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    Question Re: I'm confused too - help!

    Assalamu alaikum

    I'm a new Muslim and VERY confused by this despite being told by friends.. I am just not understanding it 100%! Can someone please, insha'Allah clarify my small understanding so far and this is some info:

    What's the differences between the four below??? (Some charity donation forms list Z/S/L - why don't they put down SF or ZF.. and what is lillah?)

    i) Sadaqah al fitr?
    ii) Sadaqah?
    iii) Zakat al fitr?
    iv) Zakat?

    Are Sadaqah al fitr and zakat al fitr both exactly the same thing? And my understanding is that this is a small amount payable towards the end of Eid.

    Zakat - I know that I am not required to pay zakat - the yearly contribution until next August.

    I would like to sponsor a child, but unsure how this would be classified??? Would it be both Sadaqat and Zakat??? Sorry for so many ???? but really I'm ?????

    There is a collection box in our local masjid for S.al.F... which, insha'Allah I will contribute to tonight.. I'm just concerned to make sure that I'm doing my bit correctly and not incorrectly due to ignorance! Have I???

    As always, jazakallah khayran wa eid mubarak!

    Sis Steph




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    Re: Waht is Sadaqat al-Fitr (Fitrana)???

    As far as I know zakat or zakat al fitr is same thing just different terms.

    Zakat is paid 2.5% of the wealth you possess... that wud include:

    cash in your accounts or at home,

    properties (if you own more than one),

    cars (if you own more than one),

    jewelry (if you have it more than certain amout of gold and silver. I dont know the min quantity after which zakat will be applicable cuz I dont have gold or silver etc.)

    if you have stocks then u wud need to take out 2.5% on that as well...

    if you have a farm and you grow crops then on that also u pay zakat by making calculations.

    check the example on this link: http://www.al-inaam.com/library/zakaat_c.htm
    لا أريد مِنْكُمْ جَزَاء وَلا شُكُورًا

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    في أستراليا truepath's Avatar
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    Re: Waht is Sadaqat al-Fitr (Fitrana)???

    This is called sadaqat al-fitr:

    The amount that needs to be paid for Sadaqa al-Fitr is half Sa’ of wheat or one Sa’ of barley or date. This, according to modern terms is 2 kilograms.

    It is permissible to pay the value of these in cash. It is preferable to give cash when the above items such as wheat, barley, date, etc… are easily available. When these items are scarce, then it is better to give them instead of cash.


    You gotta pay your sadaqat al-fitr BEFORE you perform your eid prayers.

    Normally in UK masaajid the amount of sadaqat al fitr will be written on the boxes of masjid. It will be 2 - 4 GBP. Check out the boxes when you go to the masjid and put the amount in them with the intention of paying sadaqat al fitr. Or ask sisters about the box for sadaqat al firt and the amount you need to pay.
    لا أريد مِنْكُمْ جَزَاء وَلا شُكُورًا

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    Re: Waht is Sadaqat al-Fitr (Fitrana)???

    For "quick gain of knowledge purposes" (I am not doubting the info in all the posts above), where does it talk about the amount you have to give? 1.75kg as mentioned in one of the posts above, and about 2kg in another post above.
    ...

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    Re: Waht is Sadaqat al-Fitr (Fitrana)???

    Quote Originally Posted by nami View Post
    For "quick gain of knowledge purposes" (I am not doubting the info in all the posts above), where does it talk about the amount you have to give? 1.75kg as mentioned in one of the posts above, and about 2kg in another post above.
    Your Q aint clear to me s:

    You mean to ask where does it says to pay 2 or 4 GBP in cash?

    If so, then I dont think they mentioned that but they rather said pay in cash the same value that would cost you to buy half Sa’ of wheat or one Sa’ of barley or date. This, according to modern terms is 2 kilograms.
    لا أريد مِنْكُمْ جَزَاء وَلا شُكُورًا

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    Re: Waht is Sadaqat al-Fitr (Fitrana)???

    Quote Originally Posted by truepath View Post
    Your Q aint clear to me s:

    You mean to ask where does it says to pay 2 or 4 GBP in cash?

    If so, then I dont think they mentioned that but they rather said pay in cash the same value that would cost you to buy half Sa’ of wheat or one Sa’ of barley or date. This, according to modern terms is 2 kilograms.
    So where does it talk about "half Sa’ of wheat or one Sa’ of barley or date.".
    ...


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