Anas ibn Malik

Anas bin Malik' ibn Nadar al-Khazraji (c.612-712 [citation needed], or died 709 [1]) was a well-known sahabi (companion) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He was an Ansar of the Banu Khazraj [citation needed].

Contents

1 Biography
1.1 Muhammad's era
1.2 After Muhammad
2 Legacy
2.1 Hadith
2.2 Sunni view
2.3 Shi'a view
3 Notes
4 See also
5 External links


Biography

Muhammad's era

He was born to Umm Sulayem (of the Banu Najjar) and Malik ibn Nadr. After the father of Anas died a non-Muslim, his mother remaried a new convert (Abu Talha), and he received a half-brother, Abdullah ibn Abu Talha. [2].

He had been presented to Muhammad by his mother at an early age [1].

A Sunni biography adds:

Malik was not pleased especially when his wife went on to announce her acceptance of Islam in public and instruct her son Anas in the teachings and practice of the new faith. She taught him to say la ilaha ilia Allah and Ash hadu anna Muhammada-r Rasulullah. The young Anas repeated this simple but profound declaration of faith clearly and emphatically.
Umm Sulaym's husband was now furious. He shouted at her: "Don't corrupt my son." "I am not corrupting him ," she replied firmly.

Her husband then left the house and it is reported that he was set upon by an enemy of his and was killed. The news shocked but apparently did not upset Umm Sulaym greatly. She remained devoted to her son Anas and was concerned about his proper upbringing. She is even reported to have said that she would not marry again unless Anas approved. [2]


His new father, and maybe his mother, were included in the second oath given to Muhammad upon his arrival to Medina [2].


After Muhammad

It was said that Anas bin Malik had vitiligo (Arabic: "al-baras") [evident] in his face. Some people mentioned that:

Ali asked him regarding the saying of the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him: "Oh Allah, Lead [be the Guide of] the one who accepts his leadership and be the enemy of the one who towards him has animosity." He [Anas] said: "I have grown old in age and I forgot!" So 'Ali, prayers of Allah be upon him (salawatu Allah 'alayh) said to him: "If you were lying, then may Allah strike you with whiteness that shall not be hidden by a turban."[3]

After the Prophet's death, he went to Damascus and later settled in Basrah [citation needed].

After the Muhammad's death in 632 he participated in the wars of conquest. [1]

He was the longest living companion of Muhammad [citation needed].


Legacy

On February 25, 2006, his tomb west of Basrah was attacked and vandalized [citation needed].

Certain sects, like the R!enaang sect of Indonesian Islam, hold that Anas bin Malik was the true originator of Islam. However, this interpretation is disputed by most muslims and is widely considered an abomination and a heresy [citation needed].

Hadith

One hundred and sixty eight ahadith narrated on his authority are to be found in the collections of Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.[1]

Sunni view

He is one of the major narrators of Hadith, and like all of the Sahabah, he is trustworthy.


Notes

^ a b c d Isaba, 1. 84-5; EI2, 1. 482 A. J. Wensinck*J. Robson
^ a b c Biography of Rumaysa bint Milhan - Mother of Anas bin Malik at USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts
^ http://al-islam.org/tahrif/imprecation/

See also

Family tree of Anas ibn Malik
Sahaba

External links

http://al-islam.org/tahrif/imprecation/
http://www.islamic-paths.org/Home/En...05_Part_03.htm

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